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Sussey Htcbaeolooical Societig. 



SUSSEX 
Hrcb^ological Collections, 



HISTOET AND ANTIQUITIES OF THE COUNTY. 



Ube Sussej; HrcbsolOGtcal Society. 




VOL. XXXVIII. 



LEWES; 
FABNCOUBE & CO., PBINTEB8. 

MDCOOXGII. 



691856 









• • • • 



• • 



• • • 



■•^ • • • 



•^» 









• • 



CONTENTS. 



List of Officbbs ii. 

BULES xi. 

Bbpokt of the Co^uuttes fob the Yea-ES 1S89, 1B90 ASJ} 1891 xiv, 

Statejieht of Acoountb fok Yeabs 1889, 1890 asd 1891 .... xrii, 

Additions to Libhaby and Musettm Dmiiuo Ybabs 1890, 1891 xxv, 

Li»T OF Honorary Members, wun UA,TEa of Eleltion xxxi. 

List of Mejibebs, with Dates of Admission to the Society . . xsxiii. 

CoBBESPONDiso SogiETiEa xliv. 

UuRAL Paistinos in Svssek CnuBCHEs. By J. Lewis Atiriri, 

Esq., F.S.A. (Itbistmted) 1 

FuBTiiEK Notes on the Ancient Site oali^D Towkcbeep, By 
the liev. Edward E. B. Tatham, Hector of Well-mth- 
Claxhy, Lincohiahire. (With Map) 21 

Ak AjfciENT CoBNisH Cboss IN SUSSEX. By ArtkiiT G. Laiigdon, 

Esq. (lUvstraCed) 33 

Okdinance foe the Betteb Obbebvasce of the Obits and 
Sektices fob tiib Dead, thbouqiiout thb Subordinate 
Foundations of Cluni. By Sir George F. DtickeU, Bart., 
F.S.A 39 

IsoiBED Markings ok the PniAfis of some Sussex Chl-rcheb. 

By H. Michell-Whitlep, Esq., F.G.S. (Illustrated) .... 43 

"Wist Gewstead Chcticb and the Eecent Dibcotebieb in thb 

Edifice. By /. Lewis Afidri, Esq^., F.S.A. (Illustrated) 46 

Bbikp Notices on Monastic and Ecclesiastical Costume, Br 

Sir George Dtickett, Bart., F.S.A 60 

Ubmoibs of Mb8. Oldfield, by Her Son, and Notices of tee 
Neioubourhood of Oldfield Lawti, from 1785 to 1808; 
WITH AN Account of the Adtiiob. By the Scv. F. H. 
Arnold, M.A., LL.B. (Illustrated) 83 

Pkdioeee AND Genealooical MeiioraJi'da kelatinq to the 
Family of Peiaatt, of Steyning, &o. (Pari I.) By 
Maberly Phillips, Esq. (With Peilitjree, Arms and Illus- 
trations) 99 

The Uucnib Rock Hermitaoe at ^.^STIN0^. By G. Bt/rtg 

Qattie., Esq. (IllustraUd) 129 

A Calendab op tice Deeds and otugb Bocl'uents in the 
Possession of the Sussex Arch^olooicai. Society (Con- 
tinued from Vol. XXXVII.) By £. H. W. Dunkin, Esq. 137 



VI. CONTENTS. 

PAOB 

Some ExntACiB, Belaxdto to Sussex, froic the Exchequer 
Special Oommissioes, Ac., nr 1584, ftc. Bt Alexander 

James FenUm^ Esq 141 

DnooTEET OF Boicaeo-Beitish Bemains eeas Green Street, 
Eastbouree. Bt H. Michell -Whitley, Esq., F.O.S. 

(lUustraUd) 160 

Notes oe the Traditiokal Coxkexiok of the Sussex and the 
0i:x>ucESTER8HiRE Famujes of Selwyk. Bt the Bev. B. 

H. Codrington, D.D. (Vicar of Wadhurst, Sussex) 163 

OUEDEEDA, OOUETESS OF WaREKKE ; A PaRTDTO WoRD ABOUT 

Her. Bt Sir George Duckett, Bart., F.S.A 166 

IicpoBTABT Discovert of Akolo-Saxok Bemaiks at Kingston, 

Lewes. Goufji^kd bt John Sawyer 177 

Notes oe Arueoton Church, Sussex. Bt Charles E. Powell, 

Esq., Architect. (Illustrated) 184 

Obttuart : The Late William Smith Ellis, Esq 189 

Notes and Queries : — 

Dedication of the Parish Church of Oving 193 

William Bidge's Observations of Astronomical Phenomena 194 

An Engagement Bing 194 

Silver Denarius of Vespasian, found in Chichester 195 

The Free Chapel, Hastings, A.D. 1343 196 

Extract from the Will of Sir William Wetherden, Vicar 

of Bodiam, A.D. 1513 196 

Heraldry and Sussex Monument 197 

Lewes Priory 198 

Discoveries at Pevensey 198 

Portions of Old Walls found at Lewes. (Illustrated) 200 

The Questling Begisters 201 

Find of a Chichester Token at Eastbourne 201 

Chid Boman Coin found at Seaford 202 

Bowl of Sussex Ware 202 

Buncton Chapel 203 

Belies from St. Pancras* Priory, Lewes 205 

Hadlsham Church and the Civil War 205 

Christian Names of Two Sussex Martyrs 206 

Extracts from the Parish Begisters of Newtimber, Sussex, 

relating to the Families of Bellingham and Woodcock 206 



CONTENTS. VU. 

PAOB 

Puritamcal Names in Sussex 209 

Boman Com Mortar. (With Sketch) 209 

Great Frost of 1684 210 

Portrait of Queen Elizabeth, discovered at Coolham 210 

Old Sussex Needlework 211 

On the Landing of Ella and his Softs 211 

Pottery (Broken) found near Lewes 213 

ArrowSf Horseshoes and Nails of Sussex Manufacture .... 214 

A Mediaval Sussex Belie 214 

Fragments of a Sussex Almanack, A,D. 1607 215 

St. Nicholas* Church, Brighton, (Illustrated) 216 

A Sussex Yew Tree 216 

On the Site of Portus Adumi and the Biver Adur 217 

A Brighton Accident in 1808 221 

Belie at an Old Brighton Inn 222 

Worthing v. Tarring in 1789 223 

Encaustic Tiles at Dureford Abbey and Selbome Priory . . 224 

Belies of Mediaval Lewes 224 

Discoveries at Friston Church 225 

Belies of Ancient Lewes 225 

Treasures found at Hastings 226 

A Sussex Shepherd^s Gift 226 

The Pendrell Family 227 

The Poyning^s Pedigree 227 

A Correction *. 227 

The Bidge Family 228 

^^ Sussex Archaological Collections " 228 

IlTDEX 229 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



■♦■ 



TO FACB PAGE 

MtTBAL PADrroros fobmebly at Horsham CHrmoH 16 

Maf of ToinrcBEEP Ain> Neiohboubhood 24 

Aarcnan Cobxish Cboss m the Makob Hottse Obounds, East- 

BOUBITE 36 

IVCISED MaBKINOS ON PiLLABS OF SOME SuSSEX ChUBCHES 44 

West Obinstead Chuboh 56 

Oldfield Lawn, Sussex 83 

Oldfisld Abms 84 

Pbllatt Pedigbee 112 

Mbmobial Bbass in Abdinolt Chttboh 120 

MiNNis Book Hebmitaoe, Hastings 130 

Plan of Minnis Eock Hebmitaoe, Hastings 131 

Thbee Blaok Abohes, Minnis Eock Hebmitaoe, Hastings . . 135 

Bomano-Bbitish Bemains, Eastboubne 160 

Plan of Supposed Saxon Cemeteby, Kingston, Lewes 178 

Mode of Saxon Sepultube 179 

St. Panobas Chuboh, Abungton (Sketches) 184 

„ M n (Plan) 188 

Sttpposed Tbaces of St. Andbew's Chubch, Lewes 200 

boman oobn mobtab 209 

Cabving on Finial of Chancel Screen, St. Nicholas' Chubch, 

Bbighton 216 



J^ITXr^iaY, 1892. 



Sussey Htcbaeolootcal Societie. 

LIST OF OFFICERS. 

)Pre0t))ient : 
}Jtce«)Pre0i))ient0 : 

THE DUKE OF NORFOLK, E.M., K.G. 
THE MARQUESS OF ABERGAVENNY, K.G., LORD LIEUTENANT 

AND GUSTOS ROT. 

THE EARL OF ASHBURNHAM. 

THE EARL OF CHICHESTER. 

THE EARL DE LA WARR. 

THE EARL OF EGMONT. 

THE EARL OF SHEFFIELD. 

VISCOUNT GAGE. 

THE LORD BISHOP OF CHICHESTER. 

LORD BRABOURNE. 

LORD COLCHESTER, F.S.A. 

LORD MONK BRETTON. 

LORD ZOUCHE. 

THE RIGHT HON. THE CHANCELLOR OF THE EXCHEQUER, M.P. 

THE HON. SIR WILLIAM GRANTHAM. 
COL. SIR WALTER BARTTELOT BARTTELOT, BART., C.B., M.P. 

SIR HENRY FLETCHER, BART., M.P. 

THE REV. SIR GEORGE CROXTON SHIFFNER, BART., M.A. 

THE REV. CANON CAREY H. BORRER, M.A. 

THE REV. E. B. ELLMAN, M.A. 

THE REV. JOHN GORING, M.A. 

THE REV. ROSE FULLER WHISTLER, M.A. 

C. G. S. FOLJAMBE, ESQ., M.P., F.S.A. 

WILSON NOBLE, ESQ., M.P. 

J. G. BLENCOWE, ESQ. 

H. MASCALL CURTEIS, ESQ. 

H. W. FREELAND, ESQ., M.A. 

ROBERT HENRY HURST, ESQ. 

EDWARD HUSSEY, ESQ. 

F. A. INDERWICK, ESQ., Q.C. 

MONTAGUE D. SCOTT, ESQ. 

T. C. THOMPSON, ESQ. 

f^onorarg Ztvcttrntsi: 

Fkancis Ba&ohard, Esq., Honted Place^ UckfUld. 
Hbkry Griffith, Esq., F.S.A., Mon^llier Lodge, Brighton, 

Cteastttet: 

Gso. MoLiNBVx, Esq., Old Banky Lewea. 

ffbttot of CoIIictions : 

HnniT Gbiffith, Esq., F.S.A., 47, Old SUyne, Brighton. 



c« 



LIST OP OFFICEB8. 

INh. Csntft tall l Atnian : 

TATMft Pnum, Eta., 2, S<. iitm's Fittot, Lctect. 

Gttii^ JKcmIcqi if CouuiiiUcc: 



CArr^UBr F. W, T. AmMK, B.E. 
T. I$f. Lacm Blaajcw^ Eta., J.P. 



Claioks, Rio,, F^.A. 



JoHX Clat Ltcas, Eta., F^JL 
ILudR H. Moumrx, F.6^. 
Rbt. Chaxckllor W. D. Pi 



-•«», 



C. Lnnox Pbcccx, Esq., FJLA.S. 

W. A. Rapkk, Esq. 

R. Gaulawat Rxcb, Esq. 

6. A. Wall», Esq., J.P. 

H. Michkll-Whitlst, Esq. 

CUrfc aiib CoIIcctot: 

Xft. Jotor Sawtwm., the Sodetj's librazj, Lewes Castle, 

Who is amtkonsed to reeeice 8ub§eriptums, and to whom all communioaHons 

retpeeimg Unpaid 8ub§eripiums and the delivery of Volumes should be addressed. 

AUendance will be given at the Library on Tuesdays from Two till Five. 



LOCAL HON. SECRETARIES. 

RsT. G. A. ChAMtuwm, H.A Amberley. 

^ntiibcl. 
Giomoi P. Hounes, Eta. Worthing, 

^rifiitiyii. 
HmT Gbhtith, Esq., F.8.A 41, Old SUyne, Brighton, 

Chulusttr. 
Est. F. H. Akvold, LL.B Emsworth, 

Citpfoib. 
W. BoBBBft, Eta., M.A., F.L.8 Cowfold, 

€ntkfUlh, 
RsT. Camou J. H. Coorm Cuckfield, 

€a0tb0itnu. 
H. M. Emabt, Esq Eastbourne, 

J^0r0ham. 
J. Lkwis Axvmk, Esq., F.8.A Horsham, 

Chaslm James Daiktkit, Esq Market Place, Petworth. 

W. Dawbs, Esq. Wannock, Bye, 

'^nnbx'ibqt SStdU. 
C. W. PowBLL, EnQ Speldhursty Tunbridge Wells. 

BckiUlb. 
Chaslm DAWtosr, Esq., F.G.S Uckfield. 

Wirtlunf. 
Hbbiibht E. Huwwvt, Ynta Park Boad, Worthing. 



EULES. 



1. The Society shall be called the " Sufisez Archaeological Society," 
and shall avoid all topics of religious or political controversy, and shall 
remain independent of, though willing to co-operate with, similar 
societies by friendly communication. 

2. Every candidate for admission shall be proposed by one Member, 
and seconded by another, and elected by the Committee by ballot at 
any of their meetings. One black ball in five to exclude. 

3. The Committee shall have power to elect as an Honorary Member 
any person (including foreigners) likely to promote the interests of the 
Society. Such Honorary Member shall not pay any entrance fee or 
subscription, shall not exercise the privilege of an ordinary Member 
as to voting at the meetings or the proposal of candidates, and shall 
be subject to re-election annually. 

4. The annual subscription shall be ten shillings payable on 
admission, and afterwards on the 1st day of January in each year. 
ISght pounds may be paid in lieu of the annual subscription, as a 
composition for life. 

5. All Members shall on their election pay an entrance fee of ten 
shillings. 

6. Every new Member shall have his election notified to him by the 
Clerk, and shall be required to remit the amoimt due from him to the 
Treasurer, George Molineux, Esq., Old Bank, Lewes, within one month 
of his election. 

7. No Member shall participate in any of the benefits of the Society 
until he shall have paid his subscription, and, if a new Member, his 
entrance fee. 

8. If the sum due from a new Annual Member under the preceding 
Bules be not paid within one month from the date of his admission, if 
he be in the United Kingdom— or if abroad, within two months — ^the 
Committee shall have power to erase his name from the list of Members ; 
but they shall have power to reinstate him on his justifying the delay 
to their satisfaction. 



XIL RULES. 

9. The name of every Member failing to pay his subscription due 
on the Ist January in each year shall be placed in the Barbican on the 
l«t ICarch ; and if the subscription be not paid on or before the Ist 
August, if the defaulter shall be resident in Great Britain or Ireland, 
or within one month after his return, if he shall have been abroad, he 
shall cease to be a Member of the Society, and his name shall be erased 
from the books, unless he can justify the delay to the satisfaction of 
the Committee. Any Member intending to withdraw his name from 
the Society shall give notice in writing to the Clerk on or before the 1st 
January of his intention to do so, otherwise he shall be liable for the 
current year's subscription. 

10. As the payment of his subscription will entitle a Member to 
enjoy every benefit of the Society, so it will distinctly imply his sub- 
mission to the Kules for the time being in force for the government of 
the Society. 

1 1 . Two General Meetings of the Society shall be held in each year. 
The first general meeting shall be held on the Thursdat precedino 
Lady Day at the Barbican, Lewes Castle, at 12.30, when the Com- 
mittee shall present their annual re|>ort and accounts for the past year, 
and not less than 12 members shall be elected to act on the Committee 
for the succeeding year, any proposed alteration of the Bules shall be 
considered, and other business shall be transacted. The second general 
meeting shall be held on the Second Thursday in August, at some 
place rendered interesting by its antiquities or historical associations. 

12. A Special General Meeting may be summoned by the Honorary 
Secretaries, at such place as the Committee may determine, on the 
requisition, in writing, of Five Members, or of the President, or Two 
Vice-Presidents specifying the subject to be brought forward for 
consideration at such meeting, and that subject only shall be then 
considered and resolutions passed thereon. 

13. At all Meetings of the Society or of the Committee the resolu- 
tions of the majority present and voting, shall be binding. 

14. No alteration shall be made in the Kules except at the General 
Meeting in March. No proposed alteration shall be considered unless 
four months' previous notice thereof, in writing, shall have been given 
to the Committee. No subject shall be discussed more than once in 
each year, except with consent of the Committee. 

15. Meetings for the purpose of reading papers and the exhibition 
'ntiquities may be held at such times and places as the Committee 

letermine. 



RULES. XIU. 

16. All the afifairs of the Society shall be managed by a Committee. 

a. The Committee shall consiBt of the President, Vice-Presidents, 
the Honorary Secretaries, the Treasurer, the Honorary Curator and 
Librarian, the Local Honorary Secretaries and not less than 1 2 Members 
(who shall be elected at the General Meeting in March). A month's 
notice should be given of the intention of any Member to nominate a 
gentleman as a Member of Committee, and the names of those pro- 
posed placed in the Library, together with that of the pix)poser and 
seconder. Notice of such nominations to be sent to all Members of 
the Committee. 

b. The Committee shall meet at Lewes Castle on the Thursdays 
preceding the usual Quarter Days, at 12 o'clock, and at such other 
times as the Hon. Secretaries may determine. Three Members of the 
Committee shall form a quorum. 

c. The Committee shall at their first meeting after the Annual 
Meeting in March appoint a sub-committee to manage the financial 
department of the Society's affairs. Such sub-committee shall at each 
quarterly meeting of the General Committee submit a report of the 
liabilities of the Society, when cheques signed by three of the Members 
present shall be drawn on the Treasurer for the same. The accounts 
of the Society shall be submitted annually to the examination of two 
auditors who shall be elected by the Committee from the general body 
of the Members of the Society. 

d. The Conmiittee shall at their first meeting after the Annual 
Meeting in March appoint an Editor of the Society's Volume, and 
the Editor so appointed shall report the progress of the Volume at the 
Quarterly Meetings of the Conmiittee. 

e. The Committee may appoint any Member Local Secretary for the 
town or district where he may reside, in order to facilitate the collection 
of accurate information as to objects of local interest ; such Local 
Secretaries shall be ex-officio Members of the Committee. 



REPORT FOR 1889. 



The Committee, while glad to be able to congratulate the Members of 
the Sussex Archaeological Society upon the progress made, in several 
respects, during the past year, feel it to be their duty to call attention 
to the position of the Society, and to the special need that exists, just 
at the present time, for hearty co-operation and increased interest in 
its claims, in order that its prosperity and prestige may be maintained. 

There are at present in connection with the Society 568 Members 
(471 ordinary, 87 life, and 10 honorary Members). Our Society is in 
correspondence with 31 kindred societies, whose transactions are, in 
most cases, received regularly in exchange for our "Collections." 
The number of new Members elected during 1889 was 24 ; the losses 
were 38, namely, by death 1 1 (one life and ten ordinary Members) ; 
15 Members withdrew from the Society during the year ; while the 
names of 12 others were erased from the list — their subscriptions being 
in arrear for many years, or their addresses being imknown. It will 
thus be seen that there is a slight falling off in the total membership 
as compared with 1888, a state of things which, while not satisfactoiy, 
the Committee feel assured could soon be remedied by the Members 
making the advantages offered by the Society known to their friends, 
especially to those residing in the county. 

The most serious feature, however, in the present condition of the 
Society's affairs is the irregular manner in which the subscriptions are 
paid by a large proportion of the Members. The Committee are con- 
stantly hindered in their efforts to carry on the work and to develop 
the scope of the Society's operations by the neglect on the part of so 
many of the rule providing that all subscriptions should be paid on 
the 1st of January in each year. The following facts will show to how 
large an extent the rule referred to is disregarded, and will explain 
why the Committee have felt compelled to call special attention to it. 
Besides other arrears — but a small proportion of which can reasonably 
be expected to be collected — 89 members still owe their subscriptions 
for 1888; there are 162 who have not paid for 1889, while no less than 
266 Members had not, up to March 18th, paid for the present year, 
although their subscriptions were due on the 1st of January, 1890. 
It will thus be seen that a sum exceeding £250 is due to the Society, 



REPORT FOR 1889. XV. 

aa amount that, if collected, would enable the Conuuittee to make 
many improvements in the conduct of the Society's affairs, while it 
would greatly help to relieve them from anxiety, 

Tho present volume of the Society's "Collections" {i.e., Vol, 
XXXVn.) will, it is believed, be found to compare Eavourably wiUi 
many of those which have preceded it. 

The Annuai, Meetinq of the Society took place at Petworth on 
August the 23Td, and was a very successful and enjoyable gathering, 
the weather being delightfully fine. The day's proceedings included 
a drive through Arundel, Bignor and Burton Parks ; visits to the 
relebrated remains of the Anglo-Roman Villa at Bignor, to Bignor 
Church, to Burton Church and House, to Petwortli Church and to 
Petworth House. 

The Annttai. Diskeb took place at tho Half Moon Hotel, Petworth, 
and was presided over by J, Heywood Johnstone, Esq., who waa sup- 
ported by the Lord Bishop of the Diocese, and a large niunber of 
other Members and friends. 

The hearty thanks of the Committee Bre due to our Vice-President, 
the Duke of Norfolk, for thntwing open Arundel Park ; Lord Lecon- 
fiold, for tlirowiug open Petworth House with its large and celebrated 
collection of pictures, sculptures, porcelain and wood carvings ; to J. 
He3'wood Johnstone, Esq., for presiding at the dinner; to A. J. W. 
Biddulph, Esq., for throwing open Burton Park and House; to George 
Edward Fos, Esq., for his paper on the Angto-Homan Villa at Bignor ; 
and to many others who contributed to the success of the Annual 
Meeting. It should be placed on record here, too, that at Petworth 
Mr. Richard Tupper, the proprietor o£ the Bignor Pavemouts, was 
elected as an Honorary Member of our Society, in recognition of the 
services he has rendere<l to archceology in Susses, "in carefully pre- 
I serving these fine tesselated pavements for so many years and at 
arable pecuniary lose ; whilst most of the remains of a similar 
1 have been demolished almost as soon as they have been 

The desirability of again restoring the "JjongMan" of Wilmington 

was brought under tho Society's notice during the past year, ond 

I having, at tlie request of His Grace the Duke of Devonshire, under- 

I taken to superiutend the work, a visit was poid by the Society to 

Wilmington on October the 1 2th. A special meeting of the Committee 

H held on November 5th, when a resolution was passed authorising, 

as an esperiment, a portion of the figure to be treated with rammed 



XVI. REPORT FOR 1889. 

chalk, but, as a special report will probably be presented to the Society, 
it will not be necessary to refer at greater length here to the subject of 
the restoration. 

During the year the Society has sustained loss by the lamented 
death of Frederick William Cosens, Esq., F.S.A., of the Shelleys, 
Lewes. Mr. Cosens was a life member and joined the Society in 1867. 
The sad death of Mr. Simeon Norman, of London Eoad, Burgess Hill, 
also calls for notice. Mr. Norman, who had been a Member since 
1868, rendered useful service to the Society as one of our honorary 
photographers. The views illustrating the paper on the Caroline relics 
at Ashbumham House, in Vol. XXXVI., "S. A. C," were furnished 
by him. The Rev. Hose Fuller Whistler, late Vicar of Ashbumham, 
having removed to Peterborough, has intimated his wish to retire from 
the Committee, of which while resident in Sussex he was so useful and 
energetic a member. 

In closing this report, the Committee feel that a reference should be 
made to the great improvements which the Hon. Curator and Librarian 
(C. T. Phillips, Esq.), is effecting in the Society's Museum and Library; 
and they also desire to thank that gentleman and Messrs. Haines, 
Earp, Scammell, Major de Bobeck and others for gifts of books, prints, 
paintings, curios, &c., for the Museum and Library, and thus helping 
to make them complete in objects and books relating to our county. 

Lewes Castle, 

March, 1890. 



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REPOKT FOR 1890. 



In presenting their report of the work of the Sitssex Abohjeolooioal 
Society for 1890, the Committee are glad to state that in sereral 
directions gratifying progress has been made. In 18dO, 34 new 
Members were elected. At present there are 580 on the books (484 
ordinary, 87 life and nine Hon. Members). 

The Society lost, in the course of 1890, one life Member, two hon. 
and five ordinary Members by death and 13 by withdrawal, but, after 
allowing for these losses, there remained a net increase of 13 Members 
at the close of the year. 

In the Report for 1889 special reference was made to the large 
number of subscriptions in arrear. The Committee have now -the 
satisfaction of stating that a considerable proportion of these arrears 
has been collected, as will be seen on referring to the Statement of 
Accounts appended to this Report. 

The Annual Meeting of the Society took place on Thursday, 
Aug^t 14th, 1890, when Seaford, East Blatchington, Bishopstone and 
Newhaven were visited by a large number of the Members and their 
friends, and a most delightful day was spent. 

The Dinner, which took place at the London and Paris Hotel, 
Newhaven Harbour, was presided over by our President, the Bight 
Hon. Viscount Hampden, O.C.B. (Lord Lieutenant of Sussex), and 
was a great success. The Churches of Seaford, East Blatching^n, 
Bishopstone and Newhaven were visited, and their special features of 
archaeological interest pointed out. At Seaford an excursion was made 
to the *' Eoman Camp '' on the Cliff above the town, the remains of 
which were described by our Hon. Curator (C. T. Phillips, Esq.) and 
visits were paid to the remains of the Crypt, to the Town Hall and to 
the Martello Tower ; while at Newhaven the visitors were conducted 
over the Harbour and Pier. 

The hearty thanks of the Society are due to the members of the 
Local Committee for the admirable arrangements made by them for 
the reception of the Society, and while grateful to all who contributed 
in any degree to the most successful cartying out of the day's proceed- 
ings, the Committee would specially mention the services rendered by 



REPORT FOR 1890. XIX. 

the Vicar of Seaford (the Rev. W. H. M. Buck), the Eev. A. J. 
Bichardson (Rector of East Blatching^n), E. J. Oorrmge, Esq., F. 
Dale Banister, Esq., and Allen Sarle, Esq., Secretary and Oeneral 
Manager to the L.B. and S.C. Railway Company. 

In 1890, Vol. XXXVn. of the Society's "Collections" was published 
and issued to the Members. 

Among the more prominent Members of the Society removed by 
death during 1890, mention should be made of Charles Roach Smith, 
1^., F.S.A., the distinguished archaeologist, who died on August 2nd. 
This gentleman, who was elected an Hon. Member of our Society in 
1853, took a deep interest in the welfare of the Society and contributed 
to our " Collections.'' William Smith Ellis, Esq., who died on March 
22nd, was a Member from 1850 till the time of his death. He con- 
tributed several valuable papers to our "Collections," the last of 
which were not published till just after his lamented death, and he lefb 
several MS. books and other volumes, containing extracts from Sussex 
Registries and many different sources — representing the labour of years 
— ^to our Society. The late Crawford J. Pocock, Esq., was a member 
of our Society for 20 years. The late H. Campkin, Esq., F.S.A., 
was an Honorary Member for 30 years, compiled the valuable Index 
to the first 25 volumes of our " Collections," and was a most useful 
Member. Mr. Oeorge Homewood, who died in December last, had 
been a Member since 1886, and although not directly a contributor to 
our volumes, this gentleman, who had an intimate acquaintance with 
the history of Sussex, gave a great deal of useful information to 
individual Members of the Society. 

In closing this Report, the Committee desire to call attention to the 
great improvements made during the year in the Museum and Library 
by the energetic labours of C. T. Phillips, Esq., our Hon. Curator and 
Librarian, to whom the best thanks of the Society are due. It is 
satisfactory to notice in this connection that a larger number of persons 
visited the Museum in 1890 than in any previous year, and that the 
Library was more resorted to than usual for reference and research. 

Lewes Castle, 

19th March, 1891. 



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REPORT FOR 1891. 



I>UBiKO tlie year that has elapsed since the last Keport of tlie Com- 
mittee of the SwBHOx Archtcological Society wae pres^iiited, there 
have been several discuveries in SusBex of considerable antiquarian 
importance, and some pains have been taken in order to include a 
record of these in our " Collections. " Foremost in interest is the 
series of discoreries in the parish of Kingston, Lewes, the results of 
which, in consequence of the liberality and public spirit of the owner 
of the site of finds (A.ubrey Hillman, Esq.), now enrich our Museum. 

In the paper relating to these Anglo-Saxon remainH, little has been 
done beyond giving n detailed account of the various intermentA 
unearthed, and indicating two suggested theories, one that " Saxon- 
bury " should bo regarded as a cemetery ; the other that it should be 
looked upon as a battle field. It may be that some of the Members 
of the Society will be able, from the data supplied by the particulars 
given and a careful examinatiou nf the remains, to arrive at some 
conclusion that will place the question beyond dispute. It seems 
remarkable that, so far as is known, the only two considerable dis- 
coveries of Anglo-Saxon remains in Lewes shoidd have been made at 
points so widely apart as Southover and Mulling Hill. 

The recent restoration of Arlington Parish Phurch has revealed 
features of peculiar interest, and if it is yet too early to admit the 
claim of those who would assign to this building a higher antiquity 
than that of any other church in the county, it is clear that portions of 
the fabric are at least pre-Norman. A brief paragraph will be found 
in "Notes and Queries" of this volume of our "Collections" relating 
to discoveries made during the rosti)ration of Friston Pariah Chuith, 
which seem to have been of unusual interest. It is a matter for regret 
that our Society appears to have had no notice of these discoveries 
until the completion of the work of rttstoratiun. A detailed description 
of Friston Church, in the new light cast upon its early history liy the 
(liecoveries mentioned, would form an acceptable and instructive paper 
for a future volume of the "Collections." 

One feature of the post year that has proved at once gratifying and 

embarrassing, is the large number of applications received by the 

I Secretary for information upon a variety of matters more or less 



XXU. REPORT FOR 1891. 

connected with ^Hhe study of the past," a proof that the Sussex 
ArchsBological Society is becoming more widely known ; but many of 
the enquiries have been such as could be answered, if at all, only 
after long and patient research. 

It may not be out of place here to remind Members that our Library 
has been much improved during the past year and now contains a 
considerable number of works of reference, which can at any time be 
consulted. 

A series of original sketches, by James Lambert, of the details of 
Herstmonceux Castle before it was dismantled, which had been in the 
possession of the Society for some time, has been carefully mounted 
and placed in a portfolio by Somers Clarke, Esq. The Committee 
have had a bequest of a plaster bust of the late W. Durrant Cooper, 
Esq., from his sister, the late Miss Lucy Anne Cooper. 

The Annual Meeting took place on the 13th of August last, and as 
it was held upon one of the very few perfectly fine days of a specially 
wet autumn, was a most enjoyable occasion. Steyning, "Wapping- 
thome, Buncton and Wiston, were visited in succession and in the 
order named. The thanks of the Society are due to all who helped 
to make the proceedings pass off so pleasantly, but especially to the 
Bev. John (Coring, for his kindness in throwing open Wiston House to 
the Members and their friends, and for presiding at the Annual 
Dinner, which was held in a marquee in Wiston Park. 

Notwithstanding the prevailing epidemic of the past year, the 
number of Members of the Society remains almost identically the 
same as when the last report was presented, the losses by death or 
withdrawal being as nearly as possible balanced by the accession of 
new members. The arrears of subscription have not been closely 
collected, although special attention has been directed to this matter. 
Some 150 subscriptions due on January 1st, 1891, are still unpaid, 
and considerably more are owing for 1892, a state of things that is 
not only unsatisfactory, but one that hampers the Committee in any 
effort to improve the working of the Society. 

Amongst the losses the Society has sustained by death during the 
year special reference must first of all be made in this report, of the 
decease of our late President, the Eight Honourable Viscount Hampden, 
O.C.B., the Lord Lieutenant of the County, which sad event happened 
on Tuesday, March 15th, at Pau, in the 78th year of his age. Con- 
nected with our Society since 1 850, Lord Hampden became its President 
in succession to the late Earl of Chichester. One of the beet remem- 



REPORT FOR 1891. XXIU. 

bered of Lord Hampden's public services on behalf the Sussex 
Archaeological Society was the able way in which he presided over the 
very successful meeting at Newhaven, in August, 1890. 

Special mention should also be made to the loss our Society has 
suffered by the death of one of the Vice-presidents, his Grace the 
Duke of Devonshire, K.O., on the 21st December, 1891. The late 
Duke was one of the earliest Members of the Society, having joined 
it in 1846. 

In 1891, also, the lamented death occurred of F. E. Sawyer, Esq., 
F.S.A., a Member of our Committee, who was a most valuable and 
industrious contributor to our ^^Collections." His loss at so early an 
age was greatly regretted by the Members of our Society. 

It has been suggested that during this year a visit should be paid 
to Silchester. An offer has been made by one of our Honorary 
Members, W. H. St. John Hope, Esq., to conduct the Members of the 
Sussex ArchsBological Society over the excavations at Silchester, if a 
visit to that interesting place can be arranged for during the ensuing 
sunmier. 

Lewes Castle, 

March 24th, 1892. 



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ADDITIONS TO LIBRARY AND MUSEUM 
DURING YEAR 1890. 



■♦■ 



MBRABT: GIFTS. 

Vols. 

"Chm<jhPlate, Co. Of Dorset." Nightingale, J ^^ ^^^^ ^^^j^^^ ^ ^ ^ 

Catalogue of '' Tudor Exhibition" (1) ; Weever^s \ 

"Funeral Monuments " (1) ; << Notitia Monas- ( n^ n rr t> a 

tica." Tanner (1) ; " History of England to ( ^^ ^- ^- ™«^n*8 • * 

1788" (1). Raymond / 

" Poems by Hurdis, Rev. J., D.D." ... By Rev. G. P. Twycboss . 3 

"Naval Commissioners, 1660-1760, with His- ) ^^ .,.„., . , 

torical Notes." Duckett, Sir G. P. . J uy tne Author . . . 1 

« Official Year Book of Sdentifle and Learned] 
Societies" (1); "Curiosities of the Church."/ 

Andrews, Wm. (1) ; "The Minster of Minster I «-. tt,v„^ n.T«.^» t?*.^ k 
in Thanet." Gall, Rev. P. (1) ; " Chichester f ^^ ^"•'**^ Griffith, Esq. 5 
Diocesan Calendar, 1890" (1); "Old Thnel 
Punishments." Andrews, Wm. (1). . .J 

" The^BaronB War." Blaauw, W. H. Irt ed., | g^ ^ ^ p^^ ^ ^ 

" Catalogue Old Pumiture, &c., Wakehurst ) 
Place" (1) ; "Brighton Handbook and Guide." | By Mr. John Sawyu . 2 
Sawyer, Jno. (1) ) 

"oS*^l)."^ ."' ^: ^: *^'"'. ^:} By Captain McwuT . 1 

"Drawings, Priory Church of Boxgrove." ) ^^^*,^ a.*,^. , 

Ridge^Xaijy, W., Esq. (1) • • • ) By the Author . . . 1 

" Calendar of Wills, 1258, 1688, proved in Court ) By Corporation aty of 

of Hustings " (1) / London. . . . 1 

Vols. 20 

Pamphlets, Deeds, &o. 

Reports (3), Lewes Wool Pair, Lord Sheffield, ) 

1812, 1813, 1818 ; 1 Sussex Pine Roll, 1561-2 | By C. L. Prince, Esq. 
(parchment) ; 5 Old Newspapers, 1759, 1814 . ) 

4 Pamphlets ; " Seals Bishops of Salisbury, &c. ;" \ 

" Seals of Cornwall ; "Walls of Chester, &c. ;" ( ^^ ,, tt.^,„„„,^ t?^ 
1 Pamphlet, " Ephemeris Epigraphica-Roman ( ^^ * • ^iavbbfield, h^. 
Inscriptions in Great Britain." P. Haverfield. / 

1 Pamphlet, " Notes Hist. & Typo. Eastbourne." ) 
H. M. Wldtley ; 16 Pamphlets, Archseo., con- 5 By H. MicHSLL-WHrrLBY, Esq. 
tributed to Roy. Lwt. of Cornwall. H.M.W. . ) 

15 Lewes Poll Books, 1734, 1865 ; Election Squibs \ 
and Song ; 4 Pree Pardons ; 3 Remissions ; 2 ( ^_ ^^^ j>^^ r««^oo^-^ 
Gaol Cafeidars; 2 Respites ; Committal, &c. ^^ ^^' ^^"- Cbosskbt. 
(re Sussex) / 

" Ball Play, OJibway Indians." Hoffman, W. J. By the Author. 

Catalogues Collection Plate ; Objects of Art ; \ 
MSS. ; Drawings ; Autographic Letters, &c., of > By Capt. Murray. 
F. W. Coeens, Esq. (late) ) 



XXVI. 



ADDITIONS TO UBRARY, 1890. 



LIBRARY: PURCHASES. 

** Typo. Accounts of Worthing." Sheanmith, J. 1821 (1) ; « Poetical Works, 
C. Crocker," 1860 (1) 2 

'' Poetical Scr^." Bickman, J. Clio. 1803 (2) ; '' Brit. Arch. Association, 
Winchester Congress, 1845 " (1) 3 

" ArchfiBological Journal," Vol. 7 (1); "Harmony Doctrine of Faith." 
Mainaid. (Mayfield), 1674 (1) 2 

'' Sketch Rye, Winchilsea, Hastings, &c." Stockdale (1) ; *' Handbook Sea- 
f Old Past and Present." Banks, W., 1890 (1) 2 

** Dom. Book Returns Owners Land, Middx." Barter, W. E. (1) ; " Wright's 
Court Hand Restored," 1776 (1) 2 

"Diary and Correspondence, Pepys,Sam., 1659-1703" (1) ; " Martyrs Omitted 
byPoxe.** Miss Caulfield (1) 2 

" Chambers' Book of Days " (2) ; " Archceologia," Vols. 5, 7, 9, 10, 11 (5) ; 
" Western Antiquary," Vols. 4, 5 (2) 9 

" Collins' Peerage of England," 1768 (7) ; "Collins' Baronetage" (2); "United 
Arch. Socs., Bedford, &c.," Vol. 6 (1) 10 

" Hist, and Antiq., Petworth." Arnold, P. H., Rev. (1) ; "Ditto of Arundel." 
Rev. Canon Tiemey, M.A. 1834 (2) ; " Ditto Horsham." Dudley, H. (1) . 4 

" Glimpses of Our Ancestors in Sussex." Fleet, C. (2) 2 

Vols. 38 



LIBRARY: By Exchange of Our ** Collbotions." 



1 Vol. fo. " Public Records, Charters, &c." 



" De Nova Villa, House of Nevill in Sunshine and ) r« o^ t> , 
in Shade." SwaUow, H. J 1 1.. l . i-hillips . 



" Boscobel Tracts." Hughes, J., 1857 (1) . . .\t^ „ ri 

" Medi. MUX. Architecture." Qark, G. T. (2) ,j^'^' ^^^ . 

" Montgomeryshire Arch, and Hist. Society's ) q,^. x„ 
Transactions" | Society 

" Essex Archaeological Society's Transactions" 
" Norwich and Norfolk Society's Transactions" 
" Royal Institution of Cornwall Transactions" 
* ' Cambridge Antiquarian Society's Transactions ' ' 



ExeoAvosD wim Voea. 

W. Hamilton Hall, Esq. 1 



»» 



ft 



tt 



tf 



. 1 
. 3 

. 12 

. 2 

. 9 

. 7 

. 12 

Vols. 47 



Total Number of Volumes for 1890 



. 105 Vols. 



Memorandum. — In addition to the foregoing are the current contributions from 
Corresponding Societies, many of which are issued in parts, and are bound 
when Volumes are completed, at varying dates. 



CHAS. T. PHILLIPS, 

Hon, Librarian. 



ADDITIONS TO MUSEUM DUEING TEAE 1890. 



MUSEUM: GIFTS. 

A Leathern Bottel ; Copper Token, 1794, Ports- 
mouth and Chichester ; Block of Sussex Marble ; 

J^entsof Pottery and wmeNeoUthicFlintsA 3 ^ ^ Qcamuell, Esq. 
from Newhaven Camp; 6 Iron Keys and 2^ ^ v.. ijvy^«««i.i., ^^o^. 

Bale Irons, from Thames ; Collection Neolithic 
Worked Flints, from Cissbury .... 

Iron Cof&n and Shoe Nails, from Roman Graves, \ 
Birling; Portions of Urns, 1 Flint Muller, Burnt J By H. MicHBLL-WHrrLBY,Esq. 
Com, from Meads, Eastbourne . ; 

Impression of Seal of Brotherhood of St. Lazurus i «„ r t? n^,t«„«.^ -Cc^ 
ot Jerusalem in England | By J. E. Couchmak, Esq. 

Ancient Sign of the "Vine" Inn, St. Ann's, ) ^ y Corvsr Em and his 
Lewes, 16-16 Century, being a " Bacchus" of J "^ i' V^!!^ ' ^'* 
Carved Oak . . ^^ . . . .) Brothers. 

5 Encaustic Hearth Tiles, 16th Century . . By Mr. T. Simmons. 

1 Flint Paleolithic Implement -By Arthur GRiFFrrn, Esq. 

2 Sussex Iron Hinges, from 17th Century Presses By W. P. Breach, Esq. 

15 Rubbings of Sussex Brasses ; 14 Shields of ^ ^ q, p Wnnnw av Fan 
Sussex FamiUes Arms, coloured J uy i . i.. woodman, s^aq. 

Portions of Pottery, Iron Spur, Boar's Tusks, | x>^ t„^ xc.^„,«,«am.««« -Po^ 
Bone Skewer, from site "uSicom" Inn, Lewe^ ) ^^ •^^^- Maxpibld Smith, Esq. 

MUSEUM : LOAN. 

Panel of Carved Oak Pulpit, given by Herbert Springett, Esq., in 1620 to Parish. 

Lent by Churchwudens of St. Ann's, Lewes. 

MUSEUM: PURCHASES. 

2 Sussex Parish Constable's Staves, from Chiddingly and Hurstmonceux ; 1 ditto 
Watohman's Horn Lantern, Set Felon's Leg Manacles, Lewes ; 1 Sussex 
Labourer's Beer Keg, 1835, ''Snaphaunce" Gun Lock, Lewes; 1 Iron 
Kettle Holder, Streat ; Hour Glass, 17th Century ; Leathern Bottel ; 1 Silver 
Penny, Hen. III. (found Lewes) ; 4 Strips of Canvas with roughly-painted 
Houses, Trees, &c., supposed for wall decoration, from St. Martin's Lane, 
Lewes. 

CHAS. T. PHILLIPS, 

Hon. CuratoTf 



ADDITIONS TO LIBRARY DURING YEAR 1891. 



GIFTS. 



" Chich. Dioc. Calendar," 1890 . 
* * Old Time Punishments ' ' 
" Year-Book Learned Societies *' 
" (Jeoffrey of Monmouth Chron." 
Catalogues " Guelph V and ** Mily." Exhibitions 
** Brambletje House " 
** Whitelocke's Memorials " 
" Foxe*s Book of Martyrs " 
' * The Christian Soldier " . 
** Our Parish," Illust. Photos. . 
" Old Dom. Architecture in W. Surrey " 
'* Chich. Dioc. Calendar," 3 years 
„ „ „ 5 years 
** Brit, and Rom. Antiq., N. Wilts," and Map 
** Trans. Eastbourne Nat. Hist. Society " . 
" The Antiquary," 96 Nos 



OlTSV BT 

H. Griffith, Esq. 



ti 



It 



t» 9t 

C. T. Phillips 

»» it 

»» ft 



▼OUL 
1 

1 

1 

1 

2 
3 



Mr. £. I. Bakbr, Hail sham 1 

»» »» »i •'■ 

Ralph Nbtill, Esq. . 1 

Dean & Chapter Chichester 3 

Francis Barchard, Esq. . 5 

>» >> >> • * 

JosBpH Farncombb, Esq. . 1 

„ .16 



») 



>> 



Vols. 41 



Letters, M. A. Lower, 17 Deeds, 2 Mem. Books . Mr. W. J. Smith. 

7 Arch£Bological Pamphlets . . . . F. W. Havbrfibld, Esq. 

Kelly's Map Co. Sussex B. C. Scammbll, Esq. 



BT EXCHANGE. 

" Akerman's Arch. Index" ; ** Brand's Pop. Antiq." 
2 Dup. Parts ** Un. Arch. Soc. Trans.," completing 
" Western Antiquary," Vols. 2 and 3. (Ed.) 



PUECHA8ES. 

Sicklemore's " Hist. Brighton" ; " Churches of Ditto "... 

** Dioc. Calendar," 3 years ; Dumassie's ** Weapons of War" 

" Gentleman's Mag.," 1880, 1, 2 (6) ; Ditto various years (28 vols.) 

Ditto, various years (21) ; ditto, 1781 (1) 

Mantell's "Thoughts on a Pebble " (1) ; R. Lower, ** Stray Leaves " (1) 
Bishop, " Brighton in the Past" (1) ; Akerman's "Ancient Coins" (1) 
" Lost Rose" ;" Open Air" ;" Nature near London " . 
Description " Bognor, 1806" ; Diplock, " Hastings Guide" . 
Friend's "Brighton Almanack," 1890; "Excursion, Lond. to Brighton," 
" Picture Worthing," 1805 ; " School Geography, Sussex "... 
Erridge, "Hist. Brighton" ; "Lond. and Middx. Arch. Soc. Trans.," Vol 



Vou. 
2 

2 

2 



Vols. 6 



Tou. 
. 2 

. 4 

. 34 

. 22 



1813 



IV. 



2 
2 
3 
8 
8 
2 
2 



ADDITIONS TO UBBARY, 1891. XXIX, 

▼ms. 
" Ancient Laws and Inst., Eng." (2) ; ''Lives Selden and Usher '* (1) . .3 

« Oringdean Grange *' (1) ; '* Churches Brighton *' (2) ; Catalogue " Lewes 
ESiibition " (1) 4 

** M. A. Lower's Correspondence " (2) ; Bruce, " Hist. Brighton " (1) . .3 

" ArchaBologia Cambraosis," Vol. XTV. (1) ; " Brighton Guide " (1) . .2 

Thos. May, " Vict. Reign Ed. 3d," verse (1) ; " Retrospections." C. R. Smith. 
Vol.1 2 

" Pedigree of Powell Family " (1) ; " Excursions in Sussex," 1835 (1) . .2 

"Archasologia," Vols. n.,Xn., XVI., XXXII 4 

Vols. 97 

GIFTS. — ^PlCTUEES, EXORAYINGS, &C. 

202 Water Colour Drawings, Etchings, &c., by 

Brooke By H. GaiFFrrH, Esq. 

Sepia Drawing, Chichester Cathedral . . By F. Earp, Esq. 

22 Engraved Portraits and Views (Suss.), and Map 

of Lewes By W. Hainbs, Esq. 

Engraved Portrait, Dr. Skinner (framed) . By Mr. W. J. Smtth. 

3 Engraved Views, Sussex Edifices . . By R. G. Rice, Esq. 

Engraved Portrait, Mr. Leighton, of Lewes . By W. Conlan, Esq. 

3 Photos, Bishop's Prison, Uckfield . . • By Sturt Wilson, Esq. 

3 Ditto, Sussex Edifices By C. T. Phillips. 

1 Ditto, Wihnington Giant „ „ 



HONORARY MEMBERS. 



1872. Arnold, Rev. F. H., ll.b., Hermitage, EniBworth. 

1885. Hoffman, Dr. W. J., Smithsonian Institution, Washington, United States. 

1883. Hope, WOliam Henry St. John, Esq., m.a., f.s.a., Burlington House, 
Piccadilly, w. 

1858. Nottingham, The Right Rot. the Bishop Suffragan of, d.d., f.s.a., 
Leasingham Rectory, Sleaford, Lincolnshire. 

1850. Spurrell, Rev. F., m.a., Faulkboum Rectory, Witham, Essex. 

1864. Semichon, Mons. Ernest, Avocat. 

1889. Tupper, Mr. Richard, Bignor, near Pulborough, Sussex. 




1S86. 
1864. 
1868. 
1876. 



1805. 
1870. 
1867. 

187B. 



imw. 

1886. 
1880, 
188S. 



•Abadie, Col. H. R., C.B., KfllyTmre, Armugh, Irelnud. 

Abbott, Oporge, Esq.. m.k.c.a.. The Paiitl]e», Timbridge Wells (Hon. Sec. 

Tuubridge Wells Natural IILttoiy and Antiqtiarian Society). 
AbergaveimT, The Right Hon, the Marquet'B of, x.a., Kridge Catitln, 

TWbridge WellB. 
Adc, J. S., Esq.. Jlilton Court. Artiugton, Susnex. 
Alchln, John, E«|,, HiiBthnll, Tunbrldge Wdld. 
■AleiandeT, W. C., Edq.. Aubrey House, Camden Hill, Kennington. 
Allen, Herbert J., Esq., 54, Cambridge Road, Brighton. 
*Aiidr^, J. L., Gxq., v.s.jt.., t:!aroellii^. Hunt Road, Horsham, Sututex. 
•Arbutluiot, W. K., E9i|., Flaw Hutch, Went HoatUj-, i^uiwd. 
Ardlev, WilUam, Eki-. -il. Bufldnghiun Road, Brighton. 
Arnold, E., Eiq,, White Hull. ChithoBter. 

Ai-hbumham, Right Hon. Earl ol, Ashbumham Place, Buttle, Sussex. 
Athcnvum Club. Pall Mall, Loudon, s.w. 

Att«nborough. Rev. W. ¥,, Fletfhing Vioarage. I'cVfield, Sustiei. 
•Atttee, Captoia F. W. T.. «,!., Royal EngineerB Division Offli*, Netlej-, 
Attree, O,, Esq., 5, Richmond Tertuce, Brighton. 



•Bat'on, Rev. Thomas, 3, Lyall Street, London, n.w. 

BoIIg}'. Rev, Canon Heniy, n,ii,, Hcetiny. West Tarring, Hui»8ei. 

Banistt?, F. Dale, Esq.. H.msrr.c.B., 8tonebotUM>, Forest Row, Hussex. 

"Banks, Rev. G. W., Rectory, Worth, SusMa. 

Barchatd, Elphinstonc, Esq., h.a.. Duddleswell, Uckfield, Sussex. 

Borehutd, Fnuicu, Esq., Horsted Place, Uckfield, Sussex. 

*Ban«n, E, J., Ewj., r.*.\.. 10, Kndsleigb Street, Tavistock Square, 

London, 
Bortlett, Rev. W. A., Vicarage, Wisborougb Qrecn, BiUingsborst, Sunsex, 
Barttclot, Colonel Sir W. Barttelot, Bart.,c.B., v.r., Btopham. Fulborough, 

•Bftrtteiot. Brian B., Esq., Ditton, Torquay. 

Barwcll, Hev. A. H. 8,, (lapbam Rectoty, Worthing. 

Bai. Alfred Ridley, Esq., Mariborough House, Balham Hill, »,*. 

"Baiter, Wynue E., Esq.. f.o.s., r.u.o.»., Lewes. 

Bvord, tS.. GHq., Hottingdean, Sussex. 

Bodlord, Edward J., Esq,, 10. St. John's Terrace, Lewes. 

Belcher, Rev, B., h.a., Vicunge, Bodiam, Hawkhurst. 

Belcher, Rev. T, Hayes, Scbo^ House. Brightou College. 

Bennett, Rev. Prebendary F. G., The Prebcndal House, Chichester. 

Bennctt-Fleteher, Mrs. A. B., Carisbrooke VilU, 87. Upper Tulse Hill, *.«. 

Bvmard. Dr. Fmncis B.. 45, Wonvitlc Street, Worthmg, 

Bfynon, Rev. F. W., Alfrii^m Vicarage, Berwick, Sussex. 

Bigg. K. F., Esq.. The Hyde, Slaughnm, near Crawley, Sunsci. 

Bin-hill. Cupt. BiiBil Heme Harper, f.k.o."*., Upperton Villa, Eastbourne. 

Bim-U. MIh. St, Uary's Hall, Knufi Town, Brighton. 

Bishop, KdlDluicl, E«<i.. tastlegat*-, l*'weB, 

Itlehop, M. H.. Ekj,, 'i, Gninveuor Koud, Wtstmimiter, s.w. 



XXXI V. SUSSEX ARCIL£OLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

1860. Blaauw, T. St. Leger, Esq., j.p., Beechland, Newick, Sussex. 

1882. Blaker, Arthur Becket, Esq., Thoruberry, East Liss, Hants. 

1882. Blaker, Evelyn Borrer, Esq., Great Strode, Beaminster, Dorset. 

1887. Blaker, Frederick, Esq., Warwick Street, Worthing. 

1871. Blakiston, Kev. Kalph Milbum, f.s.a., Anmdel Lodge, 44, Lanadowne 

Koad, Croydon. 

1846. Blencowe, J. G., Esq., Bineham, Chailey, Sussex. 

1871. Blew, Kev. W. J., m.a., 6, Warwick Street, Pall Mall, London, s.w. 

1873. Blunt, W. S., Esq., Crabbet Park, Worth, Three Bridges, Sussex. 

1878. Bonnick, H., Esq., Lewes. 

1846. Borrer, Rev. Canon Carey H., m.a.. Treasurer of Chichester Cathedral, 

Hurstpierpoint, Sussex. 

1846. Borrer, W., Esq., m.a., f.l.s., Cowfold, Horsham, Sussex. 

1863. ♦Borrer, Lindfield, Esq., Henfield, Sussex. 

1882. Boiurdillon, F. W., Esq., Kother Lea, Midhuri$t, Sussex. 

1848. Bowles, Rev. Prebendary F. A., m.a.. Singleton, Chichester. 

1863. ♦Boxall, W. P., Esq., j.p.. Belle Vue Hall, Kemp Town, Brighton. 

1887. Braboume, Lord, Smeeth Paddocks, Ashford, Kent ; and 3, Queen Anne 

Gate, Westminster. 

1869. Braden, J. G., Esq., 166, High Street, Lewes. 

1889. Bray, John, Esq., 13, South Colonnade, St. Leonards-on-Sea. 

1890. Breach, Williani Powell, Esq., Newham House, Steyning, Sussex. 

1852. ♦Bridger, E. K., Esq., Berkeley Houi^e, Hampton, Middlesex. 
1857. Bridges, Rev. Canon A. H., Beddington House, (ioydon. 

1882. Brix, Mens. Camille de (Conseiller 4 la Cour d' Appel), 13, Rue Victor 
Hugo, Douai. 

1888. Brooke, Edward, Esq., Ufford Place, Woodbridge. 

1863. Brown, J. EUman, Esq., Buckingham Lodge, Shoreham, Sussex. 
1873. Browne, H. S. Doughty, Esq., Tilgate Forest Lodge, Crawley, Sussex. 

1879. Browell, Rev. J., South Nuttield, Rcdhill, Surrey. 

1889. Brydone, Henry G., Esq., Petworth, Sussex. 

1864. Buck, Rev. W. H. M., Vicarage, Seaford, Sussex. 
1863. Buckell, Leonard, Esq., m.d., The Pallant, Chichester. 
1892. Buckwell, John C, Esq., 3, New Road, Brighton. 
1881. Burder, Mrs. Ellen, Park Dale, Battle, Sussex. 

1891. BurreU, Captain Sir Raymond, Bart., Knepp Castle, Horsham, Sussex. 

1853. Burton, Alfred, Esq., St. Lconards-on-Sea. 

1870. Butler, Rev. J. B. M., Maresfield Rectory, Uckfield, Sussex. 



1888. Campion, Rev. W. J. H., Keble College, Oxford. 

1870. Campion, W. H., Esq., Danny Park, Hurstpierpoint, Sussex. 

1863. Card, H., Esq., 10, North Street, I^wes. 

1865. Cardale, Rev. E. T., Uckfield, Sussex. 

1885. Carr-Lloyd, James Martin, Esq., Lancing Manor, Lancing, Sussex. 

1866. Carter, Bonham W., Esq., Reform Club, Pall Mall, s.w. 
1882. Catt, Miss Caroline, Meeching Place, Newhaven, Sussex. 
1891. ♦Cave, J. P. Charles, Esq., Ditcham Park, Petersfield. 
1860. Chambers, G. F., Esq., North Field Grange, Eastbourne. 

1888. Champneys, Rev. F. W., Bayham Old Abbey, Lamberhurst, Kent. 

1882. Chetwynd, Rev. Charles R. B., V^icaragc, Bracknell. 

1852. ♦Chetwynd, Hon. IMrs. Charles, Gothic Lodge, Worthing. 

1870. Chichester, the Right Rev. The Lord Bishop of, The Palace, Chichester. 

1888. Chichester, the Right Hon. Earl of, Stanmer, Lewes. 

1852. Chichester Library Society, Chichester. 

1856. Chichester Literary Society and Mechanics' Institute, Chichester. 

1881. Churton, Rev. Theodore T., Icklesham Vicarage, Rye, Sussex. 

1878. Clark, J. C, Esq., 64, Middle Street, Brighton. 

1890. Clarke, Charles, Esq., Boltro Road, Haywards Heath, Sussex. 

1866. ♦Clwke, Somers, Esq., f.s.a., 15, Dean's Yard, Westminster, s.w 

1846. Clarkson, Rev. G. A., m.a., Amberley, Sussex. 

1879. Clayton, Charles E., Esq., 20, High Croft Villas, Brighton. 



LIST OF MEMBEKS. XXSV. 

1873. Cukayno, Q. E., Ewj,, m.a., f.s.a., C'uUogc of Arme. Quc«n Yictoria Street, 
iJundon. 

1889. Codrington. Bev. 11. H., o.v., Viiar of Wadhurrt, Suseoa. 

1(H(«. Colchester, Lord, c.h.a.. W, Eaton ITJice, i.v. ; and Carltou Club. 

1H56. *Colemiui, CarloH, Esq., Brcili.', tiuseux. 

1B36. •Coles, J. H. C, Esq., Eartboume. 

18«9. Collet, Uolding B., Esq., ShcUc; House, WortbinK. 

1890. Cullinx, Broutou H,, Ehu., Dunorlan, Tunbridge Welle. 
1850. Combe, Boyce Harvuy, Esq.. f.b.a., Uokbuids, Battle, tiuiwex. 

IB*?. Cooper, Edward, EiKi-, 147, GluiKaJBtet Hoad, Queen's Gate, South 

Heusingtoii, s.w. 

1880. Cooper, U. P„ Esq. 

1800. Cooper, Itov. Canou JamcH Hughee. C'uekfield, Sussei. 

WW). Cooper, Rvv. T. H., Stoni-'burHt, tliirtdingfold, near Clodnlmuig, Hiirrey. 

18H». Corlett, J. K., Esq., More Flntv, Bctchworth. 

18tlG. Cotehing, Alexander, Esq., Wcpt Lodge, Honhum, Suawx. 

1888. Cotei^orth, W. li.. Eiiq., Koeheatb, Oialley, Sunn:!. 

1889. Coocbmsn . J . Edwin, Esq., Down Uoiise, Uurntpferpoint, UosKockB, Numicx. 
1873. Cmding, H., Eaq., 1, tirand Avenue SlanniouH, Went Brighton. 

18iC. Courthope, G. €., E*q., WTuligh, Hawkhiwrt. 

1877. "Cowan, T. W., Esq., r.L.s., f.o.h., r.B.a.s., 31, Bckiie Park Gardens, 

MainpvteBd, s.w. 

1886. Cowt'll. Samuel, Evq., Melodiu, Preston Park Avunuc, Brighton. 

188tP. Cmmp, Juiy, Esq., 4, Weft Stn.'et, Ilonham. Susiiei. 

1889. Crawfuri, Kev. Gibbe Poyno, k.a., 3«, Baker Street, Iteadiag. 
18tK). Crawfurd, Robert Pa^ne, Enq., East <.'ourt, Euift Grmstviid. t^uiwx. 

1885. Crippi', KeT. John Marten, Belle Vue, Exoiouth, South Devon. 
IBM. Cripps, f . S., Esq.. c.b., SnttMi, Surrey. 
181*0. CroDK, Major Lewis Tbomax, ttuxon Lodge, tSeoford. Submix. 
IBM. Crosse, Hev. E, J., Montpelier Houi«, Henfleld, Siusex. 
188U, Crosekc;, Mrs. Kobcrt, Castlcgnte, Lewea. 
1»86. (Jnife. Fr«n<it G., Esq., CliriHt Church Vitnrage, Worthing. 

1886. Cunliflf, JMwnrd S., Ehi., 66, The Drive. Wert Urightou. 
18<i3. 'Curling. G(wrg<<, E»q., liUgia House, Addistonibe lioad, Crojdon. 
I8<J«. Cuwey, E. C., Emi., Midliiig Deanery, Lewes. 
18K8. t^urrie. Very Kev. E. K., Dean of Battle, Deuuery, Battle, Sussex. 
1818. C'urteis, H. Jlascall, Ewj., Windmill Hill naue, HailsbatD, Sussex. 

1890. Cwrwou, adred, Esq., Withdeone Court, Brighton. 



t Hai 






Davey, RoV. H. M., m.a., r.o.s., f.s.*., Uving Viearage. CliicTifi-tei 

■Duvie«, Miss, i, South Eaton Place, London, i>.w. 

Dnvis, H. C, Esq., 39, St. James' titreet, Brighton. 

DbtIs, R. H., Esq., East Bbitchingtoti, Beiitord, Suwex. 

Dawes, W., Esq., Wunnock, Rye, Susmue. 

Dawson, Chnrles, Esq., r.a.s., UcMcld, Sussex. 

Day, iXn., Uckfleld House, Ucklield. Sussex. 

Dcane, Itev. Prebendary, a. v.. Vicar of Feiring. M'orthing. 

Dcatsly, Her. W. A. St. John, Critchfldd, Boshom, near ChlibeBter, Susses. 

Deedes, Rot. Cecil. 43, Church Street. Brighton. 

DelaWarr,The Highl Uon.the Earl or,c.H., Buckhurst I'nrk, Withyham, 

Delves, W. Henry, Esq.. 23, Mount Sion, Tunbridge Wells. 



i8se. 
189:1. 
1877. 
1891. 
1878. 
1890. 
1850. 

1857- 
1882. 
1886. 
IHTl). 
18811. 
1801. 



1860, DiekiiisuD, Mtx , Not 



i, St. Ai 






Dcmict, Charles F., 
Dc liobeek, Jlajnr, I 
Dickens, SfTtute-, Charles Robert, Esq., 






, Coolhurst, Horsham, 



', lliirstpiurpoint, Sussex. 



XXXVl. SUSSEX ABCIL£OLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

1862. Dixon, MiB8, North Highlands, Haywaids Heath, Soseex. 

1889. Dowson, Joseph Regmald, Esq., 20, St. Aubyns, West Brighton. 

1889. Drake, A. F., Esq., Winterboume Lodge, St. Ann's, Lewes. 

1877. Dockett, Sir G^rge F., Bart., f.s.a., Newington House, Wallingfordy 

Oxon ; and Oxford and Cambridge Club, London. 

1888. Dudencj, Miss, The Highlands, St. Ann's, Lewes. 

1879. Duke, Fiyederick, Esq., The Conservative Club, Queen's Hotel, Hastings. 

1873. Dunkin, E. H. W., Esq., 5, Therapia Road, Honor Oak, 8.B. 

1861. Earp, Frederick, Enq., 37, Upper Rock Gardens, Brighton. 

1874. ♦Easton, E., Esq., 7, Delaha^ Street, Westminster, s.w. 

1851. ♦Eden, Rev. Arthur, m.a.. Vicarage, Ticehurst, Sussex. 
18H1. Eggar, T., Enq., 33, Brunswick Road, Hove, Brighton. 

1870. Egmmit, The liight Hon. the Earl of, Cowdraj Park, Midhurst, Sussex ; 

and 26, Ht. James' Place, London, s.w. 

1H57. Elliott, Robert, Enq., Little Hothfield, Ashford, Kent. 

IMK). Ellin, William Jcnner, Esq., 17, Springfield Road, St. Leonaids-on-Sea, 

HUMHCX. 

IHr/i. Ellman, Rev. E. B., m.a., The Rectory, Berwick, Sussex. 

1M61. Elphinstone, Howard W., Esq., Struan, Augusta Road, Wimbledon Park. 

1888. EImj, William, Eho., 52, King's Road, Brighton. 

1870. ♦Elwcs, I). (*. C, Enq., f.h.a.. Box 687, Orlando, Florida, U.S.A. 

1871. KlwcH, H. T., Enq., ¥\i Bank, West Hoathlv, Sussex. 

1891. Elyard, Ht. John, Ewq., Holmwood, South Norwood Park, Surrey. 

1H50. Kmarr, H. M., Enq., Pevensey Roaid, Eastbourne. 

1H8]. F^daih;, J. K., Esq., East Grinsteod, Sussex. 

1M73, *Evanf4, J., Ewi., ll.ik, d.c.l., f.k.h., p.s.a., Nash Mills, Hemel Hempstead. 

1861. *EverHhed, H., Esq., 329, Liverpool Road, Islington, London, n. 

1852. Fairlc'H, Kev. Septimus, h.a., Lurgashall, Petworth, Sussex. 
1869, Fanicimibe, Joseph, Esq., Grange House, Lewes. 

1 881 . Fanicombe, Richard, Esq. , 40, Bel^rave Street, Balsall Heath, Birmingham. 

1882. F<7nt<m, Alexander J., Esq., Clydesdale Villa, Gresham Road, Staines. 

1889. Finher, Miss, 12, Jjansdowne Place, Brighton. 

1881. *Fi>*her, Samuel Timbrell, Esq., 4, Park Prospect, Little Queen Street, 
^^CHtminHtcr h w 

1881. Fit«-Uugh, A j'., Esq., 3, PaviHon Parade, Brighton. 

1882. Fitz-Hugh, Major-Gcneral Henry Terrick, Streat Place, Hurstpieipoint, 

1H87. •FleUjher, l{cv. F. C. B., Mundham Vicarage, Chichester. 

IKHH. FI(?tcher, Kir Henry, Bart., m.p., Ham Manor, Angmering, Sussex. 

IHHH, •Flirtcher, W. H. B., Esq., Fairlawn House, Worthing. 

187J). Foley, Rev. E. W., Eastbourne. 

1871. •Fol|ambe, Cecil G. S., Esq., m.p., f.s.a., Cockglode, OUerton, Newark, 

Nrjtts. 

1857. Foster, Rev, Robert, m.a., Burpham, Arundel, Sussex. 

1862. •Foyntcr, Rev. H. B., m.a., St. Clement's Rectory, Hastings. 
1864. ♦Foystcr, liev. G. A., m.a., All Saints, Hastings. 

1851. •Franks, A. W., E8<j., c.«., f.r.s., v.p.s.a., 103, Victoria Street, West- 
minster, and BritiHh Museum. 

1890. Eraser, Rev. James, Chichester. 

1849. •Freeland, Humphrey W., Esq., m.a., Chichester. 

1864. ♦Freshfleld, Edwin, Esq., v.p.s.a., 5, Bank Buildings, London. 

1876. Frcshfleld, H. R., Esq., Kidbrooke Park, Forest Row, Sussex. 

1878. Fri<»nd, D. B., Esq., 77, Western Road, Brighton. 

1871. Fuller, Rev. A., m.a.. North Street, Chichester. 

1880. Fuller, Thomas, Esq., m.d., Longcrofts, Shoreham, Sussex. 

1878. (iage. The Right Hon. Viscount, Firle Park, Lewes. 

1867. Gamham, Colonel, Densworth House, Chichester. 



U8T OF MEMBKKS. 



1877. 
HtT5. 
1819. 
1890. 
1877. 

isn. 



IKUU. 
1»51. 
1HT5. 
I)i86. 
IHW. 
IHTU. 

itra. 



Oell, Rev. J. P., Buitod Rectory, Sussex. 

GOes, Mrs. Agnee, Lmcoln Haiue, Dane Uoad. St. Leonardn. 

Qodlee, Mrs,, Leighaidc, Lewes. 

•Godman, Charles B,, liq., VToldringfold, Homhain, Susnex. 

Codmau, F.daCaac, Esq.. r.K.8.. South Lodge, Cowfold, Horshun, Sub9<-i. 

GodmaD. Ilajor-General It. Temple, Highdcn, Pulborough, ttusxex. 

•Qodmau, P. 8.. Esq., Uuntbam, UurahBin, Susnes. 

GordDD, Hev. A. P,, Rectory, Newtiinber, HiutiCpieipomt, Suasex. 

Goriug, Rev. John, m.a., Wiston Fork, UuNtpIetpoint, 8uHacx. 

Gurrliigc, Edward Joseph, Enq., Chyngrtoii. Scuford. SiUHtx. 

GnrrinKc. Hugh, E(<q., KmREton-on-Sea. llrighton. 

(lOrhi-u, liight Hod. G. J., m.p., G1, I'ortlniid I'loce, London, w.; and 

Keaeuz Heath, FUmwell, Uawlchurst. 
Goulbum, The Very Bcv. E. M., n.n., r.s.*., Ileaii of Norwich, Norwich: 

iiiid Leydenburgh, The Drivo, Hove, BrigUtiiu. 
(ioiddjauittL, H. J., E«q., LanTic Hoiue. Carlisle Ituad, Eastbourne. 
•liower. t). W. G. Lt'veson, Esq., i-.h.a.. TitMj- Place, Liinpsfleld. Siwses. 
•Grantham, Bight Hon. Sir William. Barcombe Place. Lewes, 
(Jmvfly, Richard. Esq,, Newick, Sussen, 
Gmy, F., Era., Kppingford, UckSeld, Suhwi. 
Griffith, A. F., Em., 15, Buckingham Phicc, Brighton. 
Griffith, Iter. L". H., 4, Uelmont, Dyke Hoad, Brighton. 
Griffith, Henry, Eeq., r.H.*., Itlontpellier Ijodge, Brighton, 
•Gwynue, J. E, A., Eaq.. v.kk.. Folkington Manor. Poll 



. Folldn^ton Manor. Polegate, Kusaes, 



1809. 
187L 

iitao, 
iwie. 



isn, 

I8S9. 
1853. 



, 1863. 

IftM. 

1875. 

1877. 

1868. 

1S»1. 

188S. 

1870. 

1U«. 

1855. 

18S3. 

1855. 
, 1875. 



Hackney, B. B.,E"q. (Barristcr-at-Lavi), St, MichBePti, High Street, Lewe*. 

Haines, U'., Esq., Iflley Lodge, Oxford Road, Putney, s.w. 

Ualuea, John, E!»q., 46, Preaton Street, Brighton. 

■Hales, Rev. Richard Cox, 27, Cambridge Road, Brighton, 

Hall, F. A., Esq., 4, Albion Street, Lcwee. 

Hall. Samnel, li^q.. o.c.. Park Farm, Maylield, Sux^ex, 

Hanuniclc, Jameii T., Esq,, t.ii.s, (BarriBter-at-Law, Lincoln's Inn), in, 

Preston Fork Avenue, Brighton. 
'Hennnh, Rev. Prebendary John Julius, ii,a,. Vicar of Brighton, The 

Vicarage, Brighton. 
Harbord, Rev, H., Rector of Eait Uoathty, Sussex. 
Harding, George Robinson, Esq., Lindum, Beckcnham, Kent, 
Hardwiek, J. R., Esq., Hig-h Street, Lewes. 
Harlaud. H., Esq.. H.n., East Ridge, Ryde. Isle of Wight. 
Harrington, J., Esq., II. Albion leirace, Horsham, Bussex. 
Hoiris, U. E., Esq,, " Elm Leu," Littlehampton . Sussex. 
Harrifi, W. .T., Esq., Chnrch House, He«ue, Worthing. 
Horrifon, Walter, Esq., 98, Western Roitd. Brighton. 
•Hortlng. J, Vincent, Esq., f.s.a. 24, Lincoln's Inn Fields. London, w.c. 
Hoslewood. Rev. Frederick George, ll.d., o.cl., Chislet Vicarage, Cantcr- 

Howlwood, J. E., Eaq., 3, Lennox Place, Brighton. 

•Haverfleld, Frank J., Eaq., a.A,, r.s.*., Christ Church, Oxford. 

Haweis, Rev. W. H., m.a.. Brook Cottag«, Slaugham, Crawley, Sugnex, 

■Hawkins, Kev, R. M., u.a,. Lamberhnnt, Sent. 

Hawkins, Rev. H. 8.. ileytou Rectory, Bnry St. Edmunds, 

■HawkahJair, H. P., Esq., f.b.a,, 5a, Jermyn Street, London, b,w. 

Hoxlitt, W., Eaq., r.s.A., Bankruptcy Court. London, 

Hrad. Francis, Emi., Buckingham, Old Shorehom. Sussex, 

Henriques, Alfred U.. Esq., j,p,, 9, Adelaide Crescent, Hove. 

Henty, Captain C. Percival, Hambiook, Emaworth. 

Hepburn, Rev, Prebendary F. B., k.a., ChaUey, Sussex. 

•HiU, Charles, Esq.. p.s.a,. Rockhorrt, West Hoathly. Buomx, 

Hill, John. Ecq., UoresSeld, Snsgei, 

Hill, Rev. Reginald Hay, Wethersfield Vicarage, Bralntree, Enws. 

HiUman, Anbrey, E»q., Iford, Lewea. 



XXXVm. «VBSEX ABCKSOUXaCAL SfKSETY. 

inm. Hfflitty^ Edward, Esq., m^ Stzwt, Lems. 

X(i^. HilU, QKx6aa M ., Esq., 12, St. Jofan^t Stzwt, Ad^ld, London. 

Vni. Hiike, H. G., Em., Horedd^ AikimglEt Bend, Tfmprtfmi, London. 

Vm, Bmx, Robert, Etq., ix.d., 99, St. Gcfl^'s Road, Pimlioo, London, cw. 

Ma, UdSumbj, Edwin, Esq., Groombndge, Tnnlxidge Wdls. 

Ul(7, U<)aand, Eer. Chtties, Petwoitfa Bectotx, Soflsez. 

ttM, lioliiie*, Ker. Aliejne Jaine», Rector (rf Egdean, Burton Firs, IVtwocth, 



11^, 'liotiBeK, E. C, Eflq., Bnxddleld, Anmdel, Somex. 

UMe», HoliiMw, G. P., Esq., Worthing. 

1«74, Helper, W., Esq., 8t. Elizabeth Bo^ Worthing. 

Un4, H^^per, Hn. U., 85, Linden Gardens, London, w. 

V&H, Hc^, Richazd, Esq., Hm Farm, Cowfold, Sussex. 

Wfl. Hoosman, Rer. Henrr, b.d., 8t. WOfrith's, Cawley Road, Chicfaester. 

Un^i. •Hmvoden, R., Esq.,' Heath Cote, Park Road Hill, Croydon. 

1^9, lUjwleii, J. W., Esq., 8, Ship Street, Biighton. 

IH^. Hubbard, William Egerton, Esq., Selehurst, Honham, Sussex. 

1888. Humble-CrofU, Rer. W. J., Waldron Rectory, Hawkhurst. 
1866. Hurift, Robert Henry, Esq., The Park, Horsham, Sussex. 
1850, Husey-Hunt, Bernard, Esq., Compton, The Driye, Hove. 

1848, HuMtey, Edward, Esq., Scotney Castle, Lamberhurst. 
1862. •HuNsey, K. L., Esq., 24, Winchester Road, Oxford. 

1889. Huth, Richard, Esq. 

1890 Ind, Kajor, Court Place, IfOey, Oxford. 

1871. Inderwlck, F. A., Esq., q.c, Winchelsea, Sussex. 

1871. Infield, H. J., Esq., 10, Bolton Gardens West, London, s.w. 

1890. Ingram, lieut. -Colonel Robert Bethune, j.p., Steyning, Sussex. 
1883. Ingram, James, Esq., Ades, ChaUey, Lewes. 

\Hfjl, Ingram, Rct. H. M., Southover, Lewes. 

1875. Ingram, Mrs. W. H., Colvllle Lodge, Haywards Heath, Sussex. 

1879. Ingram, Miss, Hickwells, Chailey, Lewes. 

1879. Ireland, S. Hheppard, Esq., 198, Western Road, Brighton. 

1880. James, Francis, Eso., 190, Cromwell Road, EarPs Court, London, s.w. ; 

and Edgeworth Sfanor, Cirencester. 

1871 . Jenner, MIm, 98, Black Heath Hill, London, s.b. 

1849. Jones, John, Esq., The Crescent, Southover, Lewes. 

1889. Kelly, Rev. W. W., Aldhigboume, Chichester. 

1H71. Kemp, C. R., Esq., Bedford Lodge, Lewes. 

1M84. Komp, Captain William, Lyminster House, near Arundel, Siissex. 

1H77. Kempo, C. K., Esq., Old Place, Lindfield, Sussex; and 28, Nottingham 

Street, lx)ndon, w. 

IHftl. Ktrby, Rev. U. T. M., m.a., Mayfield, Sussex. 

1M72. *Kirwnn, J. S., Esq., Reform Club, London ; and 1, Richmond Gaxdens, 

Bournemouth. 

1M79. Klinoksieok, C. E., Esq., 11, Rue de Lille, Paris. (Care of Longman & Co., 

Foreign Department, London.) 

1887. Knipo, Honry ft., Esq., 54, Wilbury Road, West Brighton. 

1880. Lambe, R., Esq., Blatchingtou, Seaford, Sussex. 

1888. TiOmotUs Alphonso F., Mous., 57, Lansdowne Place, Brighton. 
185)1. liaiic, lloury C, Esq., Middleton, Hassocks, Sussex. 

187)1. lAniooh. Donald, Est^., Bromble^e, East Grinstead, Sussex. 

1801 . •I.iMioh, MiM, '* Apsley,** Upner Bridge Road, RedhiU, Surrey. 

1888. lioe, Arthur, Esq., Westfield House, Lewes. 

1880. Louuord, Ret. John Barrett, Crawley Reotory, Suasez. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 



1879. 

1863. 
1855. 
1886. 
1870. 

lS7tt. 
1870. 
1879. 



1H55. 
1H71. 
1977. 
1848. 
1851. 



I.cgK(^, C. E., Esq., LftTuit. ChifUeitter. 

•Ledie, C. 8., Eeq., 11, ChBUonrr, Old AbiTdeeii. 

Lewee libmr Society, Lewee. 

Lewif, Col. W. U., i.e.. High Beech, UnUiu^u, St. Leonards-on-Seo. 

Llbtarj CongtcHS, Waibington. U.S., t-ure of E. (i. Allen, American 

Agencj, 'iH, Henriett* Street, Covtmt Uiudim. w.l*. 
•LmiSgton, G. E., Ew,, fairview. Buckbtmt Hill, E«ws, e. 
Lister, John J,, Enq,. WarningUd Grange. UuTwanln Heath, Suv^ex. 
Liverpool Free I'nblic Library. WiUiiun Brovm .street (tare of Peter 

Correll, Koq.. Ijbrtuian), Live^ool, 
IJojd, Alfwl, Khi,, r.c.s., F.H.B., The Dome, liogiior, Su»eex. 
London (.Xirporetion Library Conunitte*, Guild Hall, London. 
London Lllmu7 (Itobcrt Huruon, Esq.,, Libnuian). 
Long, CPdl, Esq., Shcrrinston Alonor. Seline«ton, Folegate, Su«»tx. 
*LucB«. C. J., Enq.. Waruhom Court, Honhani, SuH'ex. 
Lucas, John Claj, E«q., f.h.a.. Lewen. 
•Luck, F. O., Esq., The OUti*, Wadhunt, Sutteei. 



Liuford. Kev. U. C, it.*., High Ham, Hawkhunit. 



1886, Haberlr, Thomas Aatler, Esq., Mvttcn, Cutkfield, Subscx. 
1883. MBcfHrlane, J. it., Esq., 41), East Htrect, Urigbton. 

1857. 'Mwfcinlay, D., Esq.. S. WertiTn Terrace, Umhead, U1a«gow. 
189U. Mut-iiamara, U. H., Ebq., WiwtileldB, East Grinst^od, SuMiex. 
1BB6. Maiden, Major Hewr Clmrlcn, Wlndlesham HouBe, Urighton. 
1876. Uargpsson, Mim, Bolnuy Lodgu, Haywarda Beath. Sussex. 
18Tli. MnrgeiiMin, iliaa H. A.. Bolney l<odge, Hnywiitds Heath. Suxnex. 

1887. Marriott, CharleB E., Esq., Upper tit. Leonard'N Sehool, St. LcnnardB- 

1887. Slairiott, Miss, Upper St. Leonanl's School, St. LeonardR-on-.Sea. 

1881. Martin, Charles, Eeq., The Watch Oak, BaUle. i^nevex. 

1890. Martin, W. P., Esq., Ringmer, Snaxex. 

18S3. Klnrtlneau, E. H., Esq.. 3U, Weymouth Street, Tortland Ilace. London, it. 

1880. MatthewB, Mi«i M. E., i, Medina Terrace. West Brighton. 

1890. May, F. O. C, Esq., Civil Engineer, and Boioiigli Surveyor o( Brighton, 

IS, Compton Arcniie, Brighton. 

1862. McadoWH, George, Enq.. Mansfield Houw, Elphinstono Road. Haat!ngi>. 

ims, ■Melville, liobert, Esq., 8, Argyle Itoad, Kensington, w. 

1804. Mcnifield, F., Eeq., 24, Vernon Terrace. Brighton. 

1868. *Hilner, Hev. J., 39, St. Qnlntin Arcnuo, London, n. 

1858. MJt«.'hell, Kev. H., h.a., f.s.a., Bosham, Chich<»<t«r. 
W7». Mitttwd, W. T.. Esq., Pitts HOI, Petwortb, Sussex. 
1873. 'Mivart, St. George, Esq., r.H.s. 

1858. Molineux, George, Eisq., Old Bonk, Lewes. 

1886. Molinenx, Major H., p.o.k., Old Bank, l^v/ee. and Eastbourne, 

1861. Monk. T. J., Esq.. High Street, St. Ann'c, Uwen. 

l^i. Monk Brctton, the Itight Hon. Lord, Conyborutigh. l^-weK. 

I8ff2. Moon'. H. H., Esq., Southntte. Chichtfstcr. 

1880. Morriti. James Bern, Eeq., ICMtbi>URle> 

1881. Mortlocfc, Hey. C. F., South Berstcd Vicnrage. Sussex. 
187:{. Mount, Ven. Archdeacon F. J., h.a.. Cblehcetcr. 

1873. Mntebiwjn, Kenneth R., Esq., Brockhur»t, East Grinotead, Sussex. 

ItBI. Xapier, Rei-, Prebendary C. W. A., «c.*., Rectory, Wiston, Huratpierpoint, 

1840. 
1863. 
1881. 
1849. 



xl. SUSSEX ARCILfiOLOOICAL SOCIETY. 

1881. ♦Noakes, Frederic, Esq., St. Mary's Villas, Battle, Sussex. 

1855. Noble, Capt., f.r.a.s., f.b..m.8., Forest Lodge, Maresfield, Uckfield, Sussex. 

1887. Noble, Wilson, Esq., m.p., 43, Warrior Square, St. Leouards-on-Sea. 
1870. Norfolk, His Grace the Duke of, b.m., k.c, Arundel Castle, Arundel, 

Sussex. 

1878. Norman, George, Esq., Cooksbridge, Lewes. 
1892. Norman, Key. John Gage, St. Ann*s, Lewes. 

1874. Norton, G., Esq., Uolmwood, Kingston Hill, Surrey. 

1866. O'Flahertie, Kev. T. R., m.a.. The Vicarage, Capel, Surrey. 

1888. Oliver, Frank, Esq. 

1868. Orme, Rev. J. B., m.a., Rectory, Angmering, Sussex. 

1884. Pagden, William, Esq., Gloucester Lodge, Worthing. 

1884. Fapillon, PhiUip Oxenden, Esq., m.a., d.l., j.p., Crowhurst Park, Battle, 

Sussex. 

1858. Paris, G. de, Esq., 5, Denmark Terrace, Montpellier Road, Brighton. 

1889. Paris National Library, care of Messrs. Longmans & Co., 37, Paternoster 

Row, London, b.c. 

1876. Parish, Rev. Chancellor W. D., Selmeston, Polegate, Sussex. 

1881. *Parkin, Thomas, Esq., m.a., f.h.o.s., Fairseat, High Wickham, Hastings. 

1885. Parrington, Rev. J. W., East Dean Vicarage, Eastbourne. 

1890. Parsons, Ambrose, Esq. 

1885. Parsons, Latter, Esq., Mill Croft, Eastbourne. 

1881. Parsons, John, Esq., Prioiy Crescent, Lewes. 

1881. Parsons, Thomas, Esq., Yokehurst, East Chiltington, Lewes. 

1870. Patching, E. C, Esq., Belfort, Liverpool Gardens, Worthing. 

1865. Peachey, W., Esq., Ebemoe, Petworth, Sussex. 

1885. Peacock, Thomas F., Esq., Femlea, Sidcup, Kent. 

1858. *Penfold, Hugh, Esq., m.a., Rustington, Worthing. 

1888. Penny, Rev. R. G., Warbleton Rectory, Hawkhurst. 

1888. Penny, ^Irs. R. G., Warbleton Rectory, Hawkhurst. 

1879. ♦Peckham, Rev. Harry J., Nutley Vicarage, Uckfield, Sussex. 

1884. Phillips, C. Taylor, Esq., 2, St. Ann's Villas, Lewes. 
1849. Phillipps, John, Esq., Worthing. 

1856. ♦Plowes, John Henry, Esq. , 39, York Terrace, Regent's Park, London, n.w. 
1892. Poland, Rev. Eustace B., Aucklands, Littlehampton, Sussex. 

1885. Potter, Walter, Esq., Northcliife, Stamford Road, Brighton. 

1889. Potter, W., Esq., Southlawn, Worthing. 

1887. Powell, Rev. Clement, Rectory, Newick, Sussex. 

1886. ♦Powell, C. W., Esq., Speldhurst, Tunbridge Wells. 
1864. Powell, J. C, Esq., Selsfield, East Grinstead, Sussex. 

1890. Powell, Hubert John, Esq., Hill Lodge, Lewes. 
1848. Powell, James D., Esq., High Hurst, Newick, Sussex. 

1846. Powell, Rev. Riclunond, m.a.. South Stoke Rectory, Arundel, Sussex. 

1848. Prince, C. L., Esq., f.u.a.b., Crowborough Beacon, Tunbridge Wells. 

1881. Pratt, J. C, Esq., Highfield, Seddlcscombe, Sussex. 

1882. Pullinger, William Wallis, Esq., Ote Hall, Chapel House, Wivelsfield, 

Burgess Hill, Sussex ; and union Street, Brighton. 

1872. Quaritch, Bernard, Esq., 15, Piccadilly, London. 

1888. Ramsbotham, Major John, Stony Royd, Ilkley, Yorkshire. 
1882. Randall, Mrs. H. L., Cocking Rectory, Midhurst, Sussex. 
1846. Raper, Sir R. G., Chichester. 

1872. Raper, W. A., Esq., Battle, Sussex. 

1882. *Read, General John Meredith, 128, Rue La Bdetie Champs Elysto, Paris. 



1882. Rendell, Rev. Arthur Medland, St. Maigaiet's Vicarage, Leioeeter. 



aps 
,Lc 



UBT OF MEMBERS. Xll. 

U83. Bsiulww, Alfred G., Esq., Soutbeud HaU. C'ntforfl Bridge, b.e. 

m<J3. Itensbaw, Mrs, E., SaudrockG, Haywards Heath. Stisbci:. 

1ST7. lUce, K. Uorrawuy. E«]., f.h.a., Barrip|ot-ut-I*w, Broadwattr Hoti"e, 

Addiecombe Hood, Croydon. 

I81HI. Ulchanlf, Itev. T. E. Sf., Vicarage, Uoring, Susacx. 

IBTO, Kichardsou, Kev. W. K., Uectory, SouthoTcr, Lewes. 

1884. IHcfcman, Juhn Thornton, E«j,, Mailing Lone, Lewes. 

1876. Kidge, L. W., E«|., •). VenOam Buildingn, Gray'n Inn, London, w.e, 
1889. Higg, Herbert A.. !■>].. W'allhiOTt Mauor, Cowlold, Suseei. 

1851. *Hobert«on, Iter. Divie, h.a.. Vieaibge, Henfield, Suhhci. 

1888. Rogers, John, Emi., Biu^oot, I'reston IJood, Brighton. 

1811. •Kopcr, F, C, S., Esq., i-.l.m., r.v.v., Palgrave House, Eaalbouruc. 

1800. RoBc, Colonel Hotdcn, The FemB, WiveWield. Sussex. 

18U1. Roea, Hcni^, Esq., r.x.A., diestbain Pork, Htmficid, Snsf^x. 

1883. Itoe«, Thonuui OeoTRe, Esq., Tudor House, Hoating*. 

1H84. Boewell. Thonue, Eeo., m, Beaconxfleld ViUaa, l*re»ton Park, Brighton. 

1880. Hoyston, Kev. Peter, Rectoir, Urton Longuevllle, Peterborough. 

1858. Rush, Kcv. Henry John, m.i., Hiiut« Tetre. Hoyworda Hcatb. Susecz. 

186G. liuth-r, Joseph, E»q., M.i)., Codrlngton House, Wettlem Rood. Brighton. 

1883. Sttudersou, Rev. Edward, Reclory. UcklieW, Hiiesex, 

1S84. Saudbnm, Rev. J, M,, M..t,. L'oldwaltham, l*ulborough, Sui<wx. 

1889. Ravage, W. W., Esii.. 109, St. James's J^treet, Brighton. 

1800. 8»TBge, ¥. W., Eitq., The College, Seolotd, Sussei. 

ISTO. Hnwyer, U. LI., Esq., f.b.k.h., .la, Biiddngbam llace, Brightou. 

1883. "Sawyer. John, Era., U, Sudelej Street, Kemp Town, Brighton. 

1858. Sclater. James H., Esq., Newiek Park. Lewes. 

1851. Kcott, M. v.. Esfj,, li). Limsdowne Mate, Hove. Brighton. 

1891. Kcott, F.dward Irwin, Ewi., H.t>., Brunewick House, Wllboi^ Road, \Vct>t 

Brighton. 

1871. Selmes, James, Esq., L.oneonham, N'twenden. Ashford, Kent. 

188». Shaw. Henry VIneent, Esq., 10, Noifolk Terrace, WcKtem Road, Brighton. 

1878, Hlieffleld. the Right Hon. Earl of, Sheffield Place. FlcU-hing, Sussex. 

1875. Sheustone, F. S., Esq., Sutton Hall, Banxmibe, Siis««x. 

18W. Bhiffner. Rev. Sir ii. Croxton, Bart., k.a., Coombe nace, I«wes. 

180'i. Shoppee, C, J., Eeq., 81, Doughty Street, Mccklenbnrgb S^iuure, London. 

1888. Ribbold, J, (i. E., Esq., 3, Towni>heiid ViUos, Richmond, »\iTTej. 

1878. Simmons, T.. Esq., IHgh Street, Lewes, 

1852. Simmons, H., Esq., The Crouch, Seoford, Sai«es. 

1888. Simpson, Peicy, Esq., v.h.o.k., r.u.HisT.s., Femhotme, Enys Road, Eofit- 

boume ; and St. (ieorge's Club, Hanover Square, London, w. 

1870. Smith, J. Marfield, Esq., MiU Houhc, Lewea. 

1888. Smith, O. A., Esq., Hommerwood I-CKlge, Ea«t Uriuxtead, Sniise:x. 
1SH6. Smith, S^iwry, Esq.. Doivet Cottage. Bexhilt-on-Sen, Sussex. 
1880. Smith, W. J., Eaq., Xorth Street, Brighton. 

1889. Smith, W. A., Esq.. Aruusniead. Houghton, near Aruudol, Sus-cx. 
185». Smythe, I^wis, Esq,, ic.ti., Uwes. 

IflTO. Bupwin, H. E., Esq., Pork Kond, WoTtliiiig. 

UBD. Hnewin. J. II.. Esq., littlchunpton, Sussex. 

1869. •Hperliug, Rev. J. H., v.a.. 5, Royal l^eneent, Ruth. 
UtSO. Spratley, J. S., Esq., 153, Campbell Row, Bow, London. 
1ST8. Hpringett, Edmuna S,. Esq., Ashfield Lodge, Huwtthunt. 

1877. Hpnmll. H., Esq., 3. HartSeld Rise, Eastbourne. 
1880. Staveley. Q. A. P., Ew]., Woldhur«tl«a. Crawtev. Sussex. 
1883. Wfggftll. Mrs,. The Crofl. Southovcr. Lewes. 

1870. "Stenniug.A.U., Esq., Halsford, East Uriustead. Sussex; and !^t. Stephen* 

Club, Westminf^teT, ii.w. 

1808. Stenning, J. C. Esq.. Oakfleld, Beckeulinui, Kent. 

1888. Stephens. Rev. Preb. W. R. W.. Woolboding. Midhuwt, Sussex. 

I8M. Kt«wnrt, linbcrt, Vmi.. II, Chesham Phice. I«udou. 

1801. Slewul, U. A., Esq., 56, Urorc Rood, Eastbourne. 



SUSSEX AMCBASOVOGICAL SOCIEIT. 



1892. StfllweU. Mi^cr £ W., Tbone House, West Ham, HastingB. 



1858. Stone, F. W., Em., Cliaxtean Lodge, Tonlndge Wells. 

1881. Stone. Mi«.. Tlie Rectoiy, Brigbtfing, Sineez. 

1867. StTMtleikU R. ^.. Ecq., Tlie Rocks, Uckfic^ SiMez. 

1890. StTMtleikU Mi^ C. N.. Grooalndge Flaoe, Kent. 

1878. Strickland, W., Em.. Hail^haM. Snnex. 

1890. •Sturdy, Wflliaaft^ fitq., Fludiill Ptek. TindfieM, Smeex. 

1853. Sutton, Rer. Ptebendaiy R. S., H.A., Winkenliunt, HeUmglj, Sussex. 

1854. Sutton, Yen. Ancbdencon R., h.a., Vicmr of Feremej, Hastings. 

1886. Sutton, Tbonias, jun., Em}., South Street, Eastbouine. 
1881. SwaiuMHi, Ker. A. J., Vkange, FoRsst Row, Sussex. 

1851. Tiitham, Her. R. R., k.d., Mcaxage, Dallington, Sussex. 
1875. Ti^vlur, W., Esq., iUcnleigb. We«tham, Eastboume. 

1890. Taylor, John CVickram. Eoq., Sloane House, East Blatdungtan, near 

Seaiord, Sussex. 

189i. Ti^vlor, Henrv Herbert. Em., 10. Brunswick Place, Hove, Brighton. 

1884. TeiUou, Kev. C^ancai J. S.. The Close, Pallant, Chichester. 

1891. Teetgeu, W., Em., **Wuodfield,** Beulah Hill, Upper Norwood, s.b. 
1848. Thomas, W. Brodrick, Esq.. 5i, ^^Impole Stieet, London. 

1881. Thomas, I>aTid. Esq.. 53. King's Road, Brighton. 

1867. Thomait, Rev. S. Webb, ji.a., Southease, Lewes. 

1869. *Thomi)mn, T. C. . R*iq. , AtOidown Park. Forest Row, East Qrinstead, Sussex. 

1888. ThompHon, Rev. W. Oswell, Vicar of Framfield, Hawkhurst. 

1857. lliorpi\ O. Archibald. E^q., High Vxott, Ore, Hastings. 

1881. TillHtono, F. J., l^Isq.. Yarra Villa, l^reston, Brighton. 

1852. •Toiu'le, J. J., Esq., :«, Theobald's Road, Bedford Row, Holbom, w.c. 

1855. Turner, Rev. Thomas R., m.a.. Liugfield Road, Wimbledon. 
1865. Turner, Kichanl, Esq., 2i, Hi|^ Street, Lewc^. 

1846. Tyat^ke, Nicholas, Esq., m.ik, Chichester. 

1890. Underwood, Mis8, Seaford, Sussex. 

1887. Urliii, R. IX^uny, E**!]., k.s.s.. The Grange, Rustington, near Worthing ; 

and 22, Stafford Terrace, Phillimore (^irdens, Limdon, w. 

1892. Veasoy, Mrs., Pennington Road, Southborough, Tunbridge Wells. 

1863. * Wagner, H., Esq., f.m.a., 13, Half -Moon Street, Piccadilly, London, w. 

1861. W^^alker, Rev. G. A., m.a., Chidham, Emsworth. 

1870. •WoUis, G. A., Esii., j.r., Holv Well Mount, South Cliff, Eastbourne. 

1882. WalHh, Rev. Walter, m.a., Folidngton Rectory, Polegate, Sussex. 

1871. Warren, John, >2sq., ll.b., b.a., Handcross Park, Crawley, Sussex. 

1858. Warren, Reginald A., Esq., l*reston Place, Worthing. 

1879. Watson, Col. W. H., Capron House, Midhurst, Sussex. 
1857. Waugh, Edward, Esq., Cuckfleld, Sussex. 

1889. Weatherly, Christopher, Esq., 31, Medina Villas, Hove, Brighton. 

1877. Wedd, G., Esq., Charman Dean, Broadwater, Worthing; and 5i, Queen's 

Gardens, London, w. 

1886. Weekcs, Arthur, Esq., Mansion House, Hurstpierpoint, Sussex. 

1872. Weir, J. Jenner, Esq., f.l.s., f.x.s., f.b.s., Churbury, Beckenham, Kent. 
1846. Wellesley, Lady Victoria Long, West Stoke House, Chichester. 

1881. Wells, Arthur, Esq., 24, Stockleigh Road, St. Leonards-on-Sea. 

1857. Wetherell, Major Richard, 12, Lansdown Road, Tunbridge Wells. 

1886. Whistler, Rev. C. Watts, Theddlethorpe Vicarage, Louth, Lincolnshire. 

1881. Whistler, liev. R. F., m.a., Elton Rectory, Peterirarough. 

Whitehead, T. M., Esq., 8, Duke Street, St. James*, London, w. 
^itelock, Rev. Benjamin, m.a., Groombridge, Sussex, 
hitfeld, F. B., Esq., Old Bank, Lewee. 



lO^i 



LIST OF MEMBEBS. xliu. 

1892. Whitfeld, Mrs. G., Hamsej, Lewes. 

1888. Whitley, H. Michell, Esq., Trevella, Eastbourne. 

1885. Wilkinson, Thomas, Esq., 21, Portland Place, Brighton. 

1846. Willett, Henrj, Esq., p.o.s., Arnold House, Brighton. 

1880. •Willett, Rev. F., Bedales, Lindfield, SusseJc. 

1886. Williamson, (>., Esq., Dunstanbeorh, Guildford. 

1858. Winham, Rev. D., m.a.. Western House, Brighton. 

1890. Winton, E. W., Esq., Etherton Hall, Speldhurst, near Tunbridge Wells. 
1872. •Wisden, Lieut. -CJol. Thomas, The Warren, Broadwater, Worth&g. 
1884. Wolfe, Miss E. S., High Broom, Jarvis Brook, near Timbridge Wells. 

1881. Wolff, Henry William, Esq., Devonshire Club, St. James*, s.w. 
1878. Wood, Alexander, Esq., The I^aurels, Horsham, Sussex. 

1872. Wood, H. T., Esq., " Oakfield," 28, St. James' Road, Tunbridge Wells. 

1886. Wood, John, Esq., 21, Old Steine, Brighton. 

1881. Woodman, Thomas C, Esq., 83, Montpellier Road, Brighton. 

1868. Woods, A. W., Esq., 18, Denmark Terrace, Brighton. 

1859. Woods, J. W., Esq., Chilgrove, Chichester. 

1891. . Woollett, Captain W. C, 5, Charlton Park Terrace, Old Charlton, Kent. 

1892. Worms, Baron de, 27, Adelaide Crescent, Hove, Brighton. 
1868. Wright, Robert, Esq., Hurstmonceux, Sussex. 

1848. •Wyatt, Hugh Penfold, Esq., Cissbuir, Worthing. 

1847. Wyatt, Rev. J. I. Penfold, m.a., Hawley Parsonage, Blackwater, Hants. 

1852. Young, William Blackman, Esq., Grove, St. Leonards-on-Sea. 

1887. Young, Rev. W. E. A., Pyecombe Rectory, Hassocks. 
1881. Young, Herbert, Esq., Bank Buildings, Hastings. 

1873. *Zouche, Lord, Parham, Pulborough. 



CORRESPONDING SOCIETIES, &c 



The Society of Antiquaries of London. 

The Rojal Society of Antiquarians of Ireland. 

The British ArchsBological Association. 

The Cambrian ArchsBological Association. 

The Rojal Archcelogical Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. 

The Norfolk and Norwich Archspological Society. 

The Essex Archaeological Society. 

The London and Middlesex Arclueological Society. 

The Somersetshire Archsological Society. 

The Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire. 

The Chester Archeeological and Historic Society. 

The United Architectural Societies of Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, Northampton, 
Bedfordshire, Worcestershire and Leicestershire. 

The Kent Archsological Society. 

The Surrey Archsological Society. 

The Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. 

The Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 

The Yorkshire Archffiological and Topographical Society. 

The Powys-land Club. 

The Cambridge Antiquarian Society. 

The Bristol aVid Gloucestershire Archsological Society. 

The Smithsonian Institute, U.S. America. 

The Derbyshire Archffiological Society. 

The Lambeth Palace Library. 

The Royal Institute of British Architects. 

The Royal Institution of Cornwall. 

The Shropshire Archseological and Natural History Society. 

The Folk-Lore Society. 

The Society for Preserving Memorials of the Dead. 



The Record Office. 
The College of Arms. 



Sussey Brcbacolooical Socfeti^. 



KURAL PAINimiS IN SILSSEX CHURCHES. 



By J. LEWIS ANDEE, Esq., F.S.A. 



At the pifnent day, when tho coloured decoration seen 
in the interioitt of our churches is mostly confined to a 
few stained-glasK windows, an Gmbroidcred altar frontal, 
and some cnmustie tilea, it in difficult to realize how 
different the appearance of ecclesiastical buildings must 
liave been in the Middle Ages; then the walls were 
covered witli paintings and ricldy-wrouglit hangings, 
whilst across tlie churches were screen^i bright with 
gold and colours, and tho roofs, pulpits and other 
fittings, together with the nionunientp-^ oi the dead, were 
equally adorned with polychrome. By many people 
such colouiiug is now looked upon with disfavour, and 
yet the teaching of antiquity is entirely against such a 
view, as every nation has possessed a love of bright 
decorative colour nearl}' ujj to the pi'csent time. The 
walls of the Egj-^jtian, Assyrian, Greek, Etruscan and 
Roman buildings all sliow Ruecessively and conclusively 
that hnmanity delights not only in subdued tints, but in 
briglit glowing colour. It need hardly be said that our 
English foi'efathers did not differ from older nations in 
this i*especl, and it in only from a comparatively recent 
date that civilized men have professed a morbia dislike 
of direct colour. 

From the time when Clnistianity first became free and 
unpcraecutcd the use of polychrome in decoi-ating the 
walls of churclies has lieen employed. In Italy this at 
first took the form of Mosaic ornamentation, and of 



2 MURAL PAINTINGS IN SUSSEX CfHURCHES. 

which many remarkable examples exist ; but however 
beautiful in itself such work may have been, it was 
found to be too expensive and difficult of execution for 
use among the northern nations, when they became 
converted to the Christian faith, and consequently dis- 
temper painting took the place with them of the more 
costly Mosaics. 

Besides the beauty which paintings confer on the 
interiors of churches, it was seen from the first that 
pictorial representations could be made powerful instru- 
ments in teaching the doctrines of the Church to the 
poor and unlettered, and it is not an exaggeration to say 
that in such mediaeval works of art there is hardly to 
be found a detail which is not an embodiment of some 
theological opinion of the Fathers, or of a commonly 
received belief or legend. The Venerable Bede shows 
us how pictures were used in his day to exhibit the 
relationship between the Old and New Dispensations, as 
a reference to hLs works will infonn us, as do those of 
other writers of the same period.^ 

In the Italian basilica the chief Mosaic was in the 
apse behind the altar, or else upon the arch separating 
the sanctuary from the body of the edifice, and the 
usual subject was that of our Lord in glory, surrounded 
by the Apostles. In England the Saxon churches were 
probably similarly ornamented, and, from what Bede 
says, a great number of the pictures employed must 
have been panel paintings executed in Italy, as he 
records in two places the importation fi'om thence of 
representations of the ** Mother of God," the twelve 
Apostles, subjects fi'om the ** Apocalypse of blessed 
John," with others, types and anti-types connected with 
our Lord. No Saxon sacred paintings exist, though 
polychrome has been found on stonework presumably of 
that date, but their characteristics may be gleaned n'om 
the pages of the " Benedictional of St. Ethelwold," and 
similar works of the period, for the illuminators of MSS. 
and the painters of church walls were in all probability 

1 See ** Bede'8 life of St. Benedict Bisoop," pp. 368, and 374-376 in edition of 
his Complete Works hy Dr. Giles, 1843. 



MUIUL PAINTINGS IN SUSSEX CHITtCHES. 



the same artists tlicn, as they often wore in subsequent 
times. After the Conquest, and till the middle of the 
ICth century, we can foiin a fairly coirect idea of the 
scheme of icouogi-aphy which mled the ornamentation 
of a church. Our Lord, and His Apo-stles, the saints, 
their lives and miracles, decollated the walls in two tiers 
of subjects in early work, as at West Chiltingtou, 
Hardhani, and WeKtmcBton, an arrangement pm-sued 
long before in Assyrian and Etruscan interiors.* Both 
sides of the chancel arches were painted, as at Hardham 
and Preston ; on the west faces of those at Chiltington 
and Westmeston was our Lord in gloiy, whilst at 
Plumpton angels upheld His cross in the same position. 
Later on the space above tlie entrance to the chancel 
was almost invaiiably devoted to the Doom or Last 
Judgment, and of wliicli tliere were nmnci-ous examples 
in Sussex. The splays or sides of the windows were 
covered with masonrj' patterns as at Haixiham, or with 
scroll work, and later on with full-length effigies of 
saints, as at Uattle and Stedliani, in the latter instance 
surmounted by canopy work, The mider sides or soffites 
of the nave arches had reticulated (or lozenge-shaped) 

Smels, or chevrons, both of which may be seen at 
hiltington, or an elegantly floriated scroll ti-ailed from 
springing to apex, as at liuddingham. Similar devices 
adorned the pillai-s, both in early and later work, as on 
the columns of 'ird Pointed work at Rotherfield. Spaces 
of wall not occui)ie<l by figure designs were omamented 
with masifmy patterns lomiing oblongs, which were often 
in decorated work, filled in with roses, or elegant foliage; 
there were excellent examples of this at Slindon, St. 
Olave Cliichesfer, and Hoi-sliam, where this diaper was 
used as a background to figure subjects witli good efleet. 
At Wivclsfield, the recess forming a reredos above the 
chantry altar had a diamond- shaped composition in 

' At Woirt CliUtingtoii the Kubjects are coclowcd iu very clc^ODt tiefoil-hcaded 
aicbm iu twu range;, one over the other, but not coiuriduig. At Hardbam each 
plctun nwcun to hare been divided from the next, by architectural work — 
I4)«t4«, bnUdiitgH, and pinnacles. In the Perpendicular designs at Battle each 
aubjcct was stuTunuded bj a nUghtly omoimeutal border of nlmoet claasiu 
chvactcr. 

I>2 



4 MURAL PAINTINGS IN SUSSEX CHURCHES. 

colour. At St. Olave Chichester, the east wall had a 
series of small figures in very elegant little arches above 
the high altar.® 

Our ancestors were not always contented with the 
paintings on their church walls, and did not hesitate to 
replace them by fresh subjects ; thus at Chiltington we 
find two sets of designs, one over the other, and in some 
cases elsewhere as many as five dificrent layers have 
been discovered. That the artists of most of the early 

Sictures were Englishmen there can be no reasonable 
oubt, and Matthew of Paris expresses great admiration 
of the works of one of them, called Walter of Colchester, 
who was employed to embellish the walls of St. Alban's 
Abbey Church. In the 16th Century, however, we find 
the Fleming Bemardi executing extensive productions 
of his brush at Chichester Cathedral, and at other places 
in Sussex. 

Sometimes a church was indebted to the liberality of 
private individuals for the cost of the paintings, ana on 
other occasions the parishioners combined to pay for 
them, as is indicated by an entry in the churchwardens' 
accounts at Cowfold, which runs as follows : — '* rec* 
for payntyng of the Cherch of devotion de parocha, 
iij' viij." Bequests for the same purpose were not 
unknown ; thus, William Haben, of Rogate, in his will, 
dated Dec. 14th, 1520, says : — ** I give to the paintinj 
of S. Bartholomew, 12*., *^ the saint here mentionei 
being the patron of his parish church ; and, in 1534, 
John Stanmer, of Heene, bequeathed ** to S. Botolp in 
Hyne for the painting 12*." ® 

The South Kensington " List of Buildings having 
Mural Decorations," mentions the names of sixty-nine 
places in Sussex where painted work has been discovered, 
and, this compilation, though an exhaustive one, still 
omits a few examples.'' Some churches appear to have 

' An attempt at constructional polychrome is to be found at Aldingboume, 
where the voussoirs of the north transept arch are alternately of a grey-green 
coloured stone and chalk, producing a very pleasing effect. 

* "S.A.C.,'' Vol. II.,p. 319. 
» " S. A. C," Vol. Xn., p. 76. 

• " 8. A. C," Vol. xn., p. 110. 

^ Ex. gra., Angmering, Beddingham, Burton, and Xuthurst. 



MUKAL PAINTINGS IN SUSSEX CHURCHES. 

been t-ntiiely covered with pictures, as at Biiistead, 
Hardliani, mid West Chiltington, and there was a noble 
series of large eonipositifjus on the walls at Horsham. 
Many antitiuaries consider that the events presented to 
us in niediitval paintings were but seldom derived from 
tlio Hihie; but a glance at the index given in the above- 
mentioned work does not convey this impression, at least 
as regards tlio New Testament, and in Sussex there were 
a large number ol' Scriptural subjects delineated, though 
I can tiud hut one i'roui the Old Testament — the tempta- 
tion uf Adam and Kve — at Hardliam. 

In the follomng pages it is proposed to treat, in the 
first plate, of the scenes — real or allegorical — derived 
fi-om the sacred writings, and the figures of tlie angels, 
apostles, and holy persons mentioned therein ; next, of 
me<lia;val saints and legends ; and, finally, of sjTubolical 
representations. 

In the Middle Ages the earlier events iu om- Lord's 
life occui' but seldom ui Christian iconography, the 
majority of the designs beiiig connected with the 
Passion, and CInist's future appeai-anee at the general 
judgment of mankind. TJie ^ at ivity occmred at West 
Cliiltington, Hardluim, and IV'ston, and the Adoration 
of the Magi, at Cliiltington, Portslade, Preston, and 
Westmeston ; the Fliglit into Egj-pt, at Plumpton; and, 
1 think, the Baptism of oui- Saviour was on tlic walls at 
Ilurdliam, fi-oni a fragment which remains on the cliancel 
Birh. The Triumphal Kutry into Jerusalem is said to 
Iiave lieen at Chiltington, and there were at least four 
represontations of the Last Supper, at Chiltington, 
Horsham, Pre>»tou, and Slaugham, a large umuber out 
of a total of sixteen recorded as having existed through- 
out Knghind.* Our Lord Scoui-ged was at Slaugham, 
and "Westmeston, and Sun-oundea and Mocked by the 
Jews at Hoi-sham, where the Cairying of the Cross wae 
also seen. St. Peter cutting off the ear of Malehua 
occurred at Westmeston, The Cmcifixion, though the 

* This >iibj(x.'l, lUuiigti tvldom (uund iu oburchpf . occun often in the rrfeutoritw 
otuwti-'ricB ; it wiw to placed nt St. SJartiii** Priory, Itovra, and the celebrated 
at Supper " at Lcounido da Viud «b» pointed iu a momiistic dining-biJl. 



6 MURAL PAINTINGS IN SUSSEX CHURCHES. 

crowning event in the Passion, has not been so often 
met with on church walls as might have been expected, 
doubtless from the presence of the large representation 
of it over the chancel screen found in every church. It 
was on the east wall at Kirdford (** S. K. List," p. 151), 
the south side of the nave at Chiltington, and on the 
west face of the jamb of the chancel arch at Westmeston, 
where it served, as in many other cases, as a substitute 
for an altar cross. Lastly, there was an extremely 
curious and unique Crucifixion at Wisborough Green, in 
the same position as the last-named example, and which 
I am pleased to say still exists. A series of six scenes, 
appai'ently from the Passion, were painted near the 
chancel arch at Battle.® The Deposition was at West- 
meston, and perhaps the Entombment was intended at 
Binstead ; Chiltington and Hardham had the Resur- 
rection, and the Noli me tangere^ together with the 
incredulity of St. Thomas, may still be seen at Preston. 
Christ in Majesty was painted at Binstead, Chiltington, 
and Wisborough Green. Our Lord between the Apostles 
St. Peter and St. Paul was figured in a remarkable 
design at Westmeston, an almost \mique composition, 
though probably there was another example at Horsham. 
Christ as Judge at the Doom or Last Juogment was over 
the chancel arches at Alfriston, Angmering, Hastings 
(All Saints), Nuthurst, Patcham, Plumpton, and Withy- 
ham ; and at Portslade and Stedham, on the side walls. 

Many of the above examples of our Lord and His 
history have been described and engraved in om* 
Society's volumes, and will therefore call for little 
remark here. At Horsham the painting of the Last 
Supper has been so much " restored," that little of the 
origmal has been left ; this showed a man serving before 
the table on bended knee, the tablecloth being looped 
up at intervals with roses. At the same church the 
Mocking of our Saviour, exhibited him as blindfold, 
standing amongst His enemies, one of whom was 
kneeling and presenting Him with a gigantic bull-rush 

• The wiU of John Cooper, of Slinfold, dated Feb. 9th, 1526, mentions a picture 
of the Rood in the church of that place J" S. A. C," Vol. XH., p. 109). 



MflUL PAIMTINGR IN SUSSEX CHURCHES. 



for a scepfi-e, a feature frequently met with in the works 
of Italian painters. 

In early work we find our Rcdconier in gloiy, or His 
cniWcm tnc Ijinib, placed above the chancel arch, and 
it it* inferpsting to trace how thiM concejition gn'athially 
devcloiied into the Doom (ir Judgment.'" At We«tnieHfon 
the Holy Lamb appeared in u l'2tli Century painting, 
the sjnnlHtl being en(^lonpd within a quatret'oil uplield by 
two angoLs with avei-ted faces, a.s tliough unulile to bear 
the radiance of the Divine gkny. At I'hunpton the 
Agnus Dei was on the under surface of the arch, wliilst 
above the ojK'ning was probably our Lord in Judgnu^nt, 
flanked by angels, two of whom mipported the Cross 
(which bore a stnnig resemblance in outline and onia- 
meiitation to one at Westmestoii, and suggesting that the 
same artist executed both works), one angel Iiad the 
name Michael in largo lettei-s close to liim, and under 
these figures was a band, bel()w wliicli was an angel 
displaying tlio " coat without neam'' to the dead arising 
fnini tlicir graveK. In thi.s conception, also of the 12th 
Century-, we have the gcm\ of the Dcxim of later times, 
and whicli we find complete in the more recent painting 
at Patcham, which is early in tJic next century m date ; 
in thi» we have the subject with mo>*t of the accessories 
presented in similar compositioii.s up to the middle of the 
lUtli Centuiy. Our Ltnxl thmned in majesty, with the 
glnl>e iH'ueath His feet displaying His five womids ; 
angei« with trumpets summoning the dead to arise, 
others holding the uistmments of the Passion, the Cross, 
the si>oar, the reed, &c.; wliilst to the right of the Judge 
kneels His Mother pleading for mankind, tlie Apostles 
being seated ))ehiud as assistant judges. Below this is a 
Itand under which a company of souls is mareliing to 
take their jilaces at God's nght hand, and are being 
helped and encouraged by angelic spiiits. Under these 
saved ones is another line, and below all the dead rising 
from their sepulchres. The sinister side of the design 

'• At Unnvflold " on tnfh iddi- o( the chnnctl nrch wpre Imi angcla wiUi 
riltMidnl wJiign, thi' ri^tlit u-m at aoe uul tlii' left of thu other being a> rxt«nded 
lo hold in tlirir hniidi' a cluiplrt lit fluwcK juet oviT the point. In their othct 
luHids WW jmlin bwnL-bDit " f 8. A. C," Vol. XIV., p. 113). 



8 MURAL PAINTINGS IN SUSSEX CHURCHES. 

has unfortunately perished, but we may probably conjec- 
ture that the condemned were here shown hurried on to 
torment. 

At Stedham was a 14th Century Doom on the south 
wall of the nave, and which from the engraving in the 
Society's Collections (Vol. IV.) must have been an 
artistic and elegant composition. Our Lord within a 
vesica is seated on a rainbow, lighted tapers are on 
either side, and at our Saviour's right hand is a group of 
angels and saints, beneath which is placed the city of 
Jerusalem, and lower still the dead arising, and the lost 
falling headlong into the burning lake of hell. 

The churches of Angmering and All Saints', Hastings, 
had 15th Century Dooms over their chancel arches, and 
there was one of the same date at Portslade on the south 
wall of the nave ; in the last Satan was seen with bat- 
like wings raised above his head. At Hastings our Lord 
seated on a rainbow was seen thorn-crowned, and in his 
right hand *' apparently a drawn sword" and in *^ his left 
a Hlv." " 

There are some features frequently found in mediaeval 
Dooms which do not seem to have been introduced in 
Sussex examples, such as the presence of St. John 
Baptist as a companion figure to the Blessed Virgin, St. 
Peter as the celestial doorkeeper, or St. Michael as the 
soul-weigher, nor are there any remains exhibiting the 
symbolical idea of hell as an open-mouthed monster, 
imless part of the Portslade design was intended for it. 

Before dismissing this subject a few of the most 
prominent details common to many representations seem 
to call for some notice. In many the walls of a city 
are seen with towers within which are angels blowing 
trumpets," this is generally supposed to be the heavenly 
city but with more probability is intended for the earthly 
Jerusalem, at which city many theologians held that 
our Lord would appear at the last day. This was the 

C./' Vol. XXm., p. 195. There was a Last Judgment in stained 
urst. 

^' *' Tuba mirom spargens sonum 
Per sepulchra regionum, 
Coget onmes ante thzonum." — Dia Irce. 



MURAL PAINTINGS IN SUSSEX UHUECHE8. 9 

Opinion of SUviiiw, founded upon the text in Joel, "Tho 
Ijord alf«> shall roar out of Sioii, and utter His voice from 
Jcrasalem" (Joel Hi. 16). The angel wlio frequently 
aii]K'arM liolding the Crows is usually intended for St. 
Sliehael, tliat lionour hcing acceded to him as "prince 
of the celestial host."" The exhibition of the Cross 
il«elf at tho Doom is often i-eferred to in the Breviary 
office for the feasts both of the Invention, and Exaltation 
of the Cnjss — 

Hou signum erit in ecelo, AUt^luin, 

Cum UumiiiuB ad judii'iiiidimi veuerit, Alleluia, 

being many times rejjeated in it. At Plumjjton St. 
Michael probably ajjpeared an suuunoiiing: the dead to 
arise, as lie was also credited with liaving to jierfonn 
this office. The presence of angels bearing the various 
implements used in the Pasnion is also according to 
Patristic teacliing, and the portraiture of our Loi-d with 
uplifted hands, and ^vith His mantle an-anged to exhibit 
the wounds in His side and feet, accords with the opinion 
of St. Thomas Aquinas, where lie says " Cicatrices 
antem in corpore ejus ap])ai-cbuut." Often tho dead ai-e 
seen witliout clothing, the just awaiting their invcstitm'e 
in celestial robes,— the condemned their banisliment 
into hell gamientless; one of their puiiislnncnts being 
" defaute of clothing." Hut, whether lost or saved, 
each soul if belonging to a pope, priest, monk, or 
monarch, retains respectively the tiara, tonsui-e or cixnvn, 
not only to show its worldly status, but that each having 
been anointed with the sacred chrism continues that of 
an occh'sia.stic or sovereign to all eternity. Hell is seen 
at Stedliain as a lake, according to the vei-sc " Salvasli 
me a desceiidentibus in lacmn " (Psalms xxix. 3, Vidgate), 
and also the passage in Kevehititm '' And tlie devil that 
de<reived them was cast into the lake of fii'e and brim- 
stone" (ch. XX. 10).'* 

" In occordnnce with which the offertory iii the AlatM for the Dt-ad in the 
BiwiMy pmys that thf «iiU« of the [Iepiirt«d, "Ne cadant in obenmiin, rvA 
elgnUci MnctOA Michael reprereut^t eoa in luwin colictam." 

" Monf features of a medifCTnl Doom have their counterparti- in tbcpniutingirot 
Egyptian raid EtruKittu buildingB; Kufh as tbeuti^embljof jiidgvp. the soiilwi-iph- 
inif. nnil the conlert* between gwd imd evil spiril*. The vc-ighiti^ ol good and evfl 
it bImi n sfmbol uwd bj the (ireek poeU. an, f or cxiuuplc, Homet, and ^whf In*. 



10 MURAL PAINTINGS IN SUSSEX CHURCHES. 

The devil in the Portslade picture is said to have had 
bat-like wings, and he is so represented in all old work, 
to make these appendages loot repulsive, and to distin- 
guish them from those of the angels, who frequently 
have the feathers like those of the peacock, to impress 
us with a sense of their beauty. Dante thus alludes to 
Satan's pinions — 

Two mighty wings enormous, as became 
A bird so vast. Sails never such I saw, 
Outstretched on the wide sea, no plumes had they. 
But were in texture like a bat. 

— "HeU," canto XXXIV., trans. Carey. 

The compositions formerly at Horsham and West- 
meston representing the Saviour between His Apostles, 
St. Peter and St. Paul, were probably the most curious 
of all our Sussex church paintings (if those still at 
Wisborough Green are excepted^, as the idea embodied 
by them belongs rather to primitive, than mediaeval 
dnristian art. At Westmeston, our Lord entlu*oned had 
St. Paul on His right hand, St. Peter on His left (at 
Horsham the relative positions were changed); He 
presented a volume to St. Paul and a key of large size 
to St. Peter, wliilst over the group was a band inscribed 

[Lib] rum dat Paulo Xtus claves q(u)oq(ue) Petro. 

Besides the extreme rarity of such a conception in 
mediaeval work, these pictures were noteworthy from 
their strong resemblance to some early Christian delinea- 
tions of this allegorical scene.^ In Heapy's beautiful 
work Tlie Likeness of Christ he engraves some examples 
which he ascribes to a very early date, but all are more 
or less like our Sussex specimens; in two our Lord is 
seen enthroned, and the traditional likenesses of our 
Redeemer and the two Apostles are apparent in both 
the early and later works. St. Peter as a round-faced, 
rather unintellectual-looking man, with stubby beard, 
and, except in one instance, either bald or tonsured ; St. 



Ik TX 



\B interesting to obBerve how these Apostles were almost invariably associated 

in the Ea^lj and Middle Ages, — many of our churches supposed to be 

to St. Peter, are in reality in honour of St. Paul likewise. If St. Peter 

ated as " pastor ovium, Frinceps ApoBtolorum/' St. Paul was equally so 

kator Tentatis et doctor gentium." 



IU'RAL PAIXTINGH IN SUSHEX CHURCHES. 11 

Paul tigiirecl as a dark, tlioughtiiil personage, wifli a 
(tharp face and featiu-c«, plfHtitul liair, and a lung [wjinted 
beard.'" 

No doubt tlicre were numerous representations of the 
BloNHcd Virgin in Susaes churches, but no recoi-d of any 
yety striking ones appear to exist. At the Bishops 
private chapel at Chichester one was found in IS'29 and 
was a work of l"-?1h Century execution, other examples 
were discovered at Amberley and Hoshani, and iu ('n<h 
she bore the Holy Child in her anus, as was ahnost 
invariably the case in Knglish art." There has l)een a 
composition representing tlie Annunciation at Horsham, 
but I fear that it i-etains but little of the original details, 
it was of large size and placed above the tower arch, 
there were otiier examples of tliis scene at Amberley and 
West Cliiltington. Tlie Coronation of the Virgin fonned 
the centre of some very elegant painted work of 14th 
Conturj" date at St. Olave Clii^-hester, and which seemed 
to have served as a rercdos. The reason why so few 
traces of paintings of the Mother of our Tx»rd have bcion 
recorded is probably due to the fact that she was so 
extensively honoured in other ways, such as by the 
dedication of chapels, altars, and images to her. She 
uppeins in the Doom as mediatrix, and I am inclined 
to think that she was ^'presented in this character, in 
conjunction with St. Jlichael at Lindfield, though the 
effigy there has liitherto been ascribed to St. Mai-garct, 
and some reasons for tlie fomier opiniou will Ije found 
further on, 

FigiU'cs of the Apostles a])poar to have been somewhat 
numerous ; they were piiibablj' represented alternately 
with female saints at St. Olave Cjiichcster, one tigui-e 
having had St. Peter's emblem of the key. The 



well known to tho Auglo-Snson (.linivh, luiif Iw guUivrod troin a pii9!«^- in Ihdo. 
wiicrf he dcwriln-s u vision bt'hplrt Iry a InJ . who whfn mipi^tioura concerning it, 
Rpiicd, rr»pocliii^ Ihi^ pcr^ii*' he liiid ^mi in it. " Thirir habit frnc noble and thuir 
cvimtimuici'x inort pltusitit. due nl llicm indeed wax shorn like u clerk; tht' 
titba hod n \img bcani mid llicv iiid tlmt oiu- was euUcd Peter, and the other 
Pnnl"(Bedc, " EwK'siii-tind Hi^tnvv," 11... .k IV.. eh. H, 17. p. M). 

" Tho only in»tAn(* ! huvc au-t with to Ihc contrury in an Ibe fi-al of St. Scot's 
Abbej, Hnntx, ut IDth Ccuturj dale- 



12 MUSAL PACmSGS DT STSSEX CHUBCHES. 

Apo«t4^ Ck^ege wa» aiso seen at West Chiltmgton 
and Hardham^ The Martyrdcxn <^ Si. Bartholomew, )Ir. 
Tomer conjectures to hare been at Harei^eld, and the 
Baptism <^ the Ethiopian Eonnch was <m the north wall 
of the same chnrch.'' Si. James, as the patron of 
pilgrims, occurs in a very curioos pictnre at Wisborough 
Green, and the Beheading of St. John Baptist was por- 
trayed at All Saints', Has^ngSw 

Three figures at Stedham mav have represented the 
three Maries, who also appeared at West Chiltington. 
St. Anne was at Harting, and the Xoli mc tangere at 
Preston, as before alluded to. 

Representations of the Angelie Host were firequent, 
and tliey filled in the spandrOs over the arched panels 
painted at Chiltington. Angels were present also in 
numerous scenes, such as the Doom, &c. At Arundel 
one upholds the mantle of a large half-destroyed figure, 
probably of a female saint, and at Haroham and 
ilaugham angelic figures bore away souls to bliss. St. 
Michael in mediaeval paintings appears principally in 
two characters, as the conqueror of Satan ana as the 
weigher of soids, and sometunes in both capacities, as at 
Lindfield, where he was so represented. In this example 
he was seen balance in hand treading upon the seven- 
headed beast of the Apocalj'pse, whose heads were shown 
cut off from the body ; the out-spread peacock-feathered 
wings of the archangel rose hi^ over his head, whilst 
his body was clad in an apparelled albe, whose surface 
was powdered with the initial M ; with his lefi hand he 
brandished a tremendous sword, and held a large pair of 
scales with the right. In one bowl of the balance was a 
demon, and another outside trying to depress it, the 
opposite scale, however, being lowest, and close to a 
small figure crouching beside the skirts of a majestic 
and^ crowned female. This queenly personage had an 
^. bordered dress enveloped in an ample mantle, 
• flowed in long tresses over her shoulders, whilst 
IS encircled her head, and under her feet were 
Such was the picture at Lindfield, as it is shown 

* " 8. A. C," VoL XIV., p. 143, and " 8. K. list," p. 170. 



MUEAL PArNTINGS IN SUSSEX CHUHCHRS. 13 

in an engraving in the " S. A. C," Vol. II., p. 128, and 
it appo-arn to mo clearly that St. Mary, and not St. 
Margaret, was the saint roprcKcnted." St. Micliael and 
the usual green dragon are seen in eombat over the 
south entrance to AVithyhani Chiu-ch, which is dedicated 
to him. 

Foremost among rejiresentations of the saints in 

Sictorial art stot>d those of St. Christojihor, the " South 
Lensington List" mentioiung 180 exampleM, but of the*<e 
only four occun*ed on the vraUs of Sussex churches; 
those at South Hersted, Went Chiltington, Stedhani, and 
Westnieston, (Since writing the above a tifth example 
of St. Cliristojjhei', of gi'eat interest, has been discovered 
at West Grinstoad, and will be found described in the 
present volume under West Gi-insteod.) St. Christopher 
and St. George were often associated togetlier in the art 
of the Middle Ages ; theii- efti^es may be seen side by 
side at Bnindal, Nm-folk, and Fi-itton, Suflolk, and ui 
Sussex we had an example of tliis compimionship at 
Stedhani, where St. Chnst<)]iIior occupied his usual 

fiosition on the north wall, wliilst iumiediately opposite 
lim was the patron saint of England." 

The legend of St. George, a worthy jn'otiably ranking 
next to the Clirist-lwaring saint in populanty occurred 
at Mid-Lavant, Stedham, and Westfield, and perhaps also 
at Hardlinni, though I consider that the last example 
was inoreK" intended to be an allegoncal jjicture of the 
Christian warrior triumjihing over his spiritual enemies ; 

'* At Kemjilt'y, Glo«.. on the fplay ol a window, wbj" " aii archangt^l veiKhing 
a Soul, the 1). Vft^iu lnt«rccdinR ; " at Lathbury, BufkB. " St, Michael weighing 
mhiIb wtd the Virtnii" on the nnrth wall of the nave ("S. K. lint," pp. 141. 155). 
In m paper, " Mural a»d other Palntiugx. &(.■." (" Arch. .loiim.," XLV., p. 410), 
I bate followed the waal dencrlption of the Lindfleld pointing, not hariug then 
■cen the eugraving in Uii? "S. A. C." Toliime. 

*• Th? pirture at Studliuin. wid the legend at Ht. Chrirtopher are tiUlj dtucribed 
in "8. A. C," Vol. IV., pp. 13-17. ThenUiryof the luiroculoun CnirL>t-bearing b 
vnenll,* conMdered an elegant allegory, aud hiK fet^tiral is TOnimemorated in tlu< 
BTtniai?, hy « siiiipU' i-ulln-t tm\y, iu which no mention i* made of it ; but in an 
etwiy iBth Ct-ntmy printed " Hone, B.V.SI.," thert- is a piitnre of the saints' 
nuutTTfUmi, nith a ptnfrr R.'Hpc'ctlng tha tniroclc. and the fullowjug sntiphon : — 
" CliriHlofoii MUicti fnciem quii:nnque tuctur. 

nil) numpc die nuUo lanftore tenetnr, 

ChrlHtofonni videas postca tutUB eon." 
SSinniU' viipieH were ofteit inKTibed beiicnth the u-all paintings of tbiN popular saint. 



l-l MURAL PADTTDkGS IK SCS6KX CHUBCHES. 

a subject formeriv at Hessett, Suffolk, and Laniyet, 
Cornwall. WTien St. George appeared in a wall paintini 
he wa^ generaUy on hon^back, as at Westfield, an< 
Stedham, in the latter case being mounted on a blue 
gteed, and encountering a Tiyidly red dragon. The 
liistory of this saint, like that of St. Christopher, is 
generaUy considered aUegorical, and no mention is made 
of it in any part of the service for his feast, in either 
the Roman Breviar>' or Missal. Considering his general 
popularity, shown in the dedication of about 170 of our 
churches in his honour, and the placing of England 
under his patronage, it is perhaps somewhat remarkable 
that so few paintings of this saint hare been noticed on 
the walls of our churches. 

To the palace of the Archbishops of Canterbury at 
West Tarring, St. Thomas-a-Becket is said to have paid 
frequent visits, and a picture of his martjTdom is painted 
on the walls of I^reston Church, and as the saint must 
have been well known in Sussex, there were probably 
many other examples of which no record is left. 

A scene from the life of a still more celebrated St. 
Thomas is said to have been at South Bersted, where 
St. Thomas Aquinas was represented ** disputing" with 
the doctors of the aiurch (" S. A. C," Vol XXXIL, 
p. 232), and its date was early in the 16th Century.** 

St. Lawrence, the patron of Rotherfield Church, was 
there portrayed, and also at Harting. Kirdford rejoiced 
in a representation of St. Nicholas ** restoring to life 
two cliiidren who had been salted down in a tub," a 
very favourite miracle in pictures of this saint, but to 
which, with much wisdom, no allusion is made in the 
leHsr>nH for his feast in the Breviary, tliough the collect 
for that occasion states him to have been "decorated with 
innumerable miracles." The Martyrdom of St. Sebastian 
was at Preston, and of St. Vincent at Westmeston. 

ing female saints (after St. Mary) St. Catharine 
I the greatest popularity, and she was pictured at 

i!etton paintings are engraved and described in the '' Aichseologia/' 
[., p. 311. 

wtm a faTonrite subject with the Italian painters. See ** Jameson's 
the Honaftio Oiders/' pp. 377-379. 



ItmUiL PAINTINGS IN SUSSEX CHUKCHIiS. 



15 



AliHstoii, Kirdfurd, aiid Preston. She was the "Minei*va 
of Christiauity," *" nnd was equally lioiioiu'ed iu the 
Greek aud Latin commuiiioiiH. St. llai-^ai-ct, almost 
a« highly renowned, appeared on the wiilIs ut Hinstcd 
and Preston. As a pati'one.sK of churclioN, she liad no 
less tlian 2<16 named in her lionour. Of St. Helen tliere 
is a solitaiy example recoi-dcd as having been at Harting, 
and St. Ui-sula may have iMjen at Stedhum, a.s theabwence 
of her emblem — the ari-ow — is not unknown in other 
examples, but if the " figiu-es on eatdi wide of her a[)pear 
to be males i-afhor than females," a.i reported at the 
time. of the discovery uf the painting, then probably 
St. Marj', UK the " Queen of All Saints" was intended, 
a» «ueh representations are oeeasioually met with. 

Saintly figures, more or less numerous, but wlioHe 
designations, or noniencliiture, eould not be fixed upon, 
were at Kastergate, W'est Cliiltington, Nuthurst, and 
StCJ^ling, and at IJurton there is a very I'emarkable 
fragment still disrernible on the east s])lay of a window 
iu the north wall of tlie nave. It shows a female figm-e, 
head downiwards, and cnicificd by being tied t<i a saltire 
cross ragulee. The eflif^y is cleai'ly that of a female, 
with a large mass of deep red hair hanging fn)m the 
head, wliich is that of a round-faeed young woman. 
No mention of this curious design is made in tlie "South 
Kensington List," or have I seen it noticed elsewliere, 
nor can I find any Kaint whose martyrdom was by this 
singular method ot erueitixioii." 

Our anrestoi-s were fond of allegoiieal and emble- 
matical designs, and nearly every church had the vii-tues 
and Wcx-'H, acts of mercy, or similar Hubjects painted on 
the walls or in tlie windows. Among tlie-se was a 
symbolical figure of the Christian Wamor Tnumphing, 
one of which is to be seen at Hni'tlliam, tliougli fast 
crumbling away. It is of IStli Ceutuiy dale and exhibits 
a iiimbed, youthful combatant, clad in a yellow tunic, 
mounted i>n horseback and M-ielding a spear in his right 

" *' Burr. Anelii'Hii Culi-udjir," p. Hi, in the Brevinrr, Blie ie paid lo IwTe 
Joinnl " Ihv xtudy of liberal tuts vitli arrloiit Mtb." 

** Ht. WUgiiturt in T<.-iin.-BOiiti!d on a ncn-en at Wonteod, Nortulk. tied to au 
odinair crow (mw " Heliquaiy," Vol. XXXVI., p. 13]. 



16 MURAL PAINTINGS IN SUSSEX CHURCHES. 

hand, and to which a banner is attached, having four 
*^ tails," exactly as the pennons shown on seals of the 
time of Henry I. or Steplien. Tliis composition was on 
the north wall of the nave whilst on the south was a 
similarly sized picture of the Death of the Righteous, 
or Lazarus taken to the bosom of Abraham. Here the 
background is mostly yellow with waved lines to repre- 
sent the clouds of heaven, and a large nude sex-less 
figure is being borne upwards by two angels, who 
sustain it beneath the arm-pits with tneir hands enveloped 
in a mantle wliich passes behind the soul.*^ There were 
two more celestial figures at the feet of the saved one, 
but these have nearly perished ; the soul is without a 
nimbus, but each angelic figure has one. The details 
are very Byzantine in character, and a text ran above 
the whole, of which the words '^pauper obit" alone 
remain. At the sides are architectural details, perhaps 
emblematical of the heavenly Jerusalem. A very similar 
painting appears to have been also at Slaugham. The 

K arable of Dives and Lazarus was a favourite in the 
[iddle Ages, and frequently adorned not only ecclesias- 
tical buildingH, but secular ones, and Henry ill. had it 
painted with much appropriateness at the end of one of 
his halls. 

Another symbolical representation seems to have been 
at Kirdford, where there was *^ a King exhorted to good 
by a counsellor on one side and to evil by a demon on 
the other" (" Lower's Hist. Sussex," Vol. I., p. 8). At 
Battle were two panels which probably set forth the 

'^ In Christian art all precious or Bacred objects were held in cloths when 
presented to divine or kingly personages. In some early mosaics the three Magi 
thus bear their gifts to Christ, and the usage is illustrated by a passage in Bede, 
which relates of St. Ethelburga that before her death, a nim named Folgath had 
a vision of it. " This person/* says the chronicler, *' going out of her chamber 
one night just at the first dawn of day, plainly saw as it were, a human body 
wMch was brighter than the sim, wrapped in a sheet and lifted up on high " 
("Eccles. Hist.,*' Bk. IV., Ca. 9). 

In MedisBval art the soul is generally of small size, but is nearly as large as the 
angels who carry it at Hardham, and this seems also to have been the case at 
Slaugham. The idea of a soul as a small human figure boasts a high antiquity. 
Perry, describing Greek sculpture of the 5th Century b.c, mentions a tomb on 
which winged figures with egg-shaped bodies, *' each bearing a small doll-like 
figure in ito arms," were renpresentea, and symbolize *' no doubt, the messengers 
of death in the act of bearmg away the deceased *' (Peny, *' Qreek and Boman 
Scolptuze/' p. 114). 




MVRAli PALNTINQS 

jo.mnU, rf 

HORSJSflH CHlfftCH . 
_M- THO' HC-NEVWOOD. 



a^rttg^M 



triumpli of wickedness over \ii'tue, and of good over 
evil. In the dexter coni]Kwitioii was a pernon kneeling 
and seized by a demon, whilnt in the sinister compart- 
ment was a figure beside a priintrate fiend. The Seven 
Acts of Mercj" are at Arundel, where they are said to 
have been restored ; one of these acts — tlie Buiial of the 
Dead — was found also at Mid-Lavant, where " the priest 
vested in an albo touches with the processional cross the 
corjise wTapped in a shroud inarketl upon the lieart with 
a large ci-oss patee." '* Perba|)s the figure of a bier, 
found at KejTiior, may have funned part of a similar 
series, Emblematical representations of the administra- 
tions of the Seven Sacraments are reported to have been 
at Mid-Lavant." These are not often found as wall 
paintings, but are extremely numerous as sculptures on 
th« 3rd Pointed bowls of East-Anglian fonts, wnere they 
are excellent examples of ecclesiastical ceremonies. 

Representations of the Seven Deadly Sins were common 
in our churches, and were generally gi'oujied about a 
tree, or within a wheel, but at other times they cluster 
round a female figure, as at Raunds, Northants, and as 
was the case at Wisborough Green, where the celebrated 
authonty on oui" mural paintings, Mr. Waller, informs us 
was " a large nude female figure with a series of ^^-inged 
demons <jr dragons coming from the different parts of 
the bod)' in which sin in supposed to reside or be 
affected by." ** At Arundel, over the north doorway, 
the devil was depicted creating the mortal sins, and 
monsters swallowing each vice in its Jaws. 

There wa."* a favourite legend, often depicted on chui'ch 
walls, in the 15th Century; this was the story of "The 
Three Living and the Three Dead," and fif it there was 
a picture at Battle, and another still remains at Charl- 
wood, in Surrey, but close to the Sussex border. The 
three kings, it was related, were out hunting together, 
and were startled by the apj)earance of three hideous 
spectres or skeletons, who addressed them on the vanity 

" "Arutueologit-til Jounial." Vol. III., p. 2S5, There is b good series of the 
CoiponJ Works o( Uavy nt Wicldiamplon, Norfolk. 

•'Afch..Ioiini.,"Vol.ni.,p.3M. " "Aich,Journ.,"Vol. XXXn'.,p. 223. 



18 MURAL PAINTINGS IN SUSSEX CHURCHES. 

of earthly pomp and glory, to their great discomfiture. 
The subject is met with abroad as well as in England, 
and there are examples in Ireland and the Channel 
Islands. It formed part of the large fresco of Orcagua 
in the Campo Santo at Pisa. The most perfect one with 
which I am acquainted is at Belton, in Suffolk, though 
fast crumbling away. The kings are generally on horse- 
back, richly dressed, and with their attendants and 
hunting dogs. The spectres are in some cases crowned, 
and stand boldly confronting the living monarchs, but in 
Orcagua's work they are simply tlu'ee skeletons in open 
coffins. Occasionally a -queen is one of the three royal 

Eersonages, as at Battle, where the moral saying of 
lucan " Mors sceptra ligonilms equal " was inscribed 
above the spectres.^ The date of the painting is sup- 
posed to be of the 14th Century, the story itself is of 
the 13th. 

The Signs of the Zodiac enter frequently into 
mediaeval art, and especially that of early date; they 
occur in nearly every possible way, on fonts, doorways, 
and pavements, and we also fina tliem painted upon 
churcn walls, as at Copford in Essex, but the only 
Sussex example I have found records of appears to 
have been on the soffit of the chancel arch at West- 
meston.** The use of these emblems in decorative 
work is extremely ancient and they were embroidered 
on the veils of the temples of Babylon aijd Egypt. 

Among mural paintings of our churches there remain 
to be noticed tne consecration crosses which are so 
frequently to be met with, generally within the walls, 
but occasionally on the exterioi^s of ecclesiastical 
buildings. They are usually quite plain crosses of the 
patee K)rm, inscribed in plain circles, but much more 
elaborate examples are sometimes found, as at Darenth, 

»• "Arch. Joum.," Vol. XXI., p. 218. The "South Kensington Li«t" 
famisheB twentj-two English examples of the ** Trois Vifs." 

^ See **S. A. C./* XVI., p. 3. In medifleval times it was believed that each 
sign influenced the month connected with it, as Gowers says— 

** The twelve monthes of the jere 
Attitled under the powere 
Of these twelve signs stonde.'* — Conf . Amantis, Bk. VII. 



MURAL PAINTINGS IN SUSSEX CHURCHES. 



19 



Kent, and Worsfead, Norfolk, and at Clymping there is 
paid to have been " a large and elegant specimen of late 
12th Century date." Tlie ehurehes of Amlierley, Arundel, 
C1uche«ter (St. Olave), Pevenscy, Poling, Sundon, and 
Trej-ford, have eacli exhibited ti-aces of consecration 
crosses on their walls, and more or less numerous in each 
edifice.'^ 

After the Reformation texts were ordered to be painted 
over all pieturoM, and there is an interesting entry on this 
Hubjeet in the churchwardens' accounts of All Saints', 
UastingK, under the date 1578, when there was an 
" expenditure of 2*. 6''. by payment to the Somner for 
can-ying of a letter to Mr. Comytwary, the which Mr. 
Tyud made for that the Wardens should not go to 
Shorham upon the servyng of a Cytacyon that our 
Churche waJb* arc not decked witli the Scrypture." " 
Texts wTittun in consequence of the injunctions of the 
autlioritics appeared on the walls at Amberley, Barcombe, 
Burton, Bury, Eastergate, and other Sussex churcheB, 
sometimes within elaborate " Classical " scroll and 
arabesque work, a featui'e to be seen in connection with 
the paintings of the Royal Anns wluch were frequent 
during the I7th and I8tli centuries. These latter were 
occasionally placed over tlie chancel arch, but occur in 
other positions ; there was one on the north wall at 
Heniield dated I(i94, and another is still on the south 
side of the nave at Bui-ton, it is dated 1636, and bears 
the motto C/irinto auspice reffno, a legend often seen on 
the coinage of Cliarles I. 

The walls of most of our old churches having been 
roplaatered duiing the restorations which have been so 
universal dui-ing flie last forty years, it is not likely that 
many fresh addition.-* will be made to the ILst of scanty 
remains now left us, and by wluch alone we can judge 
of the cliaractcr oi" the wall decorations of our ancient 
ceclesiairtical bmldingK. In the course of a few years, 
how many even of these mutilated fragments will be 
visible ? or what rec-ords will be left of them save in 



» 




wad. eii&xtkttk. or tbe 

eiKMf»t^c^$& ? la. ^«Be few 



:. db^ Wre been 
jflonmd iM cranlak' ^ ike^ vmL^ lOibMied. or kftre been 
cxirered iq> a^sa err s ^«^ <et»: * c wiiiiifirft<ii. Yet 
w^ {Mgjitfag i^ <kNE]bde» ^e^ B^^Ue^ ixm k4 fictorisl 
arL and bcnrer^r pi:iijr m ^e^f^nseal OKTit oar own 
ronaiiis^ mmy appear. ^^ are all tkix are left to us of 
an art to wioeii ^e •7eaiSei<t oc tiie ItaHin masters 
deruled tfaeir be^t eft«ti<w and eot»iered die w^mfaiest 
far the emplovmeiit of their «;eiin<w If an v one doable 
tlui^ let knn li<teii to a » jin^ of Mielka^ Angelo — a 
flaying whidu if a trifle deprerutory of die £iir :^x, has 
at kfluBt dio«e mentt^ of dMroagime^ and Tigonr which 
efaaracterifsed the great painter and hi^ wvrks — ''^ Fresco 
i» the only painting, p^intiitgr in oik i^ only the art of 
women and idle and inenergetie men.^ 



FURTHER NOTES OX THE A>'CIENT SITE 
CAUIl) T0WN'CREE1\ 



Kkv. EltWAED H. R. TATHAM, 



Since tho publiciiHini nf my papiT on Tow-ncrcq)' in 
"S. A. C," Vol. XXXVII., \mgv 139, I have gained 
iiifoniiatiiiii, botli from others and iVom my own ohsciTs- 
tiou, wiuoh, ill my judj;-ment, strongly eoiTolHuutes the 
conjecture!* an to a Uonian settlement, upon which I then 
venhii-ed. Thi.-< iiitbnuation I now submit with pleasure 
to the members iit" the Sussex Anlucologrital Soeiety, in 
the hope that the matter will be taken up by some 
ix'sident in the county, who is far more competent to 
deal with it than myself. 

It will Ik- rememliered that I stated that there was no 
positive evidence, other tlian the unifonu tradition of the 

£ea.'*antry, to prove an ancient occupation of the site. A 
ustile critic might not unnatui-aily object that thin was a 
bftfis too naiTow for sf> imposing an eaifice of eonjeefui'e. 
But the case is now completely altered. A stricter 
enquiry among the pe<mle, and a more earefiil .'<ui-vey 
of the neiglilwurbood, liave cwtabHshed the following 
faints : — 

(1) That the (Kiweriul position, now called Towncreep, 
was once occupied by a settlemt'iit of some kind, of which 
tlie foundations remaiji, proWng theii- construction to have 
been of stone and Imcks; 

(2) That this towni or settlement was protected by a 
large earthwork on its most vulnerable side, the northern 
face of the spur ; 



D Ilu' Tnuliliuiiul Sit 



u tbr pari«b of rculiiiritt." 



22 FUBTHER NOTES ON THE 

(3) That the town was in immediate communication 
with the sea, either by water for the whole distance, 
or, as is more probable, partly by land and partly by 
water. 

We will take the evidence for these facts in their 
order. 

I. Former Excavations. — It appears that about 45 
years ago the late Right Hon. the Earl of Ashbumham, 
owner of the ground, employed a few men, not more 
than two or three at the most, to examine the supposed 
site. An old man, who first told me of these excava- 
tions (recently dead, but living for sixty years at 
Penhurst Cottages, the nearest houses to the spot), 
informed me that he took down to his house a large 
piece of mortar as hard as stone and about two pounds 
in weight, which had been unearthed by the workmen. 
He remembered, too, the discovery by some woodcutters, 
on the northern side of the spur, of an axe-head, deeply 
imbedded in an old oak tree. This axe-head was of 
iron, rudely constructed and with the sharp end as 
narrow as the handle end. On my enquiring who 
^'knocked down" the town,* this old man said it was 
the Danes. He well remembered seeing the foundations 
of the houses laid open, but recommended me to ask 
another old man, named Winchester, who had been one 
of the diggers. This man gave me all the information 
that I have been able to obtain as to the duration and 
extent of the diggings. He was especially emphatic 
that nothing ^^of any valey" had been found. They 
fancied, he said, that, when the town was taken, the 
people must have thrown their treasures down the well, 
and this well he had never been able to discover. As 
a curious instance how the popidar imagination was 
a£fected by the search, I may mention that, after the 
excavations, this man is said to have lived for a long 
time without work, and his neighbours still whisper that 
he was secretly enjoying the product of some treasure- 
trove. He told me tnat the diggers could clearly make 
out the framework of the houses, and in some places the 

' A local phrase generally applied to Towncieep. 



A^JCIE.^"r sitk called towtucreep. 23 

lines of the streetH ; and that, besides hewn stone, they 
t'oniid a quantity of bricks and tiles of ancient make, 
and some Ijrnken j)ottery and earthenware bottles. This 
man, unhke his ncighlKiiir, supposed that the town was 
"knocked dowii " by AVilliam the Conqueror! 

I cannot discover tliat the workmen were superintended 
in their search by any person of education ; and if not, 
the fruitlessnesa of their labours is not suiprising. We 
can only hope that they have not damaged the chances 
of a tuturo search. The earth seems to have been 
thmivn back again over the remains ; but tliere are still 
some stones lying about in the wood, wliich bear marks 
extremely like those of the chisel. 

II. T/w Noft/ieni Mai'thu'ork,^. — As the town must, for 
pui-jKiwes of defence, have occupied the southern end of 
the plateau, I have always expected to find traces of .>(onic 
tfeneli or earthwork, which would have strengthened or 
pnitected the walls on the northern side. If these walls 
had IxK'ii razed to the gi'ound, and their materials earned 
away for building jjui-poses, we can miderstand that 
accumulations of earth and vegetable deposit during the 
lapue of fourteen centuries might have oblitei-afed all 
sign of their existence. Even in cases of large towns, 
where there has been continuous occupation and no 
Woleut destruction, like Aldborougli (the Koman Isurium), 
the circuit of the walls, which is left intact, though still 
traceable, has been completely covered up with earth in 
the com'se of ages. But wherever there has been any 
considerable displacement of earth in uncultivated ground 
fur the construction of a ramimrt or fort, some traces of it 
must BHsuredly remain. It woidd be difficult to imagine 
that tliere was no such line of defence at Towncreep ; 
for if, as I have supposed, a Roman road passed by this 
station to Newenden, Lynme, and posisibly to Loncfon, it 
would he of the utmost'importaiice to the inhabitants to 
maintain their connection witli the north and north-east, 
particuhn-ly if they liad an invader from the south at 
theij- gates. 

I liave several tunes searched for these defences with- 
out success, pai'tly Ijecause my search was too much to 



24 FURTHER NOTES ON THE 

the south and too near to the site of the town. But in 
the summer of 1890 I discovered what I had so long 
sought for, about a quarter of a mile® or less from the 
site, and very near, as I ought to have guessed at first, 
to the northern end of the spur. For its northern slope 
is broad, and presents a much more gradual declivity 
^though still steep) than the eastern and western sides ; 
it would therefore have been more important for the 
defenders to fortify some spot, which would give them 
an uninterrupted view of the whole slope, and of the 
valley beyond. In just such a position there is an 
earthwork, constructed right across the northern end of 
the spur and beyond it, so as to cover the approach from 
the north-eastern valley. It is about 600 yards in length, 
with a double vallum on the east for two-thirds of the 
distance, ending to the west on the precipitous side of 
the hill, and to the east in a point from wiiich it would 
be possible to see to the bottom of the valley far below. 
At this corner another earthwork is plainly discernible, 
which was carried at right angles to the principal one 
for about 150 yards in a southerly direction, where it 
ends some 50 yards from the head of a second valley to 
the east of Towncreep. This earthwork consists only of 
a single vallum with a deep ditch on the outside. Its 
object was doubtless to protect the flank of the defending 
force, for the ground outside it on the east is nearly flat 
for some distance ; and though the rampart breaks off 
suddenly, as if left unfinished, it may have been used as 
a post of observation to cover the valley last mentioned. 
There would thus have been no '* dead ground" (to use 
the military phrase) in the neighbourhood, which was 
not commanded eitner by the walls or by the entrench- 
ments. 

The reader may not unnaturally wonder how sucli 
considerable earthworks can have so long escaped notice. 
A visit to the spot would solve the mystery at once. 
They have been unnoticed for two (apparently contra- 
dictory) reasons — the secluded natm^e of the locality and 

3 The distance would depend upon the site of the northern wall, which there is 
no means of fixing. 



MAP OF TOWN CREEP AND NEIGHBOUKHOOD. 



The Humbert denote the variotta Altitudei above the i 





■.wiji^r " 




Y ^N 


/( / f / /J^^- 


"~^ \ 






{ i f/\ ^"fo^^ 


\^^ 


-"^^gW^-'iA^ 




\P/M /lc\^ 


V> 


A^'-'"' if \. { '. \^..,.<**^p^^vf 


\ 


y^^„ J \ ^^-^^r^^ \. (J 


J^ 


"^p^^Zr^:^A^ j rioats(\ Tl, 




S,l^!^---^^='*y^ o d S I — ...^ ^ 


1 E 


= ^-t'-'\ / Y? y -1 *--. 


/ ^^ 


VA'-'i-.v — :;v — ^ — ^ \ \- ■ 





llEFEKKXCE. 



A. Traditioual Site of Town. 
.B. Conjeiltaredlinmif Komaiiroad. ' 
.c. Eart h'irorkit( with the ouU-TViiUuni 
rvKtorod). I 

l.l. Tho "new road" from Xt'thcr- 

add to Battle. I 

f . TOWIT IIouw. 

o. TowwiiH Pecu'e Wood, which in 
abonthftlfamilulx'lowim'urly , 
oppnuitc Tt'nt Hill. , 

.H. LaDo from Pcahunt Church to i 
Catsflcld. 



J . The Afhbiiru vnllej- at it.- tinmiwoKt 

l>oii.t. 
K. Thf Bredu vHlley almost at its 

iiHrrowest piiut. 
L. Fox-holp Fnnn. 
H. NethiTtield I'lace Fnrm. 
.N. Tnu'It to Pouhurst CDttiiftos. 
.0. Track lip the eynr )iii<l tliroiigh tht; 



ANCIENT SITE CALLED TOWNCEEEP. 35 

hat a liigli road fi-oiii Nethorficld to Battle skirts 
them for about H)0 yards. This road {or more probably 
its predecessor — a i'oivst ti-ack) was cut nght througu 
the north-eastern angle of tlie mound. The inner earth- 
works and ditch ai-e shrouded troin view by a tliick 
grove of Sfotfh Hr; tlie outer tlitt-li has apparently been 
tilled uj) ; while a hedge has been planted along the 
rampart for about two-thii"ds of its length. The road, 
called still "tlie new road," was constracted, I am 
informed, in 18i;i, as part of a highway ii-om Lewes to 
Battle ; but there can Im; no doubt that it was made upon 
a previous waggon-ti-aek. 

Unfortunately, this road, as stated above, was not 
made without fonsiderable iiijm-y to the earthworks. 
Starting from the eastern end, the outer vallum, for about 
200 yai'ds, seems to have been removed ; although I 
bcHeve the comer fragment of it still exists beneath the 
hedge on the north side of the road. The opposite 
hedge in earned westwards for these '200 \ardB on the 
inner vallum ; after which tlicre is a small gap in tlie 
defences, whieh was prolmbly the "porta." From this 
point westward for nearly 200 yards the strongest 
portion of tlie earthwork reniains entire. Tlic inner 
vallum, uidike the outer, seems in-egularly eonsti-ucted, 
end vanes considerably in height ; but tlie fos« between 
them is still in places eight or nine feet dcej), with a 
kind of ledge on its outer side, pi-obably used as a 
standing ground foi- tlie defender-s. At about -100 yaixls 
or more ft-om the eastern angle the inner vallmn becomes 
merged iu the grnuud behind it ; but the outer vallum is 
eontiimed for another 200 yards (120 of them in the 
open and away from the road) until it ends at length in 
a dense thicket on the steep side of the spiu-. It will 
be seen fi-om the accompanying sketch-map that the 
Htrongest pcn-tion of the defences was at the noi'th-easteni 
end, and not immediately behind tlie town ; and from 
this fact we nniy draw thi' iilnmst certain conclusion that 
their main object was to defend the appmach to the town 
by a road, which descended the slope of the hill into the 
north-eastern valley. 1 alluded in my last paper to a 



26 FURTHER NOTES ON THE 

hollow sound produced by a carriage passing over the 
road ; tliis is especially noticeable outside the gap, which 
I have supposed to be the ** porta." 

I believe it will be admitted that the rectangular shape 
of these works prove them to be of Roman construction ; 
although, perhaps, the use of the double vallum points 
to a late period, when the Roman system was modified 
by the methods of the Romanised firitons. The mere 
existence of earthworks indicates the early date of the 
Towncreep settlement ; for, in the opinion of a competent 
antiquaiy,* such works were never originated by the 
Saxons or Danes, although they sometimes made use of 
those already existing. That the Romans employed 
earthworks to strengthen the position of walled towns 
will not, I suppose, be disputed ; we have an example in 
Sussex in the defences called The Broil in the neighbour- 
hood of Chichester. At Lincoln there is a formidable 
earthwork, about 800 yards from the Newport Gate 
and parallel to the northern wall, which was formerly 
supposed to be the defence of a British settlement, but 
is now generally admitted to be a Roman outwork. 

The discovery of these earthworks naturally has an 
important bearing on the question whether the town was 
defended with walls. With these defences on the north, 
would the commanding position of the town at the 
southern end of the spur have enabled its inhabitants 
to dispense with the protection of walls? My answer 
would certainly be in the negative. Earthworks with 
a wooden bamer might indeed have been a sufficient 
defence, but there is no sign of such earthworks; and 
though its strength on the eastern and western sides 
would be remarkable, an unwalled town could easily 
have been stormed by a superior force advancing up the 
southern slope. Possibly the walls were of no giTat 
thickness, owing to the strength of the position, and so 
were the more easily swept away ; but if the conjecture 
be accepted that this was the site of Andredcester, we 

« The Rev. Edward Turner, ''On the Military Earthworks of the South Downs/' 
**S.A.CV'Vol.in.,p. 177. 



ANCTENT SITE CALLED TO\VNCREEP. 



27 



shall be less surprised that they are no longer traceable. 
It has been well observed^ that the deKtmctioii of Roman 
towns in rarely nientifined iu our early records ; most of 
them are found under the Saxons in a state of impoi-tance 
and independence ; and the Saxon Clu-onicle xspcaks of 
the utter destruetion of Andredcestcr as if it were an 
unuHual occun*ence. The invaders would doubtless be 
80 exasperated at its lung resistance as tn add to the 
massaci-e of its inhabitants the total demolition of its 
walls. 

III. Communicaho7i 0/ the 7'oini with the Sea and with 
t}ie Nwtli. — The strategical importance of the position in 
a dense furest like tlie Andredsweald, is shown by the fact 
that the range of hills to which it belongs is a kind of 
watci-shed to the suiTounding country. In the valley 
east of Towncreep the Ashbuni takes its rise ; and after 
a coiu-se of about ten miles to the south, flows into the 
sea at two jioints about three miles apart — one Inaueh 
passing almost under the walls of Pcvcnsey Castle, the 
other entering the sea at "the Sluice" in the parish of 
Bexliill. Immediately to the north of Towncreep the 
Brede rises in a nan-ow valley ; and, after a coiu'se of 
about four miles to the north-east, turns to the east at 
Whatlington, and ivaclies the fsea in another eight miles 
near Winchelsea. It is well known that the Brede 
valley from Winchelsea nearly as far as Whatlington 
was down to the Middle Agew a tidal estuaiy;" but I 
think it has not yet been recognised that the Ashbum 
valley, at least in the Roman and Saxon periods, was 
probably in the same c<mdition. 

If anyone doubts it, let him stand on the hill at the 
eastern end of Boreham Street, and follow the broad 
cm*ve of the valley as it wind« inland from its outlet at 
Wai-tliug to the southern entrance of Ashbuniham I'ark. 
Between these two points its bottom consists of a rich 
alluvial soil, which is always niai-shy and, in the winter 
tseajjon, is still sometimes floodf d. It is thus in the last 

' Mr. Wright, ■' The Celt, the Roman Hud the Kniou," pagi- 510. 

• Prol. M. JIuiTOW*, ■■ The Ciiiijuc I'oct^," p. 10, and his ei^ci'llcul mnp. 



28 FURTHER NOTES ON THE 

stage of the process, by which an arm of the sea is 
converted into a fertile tract of country. It would be 
impossible, or at least very difficidt, to get historical 
evidence of the condition of so secluded a locality at 
different periods of our history. But we have other 
sources of information, which are quite as conclusive. 
The Ashbum valley is only one of a series of valleys 
through which the streams of the great Andred Forest 
were carried into the sea. Eastward we have the Brede 
and Tillingham valleys, and the larger basins of the 
Rother and the Stom*; westward we have the valleys 
of the Cuckmere, the Ouse, the Adur and the Arun. All 
these present similar features to the Ashburn valley, 
from which geology proves that they have been reclaimed 
from the sea;^ and respecting some of them history is 
not silent. We know that in the Roman period a large 
tract of country between Hastings and Hythe, including 

Eart of Romney Marsh, was covered by the sea ; and we 
ave evidence of the similar condition, a thousand years 
ago, of the valleys of the Adur ® and the Ouse.® The 
subsequent changes in the surface of the country may be 
attributed to three causes : — First, The exclusion oi the 
sea by the gradual formation of a barrier of shingle along 
the present coast ^**; Secondly, The silting up of the valleys 
by the washing down of earth, trees, and vegetable 
matter from the hills ; Thirdly, The reduction of volmne 
which the streams" underwent in the gradual clearance 
of Andred Forest. But where the same causes operate 
in neighbouring localities in about equal proportions the 
residts will be produced at about the same period; we 
may therefore safely conclude, both from its present 

' Mantell'8 "Wonders of Geology," Vol. I., pp. 57, 61. 

• ** Wanderings of an Antiquary,*' p. 265. Camden pays that " in foregoing 
times *' ships went up to Bramber with full sail. 

• See ** A Day's Ramble in and about the town of Lewes," by G. A. Mantell, 
8to., 1846. 

*° See Prof. Burrows interesting work on the Cinque Ports in the series of 
** Historic Towns." The barrier is due to the combined action of the flood-tides 
and the prevalent south-westerly winds, by what he calls the Law of Eastward 
Drift. 

" Lvell (** Principles of Geology," I., 567) attributes the keeping open of 
to the increased pace at which the tides flow when they meet the 
waters of a river. 



appoarance and from the knoMti history of itH neighbours 
that in the Roman period the Ashbuni valluy waa an 
arm of the sea. 

How far tlie tides penetmtecl it would he difficult to 
say positively \vitliout a careful geological exploration. 
Mv ">wii impression is that bet'oiv the partial clearance 
of the great forest the sea must have reached at high 
tide the southern end of Ashburuliani Park," now called 
"The Povnid," aljout two miles'* from Towncreep, and 
that in i-enioter ages it probably came nearer still. In 
a careful examination I have Ijcen especially stinick with 
the level bottoms of tlie valleys of the Ashbuni and of 
tlie Brcde even in the immediate neighbom-hood of the 
sources of tho.se Htream,4. In the one case from " The 
Pound " to the foot of the Towncreep spur, and in the 
other from the north side of the spur to Wluitlingtim, 
the valleys, even M'hei'e they arc vcr}' naiTow, are as flat 
an if they had been levelled. In the latter ease the fact 
ig a good deal obscured at iixvt by the dense tliickets," 
through wliich the stream passes ; but in the ease of the 
Ashbuni it is especially sti-ildng. Wlietlier this is due 
to natural or artificial causes I am unable to say. The 
volume of the stream must have been much greater 
fourteen hundred years ago than at jtresent ; but its 
bed is faii'ly deep, and there are indications that the 
side of the hill below Pcen's Wood (marked G in the 
sketch-map) has been cut away to wideu the level space 
on the Jignt bank. There would thus be a clear course 
by laud or wafer over gi-ouiid of which the fall is 
scarcely perceptible frfjm the foot of the spur to the 
walls of l^evensoy Castle. If we add to tliis the fact 
that a like clear conmiunication was available with 
the Brede estuary on the north-east, and probably with 

" " Puddlu Dock," meiitioQfd in my last paper, in a kind of baidii in the hills 
on the wuiit of ttw Tallt-r about a qnarter of a raOv xiuth of Boivluuti. Ih it 
nwrelj a Doiut.-ideuL'e tliat iieithvr of thvM: word? U <I(;rivi'(l from Ujc Saxou f — 
"pudiUp" bpliig from the Cdtic "plod." '"Hooded water" nnd "dotk" from 
the Low Ijitiu " doga," " n ba.y_ or btwiii " (Hkest). Are tliiTc any other places 
■o oUlod on other Sukkx enIuorirH i 

'* In tnr Wl panor the dlstontT was riatcd ineorrectlT ux about a mile. Tent 
""1, loo, in more than hnlf-u-mile (not 300 j-nrdn) from the fjiat. 

In one. Dt Iheflc thickets there vs a very maTKhr npot, scrusH which there runs 
nu <TinbankiD(iRt of earth, toUowing no modem path. 



30 FURTHER NOTES ON THE 

Newenden," the presumption is surely strengthened that 
the remains on the spur are Roman.^* 

The question of the Roman line of commimication 
between Kent and Sussex ha« never been seriously faced, 
and we are entitled to ask whether a better route can be 
suggested than the one here proposed. Apart from the 
certainty that such communication would exist between 
the twin fortresses of Lymne and Pevensey, we must 
not forget that the Soutn Downs and their neighbour- 
hood abound with evidences of the Roman occupation. 
Besides the fortified camps of Cissbury and Seaford and 
the fortress of Bramber, villas have been discovered at 
Bignor, Portslade, Southwick, Eastbourne, and other 
places ; the hill-tops are covered with earthworks ; traces 
of Roman cemeteries are conunon ; and the Roman road 
from Chichester to Pevensey, called the Stone-street, must 
have been one of the great highways of the province. 
It is surely inconceivable that this population was 
obliged to journey to London by way of Winchester,^'' 
or could only reach the Kentish fortresses by a voyage 
up the Channel. The number of creeks and estuaries to be 
crossed would make a coast route very imlikely ; we can 
therefore only conclude that there were roads through the 
forest. The roads from Pevensey to Lymne and London 
are both indicated in Richard's Itinerary, and the latter 
of the two may have branched ofi^ to the north in the 
neighbourhood of Towncreep TSylva Anderida?). Its 
route would be difficult to follow, as only one other 
station (Noviomagus) is mentioned; but if that station 
be rightly identified with the encampment at Holwood 
Hill, near Bromley, the Roman road from the south 

1^ I have not been able to examine the country between Whatlington and 
Newenden. But see Note 20. 

!• Where the Bomans had established themselves on an estuary or at its mouth 
there seems to have been frequently a settlement at or near its head. The Bignor 
Villa is near the head of the Arun, Bramber Castle is at the h^ul of the Adur, 
Lewes (said to be Mutuantonis) at the head of the Ouse, Newenden near the head 
of the Kother. 

" This is a reductio ad absurdum of the position of those who believe that the 
Itinerary of Antoninus is exhaustive and that the Roman roads did not pierce the 
great forest. Mr. Napi>er ('* 8. A. C./' Vol. XXXI.) seems to incline to the latter 
view, though, by identifying Venta with Havant, he does not take the Sussex 
travellers so far to the west. 



ANCIENT SITE CALLED TOWNCREEP. 



31 



■which passes near it must be thy road in question.'* 
Tho other stations may have been mert'ly temporary 
camps, of which one waif probably iu the parish of 
Peushurst."' The dii-ection of this n)ad near Towncroop 
can only be guessed at ; but it would pi-obably have 
parsed up the Robertsbridge valley, on a hill above 
which is a sjjot called Coldharbour — a name said to be 
a sure indication of the vicinity of a Roman road." 

The course of these roads is jjerhajis a matter of 
greater imjKJrtance tlian tlie name of the town at 
Peiihurst, wliicli may never be known witli certainty. 
Along the valleys which I have tried to describe, 
difficult as the country was, the portage of goods by 
land or water — of Sust^ex iron"' and Kentish wheat — 
would be comparatively easy. Hut if IVnhurst was not 
only the site ot the chief town of the Sussex u-on district, 
but also the scene of the last desperate struggle of the 
Britons for existence, it would double the interest 
attaching to the spot. 

In the dim light which hlstoiy throws upon these 
distant ages, we may be allowed for a moment to give 
rein to the imagination. The reflection arises that Time 
seems strangely capricious in its choice of the centi-es of 
activity. The Ashburu valley, wliich with our teeming 
population is quieter now than all its sister valleys, may 
formerly have been the only t>ne of them that was alive 
with the commerce oi' a noui-isliing jirovuice. For a 
ccutm-y at least, perhaps, i-afts or barges constantly 

'* Mr. Nojipof (" Ou the MenfluroiaeuU of Plolcmy, ic," "S. A. C." Vol. 
XXXI., p. CT)) mcntiiitu thU road, tliongh witbuut ofTuring n cvnjei^ture aa to ita 
■Urtliig -point. 

" Cunden naji tbnt tho plooi wna uidetiU;r ctiUed PcucIidkIci ; aud Huxted 
("llistorr (it Keut") ii]]|iliea that there fs a Itoniau etstiou traceable in the 
|ian>h. If KO, the rimiliuil^ of name to Penhiintt may nut be iiuile accidental. 

•" •" Waiiderinp- of ou Antiquaty," pp. 37C-7, In Ihi; dciivution bom Col d'atbr* 
piQ] ul Ibc trw) F Thvrv in a Coldliarboiir on the oulJiWrto of Dalliiifrton, vliich 
ia tn Tiew, I think, of Tuwncreep, about tvo miles uS. I am informed that there 
i* anothor placid of thin iinine iu the parish of Evhuret, which parish is in the 
lUm-t line between WtntUuKton and howenden. 

•' Thin metal tarmud "the great proportion" of tlie ttomau exports from 
Britain ("The Celt, the Konuin and Saxon," p. 291); yet the Emperor Julian, in 
SSil, Kent BIK) veuicla to fetch com ^m l^tain tor the cities ot the Khine ; and 
Utbbon calculates [Vol. II., p. 422J that the amount then cipOTt«d must have 
iMOTi at lM*t 1^0,000 •luartere. 



32 NOTES ON THE ANCflENT SITE CALLED TOWNCREEP. 

passed down it, laden with iron, to be stored in the 
miUtary fortress for shipment from Pevensey Haven. 
But when Ella and Cissa, after ten years fighting along 
the coast, turned their prows up the estuary to subdue 
the forest fastness, the doom of the industry was sealed. 
And from the fatal day, just fourteen himdred years ago 
(491), when the Saxon chiefs wreaked their vengeance 
upon the last remnants of the Roman power, it was 
many centuries before the forgeman's hammer, now 
again silent, was heard once more in the forests of the 
Weald. 



AK ANCIENT CORNISH CROSS IN SUSSEX. 



By AUTHTJR G. LANGDON, Es«. 



It is not, I believe, generally known that there is an 
extremely fine old Cornish Cross to be neen in the 
Manor HouHe Gif>unds, at EaHtboume,' of which, so far 
a» 1 am aware, no di-awing or deHcnption lias up to the 
preweut time appeared. A shoi-t paper embodying them 
may therefore be acceptable in yom- "Collections," for, 
as a Coniishnian, I venture to think that a relic so 
valuable (to us at least) should certainly have its place 
in your county hiatory. 

Jly attention was called to it by Mr. H. Micholl-Wliitley, 
and, in response to Ids invitation, 1 vi«ted Eastbourne 
oil Saturday, Sept. 27th, 1890. He had given me no 
particulars whatever regaiMiing the cross or its decora- 
tion, HO that on seeing it, 1 was at once surprised and 
pleased to find mt fine an example. Assisted by him, 
I was able to get some very good mbbings of the 
ornament, and, on my retm*n, had them duly photo- 
graphed to .Hcale, a process wliicli ensures an accurate 
deluieation. 

At first sight it appears strange to find a Cornish cross 
in Sussex, and a visitor naturally wonders how it came 
there, but ample particulars are at hand which fully 
explain the apjiarent mystery. As you are aware, the 
Mauor llcmse is now owned by the Gilbert family, and 
by ti-acing their liistory, we find that at the close of the 
last century an only child and heiress, named Mary Ann 

' II luaj be narth mentioidiig that the ctom at EoAtboiimo is not the only 
■' utrangvr in a atfange land," lor about 14 or 15 yean, ago two other Coniisli 
iTiwwi" *erv to bt *uinj in the (ront garden of a house in the Weetminster Bridge 
Road, but Ihcj- have dtnappcared. for wme time. There is jet another—atill 
fuitbuT off, in Conada. mentioo of whicli u made in the "Western Antiqaaiy," 
at Xaj. isn. 
XXXvm. 



34 AN ANCIENT CORNISH CROSS IN SUSSEX. 

Gilbert, married Davies Giddy, whose family were 
settled at Tredrea, in the parish of St. Erth, near 
Hayle, Cornwall. Adopting the name of Gilbert, he 
settled at Eastbomne, and, being a distinguished man 
of science, was at one time President of the Royal 
Society. Amongst other works, he compiled * ' A History 
of Cornwall." 

The particulars relating to the removal of the cross 
are not Known, beyond the fact that Mr. Davies Gilbert 
had it brought to Eastbourne, it is supposed, from his 
estate at Tredrea. 

In the days when the cross was taken from Cornwall 
there were of course no railways, and it is therefore 
natural to imagine that it was shipped at Hayle, a port 
in St. Erth parish, and brought roimd by sea to Sussex. 

A small Drass plate on the back of the cross is 
inscribed — 



REMOVED FROM 
CORNWALL 

IN 
MDCCCXVII. 



But to one accustomed to these monuments no plate is 
necessary to associate it with the county whence it came, 
since it is a typical example of a Cornish cross, both as 
regards its shape and ornamentation. It belongs to that 
class known as *' Wheel crosses with projections at the 
neck," i.e., having at the place where the head and 
shaft join, a bold bead running from front to back, an 
architectural feature not found out of Cornwall. Rarely 
is one of this type decorated, and then but sparingly ; 
this one, however, is the most ornate of all. Only six 
others of this kind are ornamented, and will be found at 
the following places, viz. : — In Penzance Market Place ; 
on Connor Down, Gwinear ; at Scorrier, St. Day ; in the 
churchyards of Roche and Mylor; and in the disused 
churchyard at Merther Uny, St. Wendron. The two 
first named are enriched in the same manner as the 
cross at Eastbourne, chiefly by panels of little holes — 
an especially Cornish feature. 



AN AXCIKNT CORSISH CROSS IN SUSSEX. 



On looking at tlie drawing, it will bo seen tliat the 
cross has l)een mounted on a substructure consisting 
of three steps. The upper one is very small, and is 
intended simply to Hteady the monolith which passes 
through it, and in reality rests on the second step. The 
ornament hidden by the top step has been completed 
in the drawing by dotted lines, as there can be little 
doubt that it is so finished, since tlie same designs occur 
on another side. 

Like the inscriljed and ornamented cross at Trevena, 
Tintagel, this one is made of white elvan, a very hard 
loc^l stone, in textm'e resembling a tine granite. The 
material used for nearly all the others being the ordinary 
moorland or surface gi-anite. It is in a very fair state 
of preservation, though a little chipped in places. The 
cunous depi-ession in the head may be due to the cleft 
made in quarrpng not being sti-aight. The head is not 
circulai", but flattened on its horizontal axis. At the 
neck, or junction with the shaft, are on either side the 
i-ounded jirojoctions already referred to. The shaft has 
beaded angles and a very pronounced entasis, which is 
not only apparent in outline, but also on the sm-face of 
tbu stone. 

Vinu'tmoiis. — Height, from top of second step, 
8-ft. a-in. ; width of head, S-ft. 8-in. ; width of shaft 
at the t<jp, 1-ft. 8-in., at the bottom, 2-ft. 1-in. ; thick- 
ness, at tlie bottom, 17^in., tapeiing to lOg-in. at the 
neck, and to about 5-in. at the top. 

Each face of the shaft is divided by ht)nzontaI Unes 
into panels, the front and back being subdivided by a 
vci-tical line. With the exception of a boss on the head, 
incised work only is employed in the decoration of this 
moimnient. 

The following is a description of the ornament : — 

Jiif/ht Sirh. — This is divided into seven panels. Eveiy 
alternate panel, commencing from the top, contains little 
boles ill regular i-ows, the intermediate panels being plain. 

Frmit. — On the liead, below the centre, is a boss, 
surrounded at its base; by an incised line. Three 
spherical triangles are ranged round the boss, one above 

P 2 



36 AN ANCIENT COENISH CROSS IN SUSSEX. 

it and one on either side, slightly below, each being 
similar in shape, to the spaces between the limbs and 
ring of a fonr-holed cross. In the two spaces between 
the upper spherical triangle and the lower ones, on 
either side, is a T-shaped figure, or Tau cross, the 
shaft of each, radiating from the centre of the boss. 
About the point where the head and shaft join, is a 
horizontal Ime, connecting those forming the beads on 
the angles. From the extremities of each is a diagonal 
line sloped upwards to the bottom of the boss, and in 
either projection at the neck is a small hole. The shaft 
is diviaed into nine panels. At the top is a plain square 
one, the full width of the shaft, the remainder of which 
is divided vertically by an incised line, converting the 
panels below into elongated couples. The single panel at 
the top is imomamented, and the pair beneath are filled 
with little holes in regular rows. Next a plain pair, 
followed by another pair, again containing little holes, as 
before. The bottom couple are partly hidden in the 
top step. That on the right hand appears to contain the 
common feature of diagonal lines from comer to comer, 
that on the left being similar, except that instead of the 
diagonal lines intersecting, they are stopped against the 
circumference of an incised circle, placed in the middle 
of the panel, and having a diameter of about one-third 
of the width of the panel. 

Left &Vfe.— This IS divided into eight panels. Com- 
mencing at the top with a plain one, the alternate panels 
are filled with little holes in regular rows, xmtil the 
seventh is reached. This contains what is apparently a 
St. Andrew's cross ; the lines, however, do not intersect, 
and are increased in width towards the centre of the 
panel. The eighth or bottom panel is unomamented. 

Back. — On the head, below the centre, is an incised 
circle, in place of a boss. Excepting this, the ornament 
is siinilar to that on the front, though the three spherical 
triangles are distributed somewhat differently, and the 
shafts of the T's between them are much longer. The 
ends of the line forming the surrounding bead, are sud- 
denly turned upwards m a diagonal direction towards 



AS ANCIENT COBJSISH CROSS IN SUSSEX. 



37 



the centre of the circle. The triangular space thus 
fonued above the top of the shaft is enriched with two 
straight Hues, wMch, starting fi-om the middle point of 
tlic lower side of the diagonal lines just mentioned, and 
making an angle of i-'/ with them, meet at a point in 
the ceuti-e of the horizontal line which connects the ends 
of the vertical beads on the angles of the shaft. A hole" 
has i-ecently been sunk below the incised circle, and 
another on the shaft, between the fourth paii- of panels. 

The shaft is divided info seven paii's of panels by an 
incised line down the middle, similar to that on the ti-ont, 
and contains the following decoration: — (1) At the fop, 
two plain panels, wliich arc much longer than the others. 
Across the u})per part of theso is fixed the brass plate to 
wliich reference has aln-ady been made. The next four 
pairs of panels arc nearly square. (2) Ornamented with 
little holes. (3) Plain. (4) Similar to 2. (5) Right 
panel, plain ; left panel, a figure like that just described 
m the right bottom panel of the front. (6) A pair of 
longer {lancls; viz., in the right, diagonal lines from 
corner to comer ; in the left, a panel of little holes as 
bet'ow. (7, or bottom) Plain. 

The above history and descnption of the cross, 
embrace all that is at present known to me regarding 
it. Reft-'j-ence to its age is too delicate a question to 
enter upon, and for this reason has been avoided ; 
because, curious though if may appear, we ai-e — with 
the exception of one doubtful case" — actually without 
any liistorical or doexmientary evidence connected with 
the date, or reason for the erection of the older Cornish 
cn»sBcs. Consequently any attempt to determine the age 
would be mere guess work, and apt to be misleading, 

* 'Iteae holiw Ktem fo unggcft that the eroas wa* at oue timfc iited as a gain 
Mnt. UiifoilunBtclf , tb!« U a yerj commou ciiftoin iii Cornwall, and much to be 
oepKuited. DoEcnit ot (T(w«'s bear thene marke, and in Kome oo^s tin? lugi^, or 
Iroii lioulu, for HupporUng the gate, yet rcmaio. Some tialf-doEen monumenta 
an acttiall.T "tUl in Ufc ut tho jirescnt tinie for tliie degrading purpose, amongf^t 
which mnj be mcntiontd tbe beautiful inewibcd and ornamented otws shaJt at 
Bi»«ivcr, St. BloMcy. 

* At RL-dgatr, in the parixh of St. Clccr, in an inscribed and ornamented I'hafI, 
IwuHnii iIki ntoiii' ••! ri'inicrt, raid to be i-^onj^nous with Dungi-rtb, u King oc 
IMlKxi ot CiicnwiUl, who wan druwnL-d in a.u. ST2. 



38 AN ANCIENT CORNISH CROSS IN SUSSEX. 

since no example of a similar monmnent is known to 
exist to winch a date can, with any certainty, be assigned. 
At the same time, there can be little doubt that the cross 
at Eastbourne is a very early one. 

In conclusion, I have to thank Mr. Michell-Whitley 
for bringing this monument before my notice, and also 
for his help in taking the rubbings, &c., and supplying 
me with the notes relating to the family who erected 
^^ An ancient Cornish cross in Sussex." 



ORDWANnE ?0R THE BETTER OBSERVANCE OF THE 
OBITS AND SKHVIOKS FOR THE DEAD, THROUGHOUT 

Tin-: si'HoRiUN'ATi-: foundations of CLUNI. 



By Silt GEORGE F. DUCKETT. Bart., F.S.A. 



The following singular and importaut document, being 
an Ordinance emanating fnini the Priory of la Cliarit^ 
urn* Ijoire to itH several affiliations in France and 
Knglund, should of right have found its place among 
tlic lately published Chartors and Records of the 
JIouaHticnn Cluniaeense Anglicauuui. It has, however, 
only reeeiitlv been ac(|uiri;d by the French National 
LibraiT, antl tor its transcript, made witli liis own 
hand, we have to tender om- sineercBt obUgations to 
M. I-^opohl Delislc, the eminent Dii-eetor-General of that 
establishment. Tlie peculiar value and interest which 
attach to tlds record, arc a sufficient apology for its 
present, though somewhat tardy publication, but it seems 
especially suited to the pages of these "Collections," 
(H'oing tliat Lewes Priory (possibly conjointly ■\vith the 
Benedictine Abbey of Battle) was the house principally 
conceriicd in the tlue execution of the ordinance. 

The mode and order enipUt^-ed for transmitting notice 
of deaths occumng among members of all Cluniac 
fomidatioiis, subordinate to the Priory of la Charity, is 
interestingly set foith, and affords a cmious example of 
the reciprocal sj-steni of announcing the fact, both in 
France and England. Longue\-ille,^ in the vicinity- of 

' LongucTille, in the Pays de Caiu, Ilt» betwwn I>iq)pe uud Rouen. It wm 
Uio Kent of a Climinc pruir; dedicated to St. Faith, and founded iii IDStJ bT 
Wiltcr Uifford, Karl of Longuevillc in Noniuiiid;. and Earl of Buckingham iii 
England, who. dj'ing in 11D2, wax there buried. Amoug other endowment*, he 
ate it the mjuiur of NewIou-LongriUc in Buck», from wMcti the c«ll there 
loniidud diMvcd its appellation. 

fiotli t)u> iiutli- atid monaatcTj of LongueWlle wvre long Imown as Longuerillc- 
Vtfbud (or Guiffaid) ; B™ maudate dutwl at Koucn ((. Hen. VI.), to the boilifl of 
Caux, to induct I(ubn-t Fabri to the ohaptl of the caatle of LongueTilla-OuiSard 
-. — . ■ -.«. ■,....«,_......_ ... ,-^_. , -» -0 the 



40 ORDINANCE FOB OBSEEVANCE OP THE OBITS, ETC. 

Dieppe, was the priory named from which such notice, 
occurring among French ecclesiastics, was to be for- 
warded to England, and to which, on the other hand, 
similar intelligence of deaths was to be brought, occur- 
ring among those of the same order in England. 

For the due circulation of such information, it had 
been customary in olden time, but had apparently some- 
what fallen out of use, as we learn from the document, 
to send messengers from one convent to all others of the 
same order, notifying the decease of any member, or 
members of the community. This laudable practice was 
observed, to the intent that they might be remembered 
in the masses, or services for the souls of the dead ; being 
the doctrine of the efficacy of prayer for the departed. 

The situation of Longueville Prioiy, from its vicinity 
to Dieppe, was eminently adapted for this purpose of 
communication, and that port was plainly selected as 
the most accessible for the Sussex coast, from whence to 
pass or repass the Channel, either for Lewes or Battle.* 
Its prior (m conjunction with the priors and procurators 
of all other Cluniac foundations), was called upon to 
transmit and receive all such notices, as they arrived; 
and the infringement of this obligation, or its neglect, 
was punishable by exclusion from communion of the 
Church, and other penalties. This we learn from the 
concluding words of the record. 

Without such reciprocal interchange, troublesome and 
tedious though it was, neither the Bead- TBede-J roll ' of 
the order (soliciting the prayers of the faithful), or the 
Obit-roll* (containing the deaths of the brethren and 

' Dieppe was opposite to Rje, one of the Cinque-Ports, and both these seaports 
were much used in the days of the Plantagenet Kings, and even later. The 
latter was the ancient port of departure for the Continent, and to it, in 1572, the 
refugees escaped from Dieppe. This last was from the earliest times, the chief 
French port for the embarkation and disembarkation of troops, to and fro, even 
when en route for Calais from this country. 

' A bead (or bede) is tantamount to a prayer (Jacob, Law Diet.) The bead-roll 
was a list of deceased persons, for the repose of whose souls a certain nimiber of 
prayers were recited, and as such was necessary and used for keeping the o6ti, or 
anniversary of their death ; observing such days with prayers. 

' Obits were the solemn services for the dead, or for the repose of a departed 
soul, performed before interment ; as well as thoee on the anniversaiy of a person's 
deatii. 



OEDINANCE FOB OBSERVANCE OF THK OBITS, ETC. 41 

their anniversaiy services), could be either properly 
draflii up or recorded ; hence the Ordinance for the 
renewal, and pr<jper observance of the practice ; from 
a neglect of ■w'liicli (obKeiTci* the document), the dead 
had in many cases been depi-ived of that "holy and 
wholesome thouglit," namely, the offering up of prayei"H, 
by which they were looked ti-om their sins. 

Universis preeentcs litteran iiispectmis, frater Johannes, 
himiilin prior de Caritate, & ejusdem loci couventus, 
ealutem in Domino. Cum saiicta & salubris sit cogitatio 
pn> defunctis orai'e ut a peccatis soivantur, ne fratres 
sub domo de Caiitate ubilibet habitantes, de hoc seculo 
migratun, non auditis cormn obitibus,* quod ob defer- 
endorum brcvium neghgenciam multocicns novinius 
evenisse, dcbitis oratioimm MullraeiiK defraudeutur; Nos, 
antiqumn & pium statutum, in ecclesia nostra de Karitate 
pro fatribus nnstris defunctis hue usque laudabihter 
obsen-atum, i*enovare volentes, statuinms, et, ut per- 
petuitateni obtineat, illud Banctuni utatutuni appi'oI)ando 
mmniniitcr conflrmaiims, sc;illcet, quod uni famulo in 
donio nostm de Caritate, depiitato defunctonmi fratnmi 
brevibus deferendis provitleafur, sicut hactenus et diu est 
consuetmn, statuentes ut idem famidus, quotieus in eadcni 
domo fititrem obii'c contigerit, infra biduum post ipsius 
obituni iter an-ipiat, ejusdem fratris breve* portaturus 
per omnes douius ad ecelesiaiii de Karitate pertinentcs 
citm mare Anglic constitutas. In quacun({ue autem 
dictarum domoruni venerit, quotiens novimi breve detu- 
Icrit, una nocte sufficienter procui-abitur, & sex denaiioa 
monetc cuiTentis percipiet, a jjriore vel procuratore sive 
cclerario ejusdem dunms wbi, antequam dictam domum 
exeat, sine aliqiia diftii-ultate persolvendoK, Cum autem 
apud Longam Villam venerit, ibidem breve dimittet, & 
cum litteris prions vel conventus ejusdem donms, si 
prior pi-eseus non fuerit, nomeri brevigeii tcuoremquo 
brovis continontibus, apud Karitateui i-edibit. Prior 

* Bcove would be Miti dtcd announcing tlie death of a nK^mtKr of a mouaslk- 
fraUmilj ; it wiv- uLki the circulnr notice or certiiiciito ot it. forWBrdL>d from onu 
MnTBnt to aaolJit.-r of thi- namv otdcr : breve nuirlm/riim, or rft defnnetis. iir pro 

ttfuMClu (Dtt Cange). It was from tliiB IIluI tht: btud-roll, or tegi.-Wr of dcalha 

o bo {njDd for wu cututilutcd. 



42 ORDINANCE FOR OBSERVANCE OF THE OBITS, ETC. 

vero, vel celerarius de Longavilla, per primum nuncium 

auem post breve susceptum in Angliam transfi-etabit, 
lud destinabunt ad propinquiorem de domibus nostris 
in Anglia constitutis,** ut inde ad alias domos possit 
transfeni. Illud quoque in virtute obedientie firmiter 
precipimus omnibus prioribus et procuratoribus domorum 

3ue sunt citra mare Anglie constitute, ut ille in cujus 
omo frater decesserit, de brevi transmittendo sibi pro- 
videat, ut infra triduum post ipsius fatris obitum, nuncius 
ejus iter arripiat apud Karitatem, dictum breve delaturus. 
Priores vero domorum nostrarum in Anglia posit arum, 
infra octo dies post obitum fratrum penes ipsos deceden- 
tium nuncios proprios, cum brevibus ft-atinim deftinctorum, 
apud Longam Villam iter aggredi faciant, & ipsi nuncii, 
cum illuc brevia detulerint antedicta, cum litteris prioris 
vel conventus ejusdem domus, si prior presens non fuerit, 
nomen nuncii tenoremque brevis continentibus, ad domos 
redibunt unde missi ftierunt. Que videlicet brevia, cum 
apud Longam Villam frierint deportata, ibidem conser- 
ventur, quousque per brevigerum ejusdem domus, cum 
ad nos venerit, vel per nostrum, cum illuc iverit, 
apud Caritatem deportentm\ Omnium autem domorum 
nostrarum fi^tribus firmiter injungimus, ut ea die qua 
breve susceperint, pro fratibus defunctis quicquid ordo 
Cluniacensis exigit facere non omittant. Quicumque 
autem prior, vel procurator, ubilibet habitans, breve 
fratris apud ipsum defuncti ad locum sibi determinatum 
& infra terminum sibi prefixum, sicut superius est 
expressum, transmittere neglexerit, ex time in antea, 
quousque illud transmiserit, potum omnimodo liquoris 
preterquam aquam, & introitum ecclesie sibi noverit 
interdictum. Actum anno Domini M** CC° XL** septimo, 
die Assumptionis beate Marie. 

[^Original draft; among the Additional Latin MSS. of tlic 
National Library of France ; No. 2566^ inevu 4,'] 



* The nearest Climiac moiiasteiy would have been that of Lewes. 



INCISED atUiKIXOS ON THE rUJ.VRS OF 
SOJIE SUS.SEX cnociiES. 



By H. MICHELL -WHITLEY, Esq. 



SoMK fcnv iiiDiitlis ago my attoiitiuu was called by Mr. G. 
M. AtkiiL-Jini t(i «(imc incised inarkiiig.4 (in the pillars of 
St. llaryV Cliurch, Eastboui'iie. 

The main body of the church is of transitional Nonnan 
date, and on the original tooled surface of the pillaiti 
many marks are apparent. 

In the nave interlaced circles are found; but in the 
chancel, and there only, fishes of various fonu take the 
place of the circles. 

1 tlicrefore made u cixreful examination of the church, 
and took rubbings of the markings, and also extended 
my enquiries to the churches of Westliani and Pevensey, 
in the same district. 

A selection ti-oni the niljbiiigs is shown in the plate, 
and their position is as follows : — 

St. Makv's, EAaTBOLTisE. 

1. Ini'-iiied carving of a lish — Cliancel. 

2. luused carving of n (tnlt — N(irlii-«aflt rospond chance!. 

3. luciived uarving of a AbIi — On Isl jiier from east eud of chancel, 

south side. 

4. Innsed carviug of vcscica piscia form — On 2nd pier from east end 

in souUi aisle of choir. 
5 and 6. Incised carving of vescica piscis form — On 2nd pier from 
east end in south aisle of thoir. 

7. Incised cawing, with banner and inscription, now illegible — On Ist 

pier from east eud, south aisle of choir. 

8. Incised earring — On 1st pier from east end, south aisle of choir. 

9. Crosses — Soiith-weHt respond of chancel. 

10, n, 12. Interlaced circles — From piers of nave. 

Wkstham. 
13 nod H, Interlaced circles — On pillar in nave, and on south pier of 
tower areh, 



44 INCISED MABKINQS ON THE PILLARS 

Pevensby. 

15. Concentric circles — On pillar in nave. 

16. Greek crosa. 

17. Cross of the Resurrection. 

18. Latin cross. 

These three crosses are on the arch of the north doorway of the 
church, and outside. 

It will be at once noticed that the markings consist of 
fishes, circles, and crosses, the two latter being cut more 
deeply than the former. 

The interlaced circles are an emblem of the Trinity, 
and the three crosses, each of a different type, on tne 
north (or Devil's) door at Pevensey are curious.^ 

Mason's marks are often met in old work, and some 
curious markings, for which no explanation has been yet 
given, have been found on some chm-ches in Warwick- 
shire. They consist of cup markings intersj^ersed with 
grooves, and incised circles with rays diverging from the 
centre ; but most of these are outside and on the south 
walls of the churches. 

The most interesting of these markings arc undoubtedly 
the fish carved in the chancel of St. Mary's, Eastbourne; 
they are restricted, as before mentioned, to that portion 
of the building, and evidently had some meaning, but 
what that was is a question of some little difficulty. I 
am not myself acquainted with any such markings else- 
where,^ nor am I aware of their having been noticed 
before in Sussex churches, whilst several competent 
antiquaries to whom they have been submitted acknow- 
ledge they have never met with them before, and are 
unable to throw much light on the subject. 

It has been suggested that they are mason's marks, 
but their position, carving, etc., will not bear out this 
theoiy, whilst their shape varies much from the recog- 
nized fish mason's mark, which is of this form, — 




1 At Arlington Church I have lately found interlaced and concentric circles, 
similar to those at Westham and Pevensej. 

* I am indebted to Mr. Arthur Langdon for the information that there ore two 
flah markings in the Crypt of Gloucester Cathedral. 



OP SOME SUSSEX CHURCHES. 45 

The fish was, as is well known, one of the earliest 
8)nnbols of Christ, the Greek name containing the initials 
of the names and titles of our Saviour ; but it does not 
appear probable, from the variation in form which occurs, 
that these markings were intended for this symbol. 

Another suggestion that has been made is that they 
are typical of the miraculous draught of fislies ; those in 
the chancel were some of the hundred and fifty and three, 
which had been drawn up into the more sacred part of 
the church from the nave, and signified the clergy. 

But a more probable meaning has been suggested to 
me by the Rev. W. A. St. John Dearsly, who is of 
opinion that they are marks indicating the payment of 
tithe on fish. Such tithe, it is well known, was formerly 
paid, and was collected up to a very recent date in the 
West of England, and Eastbourne was in the past, as 
now, a great fishing station. 

I trust that this short notice of these extremely inter- 
esting marks may lead to a carefiil examination of other 
churches, in order to elucidate their meaning. 

In conclusion, I nmst express my thanks to Mr. Arthur 
Langdon and the Rev. W. A. St. John Dearsly, for 
assistance cordially rendered. 



WEST GRINSTEAD CHURCH AND THE RECENT 
DISCOA^ERIES IN THAT EDIFICE. 



By J. LEWIS ANDEE, Esq., F.S.A. 



The parish of West Grinstead is one of the most 
interesting in Sussex, partly on account of its church, 
partly from its connection with the unfortunate, but 
staunch Royalist family of the Carylls, and lastly from 
its association with Sir William Burrell, whose extensive 
collections, now in the British Museum, must make 
his name ever ^^ dear to every Sussex Archaeologist." ^ 
The interest attaching to the church has been greatly 
increased by the discoveries made during the restoration 
of the edifice, wliich has just been completed, and the 
present paper is intended to supplement the information 
respecting the building given m former pages of the 
^^ S. A. C," and to call attention to the features recently 
brought to light. 

No record is made of this parish in Domesday Book, 
but it is mentioned in the Taxation of Pope Nicholas IV., 
1291, and in the Nonae Roll of (circa) 1341.* It was 

Sart of the possessions of the De Braose's, Lords of 
tramber, and the Manor passed successively to the 
Halsham, Seymour, Shirley, UaryH, and Burrell families. 
Lower, in ms ^^ History of Sussex," says that " very 
little of the land in the parish was granted away to 
monastic institutions."' Be this as it may, it is recorded 
that William de Braose, in 1269, granted the Abbey of 
Dureford some lands in West Grinstead,* wliich (m a 

* Rev. Edward Turner, in " S. A. C," Vol. XXn., p. 11. 

' ** HuMej's Churches of Kent, Sussex, and Surrey, '' p. 177. 
» Lower, ** ffistory of Sussex," Vol. 11., p. 239. 

* See ** 8. A. C," Vol. XXVI., p. 225. 



WtKT GRINSTEAD CHUKCH. 47 

arter confirming the gi-ant, iii 1290,} be describes as 
having boon given the monks in uxchangi! for other land 
at " Finden." " Some property here, called Dallingfold, 
appertained to the "free chapel of St. Leonards," " and 
there were "Lamp lands," which I)eIonged to Steyning 
Parish Church.' From tliis it would ajjjjcar that a fail- 
share of the soil was devoted to ecclesiastical pui-poses. 

The church at West Grinstead is dedicated to St. 
George, B fact BUjjjKii-ted by seveml extracts from Sussex 
wills, given in " S. A. C." Probably the first erection 
was oa a humble scale, but if so, it must speedily have 
given place to one of a moro ambitious character, as 
nearly the whole of the jirescnt editioe retains Nonnan 
features." Of the original Imilding probably the western 
part of the north wall of tliL' nave, as it now exists, 
tonned part ; it is of herring-bone masonr)- of rude 
construction, and in which a couplet of round-headed 
lancets have been pai-tly uncovered dming the recent 
repairs. East of these openings, and at a higher level, 
was found a Nonnan lancet, now to bo Keen close to the 
north doonvay ; an aumbry of the same date has been 
re-opcned in the east wall of the chancel, wlulst the 
Houtli wall of the aisle and the lower part of the tower 
«tairs turret are of the same pcn(jd. Fifjni this it will 
be seen tliat a building nearly as large as tlie present 
one must have existed at no distant date fnim the 
Conquest. 

A view of the church, taken from the south-west, is 
given ui Vol. XXII. "8. A. C," accompanied by a 
uescription of the edifice and its moimments. The 

* Sale I'licry nltpo liod liinds nt Went CirinsUiid. " Julyana, tlie wife of Philip 
ir. Byne," gave it " nU ht* loads and t«iieinciit« in hyne. in the pumli of West 
Grinstrad. lutd Jiuiob Ae. llpie, wbQ wn» oac at the jurors in uiukiiig the Sonas 
tstum tot W<^ 0rl)u<trad, a right of wu; tlicuuRh hln field culled ' Honuneiireld ' 
la tlie load callnl ' ^lorgcn Mckd,' which Lad hern given to the monks tj his 
djUrAnnn."— "S. A. C," Vol. X., p. HH. 

* Klneii. " CsMtled and MaOsioiu of Woattiru Kui««i," p. V2, note. 
' "S.A.C," Vol. VIII., p. 132, 

• '■ 8. A. C." Vol. XII., pp. i)3, lOfl. 

• Thu adjacent pariBlies of Ashuret. Cowlold, and Nuthurrt are immentioned 
in Dumcodar Book, which records tliat of Shipley (Stpelei) aatj. Thi- eiiiitunee 
u( 1ar)tv Nonnan ediflit.« ut Went UrinKteod. Stiiple.y. and WtHboroOjih Grera 
toaa «tcr tii; Uouiiiie«t, ("howB thut a muniTou« population niu>t have Bprung up 
■iKirtljr uftur tUat eteut. 



48 WEST GRINSTEAD CHURCH. 

following remarks will therefore trench as little as 
possible on what has already been written. 

The building at present consists of a nave of four 
bays, opening by three arches into a south aisle, and by 
one into a tower, placed at the east end of the latter ; a 
chancel of two bays and of the same width as the nave 
opens by a wide modem arch into a south chapel, also 
of two bays and extending to the extreme east end of 
the sanctuary. The north doorway is moulded as at the 
adjacent church of Cowfold, and, uke it, is covered with 
a beautiful 3rd Pointed wooden porch. No additions to 
the fabric have been made during the recent restoration. 
A tower placed as here at the end of the south aisle 
may be noticed in some other Sussex examples, as at 
Lurgashall, Midhurst, and Warnham. There is no west 
doorway, a feature also wanting in many local edifices,^® 
but there is an interesting southern entrance of good 
Norman work ; it has a circular head of two orders, the 
outer having a pointed-edged roll springing from two 
moulded capitals, the shafts of which have perished ; 
the inner order has an edge roll which is continued 
round the entire opening.^^ During the recent works 
the enti'ance to the tower stairs inside the south wall 
was re-opened, and is an extremely picturesque feature, 
with a long, narrow circular-headed doorway, by which 
the newel staircase is approached. This last leads to a 
chamber in which the bells are now hung, and in the 
walls of this room are small aumbries of oblong shape, 
with rebates, in which are holes on either side, showing 
that they were closed in with lifting shutters, and not 
hung on hinges, but fixed by bolts. ^* 

^^ There are no west doorways at Bishopstone, East Blatchington, Clayton, 
Coates, East Dean (East Sussex), Edburton, Friston, Greatham, Iford, Kingston, 
Lewes (St. Anne), Lewes (St. Michael), Oving, Patcham, Piddinghoe, Piecombe, 
llodmell, Selham, Southease, Wartling, and Wilmington. 

^^ Each of the doors of this church was fastened &m within by a bar of wood, 
the socket-holes for which remain. This method of fastening a door, I believe, 
is stiUpractised in the East. 

*' The newel staircases in old towers were usually, if not invariably, approached 
by an entrance from within the church, and not, as is the modem practice, by a 
door from the outside. Here the tower is of large size, with massive walls 
impierced by windows in the lower part, and the staircase is extremely narrow, 
characteristics which favour the idea that the tower was constructed, not only for 
bells, but also as a place of refuge in troublous times. 



^^M WEST 0KIN8TEAD CEXTHCH. 49 

There is now nri chaucel arcli, but, from a projection 
of buttrei«-like character on the south wide of the navo, 
tliere appean* to liavc been one originally — |)crliapa 
removed on the ei-eetion of the rood-screen and its lott. 
The tower arches are early pointed ones of elegant 
eliaracter, the east and we»t openings having plain 
BofEted jambs, with a slender circulai- shaft to each ; the 
nave areade has circulai- columns and east respond, on 
restored sqimro bases; the caps ui-o round and the resp(jnd 
mentioned lias a singularly perfect enrichment of delicate 
foliage; the arches arc simply double cliamfered, and the 
whole is a good example of Early English date. 

The two west windows, and the east one of the 
clianc«l are ;h-d Pointed in character, and ajjiiear to me 
somewhat unusual in tlieir dertign, each of tliem being 
an unequal trijilct of lights under an enclosing rear arch; 
a wcll-iiHuddcil cxaitiple of the same date exists on the 
north side of the nave. The east window of the chapel 
18 modem and of an eccentric and ugly pattern. The 
chancel Imd originally a triplet of lancets, the jambs of 
the two side openings having been recently discovered. 

The ro(ifs of tlie nave and chancel were formed of 
coupled rafters with ct^Uars and braces, and the wall 
plate of the torincr, in the east bay, wan carried on six 
very massive irorbels along the north side of the tower. 
Both itiots were plastered, and on stripjiing that of the 
chancel, a very curit^iis discoveiy was made, namely, of 
a king [jost fnnn one of the collars, tlii-ough wlueh 
worke<l a log of oak tapering to cnie end and acting as a 
lever or bulancx! ; three holes in the thinnest end showed 
whei-e a cord had been fixed, eitlier to susjiend a pyx 
enehising the Host, or a lamj) before it ; probably for tlie 
former jnirisise, fi-om the nearness of the balance to the 
ea«t end of the sanctuaiT- The log was carefully 
cliamfered and i-esenibles the balaneea still used on the 
Continent to draw up buckets of water from wells. 
Unfortunately, tlie chancel roof has been panelled since 
the above was es]»osed, but bv means of a hinged panel 
and a l»alance weight, fixed in the chapel, this perhaps 
unique airangenient eun be inspected. 



50 WEST GEINSTEAD CHURCH. 

On removing the plaster of the east wall of the 
chancel, a round headed aumbry was opened out 
immediately under the Perpendicular window, it is 
somewhat similar in arrangement to the aumbries in 
the tower before alluded to, having a recess at the side 
reaching some distance parallel to the west face of the 
wall in which it occurs. At the same time another 
interesting feature was brought to light in the sanctuary, 
consisting of a recess in the north wall, perfectly plam 
in character but with the under surface of the top coated 
with smoke, clearly showing that the cavity had served 
for a lamp to burn in. 

On removing some of the pewing the lower part of the 
rood-screen was laid open, consisting of plain panelling, 
and the feet of the open traceried work above it. At 
the same time the beam forming the cornice was found 
doing duty as the sill of some seating. Unfortunately, 
it was too decayed to re-use, but I believe the mouldings 
are reproduced in the new work, which includes the 
whole of the upper part of this enclosure. In connection 
with the above it may be mentioned that a fragment of 
a piscina has been disclosed in the projection noted as 
occurring on the south side of the nave at its junction 
with the chancel; it was evidently connected with an 
altar under the rood-loft.^® 

The font has a square marble bowl with slightly sunk 
arcading, similar to examples at Coates, Pulborough and 
Warnham, but here it is supported on a square shaft of 
late 2nd Pointed work, with prettily traceried chamfers 
at the angles. A quaint cover of perhaps original 18th 
century date surmoimts the whole. 

The south chapel was the Manorial one, and dedicated 
to St. Mary. The side windows were blocked up by 
monuments, which have now been placed elsewhere, and 
the windows reopened. In accomplishing this a monu- 
mental recess was discovered ; it is somewhat shallow, 

^' At the adjacent Church of Cowfold, immediatelj south of the chancel arch, 
is a curious piece of canopj work, with a lUj-pot at the side and roses in the 
spandrils of the tabernacle, it was no doubt connected with an altar similarly 
placed beneath the rood-screen. 



WEKT GlUNSl-JZAD CHintCH. 51 

and tho ui-eli over it in tliree-ceuh-ed, with simple 
iiioulding-s niniiiiig round the wliole. Near this waa 
alsii fouud a vury perfect pineina, evidently of the same 
date as the aljove, tho lioad ln'ing also three-eenti-ed (a 
rather miatmal Irirni) ; the hasiii is a plain circular 
xiiikiiig, and tho stmie shelf exists in a perfect state. 
In the same cliai)el a long, naiTow stone coffin was 
iun>artlied, and which wa«, from its small dimensions, 
evidently intended for a cliild. On each side of the 
oust window of this chapel wan formerly a niclie on the 
inside of the wall, the northern one was mutilated by 
the optming out of a door, and no ti-aces of it now 
remain ; but the other is pertect, and has a battlemented 
cnniice over an oblong recess, the sides of which have 

}>aiu-lhMl pilasters; it has been painted, and probably, 
roni its shape, held two figui-es, perhaps representing 
the Annunciation or the Coronation of the Blessed 
Virgin.'* 

lieneath the whitewash of the north wall of the nave 
was found a Inrge picture of St. Cln-istoplier." To the 
right of till? saint was depicted a town \vith an elabomte 
tower in tlie foreground, ornamented witli lich pinnacles 
and a rriM'ketteci spire ; further off' was seen the open 
country, with a windmill, and fields with park palings, 
whilst birds hovered around. To the left of St. 
Christopher ap|)eured tlie hermit, who grasped a staff" 
in one hand and held Ins lantern in tlie other; lie was 
clad in a long gown, over wlncli was a fur tippet or 
cape, iJchiud this figure wan a very comfortable-looking 
hermitage, witli a tnmsonied window and a doiiuer in 
the roof. Hcueatb tin- snint tislies swam in the river, 
and gazed \ntli upturned iieails mid open uiouths at the 
iiiiraele of which they M'cre s|tectators. It is nmeh to be 
regretted that the gi\.>ater part of this picture was again 

" Sniiit Nicliulbi kxepeii tlii> SInriU(im trma Aaiaigi-r nud di^iiU', 
'I'Imt bmtt-n Wi with IwpitruuB watiw aud UiKt iu dnauUuIl h-iv: 
Gnat Cliryrtoiitier tbut puiiitnl i« *itU badje bi^ imd toll 
lluth Bveu tbv MUDi', whu (lutli preHTve, and kocpe hi" «;rvMil/< ull," 

— '■Tb« Popish Kingdume," ml. I8«0. p. 38. 



52 WEST 0RIN8TEAD CHURCH. 

washed over, though a sketch, in colour, of the whole 
has been hung up on the spot. 

Small fragments of stained glass have been collected 
from other windows, and placed in the west one of the 
nave ; a pair of pinnacles and some canopy work, with 
scraps of bordering form the chief portion, part of which 
may be of 14th century date. 

In reducing the level of the church floor many frag- 
ments of encaustic tiles were disinterred ; amongst these 
were two entire, one of which formed part of a pattern 
requiring nine tiles to complete the design, and the 
other represented a squirrel cracking a nut, a device 
seen on a set of four tiles foimd in the ruins of the 
Collegiate Church at Wallingford Castle. Some pieces 
of mediaeval stone ware were also foimd, but are of no 
interest; likewise a scrap of brass, which may have 
formed part of a censer. 

Church chests are almost always noteworthy objects, 
either on their own account or as regards their contents. 
In the porch at West Grinstead is one of these recep- 
tacles, formed of the squared trunk of an oak, hollowed 
out in the centre and leaving a solid mass of wood at 
each end." 

Although the monuments in this church have been 
somewhat fiilly described in Vols. XXII. and XXIII. 
of the " S. A. C," I am tempted to make a few more 
remarks upon them, and to venture on the correction of 
some errors made by former writers. The inscriptions 
formerly on the brasses of Philippa Halsham and of Sir 
Hugh Halsham are given in Vol. XXIII. of the '' S. A. C." 
from the Burrell MSS. A shield which remains on the 
first-named memorial has these arms : — Quar. I. and IV. 
argent a chevron engr. between 3 lions' or leopards' faces 
erased gules Halsham ; II. and III., a lion rampant, over 
all a fess; imp. paly, of 6 or and sable Strabolgie." 

" The bellfl, five in number, are dated 1795.—** S. A. C," Vol. XVI., p. 210. 

" In Vol. XXII. of "8. A. C," p. 8, it is stated that the first husband of 
Philippa Halsham was Sir Henry Percy ; but in the "Oxford Manual of Brasses" 
he is said to have been Sir Ralph Percy ^. 112). The latter work informs us that 
her mother was Elizabeth Ferrars. This lady is commemorated by a brass at 
Ashford, Kent, dated 1375. 



WEST GEINSTEAD CHtTHCH. 53 

Tlie Kinglc banner left of the tlu'ee origmally on the 
brows of Sir Hugb llalt^bani bears — Quar. I. and IV. 
Halnliani; II. and III. Strabolgic; and the shield fomiing 
a peiiduat between the canopies over the effigies of the 
knight iind bis wife ha.-* — Quar. I. and IV. HalHliani ; II. 
and III. Strabolgio ; imjj. the last." 

Tlie slab in the south aisle winch has had the figures 
of a civilian and his wife, retains only the inscription 
beneatli them, which i-uns as follows : — 

Orute p AJabs lloberti Havercroft & Johnfi ei' vx' qui qdem 
Hiibertua vi ilie aoptembr' et deft Jolina xxviii° die, August! An" dni 
ni" V" rsii iihiemt Qu(ir Alabs ppiciet' de"* 

A stone now nlaced north and south bore the small 
effigy of a female with an inscription beneath the feet, 
liofli effigy and inwription have been lost. 

A little plate now fixed to the south wall of the chancel 
lias the following, iiiscribed above a skull and pahn 
bi-anches : — 

Hie infra siti Jaceiit 

Infantes Geriielli 

Lcoiiardue et Hannah Woodward 

liedemptionfrm Corporum 

In Advenlu Chrisli expectantea; 

NaliMb.:i.Dm.!i]'^;'^P'/gll7W. 

Quo* ail altare (quasi Puermrio) nunc Oblatos. 
Ul Duos (Aim Coltimbarum mUlos, 
Favcm accipcre itignetiir Deus. 

A mural monument in memory of Catharine, wife of 
Thomas Woodward, beai-s thene arms — Argent three bare 
snUe WiKxlward ; imp., argent two bars sable Pellat. 

On the south wall of the nave are two memorials of 
the Wai-d family, and there is a third outside the church 
over tlie south' door. A hatchment also reniaijis with 
tliexe arms in a lozenge — Sable S swords in pale argent 
Uilted OJ-, Pawlett ; inip. argent a cross fleury or, Ward. 

•■ norKBcId wroiiglj girvs Ihis impulemuut an ■' a bend eugrailed.''— " UiHtotf 
ol KiWH-i," Vtii. 11.. p. io2. 

" iWvry writur ! liovu met with gives thw inscription m being in memoty of 
" Rubvri Unrcnvroft." licmi't doi'B m. and juppliiw two rtiiltis, " 1521) und 152a " 
i" Ili»tory of Su*.)cx," Vol. H.. p. i3U). V)im ignoring tlie intOTcsliug (act Ihftt 
iiiubnnd and wife dlul ulmoet at tlu: cntni' tiuic. 



64 WEST GRINSTEAD CHURCH. 

Although Thomas Shirley, who owned the Manor, by 
his will, aated 1607, "directs his burial in the chancel 
of West Grinstead next his father's grave, and orders 
a monument to be made in the south wall for his grand- 
father and grandmother, with fair marble stones with 
brasses for his father and mother himself and his wife 
next the upper part of the halfe-pas (haut-pas)." ^ No 
tomb appears to have been erected, and no memorial of 
any of tne family remains in this church. 

Of the successors of the Shirleys, as owners of the 
Manor, — the Carylls, there exists a good mm-al monu- 
ment of marble for Richard Caryll, who died in 1701, 
and for his brother Peter, who deceased in 1686 ; the 
latter being, as the inscription states, a member " of the 
holy order of St. Benedict." This tomb is noteworthy 
as being that of a Post-Refomiation English monk, one 
of the many members of his family who entered the 
cloister during the 17th century, and the earlier part of 
the 18th. A shield bears these arms: — Argent^ 8 bars, 
in chief 3 martlets sable^ Caryll ; imp. ermiiie an eagle 
displayed sable (probably orginally gules\ Bedingfield, 
Richard Caryll having married Frances, aaughter of Sir 
Henry Bedingfield.^ 

In the churchyard have been discovered firagments of 
a small high tomb, consisting of portions of the coveiing 
slab, showing traces of angle buttresses, and the upper 
face of the stone has a small roimd flat space at each 
comer, either for a canopy or perhaps for candlesticks, 
as no mortise holes appear. The upper surface is much 
worn, but shows evident traces oi naving been inlaid 
with a triple canopied brass with a single Q^^gv^ which 
from the faint outhne left may have been that oi a priest 
in the Eucharistic vestments. 

The recess in the north wall of the sanctuary and the 
remarkable and perhaps unique suspending balance 
found in the chancel roof at West Grinstead Church, 
suggest that some remarks on the practice of resei'ving 
the Eucharist may not be out of place in these pages, as 

'® **8. A. C. " Vol. V. p. 11. 

" See Elwes (Pe^gree of CaijU of Wamham}, p. S5d. 



WEST GRINSTEAD CnURCH. 



55 



[oubtlcss tJie foatui-e in question was conuoctcd, either 



with th( 
lani]i w 



1 whicli the Host was enclosed, or with tlie 
lefbrc it. 



Biii{j:hani in his " Antiquities of the Christian Church" 
onters fully into the subjeet of reservation and states of 
tlie early Christians, that sometimes they consecrated 
'■ tlio Kncliarist in the houses of sick men, or in prisons — 
but most cumnionly they reserved sonvc jjortion of it in 
the (Jliureli from Time to Time for sudden accidents and 
eracrgeueies."** Ho then gives instances of both usages, 
and proceeds to say tliat "Cyril of Alexandria in one of 
liis epistles reproves those who said that tlie Euvhanat 
was not tn be reserved to the next day. And in the 
Couneil <if <_!onHtantinople under Mcnnan there is men- 
ticm uiude of Silver and Golden Doves hanging at the 
Altar, whicli most pi-olmbly wei-c then used as rejjositories 
of the Sacrament kept in the <;hurelies. It appears also 
from a Canon of the Cmineil of Tni-Ui>^ that the Euchan^st 
was sometimes reserved for the Public Use of the Church, 
to be received some days after its Consecration, particu- 
larly in the time of fx'iit, when they conununicated on 
such Klemciits as had been consecrated the Saturday or 
SnnJay in tlie forof^oiuf^ week, which were the only days 
in Lfiit on wliich they used the Consecraticui Service. '^ 

Knnn the alwvc extracts we leani what were the 
usages of the early ChuiTh as i-egards the i-oservation of 
the Kueharist. Among the Anglo-Saxons similar customs 
prevailed, as many passages in the wniters of the period 
go io prove. We find that the Sacramental species was 
to be reserved for the sick or dying, but that it shoidd 
not be kept too long so as to Ije coiTupted, and the clergy 
were (uamnanded to renew it eveiy seven daj-s or fort- 
night. Of the reservation in nfter ages nothing need l>e 
said, as it is well known to have been in universal use 
througliout Christendom." 

" Bingbotu, " Antuiuitieo of thu Chrutiau Chiiruti," p. 7^1. 

" Ibid., pp. 754, 7.'i5. 

" Itnig:bniu, oAtt jipraking ot the Ki<erTDtion of tbi^ Kuchsrut in i^nKhi's, 

SrorWdi" M "i\y, " JtHtTwuideH thin Kmervatioii of the Elfmentii (or public I'bo liy 
m lliiiinlrnxit tlicChimh, theTL'waf miotlter privatr Itun-rvaUunof thi^innllciWMl 



reUgloun punoiU) wbo -v 



a cany a Vorttoa of Uio 



56 WEST GBINSTEAD CHURCH. 

But although the fact of the reservation of the Host is 
very clear, the place in which it was kept appears by no 
means conclusively pointed out. There are many reasons 
to believe that the sacristy or vestry was the locality in 
which it reposed during the early ages of the English 
Church. Tnis room, a recent writer says, the Saxons 
called ^'the Husel portic" or "Sacrament -porch."* 
Probably the Eucharist was so reserved long after the 
Conquest, as many vestries of ihe Mediaeval period are 
strongly built chambers, as at Gilling, Yorks ; West 
Winch, and Winterton, Norfolk. The two former 
examples being constructed with stone vaulting, and 
the last having very small narrow lancets set in massive 
walls, seem aomiraDly adapted for such a purpose. All 
ancient sacristies moreover were entered only from the 
churches to which they were attached, and are in most 
instances on the nortli side of the edifice. Aumbries 
are often found in the wall between these rooms and the 
chancel ; they are usually of so small a size that they 
appear well suited for the reception of vessels holding 
the Host, or the holy oils. Two such small cupboards 
are thus placed at West Winch, Norfolk, in the south 
wall of the vestry. When in the chancel the aumbry is 
generally found in the east or north wall. Of the former 
position we have in Sussex the example at West Grin- 
stead, whilst there is another at Ovingdean, and there 
are two similarly placed in each of the churches of 
Clymping, Sompting, Rye, and Wilmington. Aumbries 

Ettcharist home with them, and participate of it eveiy Day hy themselves in 
private," Ibid.^ p. 757. He also cites Gregory Xazianzen, as relating that his 
** sister Gorgonia had the Eucharist in her chamber," Ibid., p. 758. A writer in 
the ** Edinburgh Review, " July, 1841, p. 311, says that in the 13th century Pojk} 
Honorius allowed, at the afterwards celebrated convent of Port Royal, that, ** if 
the Host consecrated on the profession of a nun, seven fragments might be 
solemnly confided to her own keeping, that for as many successive days she might 
administer to herself the holy sacrament." What foundation there is for the 
above statement I know not. Anne Boleyn, during her imprisonment in the 
Tower, desired to have the Host in her doset (see ** Strickland's Lives," Vol. II., 
pp. 247, 263), and of Mary I. Froude, describing an interview which she had in 
lo53 with Kenard, the Ambassador of Charles V., says, Lady Clarence, one of the 
Queen's attendants, was the only other person present. " The holy wafer was 
in the room on an altar, which she called her protector, her guide, her adN-iser. 
Mary told them that she spent her days and nights in tears and prayers before it." 
—Froude, ** History of England," Vol. V., p. 291. 

" Bridgett, " History of the Holy Eucharist," Vol. I., p. 238. 




ENCftUimC Ttt-E- 

Jl-M^ l\m.Lxi .-i.^M. IVl 



WEST GRINSTEAD CHURCH. 57 

in the north wallts (ktui- at Higiior, Friston, Little Hoifited, 
and Williiigdoii, these are all plain reecBses,''^ but at 
Ardiiigly there is iine ot" 3nd Pointed date, the head of 
wliich hat* a trefoilod aith, and at Fenihui'st the amnbiy 
is im extremely delicate little niche, with a canopied 
and cn)ekcttcd head flanked by the remains of elegant 

Suinaclen, and suggesting by its richness that it was 
evoted to other puiposes tlian those of a mere cup- 
board. 

The only direct corroboration I have met with of the 
suppuKed use of tlie auinbty for reservation, is a quotation 
in marker's Glossary from the Fard/c of Facions, which 
runu as follows: "Upon tlie right hande of the highe 
Aulter that ther should be an Ahnorie, either cutte into 
the wall or framed upon it, in the whiche thei would 
have the wu-ninicnt of the Lordes Hodye, the holy oyle 
for the sicke, and Mn-imnatorie alwaie to Ik; lockod."" 
A confimiation of the foregoing statement may [X'rhHi)s 
be found in the fact that the Ka»ter Sepidchi-e, in wliieh 
the Host was tenipoi-arily deposited, is in England 
invariably found in the mirtli wall of the chancel. 

Altlidugh reservation in an aumbiy apjiears from the 
extnict just given from the FanlU- of Facum.t, to have 
been sometimes customary evi'n in the middle of the 
Kith eentuiy, the most usual method then, and for a 
hundiTd years ])revious, was to enclose the Host in a 
susiMjndecI pyx or box, witli a lani)) burning constantly 
before it. The balance lever at West Giinstead was 
doubtless used either tor the suspension of the pyx itself, 
or of the light in front of it, and, fix»ni the position 
it occupies, was probably for the latter i»un)ose.'* 
The synod of Chichester, in 1289, eonmiandeu that 
"The Holy Eucharist (as well as the baptisnnU font 
and the holy oils), are to bo diligently guarded under 
lock and key, under pain of tlirce months' suspension 

" SoiDv nf these may have btvn int4^iiile<l for iHmpii us at Wc«t Uiiiift«>ad. 

" I'nrker, " OI0WW17 ot \KhiXi.vi<i.n;" Vol. I., p. T. 

" III "I.Hd F.ngloDd," V^ol. I., p. TA, 'w mgruriil n n-prc.-^MJtutiun at a mnn 
dniwiu(t up a Ixu'lkri nt vmtex Gnnii a wt'U, wilb a bululici' rrij idiullur to the 
Wtidt (Irituiti'ad ouu ; it if rt^ruduci.'cl from iiu illiiminiitioii ot Auglu-Soxuu dnti?. 
Cutttm US., Netu. C. 4, Urlt. Mtu. 



58 WEST GRINSTEAD CHUECH. 

ab officio." ^ This injunction would be complied with 
if the Host were reserved either in a cupboard or a 
pyx, as the latter was almost invariably provided with 
a lock.** Bingham in the passages quoted at the begin- 
ning of these remarks suggests that the doves suspended 
over altars in the early days of the Church, may have 
held the Eucharist, and he is most likely correct, as this 
was the form which the pyx frequently took in the 
Middle Ages. Besides boxes like doves there were 
others which were circular, or formed in the shape of 
images. These vessels were usually of silver, silver gilt, 
or ivory, though in poor parish churches they were 
occasionally of copper or even of wood,'^ and they were 
suspended from the roof by silken cords or ribbons.** 

By a Synodal Constitution, having force throughout 
the province of Canterbury, it was ordered that in all 
cathedral, collegiate, and parochial churches, ^^a lamp 
should be kept burning before the high altar day ana 
night. The Constitutions of Oxford, a.d. 1222, confimi 
this pious and symbolic custom."*® At Parham, ''one 
acre and a half of land was held by the rector for the 
purpose of providing a lamp to bmTi before the high 
altar;** the ''lamp lands at West Grinstead have 
already been alluded to, and the rent of them was 
applied to maintain the lamps at Steyning Church. 
Bequests towards supporting the light before the altar 
are frequently found in old wills ; that of Thomas 
Sandon, of Colworth, may be cited as a SiLssex example ; 
it is dated 1542, and in it he says : — " I bequeath to the 
maintaining of the two standing lights in the aforesaid 

«• Wilkins II., 169, quoted by Bridgett, Vol. II., p. 86. 

'° Some aumbries remain in Scotland in the walls of churches, and which were 
undoubtedly used for reservation. Two examples are engraved in Dr. Lee's 
** Glossary of Liturgical and Ecclesiastical Terms,'* pp. 398, 399. Both arc of 
16th century date. 

^* Henry VII., in his will, mentions pixes of copper and timber (wood). He 
directs that a pix of the value of four pounds, and of silver gilt, should be mode 
and given to every church throughout the reabn which had not a pix of silver gilt 
or silver. 

" At Sutterton Church, Lincolnshire, there is an entry in the churchwardens' 
accounts of 1532 of the purchase of ** a sylk rybyn to hyng the silucr pyxt." — 
" Arch. Journal," 1882, p. 63. 

»» Lee, p. 180. '* " S. A. C," XXV., p. 22. 



WKKT GRINSTEAD CHL'KCH. o9 

parish clmreh of (jWiig, lliat is to way the i-ood light, 
and the beam light in tlie quire before the blessed 
«ar,ranient of th« altar to cither of them two bu«hels of 
barley-'"" Tlie Noniewhat earlier tewtainent of Alexander 
Harnmm, parson of Ford, leaves to the liglit burning 
before the "Blessed Sacrament" in liiw clim-eh the sum 
of 12d." * . . 

BcMdcs the light or lightB burnine: continually l)efore 
the reserved Euchamt, I need hardly say that during 
the celebration of mass, candles burnt upon the altar, and 
although not strictly applying to the subject of these 
remarks, Ijut as an illustration of a local usage, I veiitui-e 
to wnieludc this ])aper with an eyti-act frem one by 
Mr. Micklethwaitc, in which lie says: — "At Chichest<?r 
Cathedral we Icam from the statutes that at least as early 
OK the thirteenth ccntuiy the custom was to have on 
(fTcat festivals seven tapers of two jxiunds each on tlie 
altar, eight on the beam above it, and two in standing 
candlesticks on the altar step, and on oi-dinary days, 
tlu'ee on the altar and two on tlic step. This usage of 
odd umid)er,s extended to other cliuiThes of the diocese 
of Chichester, an appears by the smoko stains which 
were found hi 1863 over the nite of each of the altai's 
by the side of the chancel arcli at Westmeston Clmreh, 
Sussex" ("Arch. Joxmi.," Vol. XXXV., p. ;i87). A 
description of the paintings discovered at Westmestcm, 
by the late Rev. C, H. Campion, will bo found in Vol. 
XVI. of the " S. A. C.,' and a reference to the coloui-ed 
plate accomjKinying tlie article will .show the stains above 
alluded to by Jlr. Micklethwaite.'" 

» ■'8.A.C.,"XJII..p. T5. 

»• Ibid., XII.. p. 91. An Ulitmination in nn Anglo-Saxon MK. (Hwl., Xo. 
IS03, Brit. Uuf .) etiowa n lamp (mtmi-ndi-'d within the chapi'l of u iioblinuoirA bouw. 
Slatilda of Fliuidcr», wife of Wuliura I., Bofs in hut will, "of my two golden 
grinHcn, i give that which is onuuucutcd with cniblpnif, foe the purpose of 
Kiuipcndin^ the loiapbofoTD tho prcut oltur''' (of the Abbej' Chiu^h of the Ilolf 
TrinJtj ot Cacu). Strickland, Vol. I., p. 03. 

" In I.1I2 two caDdlesIickn were purehniwd for the topers tii he kept buniiug 
before the high altBT of Battle Abbey. See -8. A.C," XVII., p. 22. 



BRIEF NOTICES OX MONASTIC AND 
ECCLESIASTICAL COSTUME. 



By sir GEORGE DUCKETT, Bart., 

KxioHT OF THB Okder OF Merit OF 8axb Coburo-Gotha ; Officer of Public 

IXHTRVCTION IN FrAXCE ; AND CoRRESPOXDINO MbMBER OF THB SOCIBTY OF 

AXTIQVARIES OF NoRMAXDY. 



It in scarcely supposable, with the mass of monastic and 
ecclesiastical literature dispersed throughout our great 
libraries, that any very material, or even additional 
information can be imparted on the subject of church- 
robes or the clothing of monks, beyond what may be 
found among the authorities and evidences of different 
public collections. But the highest authorities are not 
always at hand, so that in addition to pointing out those 
sources^ chiefly tending to elucidate the question of such 
vestments, we will draw up a few brief notices for the 
benefit of those of the Sussex Archaeological Society who 
may not happen to be familiar with the topic. Much 
has been said of late in certain quarters on conventual 
and ecclesiastical dress, and as the matter has not to om' 
knowledge been hitherto canvassed in the pages of these 
Collections, that fact alone would make it desirable to 
refer to it. 

It would be, as a rule, a very grave error to associate 
too closely the monastic and ecclcsia^stical dress of former 
days ; a wide distinction must be drawn between them. 
The dress of the cloister and that of the choir are not 

* Some of the chief authorities are the following : — Mabillon, '* AnnalesOrdiniH 
8. Benedicti;" "Bibliotheca Cluniacenpis ; " Quicherat, "Histoire du Costume 
en France;" "Specimen Monacholigiie;*' Maillot, "Costume des Fran^ais;'* 
** Stevens's Dugdale's Mouasticon ; '* Strutt, "Dresses of the People of England ; " 
Fosbroke, "British Monachism;'* Fosbroke, " Enojclopedia of Antiquities;" 
" Catholic Dictionarj " (Addis and Arnold). 



MONASTIC AND ECCUZSIASTICAL COSTUME. 61 

to be indiacriminately mixed up togetlier. The last has 
been handed down uii(^lniii{rt'd ubn()st to the prertent day. 
The vL'ntmcnts of tlie priest oflieiating at the ultar ai-e 
the same in nuuiljer, more or less bo in I'onn and shape, 
and quite ko in naoie with the i-obes ordained in the 
twelftli centuiy, to I)o reserved for the clergy and the 
celebration of mass. There can be no danger of incor- 
rect denomination in respect of them. Very different, 
howevei', appeals to Iw the con-ect apjjellation of tlic 
Heveral parts of the niona«tic habit. It is not that 
modifications of succeeding age.s contributed thereto, but 
the nomenclatiu'e in resjKict of many articlcH of monastic 
drcHs amomits to a misnomer, and is liighl}- pei-jilexing 
where gi-eat exaetiiesH iw ossontial. To (juote a few 
instances only — the cowl is simply 'prinui Jhcu' tlie 
"hood" or head-covering attached to tlie monk's cloak; 
but it is equally the appellation of a gown witli large 
loose sleevci, and R-aehnig t<i the gi-omm, with the same 
hood attached to it. Wliat can be more contradictory? 
Then, again, the word Inuic is eiiually misleading. As 
an under-gannent worn next the sian, to wliich it is 
applied in monkish dress, it in etjuivaleiit to a narrow 
Uiiun or woollen shirt ; but it is also under tlio same 
name applied to a long cloth garment woni over such 
shirt or under-garment, and tiud witli a thoiiij'; in fact, 
tlio tenn occurs so nmcli in monastic costume as an 
inner article of drew, and in hucIi different shapes and 
material, that it is difficult ti> determine precisely in 
conventual dress what was or wliat was not a tunic. Aw 
a vestment of tlie priest it is like the dalmatic, but worn 
under that garment, and here the name is equally, if not 
more, misleading and ambiguou.s. As a jjart of miUtaiy 
dress it was woi-n in the origin under the aniiour, but in 
respect of the subject under notice, the woi-d tunic of 
itself aj)pear» to have no limited meaning. We point to 
these among other anomalies, Iw<'ause they are jiroduc- 
tive of amhiguity and inexactnt'ss. 

The churcli-robes appear, from I)u Cange, to Iiavc 
Ijeen (h'posited and kept in the sacristy (seci-etarium), 
and there tlie priest vested b<.'fbre saying mass. Tlie 



ft 




mt jnscBnitfL mt^ 'iat wiviir^ or jil ^nmaanfim in die 



T^ ic«c jin£ siiHC iiDDMrsBK nanif^ oT '^BoHdicdiie 

*ir£i3r iir ':Qiii: itssmmiil. x itr 3ii ji&ie:. ^ic»> ^le OGi^TCga- 

'laiiL if \Tim.y. iiiQMM. 5a. W'f :: iii&iwaur wiodL «fter 

immii*^ ia j IH^ "i^ ^ 3»iQ«er^ ic XiibrawL Tkee ccmu- 
Tnimfny**- iiiLiwvt«£ fir :&* smm: ^aie rsuf* <t :S^ Benedict, 
^yi££3. T3i! [tfbc It ^ Tv^i' 'oi i«F* hob&l summt denial 
xxil ^sxtso^csj-^ smi "SSmiu&l if^Ktran. ;m£ ^amf la^ip mDowed 
i&ftesL It; 'W "jCTTjiitL 'Xr&xKon "iMtensT tiker wn^ i«ligioiis 
Je<)H:«:^i:i5:£ih^ fir xca^ t.'aifes. iiil§}wiiu^ ant Kwnd by the 
^Hum^ irxl§ir^ Sf.«£E2&%i ;ii«^ c^^fp^rfis^ i^ W<t in liie way 
•>bMfm^ TW lEkie may oe ^«oi %?t otdmtSw connuriiig 
al^^ in dtpe mafrr in ^be refe ^.Y*^ St. RnnNiict. bnl in £<Mne 
ca.ief wick dsuci^ riig^MnaiK^ aat$i«ttT« <»rii ns liie onl^r ol 



The fir<t Benediecxne BBiooaK<tevy wafe^ lonnded in France 
in 6:iH. ciimn;ar tiie Eiiednie ot" ^. Benediet^ viz., that of 
St, )Iaiir ( St. Maor des Foftfiesl in the dioee^e of Paris ; 
and alxHit 7^2 St. Benedict of Anian established the 
lUnu.-dif^tine monastety of Saint Saavear (d^Aniane) in 
tlie rlirxx-^* irf 3IontpelKer« the Emperor Charlemagne 
taking it wider hi:i^ ^ipeeial protection. 

Firnt, hh to the colom* of conventual costume, for the 
vitntuuffitH (jf the different orders differed in colour, and 
in nianv n5«jiect« in 8hape also. 

lilmikf f^i'Yy and white were the colours of the prin- 

f' lerH. The first was the adopted colour of the 

ics, and thus ^^the black Benedictine habit" 

bla<;k cowl of St. Benedict," are familiar and 

expressions. White was the colour of the 



AND ECCLESIASTICAI, COSTUME. (S3 

rthusians, the PremonHtratcnsians, and of tho Aiigus- 
tiniaiis. The second order whu known as " the White 
Canons." The C'i«teiTian», having at first adojjted 
woollen garments in their natural er undyed colour, 
employed tlie resulting one of wlute or gre)', according 
to the ivfjol or fleece, but in process of time tliey chose 
wliitt! a» the sole colour for tlio dre.ss of their- ni-ofessed 
monks, whilst grey was then alone confined to tlie 
novices. Hence this last order was known as the 
"Wliite Monks" r/es mmncs blancs^f in tlie same way 
tliat the term " White Friars" was par ejccelhnce a])i)lied 
tu the niendieuiit order of Camiclites ; whUst the Henc- 
(lictines were designated "Black Monks" \J<in vudnes 
uiiii-n\ as in like manner tlie Dominicans, another 
mendicant order, were known as the "HIack Fiiars."* 
'i'he.He fundamental colours of the cliief orders did not 
prevent the assumjjtion of even gi'een and dark blue" by 
the monks of some otiicr congregations. 

Next to colour we come to the several parts of the 
monastic costume, and these must Ijc taken (in respect 
of their denomination) witli some degree of latitude, 
Neither in mediaival Latin, nor amoni; French or English 
wTiters, is there that precise and definite form in their 
nomenclatm-e wliich ought to exist, the same term often 
doing duty for three or nioro separate articles of dress. 

According to Quieherat,* the fii*st article of tlic licne- 
dictine monk's dress was a long narrow linen funic, with 
sleeves, worn next the skin; luit according to tlie climate, 
when colder, was then worn under an upper garment of 
the same <^ut, but witliout sleeves, an ujiper tunic of 
wool (or even of fur), for the material varied at tlie 
dJstiretinn of the abbot, according to the climate and 
time of year. The former was la tfoniie or etnniiiu- of 
the French monks ; and the latter /c fif/inon. Alter this 
eume the Mcapuht/\ an upper -gannent worn always hy 
the monk when at work \jna/mff(ire, lat. scaj)ulai'e, 

* The tenu "ftiat 
ivntury, vw., tlie Fri 



64 BRIEF NOTICES ON MONASTIC 

scapularium]. This garment was a sleeveless tunic, 
fitting somewhat close to the body; it had arm-holes at 
the sides, and covered the shoulders down to the knees. 
The so-called scapular of the church is different. Over 
this came the coivl [cucull^, cotde, goule; lat. cucullus],* 
a gown with large loose sleeves, nearly synonymous 
with the froc of the French monk, but whereas the 
cowl and the frock were often confounded, there is an 
ambiguity about tliis article of dress, especially as to 
being with or without sleeves. The cowl was the special 
and characteristic garment of the professed monk, whereas 
the lay brothers, to whom it was not allowed, wore a 
scapular somewhat larger and fuller than ordinary. The 
last, or uppermost garment [qui tos les autres gai'de] was 
the mantle or doak [chape; fat. chapa]. 

Such was apparently the Benedictine dress, and will 
be found to coincide with the extracts from Mabillon's 
Benedictine Annals. The Cluniac monk added to these 
articles of clothing, breeches, socks, and boots, but these 
names are to be taken as modifications of the sort now 
in use. The Cluniac rule specifies also shoes tied with 
thongs, and gives the monk a head covering, or cap, and 
gloves when journeying or going far beyond the convent's 
precincts. 

The Benedictine nuns had similar habits, but pilches, 
veils, and ivimple^ were of course their special attributes. 
The immple or urimpel [guimpe ; lat. wimpla] took its 
origin from the scapular, and was a habit coming close 
up to the chin, neck, and sides of the face, and covering 
the bosom. The pilch (i.e.y j>etticoat), one of the two 
robes talaires, which she wore down to the heels, is said 
to be derived from pellicium, a garment of lamb-skins. 
Except in some few orders, the nun's habit was more or 
less tne same. 

In the earliest ages the nun was allowed to retain her 
hair; she was not, however, allowed to plait it or to 

* The distmction, according to Du Cange, between the cowl [cucidlaB, coule] 
and the frock [floocum, /Vioc] consisted in the former being a " halnt long and fall, 
without sleeves/* whereas the frock [frx)c, floccum] was the same, bat *' with long 
and wide sleeres.** 



AND ECCLESIASTICAL COSTUME. 65 

liraid it in any way, or even to let it show. Afterwai-ds 
tlie Cistercian rule obliged the nun to deprive herself 
entirely of this female ornament, and by degi'ees the loss 
of her hair, or entire tonsure of the head/ became an 
esftontial rcquii-cment of the professed nun of all the 
orders.' 

The twelfth centurj', with its changes and innova- 
tions in oveiT direction, tended to alter somewliat the 
uniformity of monastic dress, and this departure from 
the rule originated with tlie monks of Cluny, for whom, 
after a lapse of time, no material or stuff was too fine, 
and wliose monastic vows of austerity and denial agreed 
very little with theia' adoijted precautions botli against 
the rain and the cold. Their rivals regai-ded them on 
that account as effeminate and voluptuous Sybarites, and 
notably the Cistercians were foremost in that respect. 

This congregation had seceded fi*om that of Climy, 
and the principal feature in their inile was gieater rigour, 
denial, and austerity. Its founder proscribed tlie use of 
many of tlio Cluniac vestments. The inner tunic next 
the skin was no longer of linen, but of coarse cloth. 
The logs of its monks were also left bare, with the 
exception of socks and open shoes. 

Tlie rules of comparative cleanliness, however, observed 
by the Cluniac monk, was totally disregarded by the 
Cistercian, and banished entirely from the statutes of 
Citeaux. It is affirmed that a pious chevaHer, for whom 
this congi'egation had peculiar attractions, for a long 
time hesitated before making up his mind to embrace 
the order, on account of the vermin forming an integral 
feature in its dress. It is supposed that ho eventually 
overcame these scruples, took the leap, and assumed its 
habit,* becoming a comparatively liappy mortal notwith- 
standing. 

During the time of Peter the Venerable, in the twelfth 
century, the Benedictine cb-ess underwent modification, 
and his statutes on tliat head (given further on), show 
tlie changes then made fi'om the primitive rule ; after 



66 BKIEF HOnCBB OH MOHASTIC 

which time no farther innoyation seems to stand on 
record, though doubtless others may haye occurred 
(especially in the last days of the order). 

These remarks are substantiated by the ensuing quoted 
extracts, and it may be well to commence with the earliest 
records in elucidation of the subject. The first quotation 
is taken from Mabillon in his ^^ Annals of the order of St. 
Benedict," and refers to the dress of the Benedictines 
from the sixth to the eighth centuries. 

Vestes, tunica et cucvlla duplex cum cingulo; scapu- 
tare loco cucullae ad laborem manuum, quod tunicam a 
sordibus protegeret, ad genua usque protensum, et 
ligaculis constrictum ad utrumque latus ; minor cuculla, 
nonnunquam dictum. Cuculla et scapulare, passim ex 
nigro ; tunica seu toga ex albo (^uanquam de colore non 
admodimi curabat sanctus Legislator) utraque duplex, 
tum ad lavandum, tum ad decumbendum; nam absque 
tunica et cuculla jacere in lecto religio erat. Tunica ad 
cutem tum demum nigra fieri caepit, postquam interulse 
laneae in usu esse coeperunt, tametsi serius. Siquidem 
albus tunicarum color diu perseveravit post concessas 
interulas stamineaSy quarum usus jam soeculo octavo 
invaluerat. 

[^'Annales ordinis S. Benedictini," by Mabillon and 
Mart^ne I., p. 57 (1703-1739, 6 Vol. fo.).J 

In the second volume of Mabillon's same Benedictine 
Annals, we have the monastic dress of the order in the 
tenth and eleventh centuries, viz., that of the monks of 
Fulda Tin the Electorate of Hesse-Cassel), the cele- 
brated loundation of St. Boniface in the eighth century ' 
(A.D. 744).* 

Qualis fuerit per ilia tempora (viz., of Charlemagne), 
nostrorum habitus tum apud Casinates, tum apud Gallos 
et Germanos, etsi ad mores non omnino pertinet, baud 
tamen ab re est investigare. Casinatium formam habitus 

* This renowned abbey, one of the chief seats of learning towards the end of 

the eighth centuir, numbered among its abbots the celebrated Raban-Maur, the 

flnt tneolocfian of that day. He was archbishop of Afoyence, and of such erudite 

reputation that in (Germany and elsewhere, when anyone at that period and 

fterwards was extolled fbr nis knowledge, he was styled " as learned as Raban/' 

doottts ut Rabanus." 



AND ECCLESIASTICAL COSTUMK. 



67 



in primo Annalium tomo exhibuimus, sed poateriomm 
teinporum, id vnt sceculi undecinii (S. Eiigraviiig hy Mont- 
fattcon). Projjius ad prima ilia tempora accodit vestium 
monasticaniiii doscriptio, quam rofert Theodemainis in 
opistola ad Carolum Magnum, Earum formam iniitati 
»unt FuldenseH, qm Sturminm abbatem in Italiani niisere 
ad rimandoM Casinatium, alionnnque ejusdem regionis 
monachoruni ritus et habitus, quos ffimulari cupiebant. 
Atqui Candidus, Fuldensis primomm illoi-um tempoinim 
niunachuH, Ftildensium priscuiii ilium habitum in quodam 
nienibraneo eodiee adumbravi^, sub duplici forma priori 
([uidem in habitu ad laborem comixisito, scilicet cum 
iofja ot parva cuculla seu scapulari, ubi Candidus ipse 
et ModestuH dLssertantium inter bo ritu componuntur : 
posteriori vero cum habitu aolemni seu chorali, cum 
ampla, scilicet cuculla, quali induti reprieaentantur Ful- 
denses mouachi, qui ad Ludovicum Pium impei-atorem 
impotrando novo post abjectum Ratgarium, abbati 
destinati sunt. Utriusquo habitum ex Browori antiqui- 
tatibuH Fuldensibus liie pi-ofen-e iuvat. Paullo diversus, 
HOC omniuo uniformLs erat Gallicanomm monachoi-um 
habitus ; nam pai'va eorum cuculla, non cousuta sub 
brachiis, ut Fuldenaium, sed vittLn subligata erat, qualem 
tomo I exhibuimuB ; et major cuculla absque manicis, 
rittis similiter i-edimita, usque ad tales defluebat, saltern 
apud Faronianos nustros, ut in Otgerii et Benodicti 
imaginibus hie expres-iis obsei'vare licet, Non dubito 
quin idem (juoque fuerit habitus Meldicensis pagi 
monachoruni, quod ex icone S. Agili Uesbacensis abbatw 
intelligitur. Quod Hj)ectat ad AngUcanos monachos, 
eorum (juidem liabitus furmam in Monastico anglicano 
habemus, sed recentiorom de Hiwpanicis illorum tem- 
{K)rum, uihildum comperti habemus. Ad c<jIorem quod 
attiuet, antiquitus albi colons erat toya talaris, parva et 
ampla cuculla subuigri. 

f" Annales Benedietini," II., Preface, SV.] 

In the fourth volume of Mabillon's "Annals" we are 

furnislicd with further |>articulars of the Benedictine 

(or Cluniac) costume in the eleventh centiirj', or that 

preceding the century (the twelfth), in which the greatest 



68 BRIEF NOTICES ON MONASTIC 

changes and innovations took place in dress. The 
monkis of Farfa (in the States of the Church)/® having 
adopted in the beginning of the eleventh century the 
Cluniac rule, what now follows is essentially descriptive 
of the Benedictine habit at the same date. 

De vestimentorum mensura apud Farfenses. 

Vestimenta fratrum mittit sanctus Benedictinus in 
prudentia abbatis, ut sint mensurata. Qualis autem sit 
ilia mensura secundum patrum diffinitionem, quantum 
possumus, indagamus. (Jvx^ulla^ quse nostro singulariter 
convenit ordini, quod vestimentum antiquitus vocabatur 
colobriurriy id est, tunica sine manicis, tantum debet 
habere latitudinis, ut ambobus convenienter aptetur 
cubitis; longitudinis vero tantum antea quod ad coUum 
pedis usque pertingat et sit apta corpori, ut sit ex omni 
parte rotunda. Capellum ipsius prseter limbum integrum, 
viiilis pedis ex omni parte quadratam debet continere 
mensuram. Apertura superior habeat cubitum usque ad 
pollicis summum; inferior cubitum integrum et trium 
digitorum in ante appareat latitude cucullae capitio. 
Similiter autem subtus circa pedes, tunica debet esse 
rotunda qualitate mensurata; sagittas vero vel gerones 
tantum habeat, ut iter gradientes vel superfluitate vel 
parcitate non impediat, cujus manicse debent ex utraque 
parte ad secundos digitorum nodos usque pertinffere. 
Staminea talem debet mensuram habere, ut possit collum 
pedis cincta pertingere, similiter autem, sicut cucullae, 
subtus apertura cubito terminetur. Capitium habeat 
pedem integrum, similiter et manica parte latiori; contra 
manum vero, quo manere solet, angustior, e radice 
pollicis usque terminum indicis extendatur. Corrigia 
qua cingitur staminea, postquam fuerit bene extenta, 
latitudinem in se pollicis nabeat. Cultellum, inter 
ferrum et manubrium, trium adjecta latitudine digitorum 
habeat pedem dimidium. FemorcUiay quse S. Benedictus 

10 This celebrated abbey of the order of St. Benedict was founded in the sixth 
century by St. Laurent, sumamed the ''Illuminator,** Bishop of Spoleto, in the 
neighbourhood of that place. It Ib said to have been destroyed by the Lombardi, 
and was re-estabUshed oy St. Thomas towards the end of the same or beginning 
of the next century. 



AXD ecclesiastical COSTfME. 



concessit iter agentibus, qoantum temporis iucertum est 
quo vel quali tempore foris mittantur, omnibas conce- 
dujitur, taliter meuKun-ntur, ut in longitudine corjtoris 
possint convenienter »ptari : latitudine vei-o pars utraque, 
itieut esse »ulet dupla, cubitum ui^qne ad ix>Uicem Iiabeat 

i'sni consuta. At vei-o calUjif jwdem integrum superiua 
labeant jam cousutie, qua; fiant etiam lougfe, ut secundum 
xtaturam Iiomiiiis, quod in omnibus procui-antium est vesti- 
tneutis, cniribus cdiivenieuter aptentur, quie de sumnio 
uwiue ad pedem taliter coustrinpantur, ut cum supcrius 
pcdem lialient integrum, iuferius dimidimu. Cesta ealigse 
cum i'uerit assuta, debet esse tarn louga, quo possit intra 
pugnmu fieri cdustriota eakeo altitndine prietcr linibum 
qui awKuitur, altitndine liabeat pedcni dimidium; anterior! 
Tero parte latitudine digitonuii nodos. Pfdvk's similiter 
niensm'ati, ut possint pedibns snfficienter aptari. 

The order of Cluny Iiaviug been founded jirior to the 
above date, the dress recoi-ded in the foregoing was that 
of the eommunity of thotwi centimes. 

["Aunales Ucnedictini," Vol. IV., pp. 701-702.] 

The reformed order of Cluny, under its ninth Abbot, 
Pi>ter the Venerable," ushered in some modifications in 
the monastic di-ess of Benedictine monks. He drew up 
a new or reformed code, and his statutes on the subject 
of di-esK have reference, tlieiefore, to the twelfth century. 
His reformed rule is given in tlie Bibliotheca Cluniacensis 
(JIartin Man-ier and Andre Duchesne, Paris, 1614), and 
conmience.i at column 13.53 of that volume. At colunm 
l;J59 (Art. XVI.}, is the following :— 

[Sancti Petri Mauricii, dicti Venerabilis, abbatis Gu- 
niaeenxis IX., statuta congrcgationis Cluniacensis.] 

Statuluni est, ut nullus frati-um nostonim pannit*, qui 
dicunfur galabmni,'* vel isembrani vestiatur, nee iis qui 
vwanlur ^calfoJ'ii, vel frisii," exceptis Anglis vel Anglia; 
affinibuR monachis, ncque illiM qui appelluntur agneliui," 

" Fivtw dn JIimbou-Ktrr, >iuTuimc<l the Vmcnblc, ww abbot of Clunj bctwem 
list ml IIM. 

" 8oH of cloth called gaUbrun in old Fmicb : tpprauMng (a lintfJ/-irootuy. 
** Pamiblr onuM wnoUm rlcith wilh a " ua{i" on one ^Mf ; •art of frieu. 
' lambii' wool. 



70 BRIEF NOTICES ON MONASTIC 

exceptis Tlieutomds, et lis adjacentibus monachis : hac 
tamen conditione, si magis reUgiom congruentes nigri 
colons vestes in regionibS suis if venire non potuerint 

Causa instituti hujus fiiit supra quam dicere velim, 
sicut et ipse vidi; talium vestium notabiliter inhonesta, 
et turpis curiositas, qua olim multi nostrorum, non aUter 
quam seculares homines, sericis variis vel grisiis vestiimi 
generibus se comebant : et electo ad intimam cordis 
himiilitatem designandam, humiliore cunctis coloribus 
nigro colore, ipsa repugnante natura omare se, velut 
sponsi procedentes de thalamo, summo studio contende- 
bant. Versa res jam erat in habitimi, nee in iis delinquere 
se, Cfiecati usu longissimo, sentiebant. 

XVII. 

Statutum est, ut nullus fratrum Cluniacensiimi, cat- 
tinis,^*^ sive aliis, quibus usi solebant, peregrinis pellibus 
induatur, nee prorsus quibusKbet, exceptis arietinis, sive 
agninis atque caprinis pellibus,^® et ad coopertoria 
facienda solimimodo, sicut hoc magis placuerit, puto- 
siorum (pole-cats), et juxta aliorum linguam, vesonum 
Q/immarte] peUibus. 

Causa instituti hujus fiiit, multa, ut supra de pannis 
dictimi est, cattinarum, sive aliarum pelliimi, notabilis et 
damnabilis curiositas, quse in tantum, ut ipse novi, pro- 
cesserat, ut Gallicanorum cattorum pellibus contemptis, 
ad Iberorum vel Italorum cattos, rehgiosorum hominum 
curiositas transmigraret. Nil se habere non parva 
piorum, eisque adhserentium multitudo putabat, nisi ex 
pilosis ilHs et condensis, Numantinorum, hoc est juxta 
modemos, Amorensium cattorum pellibus contexto multi 
pretii coopertorio, lectus et muniretur pariter et oma- 
retur. Quod malum paulatim succrescens, ad hoc jam 
pervenerat, ut fere centum solidis empta coopertoria; 
addito quoque vestium non mediocri pretio, ditiores 
domes congesto multo alieni aeris debito, non parum 
— varent, pauperiores pene omnino pessumdarent. 

» Cat-skin fur. ^ Qoat sldns. 



AND ECCLESIASTICAL COSTUME. 



xvm. 

Statutum est, ut nullus scarlatas aut barracanos vel 
pretio808 burellos," qui Ratisponi, hoc est apud Raines- 
Doi'H \_Iia(ishon or liefjenshurg^ fiunt, nive picta quoKbet 
niodo slamina Iial)eat, sed solunimodo"' cilicntm (Col. 
1360), superjectift tantuni duobus inediocriB pretii panniH, 
qui albi ct nigri, ot ex utroque niixti coloris smt; et 
qui non duplitcs aut quadrupbces, seu niultipliceK, ut a 
quiburidani heri solet, sed eimpHceH fratribus supponantm". 

CauKa iiistituti Imjus fuit, ut in aliis vestiuni generibuH, 
daniuata curionitas etiani a lectis monachorum rcmove- 
retur, niaxime cum ante tem2)ora S. Hugonis, non nisi 
cilicio superposito, tantum uno et siniplici panno aliquis 
uteretur. . . , 

XXVm. (Col. 1362). 

Statutum c«t, ue culcianos cum corrigiis, quia iuutiliter 
laboriosTim orat, sabbatho abluant. Causa iiistituti huiuy, 
quia olini ubicumquc ntccssitas occun-ebat sub divo 
opcniiitcs, et pluviis et lutosis diebus, monachi calcianos 
8UOR, ipsa opcris ueccsHitate cogcnte, luto plenimque 
infectoH, ad claustrum revcrtentes, lavabant. Inde nuper- 
stitio descendensj cum illi hoc ex neceenitate facerent, et 
illos qui per annum et biennium de claustro nusquam 

firocedeiitej*, sua et mundiswima et nova calciamenta 
avait> quideni, qiiia ncccssarium non erat, non compelle- 
bat, scd duoiTim tantum digitoiiini extremis summitatibus 
diuibus aut tribuB, aquie guttulis infundere impcrabat. 

XXIX. 

Statutum est, ut frati-cs cqmtantcs Jroccnm, simul et 
capjHWi, fcire non compcllantur, sed aut frocco simplici, 
aut cappa tantimiuiodo, si volueiint, induti iter faciant. 

{Col. 1363.) Causa instituti Inijus fuit, vestixmi ipsaiiim 
munditia, ne, ut fieri solcbat, fratnmi claustra ingre- 

■^ CoaTH: wooUcn stall of grejlsh red or ruMet colour, known as bure, bureau 

" Pcnilcutiiiry liiUr-phirt, wtu next tlic skin, with a view to mortify the CAmo] 
BffectloDa and worldly dcsm-x '. 



72 BBIEP NOTICES ON MONASTIC 

dientium frocci et tunicae luto, pluviis vel lutosis diebus 
contracto, infecti ac sordidi apparerent ; et insuper labor 
itineris allevaretur, et antiquus de hac re utiKter institutus, 
modus reformaretur. 

XXX. 

Statutum est, ut morem veterem, quo sine involucris 
crurum leuga plus una equitare prohibebatur, tenere, si 
voluerint, non cogantur. 

Causa instituti hujus fiiit, quia nulla ratio apparebat 
qua cogerentur absque necessitate, quibuslibet involucris 
crura involvere, et quod necessitatis tantum causa per- 
missum fiierat, sine mla necessitate portare. . . . 

XXXVI. (Col. 1364). 

Statutum est, ut nullus etiam ex concessione futurus 
monachus, regularibus usque ad XX. annos vestibus 
induatur. 

Causa instituti hujus fuit, immatura nimisque celer 
infantium susceptis, qui antequam aliquid rationabilis 
intelligentisB habere possent, factae reugionis vestibus 
induebantur, et admixti aliis puerilibus ineptiis omnes 
perturbabant ; et, ut quaedam taceam, et muita breviter 
colligam, et sibi nihil pene proderant, et aliorum religio- 
sum propositimi non parum, immo quandoque plurimiun, 
impediebant. 

Such was the dress ordained by Peter the Venerable, 
and it may be taten as the latest record on the subject 
of Benedictine costume. 

The vestments of monks of whatever order were 
few, and resolve themselves into the following: — The 
** mantle," or ** cloak" [chapcy lat. chapa]; the ''cowl," 
in the sense of gown with hood attached [coule (cucvlle, 
foule) ; lat. cucullus] ; but in the sense of the hood only 
capuchoTi]]^^ the ''scapular" [scapulaire; lat. scapulare" ; 
the " tunic" (next the skin, whether of linen or of wool) 
[_gonne or etamine] ; the same under the name of the 

^ The cowl is also clearlj the superpeUiceum or grand capuchon of the monks 
'me orders, reaching to the ground (Du Cange). 



AND ECCUCSIASTICAL COSTUME. 73 

'^siamin" (or woollen tunic next the 8kin) [ol. I'tftamhie; 
lat. Htiiminea]; tlie "ti-ock" \_froc; kt. flocoxim], sometimes 
confounded with tlie cowl (See Du Cange "cucidlus"); 
" breeches," " filibeg," " drawers " [In-aies^ cale^otis ; 
fcmoralia, infii-mitatoK] ; sockw, sometimcB with leathern 
feet [cAtti^'ison.f ; lat. talaria] ; Htockiugs [has; lat. pedules; 
tibiaiia]; leathern boot-wtoekings; sort of gaiter f/rL'/jw*,- 
trabuques; lat. tibmctis; tubrueus, tibracaj; boots; buskins 
[Jrrodequin ; hottes ; house ; ossa ; housellus]. 

As regards ecclesiastical drt'ss, the mles established in 
rcupect of the robes of pnests officiating at the altar, 
were laid down in the veiy same (the twelfth) century. 
Tlie ditterent vestments or robes were fixed at the same 
iimnber, and have undergone no material cliange to the 
present day. They are sufficiently numeroun, and have, 
m many cases, an allegorical meaning. 

The alb [avbe; lat, alba].— White linen vestment, worn 
over an under-gannent ; used by the priest in saying 
mass, hence " albas gererc," or " esse in albis," is said of 
pricRts so officiating. Sometimes we find it embroidered 
in colour [aubc h'odir ; lat. alba parata]. This vestment 
is tantamount to the sui-plice. 

The amice {jimict, m. ; lat. amictus ; superhumerale]. 
— The oblong piece of tine linen which the priest who 
is to say mass rests for a moment on liis head, and 
then lets fall over the shoidders; typical of the *' helmet 
of salvntimi." 

The stole [etolc ; lat. stola ; orariuni]. — Narrow vest- 
ment woni roimd the neck, of the same material as the 
chasuble. Tliis vestment is said to be symbolical of 
" the yoke of CliTist." 

The maniple \_mampiUe-, m.; lat. manipula; fano]. — 
Of the same colour and stuff as the chasuble; its use is 
restricted to sub-deacons in the lloman Catholic church.* 

The chasuble" [chasuble, f. ; casiJaj pwniUa, planeta]. 
— This is the chief vestment worn by the priest who 
celebrates mass, being a large round mantle, covering 

• That ol TliomiiB A Bwkct Eb utill in the I'nthfdnil of SeiiP. 
■> Tbc cbwiibic of Tbcmiiu A Ik-ckct wnx of «rve\\ AW, unU tkc origiuul ia ^ttll 
pTVWtTcd in tliu cathcdnil of Stmi, [QaichGrat, p. 171}. 



74 HOEF soncES 09 Moiausiic 

die edehrmnt on bodi sdes down to the knees, and worn 
orer the odicr Testmentsw It 19 said to be emblematic 
of '^ chariiyJ' In fiinn it resembles a hcdlow tnmcated 
cone. A ^tecimcn of tfai» Testmcnt in green silk exists 
stilly and i^ preserred in the cathedral of Sens, belonging 
once to Thonias a Beeket. (Quiclierat, p. 172.) 

The paOimn (or pall) [pallium ; lat. pallium]. — 
A band or collar of white lamVs wool encircling the 
dionld^rs, with two pendent ends filling down the back 
and front, ornamented with red crosses. It is conferred 
by the Pope on all patriarchs and archbishops as a 
symbol of their ecclesiastical power.* This ornament 
is worn orer the chasuble. 

The dalmatic [dalmcUiqtte ; lat. dahnatica]. — ^An epis- 
copal vestment, and especiaUy of the deacon ; open on 
each side, with wide deeyes. 

The rochet. — ^Ldnen garment, resembling a surplice, 
but different in length, with tight sleeves ; proper to 
bishops [rochet ; rochette ; sarrau ; lat. rochetum]. 

The cope, is both a monastic and an ecclesiastical 
vestment, but not used in the celebration of mass 
[chajye ; cape ; manteau k capuchon ; lat. capa] ; (capa 
pluvialis, etc.) 

The surplice [surplis ; lat. superpellicium] was both a 
monastic and a sacerdotal vestment. 

The biretta [barrette ; beret; lat. barretum, baretta, 
birettum]. — The sacerdotal cap of priests. 

To these may be added, the "mitre" and the "pastoral 
staff" [crosse'] or crozier of bishops, the indispensable 
adjuncts of the episcopal costume. 

The parts of the mitre [mitrey f ; mitra] were the two 
"horns," indicating the ''two testaments" The two 
platoH formed to a point are in French named les pa7is 
do la mitre ; lat. comua. Pendent from the mitre are 
the "strings" [fanons; lat. pendilia, fasciae], symboKc 
of ''the sjpimt and the letter" The mitre of the twelfth 
century is characterized by the comparative lowness of 

^ is A charge in the annorial bearinffs of the sees of CanterboiT, 
Qd Dublin. 



AND ECCI,j:8!A8TICAL COSTUME. 75 

the hornii. Tlmt of Thomas h. Becket is still preseiTed 
in the cathedral of Sens. 

The " ci'ozier," or pastoral staff of bishops [crossf, f. ; 
baculum pastoralis, pedum, cambufa]. — Symbolic of the 
authority with wliich they rule their flocks. 

The other objects of episcoiial costume or dress, are 
the gloves, sandals, *" and nng [saudalia episcopi^, ^gants, 
the "stockings"] [caligae, tibialia]. 

The origin of the bisliop's gloves, as part of his 
liturgical dress, has direct connection -with the feudal 
system. When ecclesiastical beneiices were conferred 
by a sovereign or reigning prince, the custom was to 
invest the recipient or give liini possession by a pair of 
gloves. The practice dates from the eleventh centuiy, 
and many examples are still extant, discovered in the 
coffins of bishops and mitred abbots.** This symbolic 
allusion acquired thus a significance and importance, 
which the Clim-ch well knew how to turn to account. 

Another emblem of the episcojial dignity in tlie early 
days of the church, was the sujjerlnimiral \m\iQV- 
hunicrale], a large lichly bi-oeaded collar, of the nature 
of a pallium, or sort of ephod. Its use did not continue 
as an episcopal ornament. Tlie amice is said to have 
replaced it. 

The f<tregoing obseiTations may be .><upplemonted by a 
few historical data, on the antiquity and origin of some 
portions of liturgical costume and monkish dress. 

It was under the fii'st MeroWngiaus in the fifth 
ccntmy in France, and about the era of our own Saxon 
Heptarchy, that we have the original traces of actual 
sacerdotal costume in the West. The clerical costume, 
properly so-called, dates to tiie foiu-th ccntuiy, the only 
absolute requirement for the priesthood being that among 

" At p. 157 of "yuii'berBt'KHibtoryof French Cofhime is given a rqireseutotimi 
o( the HUidnhi vriim by biBhi>p8 i« the time tA Loiiiv li- Uros. 

*' Bishopit iu> well us kiti)^ unci iibbotn wurc at one piTiud iiiti'ircd in thi'ir 
Konl and (■rclndnatioal dreBe. Gervals. whd mvifUHi at l.iie obwquicn of ThotniiE 
k Becket, etatcn how he took part in ulutliint; tbut prcliitr with the very fiaac 
tobcc whii-h he wore dimng life in [I'lebrntiiig mnns. It oteiuT conBtunllj now in 
lifting tile nooriug or pjirtmtut of anoieiit chunhcB, thut nomc portion of cpj^copul 
cmtnino or other omamimt U tbun bioiight to light (Quicbcrnt, p. ITU). 



76 BRIEP NOTICES ON MONASTIC 

the existing robes of that era, the officiating clergy should 
invariably adopt the most ample and most flowing. It 
became m due course imderstood, in respect of their 
costume, that all dress, so long as it was white, long and 
flowing, and not that of common or every day usage, 
was admissible. To this rule exceptions are to be foimd, 
for during the whole time of his apostolate, St. Martin 
celebrated mass in black ; and we find towards the middle 
of the fifth century, that the bishops of the Visigothic 
kingdom of Narbonne, officiated pontifically in dyed and 
embroidered robes.** 

In the celebration of the mass, the first vestment 
adopted from the earliest times was the a/6, named 
''linea" from its linen- texture, and ''alba" from its 
colour. Next came the orro or ovarium^ which at a later 
period became the origin of the stole; indeed, in the 
ninth century, both were synonymous terms. An outer 
vestment, or large roimd mantle was worn over the alb, 
and this sacerdotal garment was first known under the 
names of ''penula" '' casula" and ''planeta" It was so 
termed casula, because it encased the priest as it were 
like a house on all sides; and planeta, because, like a 
planet, it was never stationary or at rest, but waved and 
oscillated around his body. The term casula was the 
original derivation of our chasuble^ the vestment in 
question. In the sixth century the so-called pallium 
(pall) was adopted, as a distinctive mark of metropolitan 
costume ; and the dalmatic in the fourth and fifth century, 
was assigned as a chief vestment to deacons. The 
uppermost vestment, the cope (cappa), or la chape of the 
French, had its origin long before it came into general 
use in the seventh centiuy, but not altogether as a sacer- 
dotal vestment. 

All ecclesiastics from the fifth century down, or from 
about 418-752 (the Merovingian period), had adopted the 
tonsure^ the circle of hair round the head being kept as 
small as possible ; and in this respect the secular clergy 
and monastic orders had no material difference. The 

» Quicherat, pp. 101-106. 



AND ECCLESIASTICAL COSITJME. 77 

clerical tonsure liad become common and universal in 
the fifth and sixth centui-ies. 

The large communities of monks, dating as they did 
from the first centuiies, followed more or less a code of 
their own, the rule of St. liasil being generally adopted ; 
but in the sixth century the advent of St. Benedict 
changed entirely the character of inonachism, and his 
rule (a» wc have already observed) was that of all the 
csenooitic life of tlie West for several succeeding centuiies. 
After that time monachism became reduced to some 
degree of uniformity; each community had before that 
period followed its own courne, both in dress and other 
obsei-vances. Of tlicsc primitive communities, the monks 
following the Egyptian rule, as were those of Marseilles, 
and those following the Greek rule of St. Basil, had 
many distinguishing features in their dress. The latter 
had adopted the " pallium," and this custom was taken 
cognizance of at the council of Orleans in 511, in the 
time of Clovis, King of the Franks. The institution of 
monto, or mona.sticism, goes back to the fourth century. 

Great abuses in di'ess, as well as in other parts of 
monastic life, found their way after a certain time into 
both the monastic and clerical calling, and a few obser- 
vations chiefly gleaned from Quichemt (at one time 
Director of the French Ecole des Chartcs),*" -will eluci- 
date the innovations of different ]jeriods do'vsni to tlie 
eighteenth centuiy. 

In the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, the statutes 
which regulated Ixith the dress of the clergy and tliat of 
the monastery, were greatly infringed, Plic magnifi- 
cence of a dignitary of the church in the former century 
knew no ijounds, and this departure from the relative 
simplicity of dre.Hs at the beginning, was veiy nmch to be 
traced to the then existing abuse, that many ecclesiastics 
united with their spiritual cliai'ge the civil and temporal 
tiinctions of great impropriators and beneficiaries, and 
tlioso who care to enter into the question of the church 
revenues of those days will find corroborative e^'idence of 
the fact. 

* " Hiatoire du Ccwtutne cu Fnmc«." 



78 BBIEF NOTICES ON MONASTIC 

Many parts of the sacerdotal dress were uncere- 
moniously dealt with and altered at that period. The 
*^alb" underwent a change in shape ; and equally other 
vestments. It was towards the end of the mteenth 
century that the ^^ chasuble" assumed the form by which 
it is now known. 

The monastic institutions fell, about that time, into 
the same state of irresponsibility and laxity. The 
Benedictine (Cluniac) monks of the fifteenth century 
adopted all manner of innovations of dress, in total 
defiance of their rule ; and the Cistercians, their rivals, 
who at one time set themselves up as a pattern of 
austerity and denial, became for that reason the most 
flagrant infringers of the two. Their professed monks 
changed the colour of many parts of their habit, whilst 
their lay-brethren entirely put aside their statutory grey 
habit, and dressed, if one may so say, in all the colours 
of the rainbow, altering, in addition, both the cut and 
form of their clothing. 

The state of the nunneries was no better at the same 
period. About a.d. 1413 the lady abbesses not only 
dressed themselves according to the then prevailing 
female fashion, but tolerated the same departure from 
their rule in the sisters of the convent. Their veils 
were made to show the face instead of concealing it, and 
these superioresses, when called upon to recCess the 
scandal, simply pleaded the existing fashion of the day. 
It is probable that these excesses overdid themselves, for 
records tend to prove that the then existing monastic 
eccentricities were eventually redressed. 

It may be stated here, whilst on the subject of 
nunneries, that the ** wimple " [wimple or guimple ; 
guimpe; lat. wimpla], dates to the eleventh century. 
Writers mention it under the head of theristrium or 
theristum, a head-dress also very analogous to the 
Spanish mantilla. 

The question of hair and the ** beard" has given rise 
to much scandal in the church, and opposition more than 
once, and has often been the cause of downright ridicule. 
This was especially the case in the following century. 



AND ECCLESIASTICAL COSTUME. 79 

When Pope Clement VII. allowed his beard to grow, as 
a wgn of ^ef after tlie taking: and sack of Kome in 
1527, the seat of his episcopal cliair, the French clergy 
took it into their heads to adopt the fashion, and caused 
considerable disturbance and agitation at the time. An 
anecdote is told of a certain bishop of Clennont (Guil- 
laume Duprat) who had been nominated to that see 
whilst under age. This prelate went in 153-5 to take 
possession of his cathedral, and was possessed at the 
time of j)orliaps the finest beard of any man in France. 
On presenting himself for that purpose, the dignitaries 
of the chapter met him at the cnti-aneo of the choir, 
and with all due deference ob-sti-ucted his entry, offering 
him on a silver salver a jiair of scissors, and at the 
same time pointing to the rule in their statutes, "(/e 
barhu radendis." The sequel was, that altliough highly 
indignant and o])po.sed to the measure of curtailing his 
beard, the bishop-elect had to give way. Hut on the 
same subject earlier instances should have been before 
mentioned, and equally ridiculous. About the beginning 
of the twelfth century, when Ileiu-y I. was on the throne 
of England, the subject of the beard and liair disquieted 
the minds of the clergy of that day. Both had been 
discarded fifty years before, in the reign of Hemy I, 
of France. Now the mode Lad again crejjt in. The 
chui-ch urged against tlie fashion the woi-ds of St. Paid 
to the Coiinthians, "That if a man liave long hail-, it 
is a »bamc unto him," and declared the custom quite 
incompatible with the then prevailing usage of pilgrims, 
prisoners, and penitents. Not this only, but the two 
most illustrious prelates of the day, Yves, Bishop of 
Chartres, and Anselm, Archbiiihop of Canterbury, refused 
the sacmuients to those of tli*;ir diocesans, who did not 
conform to the rules of the chui-ch in re.spect (tf hair. 

The Council of Rouen fulminated eijually in 1096 a 
dcnujiciation throughout Nonnandy to the same effect. 
One of the bishops of that ducliy, Rathlxide of Noyon, 
denounced the custom as one of the chief cau.'*t's of the 
then prevailing epidemic. Tliis had its effect, for more 
t a thousand persona thereupon presented themselves 



80 BRIEF NOTICES ON MONASTIC 

to be operated upon in consequence ; and it is said that 
the keen-eyed prelate, observing that their tunics were 
also too long, applied his scissors equally to shorten 
them. 

Serlon, Bishop of S6ez, did the same thing. Henry I. 
of England and his whole court, amongst whom was the 
Comte de Meulan, underwent the same operation in the 
church of Argentan at the hands of that bishop. Serlon 
had been instrumental in bringing over the King to 
Normandy, to restore the order and confusion into which 
the duchy had been thrown by the neglect and supine- 
ness of Robert Courte-Heuse. He took the opportunity 
of first inveighing against the practice in a sermon, and 
then applied the actual remedy to Henry and his whole 
suite. The former tendered his head to be so operated on 
with all possible humility.*^ But this quotation only 
exemplifies the matter partially as regards ecclesiastics. 

The like practice continued among the clergy, and 
reappeared at intervals. In 1561, during the reign of 
Henry II. of France, the prelates of the church, who 
were opposed to shaving, placed their chins under the 
protection of the King,** by getting him to enforce the 
measure, and intimidate the chapters. The celebrated 
Pierre Lascot (Alasco), when at one time (towards the 
middle of the same century) elected to a canonry in the 
cathedral of Paris, experienced every possible difficulty 
in being installed in consequence of his beard. The 
chapter consented to admit him under the circumstances 
(possibly because he had abjured Catholicism), so long 
as it should not be taken as a precedent. It was more 
or less about that date that Protestant ministers having 
also adopted long beards, scruples on that question were 
again raised among Catholics. The subject was discussed 
at Sorbonne^ in 1561, and although the decision arrived 
at was against the practice, the whole of the churches of 
the West at that time tacitly permitted it. How, in fact, 

« Quicherat, p. 158. « Ibid, p. 369. 

^ This society of ecclesiastics attained great reputation on questions of theology, 
and their judgment was frequently appealed to down to nearly the end of the 
eighteenth century. It had oeen founded by Robert de Sorbonne in 1252, and 
was dissolred about 1789. 



could it have been otherwise, for all the Popes of that 
day followed the same custom of ignoring the razor ? 

The dress of the clergy in everyday life was regulated 
in the sixteentli century, and black was the colour assigned 
to it. The French ecclesiastics resisted the clerical dresa 
or uniform, if one may so term it. It consisted of the 
coiiaocl: (soutane) and a square cap, at first the colour of 
which was arbitrary. The introduction of black was 
the original idea of Cardinal Borromeo, the Arclibishop 
of Jlilan. He ordered tlie whole of the clergy of his 
province to adopt that colour in 1565, but it was not till 
1583 that the French clergy, who resisted the Italian 
innovation, fell in Avith the custom. Throughout all 
Europe, alwut that time also, clerics began to wear a 
nkiUl-cap \ci.th', valotttt] under their other head covering. 

A distinctive mark of the bishop's dress at that time, 
also, was the cnjK-ttc, a short mantle which was worn 
over the camail. Prelates of that day were not restricted 
to black as tlie rest of the clergy, neither had violet then 
been adopted as their distinctive colour. Most of the 
paintings of that epoch show light blue to have been the 
prevailing colour. The dom-mo, or hood under that 
name, was also one of the bishop's attributes in winter."" 

Wigs, again, which came into fashion in the following 
century, especially at the time of Louis XIV. and our 
own King Charles II,, were piWuctive of the same 
scandal in the chmch, and oi' similar scenes to those 
caused by bcaids. The ablx^ tie la Riviere, the intimate 
associate of Gaston d'Orleaiif*, son of Henry IV., and 
bishop of Langres, was the tirst to adojit the peruke. It 
was probably about 16'20 that it was first worn in France, 
but became common in England in 1660. The junior 
uiembcrs of the clei-gy were not long in following his 
example. There arose on the subject a sort of com- 
proniiso, that such false hair should be taken off by 
the celebmnt at mass, and never worn at the altar, and 
thus for a while it was tolerated. But perhaps the 

■ Qiikhent, p. 130. A French bUhop of Sinlcron, sbj-i" LpstoUe, when at the 
point at drath. asked for hi* domino, bwnwip, anid he, "BmU siinl qui morianlur 
tn Domino." The titoTj is too good to be true : it luust have been lijd for him. 



82 MONASTICAL AND ECCLESIASTICAL COSTUME. 

most flagrant matter on this question arose out of the 
licentious character of that age. The abb^s (or as they 
were styled " ahhes perruquets "), rather than officiate at 
mass in consequence of the above rule, never went near 
their churches at all, so that to conform to their tastes a 
smaller peruke came into mode for their especial use, 
which went from that time \mder the name of '' perruqiies 
cPahbe."^ 

We now close the subject, and leave it at the above 
date, for to continue further, and pointedly comment on 
recent Anglican church-innovations, might possibly cause 
us to infringe Rule (No. 1) of this Society. 

'^ Quicherat» p. 514. The quantity of hair contributed by the dead and living 
towards making these wigs was enormous, so much so, that Colbert threatened to 
prevent its further importation into France, but then, as now, the French holding 
the first place in matters of taste, the fact that wigs of their manufacture were 
highly prized in England, Spain, and elsewhere, the revenue was vastly benefited ; 
and so the matter dropped. 



MKMUIRS OF MRS. OMtFIEIJ), BY HER SON, AND NOTICES 

(tF THE NEIGIIBOFRIIOOI) UF OLDFIELD EAWN, FROM 

178.5 TU 1808: WITH AN ACCOUNT UF THE AUTHOR. 



Bv THK lliiv. F. 11. ARNOLD, M,A.. LL.B. 




Sussex. 



Thk author of these Memoirs was one of those who 
followed the advice of Captain Cuttle, as regards men 
and wonn'n, places and tilings, " Wlien found, make a 
note of." From his early days he deliglited in making 
copious memttmnda, anu in writing letters descriptive 
of the HCciies and ocemTonecs he witnessed. These were 
greatly divei-sified. In Newfoundland, Canada, and the 
West Indies ; in the Netherlands, and in Paris, after 
Waterloo (where his obsei-vations are the most interesting 
of any), in Jersey, in Scotland, and in li-elund ; wherever 
he sojourned he made notes in many volumes, and also 
set down the honks he neniscd in his daily reading, with 
comments t' 



liiese MSS. have been kindly lent 
hy Major-Geiieral Richard Oldtield, his son, with 
(onnission t"> nmke use of them. Most of tlieso are of 



84 UEHOIBS OF UBS. OLDFIBLD. 

^neral, rather than of local interest ; hut the contents 
of a little octavo volume are an exception. Towards 
the end of his days General John Oldfield wrote a 
hiography of hie mother, which, as containing many 
references to Susses life, in the extreme western comer 
of the county, a century ago, is worthy of preservation 
among similar records in these "Collections." In the 
following extracts I give mainly the writer's own words, 
and prefix a hrief account of his ancestry, with a sketch 
of his career, chiefly derived from his own letters. 
During the Civil War the Oldfield family took the 
Cavalier side, and after the Restoration was rewarded 
hy a baronetcy. Sir Anthony Oldfield, son of John 
Oldfield, of Hylsted, co. York, was "for his loyalty and 
attachment to the royal cause," made a baronet by 
letters patent Aug. 6, 1660 (12 Car. II.) He was suc- 
ceeded by his son. Sir John Oldfield, 2nd Bart., who 
had two sons; the elder became Sir Anthony, 3rd Bart., 
who left no male issue, and was 
ifi, succeeded hy his brother. Sir John, 

Vk^ 4th Bart., who died unmarried, the 

£Bt^^ property devolving to his sisters and 

1|^HP coheiresses, Mary and Margaret, and 

Tff^ the title to Eaward, grandson of 

cJs^.j» Richard, 3rd son of Sir Anthony, 

~ Ist Bart. He also died without 

issue, and the title devolved to 
his brother Humphrey, from whom 
General Oldfield was descended.' 
Some of the most interesting of the 
armorial bearings which occur on 
Sussex monuments have punning 
^ arms, and more rarely punning 
crests, and we have an instance of 
both in those of Oldfield, which, 

1 TTIh flnitn to be fifth baronet was Bubmitted to the HenJd'a College, who 
expressed an ophiion that although they had no doubt that Qeneral John Oldfleld, 
R.E., was the representative of the baronetcf, yet that, owing to a BTntem which 
had been noted of cutting and mairinR regiaten, there was great diiQcultj in 
actually tracing his desceut from lUchaid, third son of 8ir Anthony Oldfield, and 
a re-cieation at the baronetcy wonld be neccaritated. This involved great ezpenae, 
which Oenetal Oldfield decided to burnt. 




MKMOIRS or MRS. OLDFIELD. 85 

mill TUrious quarterinffs, arc to be seen in Westbounie 
Cliurch. The amis oi Oldfield are — Or on a pile vert 
3 garbs fwheat sheaves). 2. I Crest upon a garb, a dove 
azure, close holding in its mouth a wheat ear.^ The 
motto "Pax et Cojiia" i« also veiy appropriate, both with 
respect to the dove and the full ear of com. 

Omitting here a particular account of General Oldiield'a 
immediate ancestors, as they do not appear to liave been 
connected with Sussex, we proceed to the events of his 
life. 

He was bom at Portsmouth, May 29, 1789, and received 
a classical and mathematical education from three clergy- 
men successively, named Foster, Le Brock and Hoyle, 
ajid read French at home. All his amusements and 
reading out of study, lie tolls us, tended towards the 
AiTuy, for which he had a strong predilection. On 
completing his 14th year he was taken to Woolwich 
Aeaaeniy for entrance, when it was discovered that liis 
height was 4^-ft. — i.i'., under the regulation standard 
of 4-ft. 9-in., and that consequently he coidd not enter 
without a dispensing order fi*om the Master-General. 
Tliis was obtained. He passed his examination Aug. 
33, 1803, and then joined the Royal Military College 
at Great Marlow (now Sandhurst), fi-om which cadets 
were sent to Woolwicli. At Woolwich he was prepared 
for an Artillen' commission ; but the Earl of Moii-a, 
Master-Genenil of the Ordnance, pi-efen-ed placing him 
in the Engineers, which he joined August 23, 1805, 
exactly two years after his admission.* His vacations 
were pa.ssed in Sussex. He next joined the Trigono- 
metrical Sui*vey, at Bodmin, and afterwards went to 
Portsmouth, where he was promoted to a First Lieu- 
tenancy. When under orders to go to Nova Scotia he 
wan seized with typhus fever, and liad to remain at 

' Tlic WheBtlt'Vs, nt PevcTWcT. hove also (or their crest s garb or wbeatfhi'of 
(•' S. A. C," Vol. XXXVII., p. H). 

• Among liin notes, when cndt-t. he tnys, "' Ili» Miijesty George III. visited the 
AcmHamy un the iWh Mny. >*J5. "t wliich time I was witliin two or three of the 
lop of thfl AcMlcinjr. 11^ llajtMy iioticwl mn, emjuiwd my age ond who I was. 
On bcin^t told, he wob pleaded to notice my node's serrice*. ae beinf- Irceb in his 
ntuUL-otlon. 'Hid Queen apokc liernuin to I.aiidiniuin luid BlumcuhaU'Q, icitli 
tbo ionuet Ilur Slajuaty uouvenod for tame time." 



86 MEMOIRS OF MRS. OLDFIELD. 

Emsworth until another convoy sailed. On the 4th of 
June, 1807, he landed at Halifax, and served in America 
till 1809, when he returned to England and was quartered 
at Dorchester. He was ordered to Fort George, in Scot- 
land, and continued there until he embarked for foreign 
service. He arrived at Helvoetsluys on the 28th of 
March, 1814, and was with the army of Holland and the 
Netherlands during that year. From a series of letters* 
written home at that time we find that he was at Antwerp 
on the 5th of May, when the French garrison quitted it, 
and Sii' Thomas Grraham entered with the British troops. 

" We were received," he says, " with the greatest enthusiasm, and 
the air was rent with ^Vive VAngleterre!^ ^Vive VAutriche!^ the former 
cry predominating. The town was illuminated in the evening ; we 
were received at the Theatre with the acclamations that had greeted 
us since the first day of our arrival, whenever an English uniform 
appeared. The piece was * Kichard Ooeur de Lion.' " 

Writing from Antwerp, on the 12th of August, 1814, 
he thus describes his first acquaintance with the Diike of 
Wellington : — 

" On the 10th His (Jrace the Duke of Wellington arrived at Antweq) 
on his route to Paris, to assume the duties of the British Embassy. 
He was accompanied by Lieut.-Cols. Chapman and Hessey, of the 
Boyal Engineers, and was joined at Brussels by Lieut.-Col. Carmichael 
Smyth. His Grace's obiect was to obtain such information as would 
enable him to give an opmion upon the defence of Belgium, which, by 
the treaty of Paris, was, together with Holland, to become the kingdom 
of the Low Countries. I accompanied his Grace on the following 
morning round the fortifications of both town and citadel. The Duke 
made a most minute inspection. His questions were nimierous, and 
he did not appear dissatisfied with the information he received, 
although somewhat bored by the prosing of the Commandant of the 
citadel, a retired Captain of the Irish Artillery, on full pay, of the 73ixi 

* In one of these, dated from Calmptout, 1 April, 1814, after describing a dinner 
at head-quarters with the Prince of Orange, he relates the following anecdote : — 
** Col. Browne, formerly of the 28th Regt., and now commanding the 3rd Batt. 
of the 56th, a well-known eccentric character, also dined there a few days since. 




waggon 

drove through the cantonments the servant*, idlers and villagers turned out, 
following the waggon, so that by the time it reached head-quarters a crowd had 
assembled, which, attracting the attention of the party collected in the drawing- 
room, they came to the window as the waggon stopped, when Tom Browne made 
his appearance, to the amusement of the company and the disappointment of the 
crowa, who expected at least to have seen a lion or a tiger.'* 



MKMniK.S OF MRS. OLDFIELD. 



Bfigt., and whose Brevet rank placed him in thia conmiand. It waa 
the first time I had met his Grace, with whom I had the gratiiication 
of breakfasting. He left Antwerp) for Brussels at two o'clock." 

Tbe commotion wliicli ensued on Bonaparte's escape 
from Elba is thus incidentally mentioned : — 

"BruBselB, 7 th April, 1815. Iliad ecarcely sat down to dinner when 
R Bervnnt came lip to aay a gentloman wished lo see me. I enquired 
who he wiia, imd waa told a 'Bos gentleman,' for all the Belgians were 
known amongst tiie soldiers by the appellation of ■ Bos." I told him 
I was engaged ; hut he insisted on seeing me. After apologising for 
disturbing me, he said that as a family man it might be important for 
me lo know that Najioleou had reached Paris, and that tlie King and 
Royal Family were on tlie road to Ypi-es, pursued by the rebels. I 
tlinnknl him for the iitfarmation, and ordered my family to pack up 
forthwith and preiwre to leave Ypres for England at daylight. Going 
botrk to my quarters I gave the necessoiy orders for the next morning. 
My family were up before six, and drove out of the Conrt-yard of the 
Fala<;u as the General and his A.D.C, drove in, and I sent an orderly 
to see they met witli no ditticulty in the intermediate stage between 

Ypres and Ostend They had a most boisterous passage. 

Alter remaining some days in town to recover themselves, they pro- 
ceeded into BuBsex to occupy my bouse, which had been vacated by tlie 
lenanl, a Captain in the Navy, lo whom the late events had given 
emJlloJ^^cnt," 

At the beginning of April, 1815, the Duke of Welling- 
ton, after going to linissels, gave orders for putting the 
frontier into a ntate of defonce by constructing new 
workd at Ostcnd, Ypres, Oudenarde, Mons, and other 
fortresoes, and inundating the country where ab,sohitely 
iiecessaiy. C'aptain Oklfield was entrusted with iimndii- 
ting the distiict round Ypres, a troublesome and tiiankless 
oi)e ration." 

- 'Hiin wcrdifUipUinodtn anotlicrlctti-'r. "We took up oiir billet in the village 
of ThuTcu. Tlie lionw of our ' lioB,' for thia is tbe t«r&i glvL-n to the boet or 
landlord, vat •mall, but beautifully clean." 

• With reffn-Ticc lo thiwe inundationi'. a ehorarterirtic ancrdotu of Wellington 
IshricrpiBtcd:— " He a^hcd on Eagiiu-o- offlwr if the waters at a cortain plocu 
wcro (nrdable, and on hie n^lying with hrsitBtiou, he oidcrecl liim to try to pnas. 
Ml whirli the unlucky ofBrar got in bni-Ae and all, and cM^prd with a good 
ducking." Another, loo, relating to the Duke'e memory of poiticulat persons, 
and ucctMmit'd by this riidt, dceerTe« record ;— " Hia timec ha« nn unfortunate 
Bicni»ry. In piiiig rininrt the works of Tpre«, the C.R.E. and an oIDcjt were 
iuitiii'^If it. Ii 1.1 r..i, rli, Duke. The ofHccr, with great wanl of tact, was enquiring 
of (III I.' ' -■ ■ 111 the day, and was with difficulty silenced. On IpuTinp 

Ih'- >'" '<''< the carriage, the Duke turned to the C.K.E. and paid, 

'It }■■' I llip gentleniBn who wa» enquiring for news, I was about 

to (ill liii^i t:< '1 I- ii<<: 111 II ('i>Ri.>e-ioom. I remember hii" well in the Pcnini^ulo. 
Inrti'iul ot liKikiuf; iilti-r his pontoons, he was amusiug himself ridiug over the 



88 MEMOIRS OF MRS. OLDFIELD. 

" In consequence of representations as to the injuiy caused by the 
flooding," he says, "the General desired me to draw off the waters. 
I stated to him my readiness to obey any directions he gave me; but if 
the inundations were not continued the place was not safe against a 
coup de 7nain, as the breaches were not yet closed, the ditches cleared, 
or many of the palisades put up. They were therefore not interrupted, 
to the satisfaction of the Duke on his visit to Ypres at the end of the 
month. A complaint," he observes, "was also made to the King of 
the Netherlands of our cutting the king's timber for our palisades. I 
certainly did take what I wanted, wherever it was to be had, and I was 
told that the Duke was well satisfied with what we had done." 

The next letters relate to his joining the Army of the 
Dnke of Wellington as Brigade Major, R.E., and the 
exertions which were made to put the frontier into a 
state of defence before the commencement of hostilities. 

** On the 15th of June," he says, "we had at Brussels all sorts of 
reports of the movements of the French and of the allies. Sir Colin 
Campbell was to dine with us ; he brought with him his relation. Sir 
Neil, who had charge of the Emperor at Elba. My chief (Col. Car- 
michael Smyth), the two CampbelLs, the adjutant and myself sat down 
to dinner at our usual hour. The evening was a most interesting one ; 
from Sir Neil wo had numerous anecdotes of Napoleon ; from Sir Colin 
we had the latest head-quarter reports. After dinner we stroUed in 
the park. The Duke had been at or near Gharleroi in the early part 
of the day, and given orders for the concentration of our troops, and 
we were hourly in expectation of a move." 

The original idea of the Duke of Wellington was that 
a battle would be fought near Antwerp. A sketch of the 
plains of Waterloo was obtained by nim shortly before 
the battle from Major Oldfield, who furnished it to Sir J. 
Carmichael Smyth. The letter in which he describes the 
recovery of this plan, after being lost for a time, is so 
interesting that great part of it may be quoted : — 

** On the morning of the 17th, upon my joining Col. Smyth, he desired 
me to receive from Lieut. Waters the plan of the position, which, 
according to his desire, I had sent to him from Brussels the preceding 
day, and of which I was told to take the greatest care ; it had been lost 
in one of the charges of the French cavaJuy. Lieut. Waters, who had 
put it in his sabretache, was imhorsed in the melie and ridden over. 
On recovering himself, he found the cavalry had passed him, and his 
horse was nowhere to be seen. He felt alarmed for the loss of the plan. 
To look for his horse he imagined was in vain, and his only care was to 
avoid being taken prisoner, which he hoped to do by keeping well to 
the right, as the enemy, being repulsed, was returning oy the left. 
After proceeding about fifty yards ne was delighted to find his horse 



MEMOIRS OF MRS. OLDFIELD. 89 

2iu«t]y destroj-ing the vegetables in n garden near the farm-houBG at 
[utttre Bras ; ho thus, Ibrtmiately, reeovei-ed his plan, and witli it 
rejoined the Colonel. The relreiit of the PruHsians upon Wavre rendered 
it necessarj' for the Duke to make a correaponding movement, and upon 
the receipt of a communication fi-om lilucher he called for Col. Smyth, 
and Beked him for his plan of thti position of Waterloo, whidi I 
iniiuediately handed to hini. The L'uie then gave ordei-s to General 
de Lancey to put the army in position at Waterloo, forming them acrosa 
the NiveUes, &c." 

It has been eometinies asserted that part of the ground 
near Waterloo was entrenched. Tliis General Oldfield 
Htates to be altogetlier eiToneous.' Some personal inci- 
dents whicli o<;cun'ed to the writer on the field of battle 
are worthy of mention : — 

" Sir William de Lnncey, the Deputy- Quartermaster-General, fell 
cArly in the day. We were near a aofitary tree, opposite La Hoye 
Suinte ; I wan within a horse's length of liini when he fell. My mare 
rear^, and turned round with me ; I thought alie had been wounded. 
The fire was very heavy. Whilst we were on the right a shell burst 
in the luidet of us. During a charge of c-avalry the enemy bad pene- 
trated to the second line, and in the melie I liad the good fortune to save 
a Dutch HuBsar from being cut domi by one of our own, I believe of 
the Tenth. The uniform was veiy similar to that of a French conts 
with which we were engaged, but being well acquainted with the 
Dutch uniform I rode up in time to jirovent niisthief in this instance. 
Our Hussar, however, toldmehehadsabred two or three in that uniform. 
, . . It was I think between seven and eight, when, being on the 
left, I saw the Prussians at a diHtanoe. I returued to the right just 
before the French made their last grand effort. ... It certainly 
was a glorious spectacle to see our hue advancing upon tie retiring 
enemy, and to hear the British cheer resounding fi-om one £nnk to 
another. At the moment of the advance a battery of Belgion Hoi-se 
Artillery- was close to me, they were cheering enthusiasticaliy, when a 
diachnrge fnmi a Frencli battery, I believe the last they fired, dismounted 
one or two guns and put nearly twenty of the officers and men horn tie 
comhat." 

The UTiter then goes on tr) doscribe his return to 
Waterloo in the dusk after the battle wus over, and liis 
tinding his old iriend, Sir Henry Ellis, of the 23rd, 
wounded by the side of the Kivefle Road, who begged 

r ■* On ridins up to the field lo make mj rrport to (.'olouel Hw.vth. I Icunil from 
hitn tlml tiie lliike liad rcUnqulgboiI tlic idea of L-nlrptu^tuocnt, nnd from thin 
dl<mmKt«Dce, and bmu my hnring bpon wi-vnl tiniFs during the liaj cm tho 
plateau. I ran (.'ouSdeudj nlnte l.hitt UM a vhovelfii] at earth xtns ttirml. olid di-ny 

dut auotUon of tlie txittlr' ut Wuti'ilmi Ijddiig bt'tn foiiglil in lui ('UtrL'ii<.'bciI 
or of a redoubt bflug couslrutlwl." 



90 MEMOIBS OF MRS. OLDFIELD. 

him to get him removed, for which he procured a tmnbril. 
The way in which he spent the night of the 18th is 
thus graphically related : — 

" We found the billet we had left in the morning filledjsdthjeroundedv 
our servants and orderlies gone to the rear. We put up our horses in 
the stable, and foraged them with straw from a neighbouring loft. 
Our next object was to get ourselves under cover, which we did, by 
breaking open a house on the opposite side of the road, to which we 
brought some straw from the stable, making ourselves as comfortable 
as might be for the night. The house was apparently empty ; in the 
kitchen Sir George Hoste found part of a ham, which was cut in slices, 
toasted on his swoixi, and being divided amongst us, formed a scanty 
repast. After some time the owner of the house was foimd in the 
cellar ; he was in great alarm, and declared that he had nothing what- 
ever left. He pestered us about the events of the day, and enquired 
particularly about a Colonel of Belgian Carbineers, of whom we knew 
nothing ; but our witty friend Head turned the question to good 
account, by assuring him that his poor friend the Colonel was no more, 
but that after he was struck he had told him to go to his friend, who 
lived opposite the cabaret at Waterloo, and bid him be kind to his 
cheres amis les Anglais, The man naturally stared at Head, and at last, 
with a little persuasion and the sight of a few francs, was induced to 
bring forth some bottles of wine and some bread, which we divided 
with Sir George Wood, who had been less fortunate. Having made a 
hearty meal we threw ourselves on the straw and slept soundly." 

Of Major Oldfield's habit of careful observation and 
accurate description, we have a good example in his first 
letter after the occupation of Paris by the allies : — 

" Paris, July 28th, 1815. 

** My time since we entered Paris has been fully occupied with my 
official duties and sight-seeing. My first object was the establishment 
of my office at No. 36 in the Rue d'Anjou, nearly opposite the billet 
of my chief, with whom the Adjutant and myself used daily to break- 
fast, but as his hours were late, generally nearer eleven than ten, I 
fermitted that honour to devolve on the Adjutant alone, in order that 
might have time to myself, breakfasting at seven or ei^ht. I gained 
fully two hours every day, being anxious to see all I coxud of the great 
city, where the period of our stay was uncertain. Immediately upon 
our occupation of Paris the Prussians were anxious to destroy the Pont 
de Jena, and it was with difficulty the Duke preserved this beautiful 
bridge from desti'uction by dissuading Blucher to delay the opei*ation 
until the arrival of the Allied Sovereigns, who entered Paris on the 
night of the 10th of July, where we had assembled the Emper<:)r8 of 
Austria and Kussia, the King of Prussia, and the Grand Dukes Nicholas 
and Michael. 

** In the Emperor of Austria and Kinff of Prussia there was nothing 
prex>06ses8ing, although both were well spoken of by their subjects 



MEMOIRS OF .MKS. OLDFIKLD. 



m 



and reiiresentetl as en-ellont Sovereigns, The Emperor I had se^n at 
Antwerp). Alexander looked tho Euiperoi-. The Kuaeian ArciidukcB 
Nicholas and Michael I bad also met with at Antwerii, and at Paris 
they did tue the houowr to recogniKe me. The veviews of the different 
triM)!"! were most intercRting ; tfie British troops irei'c the worst dreseed, 
hill dei-idedly the tincBt men, hs niig-ht be observed when men of t]ie 
dilFercut nations were hathing in tlie Seine, 1 was at ilie first hall tlie 
Diihe of Wellingtiin gave aft^r imr t«nlrj- into PnnB. His Grace was 
lodged at the Palace of the Elys^e Bourbon, a itiaiwion well calodated 
for giving f@tes. Anxious to see tlie company airive, I went early and 
placed myself at the door of the reception room, where I was noon 
joined by tlie Hetnian PlatotT, who had oUti come early for the same 
purpose. Wc exeliangeil such iufomialion as we posBpsBtNl in referpticp 
to tiio diHtinguished statenmen and scililicra of all Eurnpe, who jMssed 
before uti. The Hetman was a shni'p and intelligeut little man, and 
made himself very agreeable, "We dmed genemlly, a small party, at 
a reslauratt'UTR, A lii carte ; the charges were mwlerate, tho eooking 
esft'llent, and llie wine good. Of the Caf^s, the Cnf^ des MJIlea 
Couleurs was perhaps the most splendid, and la belle liniotitiidiere 
tho greatest ornament ; she was said to have atti'acted the attention 
of the Emperor of Russia, At the Caf6 d'Etrangere in the PalaiH 
Bovale tliere is generally very tolerable luusic. In my next letter I 
will make mention of tho Theatre and of the Lou\Te. For the pre- 
sent Allien, 

" r.8. — I foi^t to tell you that the Duke sent the Prince Regent 
Napoleon's spiun to place in his R.H.'s Museiun ; they were presented 
by a Prussian officer, who had taken Iheni with some of tlie Empeiiir's 
baggage after the hiiltle of Waterloo. The Duke with some diMculty 
put a stop to tho Allies levj-ing contrihutioue on Paris, a measure thny 
were most anxious to earrj- into effect," 

After lonviiig Parif* in SpptpmlKT \\v had two niontliN' 
leave, wliifli he spent in Suhsox, and then returned to tlie 
Continent, where ho roniainod, principally at Canibrai, 
until the end of hSliS. He tlien left fur Enghuid. and 
lived for a while at home. In a letter dated < )ldtield 
Lawn, Dec. 10, ISIS, lie looks forward to a little tran- 
quility. 

" My sapper sen-ant I daily exi>ect. when, like fnch- Toby mid 
Corporal Trim, we may fight our cainpaignw togelher. noi on rlie 
bowhng green, but on the liawn. and 'twill he long before we have 
another cnmjmigii, if ever we have f»ne." 

Hirt retirement was, however, not so permanent as that 
of Uncle Tohy. After lieinjr on half-j)By in Hns.sex until 
1825, he wa.s sent on a special coniuiission to the West 
Indies. Thence he went t<i Ireland, and was quartered 
for xeventl vears at Atlilone. In ISljn he was ordered 



92 MEMOIRS OF MRS. OLDFIELD. 

to Newfoundland® and afterwards to Jersey,^ where he 
remained until 1839. The next four years were spent in 
Canada, and his letters thence relating to the suppression 
of the Rebellion are full of interest. In 1843 he returned 
to Plymouth, and in 1848 was sent again to Ireland. In 
1852 he came back to Oldfield Lawn, where he passed 
the remainder of his days. 

General Oldfield married Mary, daughter of Christopher 
Arden, Esq., of Dorchester, March 12, 1810, by wnom 
he had seven children — Elizabeth Mary, John Kawdon, 
Thomas, Edward Hmnphrey, Eliza Maria, Anthony, Jane. 
She died at Le Mans, I ranee, July 6, 1820. He married 
secondly, July 8th, 1822, Alicia, daughter of the Rev. D. 
Hume, Rector of Arden, a descendant of the Earl of 
Marchmont and of his wife, Mrs. Macartney Hume, of 
Lissamore Castle, Co. Antrim, niece to the Right Hon. 
the Earl of Macartney, by whom he had eight children 
— Macartney Hume, Alicia, Letitia, Rodolphus Bryce, 
Adeline Harriet Cecilia, Richard, Margai'et Arammta, 
Aldred, Catherine. She died in the Citadel of Plymouth, 
Feb. 5, 1840, and he married thirdly, March 12, 1849, 
Cordelia Anne Yonge, daughter of tne Rev. D. Yonge, 
niece of Lieut.-Gen. Lord Seaton, G.C.B., who survived 
him. He died Aug. 2, 1863, and was buried in the 
churchyard at Westboume.^® 

The account of his mother, with observations on the 
neighbourhood of Oldfield Lawn, commences in the 
middle of the 18th Century : — 

^^ In a letter from Mr. Shean to Col. Oldfield, dated Lumlej, Feb. 6, 1832, we 
have an account of the prevalence at Westboume of the influenza. The writer 
says : — ** Notwithstanding the severities of your winter, you are better off than 
you would now be at the Lawn, as influenza prevails here to an alarming extent ; 
there is scarcely a house without some sick, mine has been like an hospital for 
some weeks. It has been fatal to persons of advanced age. We have had an 
unusually mild winter, not twelve hours frost together, and to this unseasonable 
weather I conclude we may attribute so much sic^ess. What a pitiable state we 
shall be in if the cholera should make its appearance here ; but its progress at 
present seems more in a northern direction. It has reached Edinburgh.*' 

> He was made a Knight of the Hoyal Hanoverian Guelphic Order, Jan., 1836, 
and was also appointed Aide-de-Camp to the Queen. His later commissions bear 
date — Major-General, 20 June, 1854 ; Lieut. -General, May 20, 1859. 

^0 Several Sussex families have notably supplied officers to the British army, but 
few more than that of Oldfield. During seven generations it has thus upheld the 
honour of our country, through a long Une of soldiers, and Major-Gen. Richard 
Oldfield has at the preaent time all his sons in the anny. 



MEMOIRS OF MRS. OLDFIELU. 93 

"1&«, Oldfiold was horn nt OosTKirt, ou Jan. 96, 1756. Her maiden 
name was Hamniond, her father being Lieut. Hammond, E.N.," who 
had married Hiss Barefoote. The issue of tlie marriage was a eou 
(William) aud a daughter (Elizabeth). He went to tea hut little after 
hia marriage, and waa occasionaUy pi-ofesstonally cnnployed at Wey- 
mouth and Southampton. After his death, at the latter place, liis 
widow and her two children returned to Gosport, where, aud at 
Titchfield, they had an agreeable circle of friends." 

A hiatus here ensues, and the nan-etive then proceeds 
a» follows : — 

" My motlier was tall, her figure good, her manner graceful, aud nhe 
waa hy no means deficient in personal beauty. She received a good 
education, excelled in all deseriptiima of needlework, and wrote a 
btjautifol Italian hand. Wlien about eighteen she suffered much from 
the small-pox, the marks of which were never eradicated. Soon after 
the removal of Mrs. Hammond and her mother to Portsmouth an 
attachment commenced between tho tatter and Mr. Oldfield, nt that 
time a Lieutenant of Marines, and recently returned from America. 
Mr. Oldfield's introduction to Miss Hanmiond was from her cousin, 
Mr. Sliort, his intimate friend and brother otfieer. Mr. Short and his 
cousin were constant correspondents whilst the latter was in America, 
and through tins correaiwndence Mr. Oldfield and Miss Hammond were 
known to each other before they met." 

"Mr. Oldfield and Ids brother had purchased a cottaee on Norman 
Common, near Emsworth, but situated in the parish of Westboume, in 
Sussex. Tho Common has been enclosed with the other part of the 
property, and the whole (with the reendence since erected) is now known 
as Uldfield Lawn." 

It 18 pleasantly situated, with its environment of oaks, 
on tho confines of the county, and well suited for retire- 
ment. 

"The marriage took place Nov. 14, 1784, in the Parish Cliurcli of 
Westbourne. Miss Stocker was a bridesmaid, and, as the story goes, 
the parson was with difficulty persuaded shi 
My mother went t« church for the first time 

n Qe had two sisters. One married Major Short, of the Marineti, who wae at 
the buttle vt llanker's HUl. and ditd shortly uftcrwardu &om the tflects o( fati^e 
and primtioD suCc-ivd during the campaiKn. He U'ft a eon. who becoiac a. 
Ueatcnant in the ]tIiuinM, nnd woe in H.SJ.'s Laiiret in a trtincudout hurricane 
In thn W«<t Indies, and hutnUu n poBtbiunous Kin, Cstitain Short, of theMomce, 
who served with distinction in Eg^jit mid America. The other nittcr married Dr. 
Stocker, of Htchfield, Hants, and had two sons, liichard and Chsrleti, and s 
dftoght^v, Elizabeth. RiL'hard entered the medical profession, and Charles was 
UUm in 1795, when t'irst Ucutenaut of the Sans Partil, mider Lord Hugh 
^jniour. " Elizabeth died at an advanced age and unmarried ; she waf the friend 
■on uoupatdim of the subject of this memoir. Klio wan much loved and esteemed 
Yff on extensive drclc of friends snd acquaiutanee for her good humour and other 
exoelli'nt mmlitiex : although always mi^tring from ill-health, her spirit! never 
Bagged. She was the chronicle of the family tor all it« connections and tmditiona." 



94 MEMOIBS OF MRS. OLDFIELD. 

I likewise went there the first Sunday after my marriage in 1822, and 
my son Anthony did the same in 1838. Shortly after the honeymoon, 
which was passed at the cottage, Mr. Oldfield was sent on the recruiting 
service to Birmingham, and subsequently to Manchester. On his 
return from this duty he was ordered to the West Indies. His brother 
Thomas went for him, and he shortly after retired from the service. 

"The issue of the marriage of Mr. Oldfield with Miss Hammond 
was a son, bom at Portsmouth, on the 29th of May, 1789. 

" In 1790 Mrs. Hammond was seized with an attack of paralysis, and 
although she lived for some twelve years afterwards she never recovered 
the use of the left side, in other respects her health was excellent. 
Her intellects were perfect. She daily read the Psalms and Lessons ; 
enjoyed society ; liked a rubber of whist or pool of quadrille, both of 
which eumes she played well. Her cards were arranged in a small 
rack. Her memory seldom failed her, and she perfectly imderstood 
the rules of the game. She had a sweet voice, and would occasionally 
sing to please a friend. She rose about 8, had prayers in her room, 
was dressed with g^eat care, her head powdered, a high cap, with lace 
ruffles ; generally a silk gown. She was brought into the dining-room 
about 9 to breakfast, read imtil noon, conversed cheerfully with her 
family and friends until 2, when she dined ; generally took a nap after 
dinner, drank tea at 6, played a game of cards, had a basin of gruel 
at 9, when she retired to her room, and after prayers went to bed." 

" In the month of April, 1793, my mother had the trial of losing my 
father. He got wet and sat in his wet clothes awaiting the coming 
home of my mother, who was dining at her brother's. The next day 
he went to church in damp boots, and caught a violent cold, which 
carried him off in a few days. His constitution had never recovered 
the effects of his American campais^, especially the privations he 
suffered during the siege of CSianestown in South Uarolina. In 
America, as a Laght Infantry Officer, he was constantly employed on 
out-post duties. His person was well known to the Americans, who 
were constantly on the look-out for him; but never succeeded in taking 
him. He was also on the staff in North America. On moving up 
with the army to form the siege of Charlestown, he met his brother 
Thomas, after an absence of several years ; they were together for some 
time on the march before they discovered their mutual relationship. 
The brothers also subsequently met in a singular manner. Thomas 
was in a transport which was lost. He was picked up and carried on 
board a ship in which my father was embarked, and both were then 
cast away together. 

" Another great loss which my mother sustained was that of Major 
Thomas Oldfield," her bi*other-in-law, just mentioned, from whom both 

" His career was very eventful. At Bunker's Hill, 17th June, 1775, he was 
twice wounded — by a spent ball, which struck him in the breast, and by a musket 
ball, which passed through his wrist. He was also taken prisoner with Lord 
Comwallis, at the capitulation of York Town. He was thrice shipwrecked, and 
on one occasion, when he preserved his life by swimming, he was the only person 
saved from the wreck. In July, 1797, he was engl^?ed m two bombejrdments of 
Cadiz, and was slightly wounded. He was at Tenenffe when Nelson lost an arm, 
and at the Battle of the Nile, on board the Theseus, Nelson's fla^-ship. In » 



MEMOIHH OF MItS. OLDFIELU. 95 

fi and myself always recedved the graatest possible kindness and atten- 
tion. W'ft fall at the memorable defence of St. Jean D'Act?, when 
Na]ioleon received his first repulse, was conuuunicated to my mother by 
Mr. Spencer Sinitli, our Minister at Constantinople, in a Iciiid and 
coouderate letter. He fell gloriously in the euemy's treuches, leading 
B sortie. He was buried by the Freuch with militarii' lionount, at the 
foot of Mount Canuel, 'carrying with him to the grave,' to use tlie 
words of the French official account of tlie siege, ' the respect and 
esteem of the French Amiy.' A monument to htm remains at Acre in 
die Druse's Chapel."" 

Mr«. Oldfiold had the gi-atification of receiving kind 
and friendly letter.s beariiiff tei^timiiny to the merits of 
her brothcr-iu-law, and offering services to lier sou from 
several of his old friends and companions. Aintmg these 
wo meet with the names of some of the most illustrious 
men of the day. 

"Tlie Earl of St, Vincent, I/ird Nelson, and Sir Sydney Smith," 
says General Oldfield, " offered to provide for me in the Navy, Earl 
Spencer, at tliat time Fu'st Loi-d of the Treasurj-, piTiffei-ed a com- 
mission in the Marines, when I should be of the pruper age. The 
Marquis of Comwnllis, at tlmt time Master- General of the Ordnance, 

Smmii^ed my name aniou^ the list of candidates for tike Royal Military' 
cttdemy at Woolwii^h, and, in writing to my mother, expressed hia 
sincere regret that Major t.lldtield should now have lost that lil'e whieli 
had so often been haxarded in tlie sei'vice of his countrj-." 

Of his career after cutering the army the writer says 
little in these MS., hut reverts to recollections of liis hoy- 
hood, as spent in Sussex. 

"Wlien I first remember this part of the country, neither Bere 
Forest, Emaworth Common, or Nonnan Common, in Westbourae, were 
enclosed. Between Einsworth and Havaiit tliere was only one small 
cottage. At Hermitage a few houses. On Nonuan Common were 
several saw-pits, and it was a place for cricketins. bull -batting, and 
other country sports. About the cottage on it, a Lttle of the ground 
was enclosed for grnxing, and there was a good deal of copse full of 

private letter, gpealdiig n( that great action, he sayx i-^" It van by no meauR so 
KTcro ua the affair al Tiineriffe, or the sectind night a! tlu^ bombardineul ot 
Cadiz." After the Thritnt bad repaired damagoB, «he called to join Sir Sjfdney 
Hmith, off Oic coast of Syria. 

" rt is thuH Ittflcribcd :— " Id Memory of Major Oldfield, ot lUe Britiiih Marinra, 
who fell In leading a Mrtio from thu mirriiKiu, when bcniegud bj Napoleon 
BonaiMTte and the French -^rmr, 7 April. I'W." Tlio atone, which had been 
disturbed by Arnbii in i^areh o( treararo. man rostond by the French Army ot 
Orcnpation in Syria, 1801 -2. f'n.'Qch flo^n, taken at this titge ot Acre, were placed 
in Wattboumc Church by General OldAeld. whon> they still remaJD. Captain 
Anthony Oldfield, R.A., hii' nephew, wax nl-^ kilhil in the trtncbef before 
Ifcbwtopol, Aug. 17, 1H55 (Sue ■■ S, A. C," Vol. XXU., p. 203). 



96 MEMOIRS OF MRS. OLDFIELD. 

game. At Prinsted there was only a farm-house and some labourers' 
cottages. The Manors of Prinsted, Warblington and Stansted belonged 
to Mr. Barwell, an East Indian civilian,'* who resided at Stansted in 
oriental splendour; he had married Miss Coffin, a most beautiful 
American ladj," sister of Sir Isaac Coffin" and General Coffin, old 
friends of my father and uncle, the latter being their brother's com- 
panion in the American War. When a child I remember going to 
picnics at Stansted Castle (Racton Tower). This was built oy Lord 
Halifax as an object from the house and as a sort of banqueting 
house ; the grounds about it had been well laid out, but I can never 
remember their being well kept. The whole country for a considerable 
space around Stansted at one time belonged to Mr. Barwell;'^ but when 
he wanted money he sold off farms and other parts of the estate, and 
at his death the remainder was sold to x)ay off Uie incumbrances on the 
estate, which were very many, from his having left a very numerous 
family, with claims directly and indirectly on his property. The 
Warblington estate sold well. The widow of Mr. Barwell married Mr. 
Munday, an M.P. for Derbyshire; she became again a widow, and 
again resided in the neighbourhood in an almost fairy house, made in 
the woods of Emsworth Common, where several other villas have since 
been built. In my mother's time it was a Common, as was Hambrook. 
Immediately without the Park was built an inn to receive the horses 
and servants of visitors, and near it a house by Mr. Dunn, who was a 
sort of agent to Mr. Barwell. Messrs. Dimn and Butler were executors 
to Mr. Barwell's will. The former acquired considerable property, but 
speculated and lost his own and other people's money. Stimsted House, 

^^ Recent research among Indian correspondence has thrown fresh Ught on the 
career of Mr. Richard Barwell, when coadjutor to Warren Hastings, daring a 
momentous crisis in the history of British India. Dr. Busteed observes, ** It was 
a fortunate thing for Great Britain that her interests in India in most troublous 
and critical times remained in the strong hands of Warren Hastings, and it must 
not be forgotten in estimating the services of Barwell, that were it not for the 
steady support of this colleague Hastings would have been deprived of all power, 
and early m the struggle must have succumbed to the rash and inen)erienced 
majority." Two of Barwell's chief opponents were Mr. Francis and General 
Clavering ; to Mr. Frauds, who hated hmi, he is said to have lost £20,000 at whist, 
and with General Clavering, in 1775, he fought a duel with pistols, in which neither 
were injured. In 1780 he returned to England, taking back with him one of the 
largest fortunes ever made up to that time by any Englishman in India — currently 
reported to have been a million pounds — and, like other so-called ** Nabobs," 
became noted for Ids lordly and reckless extravagance. 

" His former marriage in India is mentioned in the Oentleman*8 Magcuine, 1777 : 
** Richd. Barwell, Esa., first in Counsel at Bengal, to Miss Sanderson of the same 
place." She died in November, 1778. 

^ Mr. Gretton describes Sir Isaac Cofifin as '' a rollicking naval officer," and as 
an instance of his practical jokes, states that having persuaded his father-in-law 
to give a ball, he then " sent the folk home with one horse of their own, the other 
owned by their neighbour ; at the first turn for their different roads, of course the 
horses tried to go different ways." This the coachmen coidd not understand, and 
several of them came to grief. " Years after," he continues, ** I stumbled upon 
hun in a boarding house at Cheltenham ; he was then very unpleasant, surly and 
snappish, like an old Newfoimdland dog " {Memory* s Harkhack, p. 17). 

^7 His acqmsitions also at Bosham and Bersted are described in " S. A. C," Vol. 
VIII., p. 197, and Vol. XXV., p. 116. 



MEMOIHS OF MK8. OLDFIKLD. 



97 



purchaBedby Mr. Barwell for £102,500 of the executors of the Earl of 
Halifax, was considerably enlarged by Mm." At his death it was sold 
to Lewis Way,'" who was first a barrister* and afterwards a clergr- 
man," a mau of good family but, ttn enthuaiaat, and subsequeatlr 
deranged. Aldsworth House waa built as an appendage to Stansted. 
It was fitted by Mr. Way as a college" for the education of migsionariee 
for the Louversion of the Jews. The Rev, Mr, Jacob, afterwards 
Principal of the College at Fredericton, New Brunswick, was its head. 
One of the students was the celebrated Joseph Wolff," afterwards so 
well known from liis journey to Bokhara in search of the murdered 
British officers, Stoddart and Connolly, Aldsworth House had one 
very handsome room ; but the other apartments were indifferent. It 
was taken down when Mr. Dixon purchased the Stansted proper^, 
and the materials used to add to Aldsworth Cottage fitted as a residence 
for tho Rev. Mr. Pannell, brother-in-law to Mr. Dison. It had been 
built by Mr. Barwell for one uf his friends, who had, it is believed, a 
gratuitous occupation. At her decense it wan let. At this time the 
mill at Lumley" had fallen into the hands of Mr, Tollervey, who hod 

>* In ITSG he remodelled StansU-d Houm at very great expense. Removing ttm 
whig*, he had it cawd with white bricks and finixhed with loftj portiooes facing 
«Dtit and veet, each condntuig of nxtecu DoTic Bud Ionic columiu. The architects 
wvre lioaoni and Jame« Wjatt. It took Qve yean for compledon. Itlr. Barwell 
had ono of the moat aupcrb services of diver in the county, and, becoming a 
pnlTon of the arts, boiigbt choice examples, of Chijp, Teniers, Bir Joshmi Reynotda 
and other matiteni. He became JI.P. for Wiuchcl!«a in 1790, Some of his Indian 
proclivities, which arc well known, appear to have culminated in England. Theae 
ai8Bipat«d hla enormous wealth, and at hia dentb in 1805 Stansted was stripped 
of its art tmuures, and the estate vag sold in London. 

■■ Tlie sum then paid for it was £173,000, the park consisting of ] ,000 acres and 
the farms extending to 3,000 acres. 

*■ It ia fltated by Mr, Longcroft, of tbi< very eccentric person, that bo was said 
to have become posseiised of a very large fortune through an act of kindness to a 
stranger. Mr. Way was studying for the bar in Graj'e Inn, and coming homo 
late one i-tormy night, he stumbled In the dark over tbe body of a man at the foot 
of Mb cliambn sUdrs. He found the man iniitaiHiblc, and be carried bint up to bis 
room, chafed his hands, and gave him some warm tea, after which the sli«ngcr 
rccoTcrvd. He asked the name of the person who bad taken eompas;<ion upon 
him. noted it carefully down, and djiug shortly after, bcqueutcd bis fortune to 
Mr. Way in return for bis kindness, 

" Mr. Way took Holy Orders in 1816, became greatly interested in tbe Society 
fat the Conversion of the Jews, and in 1817 journey ed with other Qlergjtaen ia 
8t. Petersburg to try to influence the Emperor in their behalf : but history ia 
sUcnt as to the result of tbe deputation. 

" The site of this college was on the left ride of tbe road to Aldsworth from 
Wentboume, near Aldsworth Pond. Various curious stones are ertant relating to 
the Jews wbo lived there, one of which is tbat when converted they were required 
by Mr. Way to shave their beards. These were laid bj in a closet, and subse- 
quently some bricklayers, being in want of hair, come upon them bj accident and 
tumrd them U> account In tbe composition nf o wall. In which thej still remain. 

" Of Dr, Wolff, one of the moHt remarkable men of his time, it was said infor 
aiia that be vciy nirely changed his shirt, and that he proposed to ereiy lody 
whom he deemed eli^ble. 

* Of this building and it« owner, Jtr. Longcroft gives the following account In 
his admirably- written pamphlet, '" Tbe Valley of the Ems" (now out of print). 
After mentioning that a channel was mode in early times, c<invejing a portion of 
XXXVUI. H 



98 MEMOIRS OF MBS. OLDFIELD. 

made a large fortune at the Half-way Houses, Portsmouth ; he pur- 
chased the property from Mr. Barwell, and expended on it larg^ 
sums, in a profuse and extravagant manner. The estate soon became 
mortg^ed, and ultimately Admiral Hawker took it for a portion of 
the money advanced, Mr. Tollervey becoming a ruined man. Below 
the mill, by the road to Westboume, some cottages, called Lumley 
Bow, were built by Stride, a shopkeeper at Emsworth, who coined 
copper halfpence, with whidi he erected them and ruined himself."^ 

Enumerating his friends in the neighbourhood at that 
time, General Oldfield speaks of Major-General Smith, 
at Bedhampton ; Colonel Monro, at Homdean ; Captain 
Howe (whose life he had saved when in America), at 
Havant; the Fairhills, Murrays and Newlands, at 
Chichester; and amongst the clergy, Mr. Redding, Mr. 
Lyne, Mr. Thwaites, Mr. Richards and Mr. Norris, 
respectively of Westboume, Compton, Marden, Farlington 
ana Warbfington. With an account of the illness and 
death of his mother in Nov., 1808, the MS. concludes. 
In other MSS. he describes many excursions in Sussex, 
which he made after settling at Oldfield Lawn. 

the Ems, which separates the counties of Southampton and Sussex, to the mill 
called Lumlej Mill, from the Lumlej family, lords of Westboume, he says : — 
** The mill itself is a large old building with stores of great extent. In 1802 one 
Edward ToUervej, then living at Westboume and canying on a large business as 
a merchant, bought this mill, with surrounding lands. He added stores and 
piggeries, and not content with the profit obtained upon his flour, he built bake- 
houses and tried to monopolise the profit of the baker on the bread and biscuit 
then largely in demand at Portsmouth during the war. He lived at a great rate, 
but in 1808 he was compelled to encumber the property, his trade became 
imremunerative, and ultimately he fell into great dis^ss. Edward Tollervey 
vanished from the neighbourhood, and in a short time was well-nigh forgotten. 
But many years after this, on a cold November day, a gentleman was walking in 
Fleet Sti^eet, and was asked for charity by the sweeper of the crossing ; he gave 
him a trifle, and as the man looked up, the gentleman recognised in the wretched 
beggar the once prosperous merchant, Edward Tollervey. He pitied his misfor- 
tune, a^ed what he could do for him, and promised to assist him. The only 
request was a broom and a barrow, if possible, both of which were supplied. He 
died soon after. His mill and lands are now the property of Mr. James Terry, 
who occupies the whole." 

* stride, who was a grocer, also built the house at Hermitage, Sussex, which I 
now occupy. Three of these halfpence, or rather tokens of different types, are 
in my possession, dated 1793-5. 1. Obv, A man-of-war in full sail, above 
"Emsworth." 2. Obv. The head of Lord Howe, with a pigtail, above ** Lord 
Howe and the Glorious flrst of June." 3. Obv. Similar head, without pigtail, 
above, the same legend. All have on the Rev., a figure of Britannia resting on an 
anchor, with her hand upon a globe, on the back of a crowned lion. Round the 
edge the words '' Payable at the Warehouse of John Stride, Emsworth." 



By MABERLY PHILLIPS, 

[KMrCASTl.B-D)t-TTNE) . 



PEDIOEEE AND OENE.iLOGIC.'U, MEMORANDA 

IEEUTING TO THE FAMILY OF PELLATT, 
BTEYNING, BIONOK, BOI.NEY, ARDINOLY, LEWES and STAPLEFIELD, 
Co. SUSSEX ; BLETCmNGLy a-m. CROYIMJN, Co, SUHRET ; 
As-u STAINES, Co, MIDDLESEX. 

1 Part I. 

I The volumes of the "Sussex Archaeological Collections" 

I have from time to time contained valuable histories of 

c<junty faiiiilios ; I venture to hope that the annals of the 

Pellatt family here presented may not be uninteresting 

to the Members of the Society. Though never achieving 

I any veiy great distinction, tlie Pellatts steadily played 
their pai-t in the history of the county, and have been 
landownei-s in Sussex, alniost without intermission, pro- 
bably from 1296 — certainly from 1503 — to the present 
time, and have an honourable record. 

Their pedigi'ee and some notices of the family will be 
I fomnl in tlie county histories ; but I now present earlier 
I and fuller particulars of the various members, together 
I with abstracts of, and extracts from numerous wills, 
some of them in tlieniselvcs most quaint and interesting.^ 
The earliest direct mention of the Pellatts is met with 
L at Steyning, where they appear to have been a large and 
I impoi-tant family for some centuries. I-Vom Ste}-ning 
I they branch off to different parts of Sussex and Smrey, 



100 PEDIGREE AND GENEALOGICAL MEMORANDA 

the main line, which is clearly traceable to the present 
day, still being landowners in the former coimty. 

The name in the course of time has been variously 
spelt; Pelet, Pellett, and Pellatt being the most general ; 
but in early times, when orthography was but little 
studied, the same document exhibits the name written 
in several ways. 

The derivation of Pellatt is somewhat involved. In 
the ^ ^ Patronymica Brittanica" we have the following: 
— '^ Pellett, said to be a corruption of the baptismal 
name of Hippolyte. The family of this name are of 
long standing in Sussex, occurring in the neighbourhood 
of Steyning in the 13th century." 

The late Mr. W. D. Cooper, F.S.A., considered the 
name to be of Saxon origin, and as it is not mentioned 
in Domesday Book it is probable the family was settled 
in Sussex prior to the Conquest. In a list given by Mr. 
Cooper, in the paper referred to in the subjoined note 
of names, considered to be Saxon, not only will Pellatt 
be foimd, but it also contains those of Alcock, Cooke, 
Culpepper, Lewknor, Micklebome, Mill, and Payne, with 
all of whom subsequent marriages with the Pellatts 
occur. 

The present Arms borne by the family are — Argent, 
two bars sabhy on the first a bezant. Crest, a lion, 
passant, argent^ guttle, sahle^ in his dexter paw an acorn, 
slipped, vert, firucted or. Motto — ^'Devant si je puis." 

I cannot help thinking that, instead of what is now 
called a bezant, the original was a 2)ellet — a pun upon 
the name. 

The first notice that we have of the arms being 
recorded at the Heralds' College is at the Visitation of 
Sussex, in 1634.® 

They were again recorded at the Visitation of 1662. 

The earliest mention of the name that I have been 
able to discover is in '^ Parliamentary Writs and Writs 
of Military Summons" (F. Palgrave, 1827), where, in 

* See his paper, ** On the Retention of British and Saxon Names in Sussex " 
(" 8. A. C," Vol. Vn., p. 1-21). » See " S. A. C," Vol. XI., p. 13. 



a document referring to military service at Pevensey 
Caytle, in I27H, the name Phlllipus lo Pelet appeart*. 

In tlie Subsidy KuII for 1296, part of which has been 
]>rinted in Vol. V. of tliese papei's,* amongst tliose who 
paid a tax of the eleventh of tiieir chattels at StejTiing, 
in tlie Itajjc of Bramber, i« Keginald le Pelet, who paid 
ii.iv^, a very nubHfantial sum compared to the rest of 
the ratepayers, lit the same list William-atte-Mulle is 
retmiiod an paying xvii^. The next entry in clirono- 
logical order is John Pellet of London, whoBti will bears 
date 1487. Although I cannot an yet attach him to the 
pedigi'ee, I inst^rt the following : — 

* Extract of the Will of Jobk Pelett, 
(7 MeUes, p. 61.) 

7 iJec, 1487,2 Hfln. VII. "I John Pelett thelder Citezin and 
Skyiiiier nf Lijtidon " " to hv burj-ed in the churciyerd of 8eint 
Uurgnrete jifltens of tlie Cyle of L<)ndr>ii by the crosse ther in the place 
wlier the bodyes nf my Cfiytdreu ther Beetea and lyen buryed — to 
parson and wardens of b^ Church "a convenient aensour of eylB or 
els a eliip' of eylB of the valur of iiij"" "to Syr Thomas Aiimdell 
monk (if Westfl iij yerdye and di" (dinudium — half ) " of blake nine 
(? alnis) clothe for a cote for hynieelfe to pray sowle " " to the ffryreB 
iiroclie'8 of London so they come to tJie Church where my body to be 
Seentydnnd tliersaydirigeaformysowle" 6*/8* "tomy eonneEdmonde 
Pelett XX mni*' to be payde be myn execute's at the comyn^ owt of hys 
terrne of ni>jJnty8ehode " also more at their discretion if ruled by them 
— obit' to lie kept nt 8' Margaret Patens for 10 years — " Itm I 
bequeytli fo the ffjTRt Chyld that god shall fortune John my sonno 
to have" "a standing maser' kouer)'d w' a knop of sylfl to be delyfid 
to BU<-h chrhl so as god shall fortune to be after the deceese of Johan 
my wyfe '' remainder to 2'" diild of said John my son — " all my 
I^ndys and tenementj-s tallyd Lop done and all other my Londya at 
Barce sett and lying in the poch of Ghartehin" in Kent to be sold to 
jierform will. Rest to wife Johan whom with son John executors. 

PruviMl at Ijimetiith (Lambeth) 25 Mai^h, I-IBS, by Johan, the relict 
and exM'utrix, power being renerred to John the son and other executor. 

' (teu •■ y, A. C." Vol. V,. page 124. 

• Ship of filver, or inocnw boot (we " Lee'e Gloswiry of Liturgical and 
KcelcKfMtlral Tcniui," pp. 15f), 3U7). 

* Obllt or obit, All offl™ performed nt funfraln. wben the corpse was in the 
cborcb, before it wtw buriiil ; it oftiTwardB come to be performed on tho 
uuivn-foxy of Uie deoth ol a benefactor (sec "Hook'» Church Dictionary," 
p. 536). 

' Matur. Tbo meditpial term for a large drinking-bowl or cup, of maple, box- 
wood, or walnut -wood. umiI on fi-UFte. both ticcular and eccletiuftiral (nee " Lee's 
Oloiwirr of UturginJ luid Eccli-^iiuitirul Terms." p. 310, and " Arfhteoloffia," 
Vol. L.,pp. 1-12»!. 



102 ,' , fvinoBXEiii^':Qmi^^ 

'^-Nm-^^\^, «".. U>e Ch^h of St. 
Margaret Patens, is in Rood Lane, and is weU worthy of 
a visit. 

Of course there was Kttle likelihood of the " Ship or 
Sensonr of Silver," thus bequeathed, being in existence, 
but the Vicar, the Rev. J. L. Fish, kindly showed me 
two manuscript inventories of their church plate, the 
first bearing date 1470, in which ^^one sensour of silver 
pcell gilt" is quoted, and in the next (taken in 1511) 
" two Sensours " are named, from which we may infer 
that the second ^^ sensour" was that purchased with the 
gift of John Pellet.^ 

The Vicar also informed me that the mention of the 
^^ Crosse " in the churchyard is the earliest that has been 
found ; subsequently it is often referred to. 

It will be noticed that the testator leaves lands in 
Charteham, in the neighbouring county of Kent. 

Of the children named, I have at present no trace. 

By the kindness of E. H. Draper, Esq., Clerk to the 
Skinners' Company, I find that John Pellett's name is 
on their list of Brethren and Sisters in the 22nd year 
of King Henry VI. (1444). That he appears to nave 
been warden from 1450 to 1454, and that the last entry 
regarding him is in 1488 ; the name being variously 
spelt as Pellet, Pelet, and Paylet. 

The next information is of William Pellet, of Stey- 
ning, who was probably bom there, 1450-60 (as we find 
one of his sons died in 1507, and makes mention of a 
wife). 

William Pellet died at Steyning in 1503, and left a 
family of five sons and three daughters, and considerable 
property in Steyning, as well as lands in Nuthurst, 
Horsham, Assington, Wassington, Bowngton, Grenested, 
and Chiltington. We may presume that he inherited 
some of it from his forefathers, and that he was probably 
a descendant of Reginald-le-Pelet, who resided at Stey- 
ning in 1296. 

* For an interesting article upon the ancient plate of this chnrch, see the 
rchnological Journal/' Vol. XLIII., p. 312. 



RELATING TO THE FAMILY OP PELLAIT. 103 

* Abstbact of tub Will of Willlui Pellet. 
(P.C.C. 24 Bkmyr.) 
" The iiij day of the moneth of May 1503" " I Wittm Pollet" "my 
body to buried in the thuixihe of the holy Trinaite of Stenyng before 
the awF of Bej-nt Uighell tharchangeU " to the high Altar' 5/- '" Church 
of Steyuiiig "for brekyng of my grave xl' (40*/-)" "Alao I bequeth 
to the AbbaBse nf Syan m&sf coufessor and couent of the same place 
t"" — to the niendiug of the way " bet wen e the forge and Charleton 
and Oxnnbruke and betwene the forgo and the grete BoorA lx carte- 
loodH of Ktono " — to have " a m' luaasez " for which iiij" iiij" — to 
variouB churcheB 3"/4'' each — to that of "ffyndon" 10/- "to Anne 
Charley my god doughter vj' viij'' " " to Anne Brooke my god doughter 
vj* viij'' " — to all other godsons and god daughters except Williani 
Brooke G'' — "Also I bequeth to Eic my sono JEian my doughter Letice 
and Margaret eflj-che of them xi" " also " during the fme of x yeres 
aft' my decesue JauiCB my eon ahull have £3 — 6 — 8 yerely " " to fynd 
him to ecole" "to Thomas and James my sones eflyche of them i" " 
"to Anne my sflnt (servant) 2S*/4'"'— John Pnyn 20/- — Isabell 
boucler 5 quarters of laalt "William Payn a quarter of wheat and a 
Quarter of malt — "To Willni my soane xxx" but to pay my Eaora 
£6 for certain goods "of my bought" " to John my sone xxx"" but to 

Sy exCrs £ 15. If any somi or daughters die, his or their portion to be 
rided among my 8on»— to William my son a salt of silver — to John 
my son 4 silver sjKwns, liest to wife Jeon. — John Slitter and Williani 
Goff executors, John Hider to be " of I'ouucell " with them. 

Will 15 May 18 Hen. TTI. as to lands wife Johan to have them for 
life if sole, provided son James have £3 — 6 — 8 for school, if she 
remnrty to liave but 40/- after her death son William to have lands in 
Nuthiirsf, Horshaui, Assington, WasBington, Bowngton, Grenested & 
Chiltington, fourthw"" "my place in Stenyng late ffaggera" — to eon 
John lands in Hampton & West Preston with house in Steyning late 
Stokkors and landit in Findon — to son Richard house that heyhnan 
dwellith in — to son James my copyhold lands in Nuthurst. If son 
William die s,p, then his lands to son John. 

Pro%-ed 23 Sept 1503 by Jolin Slutter and William Goff. 

Fi-oiii this iiitcresfiDg will we find a very early con- 
nection witli Charlton Com-t, where the Pellatt family 
reHidod tor so many years; the "60 cart loads of .stones to 
mend the way between the forge and Charlton" reminds 
one of the numerons stoiios told of tho bad roads for 
which SiisHox was so long notoiious. 

In hi[* will the testator desires to be buried in the 
church of the Holy Ti-inity at Steyning. The Pellatts 
subsequently became patrons of tlic same, and it is often 
referred to in the wills, &c. 

• (!cc " Lev'i Glossaiy of Litnrgica] nnd Eeclesin3(i<'iif TennH," p. BI. 



104 PEDIGREE AND GEKEALOGICAL MEMORANDA 

There is an interesting old churchwardens' book kept 
in the church chest at Steyning, and although the par- 
ticulars of it have abeady been given in the "Sussex 
Archaeological Collections,"^® I extract the following: — 

It. of Wylem Pellett for a shoppe vi* 

A.D. 1519. The accompte of Jamys Pellett & Willyam Parson, late 
wardens of the ch. at Steynine, made the yere of our Lorde m.iiiii.xix 
the xin day of the monme of May before the curett and the church- 
wardens then beying, . . . ther remaynjrthe clerely to the sayd 
churche xxvb vll & soo the sayde Jamys & Willyam to be clerely 
dischargyd & acquitt. 

The same day & yere come Eychard Pellett & Willyam Gardener, 
lat wardens of the kyng play "... ther remaynjrthe clerely to 
the sayd churche luu. vu*. niid. 

A.D. 1520. The syxt dav of the monethe of FeV M.mn.xx** . . . 
came Jamys Pellett & Jonn Qoff & delyvryd the money of the kyng 
ale" in to the churche box xxxiieib. vid. . . . 

A.D. 1521. wyllyam pellett one of the two brethren wardens. 

A.D. 1545. James Pellett, church- warden. 

" „ „ The saide James Pellett owyth to the church vn bushelles 
of lyme, & Wyllyam Pellett the yonger owyth a carten of horsham 
stone." • 

1546. James Pellett & Edward Parson, wardens, . . . hathe 
brothe clerely into the churche box savyd by the churche ale xxixi Vd."* 

1548. Wylli" Pellett, churchwarden, with Eichard Famfold. 

1550. Mem., that the same yere Thomas Pellat, the mercer, owethe 
to the churche a carten of xx great free stone, & xxi bushells of lyme. 

1578. Marginal entry : — In leade lent . . . lent to Eichard 
Pellat one peace wayinge xxxii lbs., whereof delyvred of the said 
32 lbs. to the piynces use xiiu lbs. . . . 

The next person that I have to remark upon is William 
Pellet, of Steyning, son of the previous William, who 
only survived his father four years. His will is very 
short and is in Latin. ^ ^ 

10 Vol. v., p. 121 ; Vol. Vni., p. 132-140. 

" This "kyng-play" appears to hare belonged to the popular sports of the 
time, and to have been conducted bj some leader appointed for the occasion, and 
honoured for the nonce with the title of king. 

" The king-ale appears to hare been brewed for the Feast of the Epiphany. 
We see afterwards four torches accounted for bv the wardens of the king-ale, on 
the eve of the Epiphanj, which were probably Dought for tiie due celebration of 
the feast. 

15 We may here trace the gradual progress of the Refonnation. The king-ale 
is now termed the church-ale. In 1603 the 88th Canon enacts that ** the church- 
wardens or questmen & their assistants shall suffer no plays, feasts, banquets, 
suppers, church^aleSf drinkings, temporal courts or leets, fay- juries, or any other 
profane usage, to be kept in die church, chapel, or church-yard,*' &c., &c. 



BFXATINO TO THE FAMILY OF PELLATT. 105 

* Abbtbaot of the Will of Wiu-iius Pellet db Stetotno. 
(P.C.O. 25 Adeane.) 
Steyning, Sep. 8, 1507. 

Itm. lego Thome, Ricardo et Jacofio fratribiia meis, sexflginta lihras 
in manibua QuUifor de London. . . . John Gratwyk 40/- each of 
the Bonn of Williani Ooff 20''. Beeiduaiy legatee wife Eleuor. Executor 
Biihard Petbone, WiUiam Goff overBeer. Proved 7 Oct. 1507, by the 
proctor of Klenor the relict. 

If will be Been that tlie testator leaves a special simi of 
£60 (equal to £700 or £800 in tlie jji-esent day) in the 
hands of Guilford, of Lonilon, to Iuh three brothers — 
Thomas, Richard, and James. The mention of tliis 
£60 iH the key to an intereHting incident. It should he 
explained that tlie Guilford inentiijned here was man of 
business to the notorious Diidley, one of the creatures 
of Hcnrj' VIII., who ui liis will, winch uiav be found in 
"Lettci-s and Papei-s, Forg". and Dom'., Hen. VIII., 
Vol. I., infer alia gives a list of his debts, one clause 
being the following :— 

The Wife of Will Pelett of Steyning in Sussex £60 that I borrowpd 
nf her & her husband, but if she enjoy tlie marriage of young 
Chnlloner for her doughter, then I owe her but £20. 

At one time Dudley lived at Findon, not far from 
Stejnung, and so tlic families may have become intimate. 

The will of Dudley clearly shows tliat he an-anged 
mai-riages for a settled sum. 

I fancy tlic mam»fi;e witli "young Challoner" never 
came off, as I cannot find any note of it in the i>edigTee 
of either family. 

Guilford, as ah-pady remarked, was Dudley's man of 
business, and suh.sequently guardian to his son John. 
William Pelett having recently died, would account for 
Dudlcv stating that he owed the £60 to the "Wife of 
Will iVlett." 

It is not the only mamage Dudley an'anged, but it is 
the only one that relates to my subject. TIic career of 
tlie ill-fatod Dudley family is know^l to eveiy student of 
English History, and neeu imt be pursued here. 

Tliomas Pellet, another sou ot the founder of the 
family, died in 1-519, at Steyning. I subjoin an abstract 
of his will. 



106 PEDIGREE AND GENEALOGICAL MEMORANDA 

* Abstract of the Will of Thomas Fkllbtt. 

(P.C.C. 5 Bodfdde.) 

The yer of our Lord god mVxix the iiij*** day of the moneth of May 
I Thomas Pellett of the pariah of Stenyng '* body to be buried in the 
church of Stenyng w4n the North Dore " " every one of my g^- 
children iiij* " * * Robert Watkyn a quarter of Barley Elizabeth Napton " 
do. "Agnes Wower" do. "Margaret Bisshop" do. "prest shaUsynge for 
my soule w4n the churche of Stenyng at the awter of Saint Thomas the 
terme of one hole yere and he to have for his labour vj** xiii* iiij*." 
Trentall of 30 masses" at burial, and as many "at moneths day** "Sir** 
John Pyi)er prest maister Kichard Ffamfolde my brother Kichard 
Pellet, my brother James Pellet and Thomas Nye shalbe overseers" 
" every of my daiighters shal haue vnto their maria^e vj** xiij* iiij** 
to be delified (delivered) into the hands of Sir John l^er Kichara 
Pellet and James Pellet that is to say into the hands of Sir John 
Piper XX mrcs Into the hands of Kichard Pellet xx mrcs In the 
hands of James Pellet vi** xiij* iiij**" "yf it happen any of my 
doiighters to dye within ape her parte to remayne to Margaret my 
"Wife " " Thomas Nye shalhaue xx mi^cs delivered vnto him for John 
Penfold and Eichard Penfold to eueiy of them vi** xiij' iiij*** at 
eighteen, if either die before, his portion to Wife Margaret Wife 
Margaret to receive debts and to deliver money to exors or "to be 
expdled and putt out." " Margaret my wife shalhaue the howse that 
I dwell in to hir and hir heires or assignes foreuer " " also my house 
that John Mitton dwellith in terme of hir Ufe, and after the said house 
to Eemayne to Kichard Pellet my brother & to his heirs and assignes 
foreuer payine therfor x** to be paid to ij of my doughters when they 
shalbe mariable " "Overseers shalhave viij** to make the Selinge over 
the quere as farre as vij** will extende and the other xx' for their 
labour." " I will that my picture and my Wifes and my childem 
shalbe paynted in the bacsyde of the wall behinde the Kode"*' 
"Margaret my Wife shalhaue me occupying of the personage of Steyning 
that I farme the terme of iij yeres by the consent of my brother 

^* Trental. A service of thirty masses for the dead, usually celebrated on as 
many different days (** Hookas CJhurch Dictionaiy," p. 750). 

^^ Sir. A title of honour, equivalent to the Latin " Dominus '* anciently given 
to priests, who were in England commonly called '* Sir Johns.'* This tide is 
foimd on certain monumental brasses and other inscriptions of an early date, 
though the term Magister is also very often and more commonly applied to the 
clergy in the century immediately preceding the Reformation ("Lee s Glossary of 
Liturgical and Ecclesiastical Terms," p. 373). 

^* Hood Screen. A screen separating the chancel from the nave, on which was 
formerly the rood loft, or at least the rood. 

Rood Loft. A gallery running along the top of the rood screen, which in parish 
churches usually crossed the chancel arch, on which the rood {i.e., the figure of 
the Saviour on the cross) was placed, and on either side the Virgin Mary and St. 
John. In large cross churches the rood loft with its screen was usually of stone, 
and sometimes contained a chapel and altar within it. These more substantial 
rood lofts have in many cases been converted into organ lofts (" Hook's Church 
Dictionary," p. 661). 

Altar of the Rood. That altar which in England anciently stood westward of 
the rood screen in large churches, and at which ordinarily the parish mass was 
(" Lee's Glossary of Liturgical and Ecclesiastical Terms," p. 22). 



RELATING TO THB FAMILY Oh' PKLLATT. 



also " ffanue of Wytelinnio tonne of hir life AnS yf she fortiiue to 
dye within my yorce John Penfolde to have it during the teniie of my 
yeres " " Rcaidue " " to Margaret my Wife whome I make my sole 
esecutrice" 

Witness John Godfrey, John Brownsbery, and Thomas Nyman. 

" Prohatiun" " xvij die mensis Aprihs Anno Dni Millimo quingen- 
tesimo xsiij" JurameuF Mai^rete ReliI^te 1 Gie^'utricis," 

From this will it would a])i)ear timt the monastery 
was dissolved, and the cliurcli jjatroiiage liad passed into 
private hands, as tlio testator leaves to his wife " the 
occupjTng of the pai-sonage of Steuyne that I farme." 
His overseers were to spend £7 (a gof)dly sum at that 
time) in repainng the " Selingo over the quire," also to 
have the likeness of tlie deceased, together with that of 
his wife and children, painted on " tlie baesydc of the 
Rood " screen. I have failed to procm-o any account of 
tliese interesting pictures ; but it is worthy of note that 
the early churchwardens' account hook, wliich is still 
carefully preserved, was commenced in this year (1519), 
and some light may yet he thrown upon the details of 
the repaii-s of the ceihng and the painting on the Rood. 

1.531, The next record that I can obtain is the vnll of 
Richard Pellett, yet another son of tlie founder, fi-om 
whom the main line descends. 

* ABantACT OF the Will of Bickasd PEixErr, 
(P.C.C. Tliower, 14.) 
" The xij day of October in the yne of our lords godd m'v'issj I 
Eichard Pellett " " to be buried w'in the chnrthe of Stenyng nygh 
beeide the brothevid nidter " high nher 6/8 chun-h works iS/i •• efly 
comuno" light" 6'' "to tlie vse of the brothered Aidter a cowe" " to 
Hichard and Thonms my Honnes to etiv of them xs" " " lo Joane 
my doughtor xx" and xs Ewea " "to Alice Annys it Ehzubeth my 
diiughlers to eSj'on of them sx mrcs when they be marj-able" eafh 
to be others heirs "to William Pellett mycoainxx busshelsof ^^Tiete" 
" Willm Gmnysin a quarter of Wliete " " place of Syon xx wethers " 
"James Pellett my brother shalhave nil Uie hodelyscu ( hod ely stum) 
whiche he now dothe occupye" for 12 years at 40/- and "half the 
tything sheef of Stenyng w' naif the bame in 8he]iing strete" for 12 

" lights on the Altar, lu 154T Kiiif; Edward VI. cxprcfdf ordered " that oU 
deann. orcbdeacona. porrons, rican, and other cccliwiiutical penoiu. Hliall Buffer 
from henceforth, no torchca nor candles, nor inmgi's of wax, to be set before any 
image or picture. But only two liphtji upon the biph altar, befarc the Sacrament, 
whieh, for the irfgniflention thnt Chrirt w the Tprj- true Liptit of thi- world, they 
>boU suffer to reninin there Ktill " {"t^tiimitou'a Ectletdsstioj lH(lionu7," p, 491;. 



108 PEDIGREE AND GENEALOGICAL MEMORANDA 

years at £6 "John Hesword half a quarter of whete" "8' Will" 
larke to pray for my soiQe x'" "efly one of my s&unts (servants) 
shaLhaye an ewe " "to Joane my wife xl" of money and c.c.c. of 
aheepe and x quarters of whete and x quarters of barley and meate 
and drinke as long as she is widowe and half my howsehold stuff 
except my cobbard in the plour (parlour) my silver goblett and my 
siluer spones whiche Wittm my sonne shall have Item I will that 
Willyam Pellett my cowsin shalhave the howse that he now dwellith 
in for the space of xx yeres paying therfore efly yere xiij* iiij* " 
" Wilhn my sonne shalhave the lease of my Mill the whiche is called 
the Nuest Mill in Stenyng " Priest to sing for soiQ. "Robert Dunstall 
X quarters of barley and xx bushells off whete every yere " for 5 years 
paying "for efly quarter of Barley iij* iiij** & for eflye busshell of 
Whete X** and to have xij moneths day of payment " " Willyam 
Pellett my cowsin shalhave v quarters of whete efly yere " for 5 yrs 
paying 6/8 a quarter when delivered 26/8 to poor at month's mynd 
" Wittm my sonne shall have my ferme for the space of xiij years to 
pforme my will " " Residew " " to Willyam my sonne " whom I " make 
myn executour w^ Thomas Bennett and the saide Thomas Bennett to 
have for his labour xl* and Richard famefold the yonger, James Pellett 
and William (>ranysin ofisears of this my last will " to each of whom 
13/4 "M' Moryce whom my speciall trust is in shall have a dowble 
ducate to give counsell to myn executours and ofisears " "Sy' Richard 
Shirle shall have xl* to be good to my Wife and to my children " 
Witnesses Sy' William Larke, Richard ffamefold, James Pellett and 
William Granysin. " Thys ys the Intent of my last will beside my 
testament " " Joanne my Wyfe shalhave my house at churche style for 
terme of her life and after her decease then I will that Wilhn my sonne 
shalhave the foresaid howse w^ all my lands in Stenyng and Whap- 
pingthome whiche ys called eorys lands and my bame in Sheping 
strete w' the app'ten'ncs " unless he die before 22 " w*owte heirs " 
when to " my sonnes whiche then shalbe alive" equally. "Richard 
my sonne shalhave my howse in stenying that now Shipman dwellith 
in w' all my lands in Wassington " providing 13/4 for an obbytt for 
20 years. " Thomas my sonne shalhave my nowse which that Wittm 
Pellett my cosyn now dwellith in and my howse which is called gyllys 
w' the appurten'ncs " same provisions if he die under 22 " I wiU that 
the hows that my brother Thomas willid to me, I will the saide howse 
that Thomas Pellet the sonne of the foresaid Thomas my brother 
shalhave v^ to h3rm & to his heirs for ever so that Marg^et Pellett the 
widowe of the foresaid Thomas my brother do paye and discharge me 
and myn executours of the money whiche I shold pay for the foresaid 
howse." 

"Probatum" "Apnd. Lamehith x"^ die mensis Maij Anno Dni 
mitto quingentesimo xxxij^ iuramento executoris. 

The tenor of this will indicates that the family were 
still members of the Church of Rome. 

The mill which is "the nuest mill " in Steyninff would 
be interesting to trace. 



ebuj^tino to the family of pellatt. 



109 



The testator frequently names "my cosen William 
Pollett," whom I liave failed to identity; but we must 
bear in mind that " cousiji " at this date meant any 
relation not a brother or sinter." 

In l5oo we find a record of the death of Janiew, 
probably the last surviving son of the original William. 

* Adstbact of the Will of James Pellet. 
(ChicheBter, Vol. VIII., fo. 212^) 

24 May 1555, James Pellet of Stenynge "to ho buried in the pariHh 
Chutthe of Stenynge in the North lie " "Motlier Church of Chiiieeter 
4''." — to the poor at my bimal 6'J%'' — "James Broke my godson 
£6 — 13 — 1"" to Elizabeth Broke £6—13 — 1 at marriage or 21— to 
James Broke " fetherbodd " 2 quarters of barley &e. at feast of the 
Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary next ensuing after my decease 
—to Richard Qater, Alite Q, Judith G & Eliiabetli G one quarter of 
barley each at feast of P.B.V.M. to Elizabeth Ooffe my servant 4 
bushels of barley — to James Broke aforesaid "my house and garden 
late Iiiders w*" Thomaa Osebo'ue now dwellith in and iij acres and a 
roodde of Arrable lande in Steanynge fildf to haue them to him and 
to hie heires for eS eare that I will that Johane my doughter shall 
have thoccuiungo and pfj-tts (profits) " " vntyll he come to thage of 
xviij yeres" "Xll the Residewo" "to Thomas Gater and my doughter 
Joh'n his wife" whom eior & exix : Overseers " Will'm Pellet my 
cosyn John Gratwj-ke of Cowefolde and Thomas Goffe of Stenynge" to 
S' W" P " for his Diligence my sylfl salle w" the cover peell gilt " to 
J G 4 T G. 6/8 each. 

WilncBSBs 8' Robte Hedde Curat of Steyning, Harbarde Herde, 
Thomas Pellet, John Thorpe. 

Proved in Chichester Cathedral 29 Dec, 1556 

Apparently he left no sohh, as his property went to 
his daugliter, " Jolian the wife of Thomas Grater." 



that of William Pellet, of Cliarlton, 



The next will i 
made ill 1558: — 

* Abstiuct of tite Will of Wlllyam Pellet op CnAttLETOM. 
(P.C.C. 46 Noodes.) 

" The two and Twentye daye of Auguato " l.i58 " I WiUyara Pellet 
of Charleton in the parryshe of Steninge " "Tobe buryed in my 
parryshe Churche of Stenynge by my ffather Graundffather and other 
my elders or ella for as muchs as I am Patron of the Churche I woulde 
be buryed in the Chauncell" "I make my eldyste sonnn Rychard 
Pellet my whole and sole executor" "To my sonne John Pellet" £40 
at 21 and " my Tenue of yeres of & in the paraonadge of Stenynge 
w" the portonit of wappingethoruc, wi<'ka, bcdinge and porteslnyae 
Thorvnto belonginge" at 21 "and iu the moane space ray a 



110 PEDIGREE AND GENEALOGICAL MEMORANDA 

Bjchard Hellet shall have '' the parsonage '' and my brother Thomas 
PeUet" shall have the portions paying "yerelye imto Eychard my 
Sonne " 20"/- and if brother Thomas die before John is 21 then son 
Bichard shall have the portions during son John's minoriiy & if John 
die before 21 then brother Thomas shall have them for life and after- 
wards son Bichard 

Daur "Margarett Pellet" £46— la— 4— Daur Agnes £46—13—4— 
Daur "Catheryne" £46—13 4 D aur "Marye" £46—13—4 Daur 
Elizabeth £46—13 — 4-:-Daur Anne— £46— 13 — 4 and if any one die 
before marriage or 24, the portion of every one so dying to son 
Bichard. ** To Jane my Daughter " £30 (£10 at Purification of our 
Ladhre 1560 & £10 each 2 subsequent years at same festival) ^'yf my 
wyffe be now w* childe I gyve to that same my childe " £20 at 21, 
remainder to son Bichard *' to my systers Daughter Alyce Lambold " 
4 marcs '^ Besydewe " to son & executor Bychard Pellet " I make my 
cos3m John Gratwyck of Cowfoulde, Bichard Pellet, Thom^ Pellet my 
Brethren my Overseers." Witnesses " Stephen Qrene Gierke Vicar of 
8ten3mge, Bichard Cocke of Stenyng Will*m Hodes, Alyce Lamebold 
and other more. Per me Stephanum Grene." 

"Probatum" "decimo quinto die mensis Septembris Anno Dili 
Millesimo quingen"^ quinquage™^ octauo Juramento Bichi Pellet 
executoris." 

The testator names "my Cosyn John Gratwyck of 
Cowfoulde." It will be noted that he is also named in 
the will of James Pellatt of Steyning (1555), and in the 
will of William Pellatt of Steyning (1507). The very 
interesting extracts from the old accoimts of the church- 
wardens of Cowfold (1460 to 1485), given in "S.A.C.," 
Vol. II., p. 316, show that the family of Gratwick held 
a jprominent position in Cowfold, and that the farm 
" (xratwick " remains in the parish to the present day. 

The request "to be buried by my father, grandfather 
& other my elders," it may be observed, confirms the 
previous wuls. 

From Add. MS. 5685, Brit. Mus., fol. 42, we gather 
that this William Pellet purchased from the Crown (about 
13 May, 1557), the Manor of Charlton, together with the 
Vicarage of Steyning, for £1,219. 4s., the same being 
confirmed by liis will. He appears to have been M.P. 
for Steyning in 1555. 

" Cartwright," Vol. II., part ii., p. 159, smts:— ^^The 
Abbess and Convent of Sion in 30*^ of Bienry VIII. 
granted William Pellat a lease of these premises (except as 
to the advowson) for ninety-nine years at an annual rent 



RELATING TO THE FAMILY OF PELLATT. 



Ill 



of £34. 58. 8d. Three years afterwardt<, on tlio dissolu- 
tion of the greater iiionayteiieH, this manor and demesne 
were valued at £46. 6s. 2d. per annum and .sold to 
William Pellat, the lessee, at tweuty-six years' pui'chase, 
to wliich one year's purchase of tlie Vicarage, £1.0, was 
added. In 15.57, William Pellat devised liis property to 
Tliomas Pellat, by wliom it was .sold to Dorotliy LowKnor 
of Kingston Bowsoy, by wliose sons, Edward and Tliomas, 
it was alienated to Sir Thomas Shirley of Wiston." The 
Thomas Pellatt here mentioned was most jH-olmbly his 
brother Thomas, of Petworth, who, by the proWsions of 
the will, was left in some position of authority." 

In 1.506, Richard Pellatt (brother of William of 
Charlton) died at Offam, in South Stoke. 

• AbsTKACT of the WlU, OF KlCHABD PeLLETT, 

(Oliicheater, Vol. X., fo. 334^) 
"In the yeare" " 1.566" "The ixiiij"' daye of March I Riuhard 
PeUett of Offh-m in the pyshe of Soutlistote " " tobe buried w'hin the 
pyehe Church of Southstoke" "hygh church of Chichester i}'" "to 
the luaiutayninjf of the Chunh of Southstoke xx* " " reloj-fe of the 
poore wbor most nede is x'" " eBy on of my godchildren sij° a peece" 
"to Bobi^i't Pellet my Bonne xs" To my eonne Tbo PeUet thelder 
xxv" Tu my sonne RiLhard Pellet xxv" to bo paid to eBye on of 
them w'hin three yeers next after my decease at three equal payments " 
"to my Sonne Edward Pellet xx"" "at thage of xsij* yeers, Tho 
Pellet the yonger my sonne twenty poundts Item to my sonne Xpofw 
Pellet x" to my aonno John Pellet xx"" at " their full ages of xxj" 
veers Item to my DaughFs Jane Pellet Marye PeUet and Elizabeth 
Pellet to ofiye on of tliem x" " at 21 or marriage. If any of the sons 
die his or their portion among Hurviving sona and sanie with daughters, 
if all daughters die then to surviving children. If wife reniany before 
son John P is 21 "then I will that my brother Tho Pellet sIioU have 
the custody of my said son John PeUet and also the portion" "to 
Xpofer my sonne my joj'ned bedsted that standeth in my beil chamber 
ou the seller and the settle there tlie table in tho Hnule w"" the frame 
that he standeth ujion anil also the settle in the Haule that they may 
remniuo as standers of the House to his vse and to be delyfied to him 
Austen iij" vi' viij'' " within 2 
e shall have thoooupaton of my 
B she Lyuet sole and vnmarried and afier- 
s as ar yet to come in the same yf she 



after t _ 
years of my decease "Agnes 
feanue in Olfli*in so long as 
wardea also duringe such yet 



" "8.A.C.," Vol.XXV.,p.l. W.D.Coo 
Parhain, aajB : — " One acre aiid a half of Ian 
iiiAmt<3i(uice of a lamp before the high altar ii 
in the tenure of the rwtor. nnii was grauti-d o 
of SloTnlag, gentlenutu." 



ler. F.S.A.. V.A., in an account of 
1 iu the parish was (rtrcn for the 
the church. This land had bceu 
1 July. 1557, to WilUHm I'cllnn. 



112 PEDIGREE AND GENEALOGICAL MEMORANDA 

can obtaine a Lycenc for that purpose of my lord Lumlye" but if she 
can not then farm " to my next heyre according to the purport " "of 
my lease" wife Agnes residuary legatee and executrix Oyerseers 
" my Coson Bychard Pellet of Steninge my brother Tho Pellet my 
neyghbours Wittm Stay her & Tho Sowton" to each of whom 13"/4*. 
Wife to give bonds to overseers before taking executorship for the due 
performance of will. Witnesses Henry GFrey mynisP of Southstoke 
Wittm StakyeTy Tho Sowton Willm Peter and John Vmfrey with other." 
Proved in Chichester Cathedral 6 Dec 1567. 

The will which follows I take to be that of his widow 
Agnes : — 

♦ Abstract of the Will of Amnrs Psllat. 

(Chichester, Vol. XH., fo. 107.) 

8 June 1579 ** I Annys Pellat of Steyninge in the Countey of Sussex 
wydowe" **to be buryed in the Churchyarde" "highe churche of 
Chichester iiij** " " reparacons of my paryshe Churche of Steyninge 
iij* iiij** " poor of S !()•/- " vnto Edwarde Pellett my sonne and to his 
heyres for ever all that my parcell of lands lienge in Steyninge w^ I 
late boughte of John Smyth of Peperscome nowe in the teno' & 
occupacon of the sayde Edwarde" "vnto Annys Pellett my sonne 
Edwards daughter one fine sheete of lokaram the w^ hath a blake 
seame in the mydeste " canvas table cloth, brass '*posnatt " ^'a payer 
of silver eyes and a siliuer pine " *' vnto Jone Baker my daughters 
daughter one lytell cofer a payer of canvas sheets" &c. at marriage 
" or at aney tyme before " as overseers determine, more unto "Edward 
my sonne one longe cheste one great chayer the bench in the hale " 
&c & 20/- to William Hillman 10/- "vnto Boberte Pellett my sonne 
one CO we of the couller red gored or ells xxx*" "one great cawdron of 
brasse" "table clothe of locaram" bedstead &c. &c. bed & bedstead in 
custody " of James Smythe my sone in la we " Besiduary legatee & 
executor " John Pellett my sonne " Overseers Thomas Penfoiude and 
Thos Belsone. 

Witnesses W" Hillman, John Byshoppe Thos Penfolde & Thomas 
Belsone 

Proved 4 July 1579 by the Executor. 

The^will of Christopher, son of Richard and Agnes, 
comes next. 

♦ EXTEACT OF THE WiLL OF XPOFEB PeLLETT. 

(Vol. Xn., fo. 194^) 

13 Dec. 1580 "Xpofer Pellett of the boroughe of Arrundell" to 
be buried in churchyard — ^high Church of Chichester 2* — " to my 
brother Roberte Pellett of Petwo'th one quarter of wheate and one 
quarter of barley. Item I geue to my brother Edwarde Austen of 
Lewys haulf a quarter of Tmeate and half a quarter of barley " — 
cosen Baman — ^to Betes of warehouse 12* — Siyants widowe xij* — ^to 
"Carter of Offam " xij* Bowse of Bam 7* — ^Alice James 4 bushels of 
barley — ^Alice West ditto — ^Androwe Weste do— Henrie SmiA do— 



|R 



E 



FEBLHSEX. 




ent] 




ofSte 



1b 



n and si-pjohan. Named in husband's will. 



I 



leir books, 
ch 25th, i 
er Resten 

t. 23rd, . 



Executrix with son John. 



the way ^amed in father's 
Joint exoi. with 



Edmond. Left xx marks in will 
of father«JEhen he cometh out of 



I 



I 

4 



KFJ-ATINIJ TO THE FAMILY OF PELLATT. 



113 



Besiduary legatee and executrix Agnes Pellat " my wief " — W™ Peter 
Ailitm Shepardo ovei'seers. Witnesses Jolin Page, Eob' Henj"nge, 
Juhn Moki>. 

l*roved IB Fell 1580 by William Peter proctor of Agnes Pellat the 
eseimtris. 

Thin is the earliest note that we have of the family 
being at Arundel ; afterwards the name often occurs 
tlieix". 

Richard, anotlier sun of Kicliard and Agnes, is next 
in order. 

* AnSTHACT OP TUE WiLL OF ElOHAUD PeLLAT, OF NoRTH STOKE. 

(Chichester, Vol. XIV., fo. HI.) 
Richard Pellat of North Stoke — tobe buried in churchyard — flll 
goods &c "to my two children William Pellet and Thomas Pellet 
whom I make my Executors " I owe John Wulvin the yoager and 
Juane Wulvin his sister their legacies whicJi is £22^fr — i, I owe 
Hichard Wulviiie port of his legacies which is £7 — Dorothy Soott wid 
£5 — John Bui'knian ft ({uorters of barlej- — John Pellet 8 quarters of 
barley &c — Overseen? " my unkle ITiomas Pellet and Thomas Har- 
warde " Witnesges Thomas Iloare, Kobert Searle, John Pellett, John 
Harwarde, leacke Banyster, Thomas Hnrwarde. Proved 7 March by 
Thomas Pellet Suiwrvisor during the minority of William Pellet & 
Thomas Pellet 

(No year, but evidently from next wills ISSJ,) 

In 1604 we find the will of Tliomas Pellett, of Pet- 
worth, younger britthcr of William of Charlton, and 
Richard of Otlani. He leaves his "cosin" (evidently 
ncjjhew), Thomas Pellett of Bignor, residuary legatee 
and exor. 

• Abstract of the Wux op Thomas Pellett, of Pettwobth, 
(Chichester, Vol. XV., fo. 233,) 

•2i Dec. 1604 Thomas Pellett of Pettworth gent— " to my sister 
Edmunda ix* and xx' a yeere duringe her life' "to Eobert Pellett 
of Petworth £10" "to Richard Pellet his sonne £10" "to every of 
Robert Pellets daughters xx" a peece" "to Thomas Pellet my kinsman 
the Sonne of Bichard Pellet late of North Sloke deceased a fether bed 
with A fether boulstor W" my cossin Heath of Petworth late had " also 
" another fether beil w* my cossin Belchamber hath " poor of Petworth 
20/- and of Steyning 20/ — to John Barnard my godson the household 
stuff I have ut his fathers " Ui John Pellet my brother Richards sonne 
£3" and forgive him his debts "to his daughter my goddaughter 
20/- " my CoBsin Thomas Pellett of Bignor shall have the Tse of Thomas 
Pelletts stocku my C-ossino RicUsrd I'flletts sonne late of North Stoke 
deceased which is Ix" with hie father guifte and that that befell him 
by his brothers death vntill he come to age according to hia fathers 
will" "to Thomas Pellett my cossin Richards sonne late of Stoke" 



114 PEDIGREE AND GENEALOGICAL MEMORANDA 

2 pair of sheets, coverlet at William Forders and a blanket, to John 
Barnard's wife 10/. — ^to " Henry Smithes wife my daughters in la we 
x' a peece" — "to Richard Pellett Bobert Pelletts sonne the lowest 
ffetherbed I lye one and the worst boidster " " to Barbery Clymsfolde 
of Arundell m (?my) daughter in la we xx' " "to my Oossin Robert 
Pelletts wife of Pettworth for her paynes v" " 

" M' Doctor Boimde of Pettworm overseer " Residuary legatee and 
executor "my cossin Thomas Pellett of Big^or" Witnesses Robt 
Wittm. Wittm Waters. Proved by Thomas Pellett 11 Sep 1605. 

From ^^ State Papers," Forgn. and Dom., 1581-1590, 
we get the following : — 

1583. Dec. 12. Examinations of John Mychell (servant of Edward 
Caryll, Esq) Edifard Caryll, Esq, Tho. Pellet, and Tho. Barnard," as 
to any knowledge of the conveying away of Lord Paget and Charles 
Arundel beyond seas. 

Saying of Chr. na3mes, that M' Shelley had better have spent £500 
than that this matter should come in question. 

The Thomas Pellatt here mentioned was probably 
Thomas of Petworth, and the examination may have 
been in connection with the Throgmorton conspiracy. 

In "State Papers" of the following year (1584, Jan,?) 
among the persons mentioned in "Extracts of the chief 
points contained in the examinations of sundry persons 
committed for religion and other causes," the name of 
Tho. Pellet will be found. 

John Pellett of Offam died in 1607, another son of 
Richard and Agnes. 

♦ Extract of the Will of John Pellett of Offam. 

(Chichester, Vol. XV., fo. 248.) 

20 Jan 1607 "John Pellett of Offam within the parrish of South- 
stoke husbanman" to be buried in churchyard — high Church of 
Chichester 4* — ^parish Church 6** — "to Elizabeth my £iughter fortie 
shillings and the twentie shillings besides that her uncle Thomas 
Pellett gave her" within one month after my decease— "to my sonne 
John five pounds " at 21 — son Thomas do at do — son Bobert do and 
"my great brasse potte" at 21 — "to Jone my daughter" £5 at 18, 
each to be the others heir and if all 4 die then to " Elizabeth my wife 
and Elizabeth my daugliter." Eesiduary legatee and Executrix wife 
Elizabeth. Overseers Kichard Clares and Tho Sowton the yoimger. 
Witnesses Maurice Bowland, Jeffrey Haukyns. William Wilshare. 

so It will be noted that there was a close connection between the Pellatts and 
Bamards. In the will of Thomas Pellatt, of Petworth, 1604, he leaves " to John 
Barnard my Gk)dson the household stuff I have ut his fathers,** and ** to John 
Bamards wife 10/." One of the witnesses to the will of Thos. Pellatt of Petvrorth, 
1625, was Thomas Barnard, Jr. 



RELATING TO THE FAMILY OK TELLATT. 



115 



III the Rpi>cndix to tluw paper will be found the will of 
liicliard Pellet of Sfepiing, the elder, 1608; also of 
Richai-d Pellet of Steyuiiig, 1609, as I cannot place 
eitlier of tliese upon the pcdigroc. 

hi 1625, we find the will of Thomas Pellett of 
I'ctworth, Hon of Richard Pellet of North Stoke : — 

• AnaxRACT ok tub Will of Thomas Pbixett or Pettobth. 
(OliifhMter, Vol. X\T:I., p. 167.) 

Li Jim IC25. Thomas Pellett of Petworth yooman — my eldest son 
Thomas P i40 at 21— to Eicliard P, Joseph P & Edward V tliree other 
of my BOOB £G0 a piece at 21 — Joane my now wife shall liave the house 
I dwell in for life afterwards to son Thomas. 

Overaeers to sell meadow called Hoebrook for debts — to my brother 
Richard Woulven 20/- Besiduarv legatee and oxecutrix " now wife 
Joane " t)verseers my tosin William Pellett of Bignor and brother 
Richard Wolvon. 

Witnesses Rob' Sadler, Jameti Pellett. Thomas Barnard jim' 

Proved 27 Ap l(i27 by Joane P the relict. 

With this will, elo8e» my ijiformation of these branches 
of the family. 

Wo now return to Richard of Cliarlton Court (son of 
AVilliam who jjurchawed it of the Crown)." He was the 
eldest son and was to have the use of the Pwsonage 
until his brother John was 21. 

In Cartwriglit's " Rape of Bi-amber," p. 165, he is 
named as M.P. for Steyning iii 1572. In 1584 we are 
informed that he purchased Hignor Park.** 

Unfortunately liiebai'd Pellet did not leave a will. 
•On 10 Jan., 1587 administration was granted in P.C.C. 

" Umaatt, p. 110. 

*' Biguar-jinrke was so leai<ed foi 40 jcan, for £10 per ami., " to Dnde the taid 
Krlt B^ hie hejrea, one liabell man iin homebork well & eufBcieutlj Weed, 
homcnod. orrajed, & weapouMl, to wrrTc tbe Queeiio'B Majestic;" and ft It) 
■ttlrd "uU tbat our [jorkc & Indite ot Bjgnore." In the 26th ol EUx. (15S1], 
" l)i|rnoiv poikc, idTe terra iQcluna aii: tocbC. m porocbU dc BTKnore. scilicet, uu 
lueikiMg', uu' hoireuni, uu. gardin'. 100 acr, teirsi, 40 pniti. 3IHI paKtQrae infra 
m1* (iftKi Btgnoru per Thonuun Cooke, alien' Richardo Pcllatt." Inq. p. mart. 
ThonM' Pellatt ob. wUat. of the manor of Bignore park, held in capltc of the 
Crawa by the hundredth part uf h kuiKhl'v ftv." 

In 15M John, Lord Ltunlejr, Mild it lu William Tfrwhtt, Em].. of whoxe repre- 
■aiit«ti<'tfi it wan piutbaned by lUehutl t'elluEt. of Steyninjt. (won afterwardn. and 
who bnllt the nunidon bouee in the xtylc of tbat age. " The RituDtiua of the 
houiv WM Rinttidnrlj well cbuwn. It Rtuod on an eminenee (heltcred (roio the 
north-mst, Biid comrantulinfr a moi;iilSet'iit Tiew of the whole surrounding 
eountry." To tlie preiwnt day it rorric* out all that Ihr historina ray* about it. 
A moiv uliormtng B^xit it would be difflc^ilt to flud. 



116 PEDIGREE AND GENEALOGICAL MEMORANDA 

to his wife, who is described as " Mary relict of Richard 
Pellet Esq late of Maldon, Essex, in the person of 
Thomas Wheler notary public." 

^^Add. MS. Brit. Mus.," 5685, p. 91, is as follows:— 
** The Manor of Charlton Cum Ashehurst in Steyning 
held by William Pellett 3 & 4 Philip & Mary (apparently 
bought by him 13 May 1557V 29 Eliz. 21 June (1587) 
Richard Pellett died seized of this manor leaving his son 
& successor, Benjamin. Value £40. 6. 8. Enfeoflfed by 
Richard Pellett to John Apsley & others 8 May 29 Eliz. 
(1587). Alienated 2 March 35 Eliz. (1593) by Benjamin 
Pellett Esq. to Sir Thomas Shirley." 

The ^^ Calendar's Proceedings in Cliancery," Eliz. 1, 
2 & 3, Vol. III., p. 13, gives the following:— '' Plaintiff 
Richard Snellinge. Def** Anthony Pepper & Wife & 
Richard Pellett. For the recovery of title deeds a 
messuage & land in Beding alias Scale (i.e., Sele) & 
one mesg*' & other land in Porteslade devised to plaintiff 
under will of Peter Snellinge his father." 

Richard Pellett being named as of Maldon, Essex, 
seems strange, but it is supported by other circum- 
stances. His son Thomas married Mary, daughter of 
Richard Joselyn, of Hide Hall, Co. Essex, and left 

Sroperty at Highrooding, in that county. His daughter 
arie married Richard Jeffrey, of Little Bursted, Co. 
Essex. Richard appears to have left three children — 
Benjamin, Thomas, and Jane, whom we shall now 
consider. 

Benjamin Tprobably bom 1565-70) was first of Stey- 
ning. He subsequently acquired the Manor of Bolney, 
from an old family oi that name, the residence there 
being Bolney Place, In 1588 he subscribed £25 to 
the loan raised by Queen Elizabeth at the time of the 
expected invasion by the Spanish Armada. 

Benjamin Pellett married for liis first wife Dorothy, 
daughter of Edward Lewknor, of Kingston-Bowsey, 
who was at one time Groom-porter to Edward VI., and 
was subsequently condemned for high treason, but died 
in the Tower June 25, 1556, before the sentence could 
be carried out. All his four sons and six daughters 



nELATINfi TO THK t'AMILY OF PKLLATT. 



117 



(of whom Dorothy was the youngest) were restored in 
olood by Act of I'arliameut, 1588. Benjamin's second 
marriaj^e was in 1590, as entei-ed in StcjTiing Register, 
*" 159(1 Aug. 24 Benjamin Pellet geii'osus and Alice 
Fanifold Genosa." 

Tlie children of each raamago will he seen upon the 
pedigi-oe. 

In 1603, at the coronation of James I., Benjanun 
Pellett received the honour of knightliood. He appears 
to have had some difference with the Vicar of Bolney, 
&n "State Papei-s," 1603-10, p. 185, says "Note of Sir 
Benju. Pellet's fraudulent dealings towards the minister 
of HolneVj Sussex, in suborning witnesses to accuse bim 
of flieft.'^ 

In Sub-Hidy Koll, 1621, we find — "Bolney. Sir Benjamin 
Pellctt Knight in lands £'20. 53. 4."*" Jane, only daughter 
of tlie [il)ove, man-ied July 13, 1626, at Bolney, Sir 
William Culpepper, of Wakehurst, in Ardingly, Sussex. 

In consequence of this marriage Ardingly affords many 
recoi-di* of tne Pellctts. 

At the Herald.s' Visitation, in 1634, the family and 
arms were duly reeorded. 

At AitUngly an interesting old half-timl)ered house is 
fitill pointed out as the i-esidence of Sii- Benjamin Pellatt; 
it is ulsii called "]Ji»hiey Place." The present building 
is much reduced fnini i\s original size. 

In 1636 Sir Benjamin died at Ardingly, and waw buried 
in tlie church there. By the kindness of the Vicai', the 
Rev. J. Bowden, I was enabled to copy the oi-iginal 
entrj- from the register : — 

IGSG Jany Rl S' Benjamin Fellat nn aniieut Knight van buried in 
y* cliancell 7 fiiot fi'om y* South window. 

His will i.s made shortly before his death ; in it he 
descriljos himself " of Wakehurst." 

Abstract of the Wux of Benjauk Pellatt. 
(Lewes WiU Office.) 
Tlie twenty SM'ond day of Jany 1636 
I Benjamin Pellatt Knight of Wakehurst in the Co. of Sussex, 4c. 

■ " 8. A. C," Vol. IX., p. M. 



118 PEDIGREE AND GENEALOGICAL MEMORANDA 

Item I bequeath to Alice my beloved Wife two featherbeds for her 
use during the terme of her natural life. 

Item I bequeath to my daughter Dorothy xjl* 

I give to my grand-children Ann Katherine, & Eose Fellatt xx' a piece. 

I give to my servant Edward Pepper £5 

I give to my mayde servant Joane Qullop x* 

I give to the preacher that shall preach at my funeral xx* 

I give to Sir William Culpepper my sonne-in-law all my lands lying 
in the parish of Ffindon near Worthing in the Co. of Sussex now in 
use & occupation of one Widow Qravette to him & his heirs for ever, 
in consideration that hee the sayd Sir William Culpeper shall allow £5 
yearly unto my sister Ffamefoiild during her life. The rest of all my 
Koods & chattells I give unto my eodsonne Benjamin Culpeper sonne & 
heire of Sir William Culpeper whom I make & ordayne executor of 
this my last will & testament. 

And I do nominate & appoint my well-beloved son-in-law Sir 
William Culpeper and my very loving friend M' Bichard Teynton, 
Parson of Ardingly, the overseers of the same. 

In presence of Thomas Norris 

Barbara deeve. 

It will be seen that he leaves to his son-in-law, Sir 
William Culpepper, his lands in Findon, the rest of his 
goods to his godson, Benjamin Cidpepper (his only son 
John having died previously, and his grand-daughters 
being provided with the manor of Truleigh, in Edburton, 
of which more anon). 

At an Inquisition, taken at East Grinstead 30 Mar., 
13 Car. I. (1638),^ 

♦The juiy found that Sir Benjamin Pellat Knt. died 26 Jany 1636 
seized of the Manor of Trewly in Ebberton als Edburton Seeding 
Woodmancote & Henfield, that John Pellat his son died in the Life 
of said Benjamin leaving three daughters his Coheirs, Viz. Anne aged 
18. (2) Catharine aged 16. (3) Eose aged 13 years & 4 months 

Sir Benjamin's wife, Alice (nee Famfold), survived 
him 22 years, and was also buried at Ardingly, thus — 

1657 Nov. 30 Ladie Alice PeUatt wife of S' Benjamin Pellatt was 
buried. 

We cannot pass on without a note upon the house of 
Culpepper — ^' Among the noble and knightly houses of 
England few ranked higher than that of Culpepper."^ 

Upon a recent visit to Ardingly I was much interested 
in the brasses still extant in the chancel of the chiu^ch. 

a* Add. MS., 5686, p. 238. « " S. A. C," Vol. XI., p. 37. 



RELATING TO THE FAMILY OF PELI^TT, 119 

A slab has the figure of Elizabeth Culpepper, and bears 
the following inscription : — 

Jaeii hie suh hoc tumulo Eliznlielha Cwlpepor nior dilwisaima {sic) 

Edusrdi Culpeper de ^yakehu^st in Comitatu Su§«ex militia quBa 

quideia Elisyibetha fuit fiha Gulielmi Farnefold amii geri de Steotng 

in Comitatu prae dioto quae Obiit decimo die Septembr 

Anno Dmi. 1633. 

Above is a shield displaying the foUowing:*" — 

1. Argent a bend engrailed guUi (a crescent for difference). — 
Culpeper, 

2. Argent a chevn>n sable between 10 martleta six in chief and 4 in 
base guUs. — Hardkesii.vll. 

3, Argent a cheyron between 3 birds giilts. — Wakeuurbt. 

4, Argent on a bond sable 3 eagles displayed or. — Ernelev. 

EwutcJieon of pretense. 
Argent 2 bare sable on the first a besent. — Pellatt. 

Impalement. 
Sable a thevron engrailed between 3 bucks' heads argent attired or. 
— Farnfold. 

I was puzzled to find a reason for the amis of Pellatt 
being placed here, as at tlio date of this inscription I 
wan not aware of any maniage between Cnljiepper and 
Pellatt. I can only venture the suggestion that this 
brass was placed by Sir William Culjiepper {who ninmcd 
Jane Pellatt V in nieniorj- of \u» mother, and that unthink- 
ingly he had put his own aims upon the tomb instead of 
those of his father. 

Another tomb has the figure of a girl, surmounted by 
a lozenge-whaped shield bearing the Culpepper arais, on 
an escutcheon of pretense ar</nit two bars sable on the 
fii-st a bezant (Pellatt), with the following inscription 
Iwlow: — 

Here lyeth interred y* body of Elizabeth Culpeper eldest daughter 
of 8' 'William Culi>eper of Wakehui-s in this County Barronetl, and 
of Jane (nic Pellatt) his wife, shee was aged 7 yoi 
life for a better w "■ ' 



■■ lltm^dd'e SuHBi-s." Vol, VI., p. S.^a ; " 8. A, C," Vol. X.. p. I5S. 



120 PEDIGREE AND GENEALOGICAL MEMORANDA 

In these days of ^^ Church restoration," which causes 
such heartburnings to those seeking the tombs of their 
ancestors, it is most cheering to find the admirable 
manner in which these brasses at Ardingly have been 
preserved. 

From the quaint diary of the Rev. Giles Moore, of 
Horsted Keynes, we have note of the burial of Lady 
Culpepper (nee Pellatt) — 

1660-1. On the 16 of April being Palm Sunday Madam Culpepper 
was buried in the Chancell in the afternoon at Ardingly. I went there 
to hear M' Botherham preach leaving my own church unserved but I 
both preached & gave the sacrament that day.^^ 

The only son of Sir Benjamin that attained manhood 
was John, who was bom in 1584. In 1608 he married 
Ann West, daughter of Thomas West, Lord de la Warr. 
The marriage licence is thus recorded : — 

♦ 1608 Aug 30 John Pellatt Esq of the City of London Batch 24 
son of Sir Benjamin Pellatt K*. of Boney (Bolney) Sussex who consents 
& Anne West of S'. Catherine Coleman Maiden dau. of Thomas Lord 
La Warr of Wherwell Southampton who died 6 years ago S* Anne now 
dwelleth with her mother The Lady Ann La Warr of S' Catherine 
Coleman who consents at S' Catherine Cree Church — (" Marriage 
Licences of the Bishop of London/' published by the Harleian Society, 
Vol. XXV., p. 307). 

Some interesting particulars of the lady's family will 
be found in ^' Burke s Peerage," page 377. 

Thomas, 2nd Lord La Warr, who succeeded his father 
in 1595, married Ann, daughter of Sir Francis Knowles. 
The daughter of this marriage, Ann, became the wife of 
John Pellatt. They appear to have resided at Bolney, 
from the register of which church I am able to give the 
particulars of his family, as shown upon the pedigree. 
He died in the lifetime of his father. A small brass is 
still to be found in the chancel-floor of Bolney Cliurch 
recording the same. 

Here lyeth the bodye of John Pellatt Esqvior sonn and heire 
apparant of Benjamin Pellatt knight he deceased the tow and t wen tie 
day of October Anno Domini 1625. etatis sue 41. 

« "S. A. C," Vol. I., page 81. 



MEMORIAL BRASS IN ARDrSRLY CHURCH. 




Herb lveth intemed y budv 


or Eliuukth 


CVLTEPES ELDEST DAVCHTEK O 


r s! W1U.IAM 


CvLFEfm or Wakkhvrs tv 


THtS COVNTV 


Babnohbtt, aku op Iahe h 


S WIFE, SHKE 


W*S AOBD 7 VHME8 ft CHAN 


3ED THIS Ura 


FOR A BETTER OH ( b" DAV Or 


Dkcsubek a** 


Ml 16J4. 





RELATING TO THE FAMILY OF PELLATr. 



121 



From the Bur. MS. Bi-it. MiL-s., I gather that originally 
the tomb had also the Coat of Arms, but that is not there 
now.* 

Three daughters of this mamage — Ann, Catherine and 
Rose — wore left co-heirs of their fatlior, and inherited 
the manor of Tnileigh, in ]'2d!)iirton. Catherine, the 
second daughter, manied William Hippersley, and from 
notes in two recent volumes of the Collections," we gather 
the fact that the Poet Cowper wan descended from this 
family, as shown below : — 

W. Ilipperjley^T^'nthcrlue Pellett 
KfttlieiTneT=Ilruiii Clonch 
Cathurine^ Roger Donne 

WiUiam, tht Poot. 

So that CowperV mother, the i-eceijit of whose picture 
called forth one of the immortal poemn of the hnglinh 
language was the great-gi-aiid-daughtcr of Catherine 
Pellett. 

An already noticed, liis mother was Anne, daughter of 
Roger Donne, of Ludliam Hall, Norl'olk, Regarding 
this lady, one of her biographers remarks tliat "the 
highest bli)f)d in the nmlm flowed in the veins of the 
modest and unassuming Cowper, his mother having 
descended tlirough the tkmilies of HipjK'i-Kley, of 
Throughlcy, in Sussex, aiul Pellet of Bolney, in the 
same county, and ti-om the sovoi-al noble bou-ses of West, 
KuoUyn, Carey, Bullen, Howard, and Mowbi-ay, and by 
fom* different linci*, ft'um Hcnr)' tlic Thii-d, King of 
Kugland." 

It is a curious coincidence that Dr. Cotton, in whoso 
care Cowjier was placed, and to whose humanity and 
skill ho jiays so high a tribute in his poem on " Hope," 
had for his assistant a Stephen Pellet, fil.D., who, at the 

"■ Adaion. (r.C.C. Laud il.) " U MurtU 1(133. Admon. wm gTaiiU>il lo Aunp 
Bwulf uliiii- rcllatt relict of John I'cUutt Intc o( Uolney in Co. tiusecx dtifnw-d." 
Thin admon. wa> not grsntrd until eight jcaza nCtir JohnV death. It oppcun 
that the widow had renmrriL-d. 

* •' 8. A. C," Vol. XXXJI., p. 2:Ht ; " 8. A. C," Vol, XXXIV., ]>. 2fil. 



122 PEDIGREE AND GESEALOGICAJL MEMORANDA 

decease of the proprietor, Aug. 2, 1782 (aged 90), took 
die iiii^tution at St. Albans into his own hands. I 
believe him to hare been a member of the family of 
whom we are treating, though at present I fisul to place 
him upon the pedigree. What little information I have 
gathered will be found in the Appendix. 

We now return to Thomas, the second son of Richard, 
and brother of Sir Benjamin. He appears to hare 
inherited Bignor Park. Whether this was on account 
of his elder brother being amply provided for, or is an 
example of " Boro' English " is difficult to determine. 

Thomas Pellatt married Mary, daughter of Richard 
Joselyn, of Hide Hall, Co. Essex. She died at Bignor, 
May 20, 1626 (Bignor Reg.), and had a mural inscription 
m the church (Bur. MS.); the same is not now to be 
found. He died at Bignor, and was buried there Dec. 21, 
1616. His will is here given : — 

♦ Abstract of the Wnx of Thoicas Pellett of Bionob. 

(P.C.C. 50 Weldon.) 

3 Oct 1616 Thomas Pellett of Bygnor gent — to be buried in Ghurch. 
— to William P. my son £10 (?yearly) "out of my Parke of Bygnor 
duringe the naturall lyfe of Mary Pellett my wife," also to W" £30 
yearly out of my lease of the Manor of Higheroodedingbuiy in High- 
rooding Essex also gold ring or signet and books — to Hester P. my 
daur. £400 — Kesiduary le^tee & executrix wife Mary P — . Overseers 
" John Pellett of Boney (Bolney) in the County of Sussex Esquire my 
cosen and Kinsman and James Pellett of Madehurst in the said County 
Clerke my Cosen " 

Proved 16 May 1617 by Mary the relict and executrix. 

Ho namcH as overseers ^^ John Pellet of Boney (Bolney) 
Co. Sussex my cosen and kinsman and James Fellet of 
Madehurst in the same county Clerke my Cosen." James 
Pellet was Incumbent of Madehm'st, 1592 f probably the 
same who graduated at Oxford, 1584 ; admitted B.A. 
23 April, 1588, det. 158f ). At present I cannot identify 
his parentage. 

Two children were the issue of this marriage, viz., 
Hester, who married John Cooke, of West Burton, Co. 
Sussex (a member of a family long resident there), and 

'liam, who was bapt. at Bignor as '^ William Son of 
Qia8 Pellatt & Mary his Wife Feb, 1593." He 



RELATINC! ro lllE FAMILY itV I'KLLATr, 



mherjteii the estate fmm his fathtT, and manied, first, 
Bridget, one of the tlnrteeii cliildreii of WiUiam Mille, 
of Greatbam, Co. Sussex. (William att JMulle we pre- 
viously noted at Stoyniug in Subnidy Roll of 129G.) 
The introduction of tbo chHstiau name of Mill in the 
Pellatt Family ia evidently from this marriage, and ha« 
been kept up to the present day. 

They were married at Greathani, May 5, 1627. A 
few years afterwards thoy erected a new house at Bignor 
(16^2). This in time gave place to the present mansion, 
built 1826, by the then ownier, — Hawkins, Esq. 

Inserted in a side wall of the house a stone may still 
be seen marked thus : — 

WP. BP. 1632, with the 
eoat of arms in the centre, 
evidently for William and 
Bridget Pellatt. 

Mrs. Pellatt died at 
Bignor, and was bui-ied in 
the church there, Nov. 2, 
I6;i6. In the sinne year, omng to the death of liis uncle, 
Sii' Benjamin, without male lieii", William became the 
bead of the family. Iti 16U2 ho seems to have had some 
diflFerenee with the Kector of Bolney, as we gather from 
"State Papers, DomeHtie," 1C37-8. 

"Calendar of Stato Papers, Douipetic," 1637-8, 
1637? Vol, CCCIJCXV. 

93. Petition of Edward HiiHtler, Rettor of Bignor, in diocese of 
OliichcBter, to tlie Council. Uimiu tlie petition imnexed, the Lords 
^ve direction to Mr. NiLhoIns to dwinre to Lord Cliief Justice Finch 
that no further proceedings should l>c taken in tlie nnid CHuee, till liia 
MajiWty and the Ijiirdfi were fuillier informed. In reganl llie i-uiiee 
concerns the cliurdi in point of titiii's nithlivld, and lliat liin Majeuty 
ie patron of the rectory, petitioner i)ray8 a jij •ointment fur a hearing, 
[J p.] Annexed. 

03. 1. Petition of the winie to the anme, WiUinm Pellet Btande 
Beiaed of 20(1 acres in Bignor, nliiclL heretofore wns n [lork. hut for 40 
yearn liita been nruble ami coppicp, and by that nieaUH haH become 
titheable. Petitioner being forced to sue in the EL-clesiaHtienl Court for 
the tithe, Pellet procured a rule in the Common Pleas for a prohibition. 
P^tioner by hie counsel gave satisfaction, and it was ordered iu the 
absence of tlio Lorti tliief Jnsties', that no prohibition should be 
granted, yet shortly aAor petitioueT was again warned to appear in 



WP 


1632 


BP 



124 PEDIGREE AND GENEALOGICAL MEMORANDA 

the Common Pleas, and there being persuaded by his Lordship con- 
sented to a trial at Common Law, but upon better advice, finding the 
church (in his Majesty's gift) like to siiffer by g^ing to such a trial, 
petitioner pra^s the Lords to take a course for stay of the trial and 
relief of petitioner. [1 p.] 

William Pellatt's second wife was Jone, daughter of 
William Grey, of Wolbeding.* We find him styled as 
" Cap*' William Pellatt," but have no information as to 
what the title referred. He died at Bignor, and was 
buried in the church there Jany. 14, 165^. At present 
I have failed to find any will or admon. 

The children of William Pellatt by his first wife were : 
1, Thomas; 2, Mary; 3, William; 4, Joseph; 5, Elizabeth; 
6, John. 

1, Thomas. Bap. at Greatham, July 24, 1628 (Bur. 
MS.) Married at All Saints, Lewes, March 6, 1659, 
Hannah (or Susannah), daughter and co-heir of William 
Alcock, of The Friars, Lewes, as ^^ Thomas Pellatt of 
Bignor Gent., and Hannah, daughter of William Alcock 
of Lewes Gent." 

^^ The Friars," Lewes. By the marriage this fine estate 
came into the Pellatt family, and remained with them 
until 1805. 

Lewes at the time we speak of was a very different 
place from the Lewes of to-day. 

Defoe says of it, "Lewes is the most romantic situa- 
tion I ever saw. It consists of six parishes in which 
gentlemen's seats joining to meet another, with their 
gardens uphill ana downhill compose the town." Of 
these seats '* The Friars" was one of the finest. It was 
situated in the centre of the town, and comprised a 
family mansion, with gardens, orchards, fish pond, &c., 
the boundary walls enclosing an area of eighteen acres. 
Subsequently the house was pulled down to make way 
for the railway ; the present station is reported to stand 
upon the site of the nouse. Some of the old red brick 
walling of the garden is still standing. Originally it 
was occupied by the Grey Friars or Friars Minors. "In 
1542 the site was leased to Sir John Gage. On the 12*^ 

"• " Beny'8 Suaaex," p. 208. 



RBLATING TO TMK FAMILY OF PELLATT. 



125 



of Mairh 1544 (3-5 Hen. VIII.) George Haydon Gent & 
Huf^h Stukoloy K^q reciuestt'd to purcliase or lease the 
property of tiio then lately dissolved house. On 14 
June follo\ving (:i6 Hen. VIII.) a ffraut of o" was made 
to George Haydon & Hugh Stukeley & fi-oin tlioni it 

{jasaed to Jolin Ke\^ne who died seized lo April 1585, 
eaving liis niece Joan daughter of Ids bi-other Richai'd 
& wife of George I'owlet, his heiress. In the time of 
Clias. I. the estate was tlie jii-operty of Sir John Sliurley 
of Isfield, who died here 25 April 1631 having married 
Dorutliy daughter of George Gonng of Danny & widow 
of Sir Henry Bowyer of Uuckfield Knight. The Alcocks 
were afterwards the owners." 

Thomas Pellatt administered to the will of Matthew 
Taylor, 37 March. 1678 (P.C.C. 58 Reeve). He died 
11 June, 1080, and was buiied at All Saints, Lewes. 
Burrell, in liis acieount of the monuments in tliis ehureh, 
says — 

On a gravestone at the und of the North Aisle. 

Arms. 

Pollatt impaling Ali.'ock. 

Here lyetli llie body of Thomas TeUntt Estj of this Parish who 
departed this life the 1 1"" day of June Aim. D<im. 1680. 

Also tlie liody of Oraee the Wife of W™ Pollalt sou of tlie said 
Thomas Pellatt Esi^ she was the oiJv daughter of Apsley Newtim of 
Soulhover Esq who departed ihis life the IS^ day of Jauy 1710 
^tatis ■16 yeaiK. 

William I'ellatt Esq ilied the 18 dey of May 172.i jEtatia sum 60. 

No trace of this stone is now to be found, the church 
having been "restored." 
His will is as follows : — 

Absteaot of the Will of Thomas Prllatt of Lbwes- 
(P.O.C, 153 Bath.) 
To poor of All Suiuts, Lewes 40/- 

Do Higniir 40/- 
Servaiits at time of death 20/- To my Aunt Mille my brotlier Pellatt 
water Eli/. Pellatt « Mary now the wife of Tlioiiias Palmer "20/- to 
buy a ring to ware in reniembraiiee of me." To my oldest daughter 
Sunannah llfiOO i'300 being part legaey given her by her Grandfather 
William Ali-ock gent. Det". To my youngest Daughter Mary £400 
£100 biniig left by her Grandfather William Alcock Kent. Dec", to be 
paid ot 18 or day of mnrriage either survivor to take all. Wife to 
lake iut. until due. 



126 PEDIGREE AND GENEALOGICAL MEMORANDA 

To Son William Pellatt household furniture, plate, Lynen, Pewter, 
brass furniture now in house after death of Wife. All the rest to Wife 
Susannah, Sole Extrix. 

Makes loving brother William Pellatt Gent, and my very loving 
friend Henry Snelley Esq & my kinsman Balph Mille Esq overseers. 
To whom £5 each. Beal estate to Daughter Susannah, her heirs & 
assigns Copyhold mess* Bams buildgs &c holden of Manor of Isfield 

To Mary (D^ W in s* county To Susannah & Mary Manor of 

Sutton Hall & lands in Sutton now in occup" of Thomas Legatt to 
Sus** & Mary my moiety in Mess* Tenet' Warehouses Buildings Wharfs 
Docks lands &c in Thames St London known as Sabo Key & Sabo 
Dock lately purch^ by self and said brother of one Thomas Payne Gent. 

Wife to receive all benefit till g^ls of age or married if Son William 
die no issue then to nephew William Pellatt son of my brother All 
property at Bignor Park. 

Signed Tho'. Pellatt. 
Witnesses 

Eichard Jsfod Ben White Samuel Postlethwaite. William Boolton. 
" Codicell " Appts son William Pellatt of Lewes Merchant one of the 
Overseers in place of Halph Mille & g^ves £5 to him instead of Mille. 
to my sister Pellatt 20/ to buy a ring 

Proved 17 August 1680 

He appears to have been patron of the church of West 
Grinstead, jointly with Ralph Mille, of Greatham, and 
Thomas Beard, of Hurst. In 1662, at the restoration of 
King Charles II., they reinstated the Rector, George 
Heath, who had been ejected from the living in 1637. 
In the robing-room at Chichester Cathedral is a tablet 
containing the names of the donors to the fund for the 
repair of the sacred edifice in 1664. Thomas Pellatt is 
stated to have given £10, a sum equal to nearly £100 in 
the present day. 

Mrs. Pellatt s will was proved at Lewes, and is here 
given : — 

Abstract of the Will of Mrs. Hannah Pellatt. 

(Lewes Probate Court.) 

In the fourth year of William and Mary, 1 693. 

To the poor of the psh of All Saints in which I dwell 40- to Son 
W" Pellatt 20 broad pieces of gold 1 mo after death to Son W". 
dwelling House commonly called Fryers, out-houses Ortchard Ponds & 
house in occupation of Ambrose Gulloway T3rthes g^eat & small psh of 
St. Mary, S*. Ann, S*. John ffabner Plumpton & Barcomb during 
natural life to heirs male (eldest son) failing to second son or next son 
then daughters then drs Susannah Wife of Kich*. Shelley & Mary wife 
of Eichard Payne equally. In case Apsley Newton, father of Ghrace 
the now wife of my son William shall in 2 years pay £1500 portion for 



BELATING TO THK FAMILY OF PELIATr. 



127 



hia D* pay to Hem^' Pelhani of Lewes & Henrj' Board of Hurstpoint 
Si Wiu. Pellatt tlie Y'. of E. Grinstead, invest Ju lands &c for the use 
of son William Pellatt for natural life, after death to use of first 
second & all other Sons in default of all innue to Daughters Hannah 

6 Maiy. Itm to my sifltcr Eliz. Payne Sister Mary PeUet Sister Eliz, 
Pellatt 20/- each to nen'sate at death 20/. Itiu to my cozen Jane 
MauUd £5 Eiehard .... 

Household stuff in doors & without Money Gold Silver & plate wliielt 
I brought & came to me since my husband died & not devised by him 
I leave to two daughters whom 1 make joint Ex. of this n*ill 

Hannah Pellatt. 

Witnesses — Henry Shelley Ambrose Galloway" John Can! 

2, Man- (daughter of WilKnin and Bridget). Bap. at 
Bignor, June 3, 16;iO. Man-, at Bigiior, Feb. U, 1().50, 
Tlionia«, sou of William Palmer*' (Aiigmeriiig Line). 
"Mis. Gen. et Her.," Vol. I., Quarty. Senes, p. ll^i. 

3, William, of whom more afterwards, an he leaves a 
large family- 

4, Josepli. Bap. at Biguor, Dec. 20, 1633. 

5, Elizabeth. Bap. at Bigiior, thus : — 

1634. Elizabeth, the daughter of William Pellatt Gent. & Bridgett 
his wife ba]iti«ed Feb. 10. IGSl. Monday the Feast Day of llie Purifi- 
cation of the IJlesswl Virgin. 

Godfalhen M'. Thomas Everfield 

M'. Riehard Mill 
Godmothers W. Elia. Goring 
M". „ Mill. 
Edward Hastier, Rector Ecc'Ie«iee. 

She appears to have resided at Lewes, and died there 

7 Jany., 1098. 

Abbtuact of the Wiu. of Elizabeth Pellait. 
(Jrfwes Probate Court,) 
I Elixiibeth Pellatt of Lewis 

Wearing anp', plate, rings to two nieces Man- wife of Rich^ PojTi 
s Un....>.i. vv;fc ,.f ifin' ' "■ " ■" ■. ^. .... 



& Haunali \Vife of Rich'' SheUey. AH personal Est. 
Brother Williuui Pi'Uatt of London Imnmunger & tl; 
brother Thomas Pellatt of Lewt« Gent. Two i ' 
them to bury me at Biguor & to give riugs to 
tliey ahull think tit. 

Dated Jan' 4. IGSS. 
Witnesaes — .\nn Pelliilt 
Miiry Davis. 
Tho". Kurrett. 



ihildreii 

' & eliildren of late 

lole Eiors. desire 

't niv relaeons as 



128 MEMORANDA OP THE FAMILY OF PELLATT, 

By her will she dosires to be buried at Bignor. Upon 
a visit there in 1889 her tombstone was pointed out to 
me ; it was partially broken, and was placed face inwards 
against a mound of earth opposite the church door. 
From the clearness of the letters it appeared to have 
been originally within the church, but probably at some 
^^ restoration '' had been cast adrift. The portion of the 
inscription remaining was as follows : — 

lies interred Elizor Pellat 
hter of Cap'. William Pellat 
64 Years & 1 1 Months. Who 
d this life 7° Jany An" Dno. 
1698. 

6, John. Bap. at Bignor, thus : — 

1636. John the sonne of William Pellatt & Bridgett his wife 
baptised 23* Oct. 1636 

Mr John Gk)odman, \ 

Mr John Stanley > Suxceptors. 

Mrs Katherine Mill ) 

I have no further information of John or his brother 
Joseph, and from the fact that they are not referred to 
in the wills of Thomas, William, and Elizabeth, and from 
the tenor of the said wills, it seems probable that they 
were both dead prior to 1680. 



(To be concluded.) 



THE MIMIS ROCK HERMITAGE AT HASTINGS. 



By G. BTNG aATTTE, Esq. 



Speaking of this little-known but curious relic of the 
past, Mr. M. A. Lower, -writing upon Hastings, says: — 
" In the East Hill, in a rock caUed the Minnis Rock, 
was one of the few hermitages which Sussex possessed. 
In the last century it contained a cross with a niche for a 
saint carved out of the rock. In the side of the opposite 
hill are wome excavations, known as St. Clement's Caves, 
originally made in digging for sand and afterwards used 
by smugglers."' 

The origin of this "Hermitage" seems to be unknown 
and its hiKtory is lost — yet thei-e stands the " Hei-mitage" 
itself, an interesting memorial of the past, a])parently as it 
alwayM did, though probably counting its age by centuries. 
Horstield, in his "History of Sussex," does not mention 
this rock-cut cell; Moss, in his "Hastings," merely refers 
to it as having been the residence of an old couple who 
were turned out of the workhouse for niifconduct in 
178-'i ; and Cole, in his delightful work on the antiquities 
of Hastings, gives but few particulars. 

The "Hermitage," as it has long been called, is situated 
on the western side of the East Hul, near Barley Lane, at 
a small elevation above the high road, not far from All 
Saints' Cliurch, a clim-ch dating from the 14th Century, 
and standing on the side of the hill, a Uttle above the 
level of the valley. The part of the hill in which the 
caves are cut is called the "Minnis Rock." a name which 
is conjectured to arise from the Celtic (or Welsh) word 
"Menys," signifying a steep ascent, a name very appro- 
priate in this case, for the ascent to the rock is decidedly 
Bteep. 

' " CompendiooB Uiatorj- of Sussex " (pub. 1870), Vol. I., p. 223. 




130 THE UIHNIS BOCK HEBHITAOE AT HAOTIN08. 

On reaching the spot, 
the explorer finds 
liimself in front of 
three square-headed 
openings cut in the 
rock, and now nearly 
filled up with earth 
and rubbish; it is 
much to be regretted 
■ that the caves are not 
fully cleared out and 
again opened, when, with a little care and management 
on the part of the freeholder, they might be made objects 
of some attraction to the curious in such matters, whilst 
their history, as far as can be ascertained, and their 
probable, original, and real use (as set forth in this 
paper), shortly detailed in the form of a cheap pamphlet, 
might be of service in directing attention to them as 
most interesting curiosities. 

But, filled up as they are, utterly neglected and uncared 
for, this token of the piety of our forefathers is of couree 
foi^tten — out of sight, out of mind. 

On reference to the ground plan, on next page, we may 
suppose that the centre cave might have been the oratory, 
the right {or south) a sort of vestry, and the left (or north) 
a temporaiy lodging for the priest. 

It IS dimcxdt now to ascertain the true height of the 
openings, aa they are choked to within a foot or two of 
the roof, but in depth they are each about 9' 0", and 
average from 4' 0" to 5' Cr in width. The interior is 
described in "S. A. C," Vol. XII., page 15, as consisting 
of three chambers, each opening into the other, and none 
of them very large, and having a cross cut on the wall 
exactly opposite the entrance, and therefore east, and 
by the side of this is a niche, evidently meant to contain 
a statue of the particular saint to whom the "Hermitage" 
or "Oratory" was dedicated. There is also, it is said, 
a rude fireplace, or what is called a "fireplace," on one 
side; but the place has been inaccessible for so many 
years, that these accounts must be taken cum grano. 



THE MINNIS HOCK HEEMITAQE AT HASTINGS. 



■— +- 




Thoro seems to bo no record whatever of the foi-mation 
of these caves, but from their general appearance and rude 
construction, they laust be of very considerable antiquity, 
and it has been thought tliat they were originally intended 
for the renidonce of a pious hermit. A souiewbat einiilar, 
though much larger one is pointed out at Buxted, near 
Uckfield, which is also said to have been a hermitage, and 
these seem to be the only two specimens left' in the county 
of Sussex. But with regard to the Minnis Rock, several 
fects would rather seem to miKtate against this opinion. 
It 18 quite certain that many centuries ago men were 
found ready enough to retii'e to caves and rocks, where 
they were supposed to pass their lives in constant prayer 
ana acts of piety, and to imitate the practice and 
austerities of St. John the Baptist, or rather of St. 
Anthony, who was generally considered to be the first 
recluse. A» a I'ule, they cut themselves off from all 
worldly intercourse, and lived often in far away wastes 

' 8w "Lower'i Com. History," Vol. I., p. *. 



THE WINNIS SOCK HERMITAGE AT HASTINGS. liiS 

France, Italy, and Spain similar chapels are to be found. 
These chapels are geuei'ally dedicated to the Virgin 
Mary — who is always held in great veneration by sailors 
and fishermen, the " Star of the Sea" being one of her 
titles — or to St. Nicholas ur St. Clement, and were estab- 
liahed lor the pui-poses of intercessory services on behalf 
of the maiitime population ; that is, prayer for the Uving 
and for those absent at sea, and masses for the repose of 
the souls of tlie dead, especially of the shipwrecked. The 
supposition that this was one ot the ancient oratories of our 
coasts, and not a mere hermita-gc, is further strengthened 
by the fact of the cross cut on the eastern wall, which 
would denote the presence of an Altai- on that spot at 
some former period, with its attendant niche fur the 
figure of the patron saint. It was not genei-ally the 
practice of hemiits to decorate theii- caves or cells with 
statues, crosses or Altai's, because, imless they liappened 
to bo ordained priests — a very rare occurrence — they 
would have no authority to celebrate Mass at such an 
Altar, or, indeed, anywhere else. 

Taking all these tacts together, the conclusion I have 
arrived at is that this place in the Miimis Rock was, 
without doubt, one of these very ancient oratories or 
chapels already refeiTed to, as having been placed 
hundreds of yeai-s ago, by the generous and unsehish 
piety of oui- ancestors, in situations near the sea coast 
for the express benefit of the seafaring population ; and 
this becomes all the more interesting, as most of these 
have long since passed away, and those few which are 
left, instead of being condemned to dii't and desecration, 
should be eared for by loving hands, as curious and 
touching remains of the past, and as stiikuig instances 
of the deep religious feefings and active benevolence of 
our forefutliers — as well as in their great love for, and 
sympatliy \vith, the " toilers of the deep," the ship- 
wrecked, and the dead I 

In connection with this very interesting subject, it 
may be as well to refer to Ei curious fact not perhaps 
geneiuUy known to the public at large, and that is that 
a cousiaei'ablc poi-tiou of Old Hastings at one period 



134 THE MINNIS BOCK HERMITAGE AT HASTINGS. 

belonged to the great and wealthy Abbey of St. Mary 
Fecamp, in Normandy ; and that, some years ago, whilst 
excavations were being made in the south side of High 
Street, the remains of a Norman Crypt were discovered, 
which once sustained a chapel, or grange above, belong- 
ing, of course, to the great Abbey, as this part of High 
Street was included m the Fecamp possessions. St. 
Clement's Church, close by, was also built, in 1286, on 
the Abbot's land. 

The monks of this Abbey always appear to have 
been highly favoured by the Kings of England, as we 
gather from a charter dated at Burton, 23rd April, 1190 
[temp. Richard I.), by which the '' men and the posses- 
sions of the Abbey were exempted from all toll, pontage, 
frontage, stallage, lastage, and all other dues by land or 
sea;" and at the same tune the King declared that he 
"received into his own hands, and under his own pro- 
tection the monks and all their lands and possessions ; " 
and ftirther, the King ordained that the Abbey could 
only be '^ sued in the King's Courts." These great 
privileges were confirmed, or re-established, by subse- 
quent monarchs. 

Part of the Hastings possessions of this wealthy Abbey 
consisted of the "Great meadow," on the side of the 
East Hill, measuring 18 acres in extent ; and it is in this 
meadow that the Minnis Rock is situated. It is therefore 
quite probable that permission may have been asked of, 
and granted by the Abbey, for the construction of this 
oratory, and, if so, no doubt the groimd was freely 
given for that purpose ; and again, if it is really an 
oratory, founded on the hill-side with the sanction of 
the Abbey, it is quite possible that the Abbot may have 
provided a priest to say the customary Masses and 
prayers for those at sea, both living and dead. These 
few simple facts are here mentioned as they go to enhance 
the interest connected with these singular caves. It is 
much to be hoped that the freeholder may be induced to 
order them to be cleared out, so that they may appear, 
as nearly as possible, once again in their original form 
and aspect. 



THE MIKNI8 ROCK HERMITAGE AT HASTINGS. 



135 



-g>-^»^^- 




The illustrative sketch 
roprcseiits a structure 
which has greatly puz- 
zled more than one 
learned antiquary. 
Many Hastings visitors 
doubtless know, and 
i must have often ob- 
served, situated high 
up on the western face 
of the East Hill, and 
only a few hundred 
yards wouth of the Minnis Rock, tlu-ee Gothic arches, 
iiaving tlieir centres painted black, and called by the 

f)eople the "Three black arches," and I allude to them 
lere as they have been sometimes confounded with the 
Minnis Rock "Hermitage." They are very neatly 
formed, the centre arch ia higher than the two side 
ones, all three are carefully measured and proportioned, 
with the edges and jambs properly cut ana moulded in 
somewhat of the 13th Century or Early Enghsh style, 
so far as one can judge, but these mouldings are now 
very niucli injm-ed by time and we-ather. Allowing for 
the accumulation of earth at the foot, the dimensions of 
the arches may be taken as follows: — Centre, 10' 0" high 
by 6' !)"; the two side ones, each 7' 0" high by 4' 3" broad; 
breadth <tf the face of the rock scarped down, so as to 
cut out the arches, about 30' 0" feet. 

But now comes the very singulai' part of the histoiy ; 
thcHC thi'ee arches are merely cut on the face of the solid 
rock, having no chamber, cave, or hollow of any kind 
behind tliem, a» can be seen distinctly by tlie peculiar 
geological foi-mation. For what possible use, object, 
or puriKfMe could they have been cut in the solid cHff? 
Cousitierable trouble umst have been taken by some of 
oiu" forefathers, tirst to cut down the hill to a perpen- 
dicular face, and then carefully to measure, carve, and 
mould these three arches — and for what ? Apparently 
notliing ! No i-eliable information is obtainable from 
any source whatever, aud the one or two local traditions 



136 THE MIKKI8 ROCK HERMITAGE AT HASTINOS. 

on the subject axe so silly and penrile that they are not 
worth repeating. One is that these neat Gothic arches 
" were made by the smugglers," but for what possible 
purpose the intelligent sp^uKiers never hint ! Another is 
—and this actually appeared in print a few years ago in 
a local publication — ^tnat '* a resident native and his sons 
(quite m recent years of course!) chiselled out on the 
bare face of the rock this triple design resembling church 
doors for no other apparent purpose or use (as we are 
gravely told) but to form a place of meeting for singing, 
£Sg, ani carousing witli their friends?' as if there 
were not houses or taverns enough for such meetings 
without going to the top of a cold and windy hill to 
drink and sing in the open air. 

By far the most likely theory is that these arches were 
began — ^ages ago — by one of our pious forefathers for the 
purpose of establishing there a seaside oratory, and that 
the^esigner probably died, or for some reason, was 
unable to finish the work ; and as nobody undertook its 
completion the three arches were left much as we now 
see them, saving the effects of time and weather. 

That the work was begun in thorough earnest, and for 
a religious purpose too, but was suddenly left \mfinished 
from some unknown cause (like the fine modem ruin on 
Carlton Hill, Edinburgh^, no reasonable person, I think, 
can doubt; and ftirther, it is utterly increoible that these 
careftdly measured arches, cut in the face of the solid 
rock, were so cut for no possible reason or purpose, either 
useful or ornamental. There, however, these venerable 
arches stand, as they have stood, probably, for centuries, 
objects of puzzling curiosity and interest to all intelligent 
and educated people, who have any taste for antiauarian 
inquiry or research, their history imknown and their 
purpose mere conjecture 1 



A CALENDAR OF TIIK DEEDS AND OTHER DOCUMENTS 
IN THE POSSESSION OE THE SUSSEX AHCH^EOLOGICAL 

SOCIETY. 

(Continued from Vol. X.XXVrl., jip. 39-110 and 190.) 



By E. H. W. DUNKm, Esq. 



The DeedH and other Documentt* mentioned in the follow- 
ing Calendar were presented to the Sussex Archteologieal 
Society by W. J. Smith, Esq., of Brighton, with the 
exception of No. 46^, which was given by C, L, Prince, 
Esq., of Crowborough. 

These Doeuments have been placed in the Society's 
Libi-aiy, and may be inspected by Members on application 
to the Hon. Curator. 

459. Charter of John d<? Mam-cne, by which he grante to Hanio de 
M. 4,1, FarLnm, one messuugo in the parish of Heret, in coneidera- 

uuiCiBiiiiT (jm, qJ g^j, amiuni payment of 128. 'Witnesaes : Simon de 
Sancto Leodcgario, Alan Pothol, Herbert atte Berghe, William 
de Glielwesham, John BueeeJ. John attc Bethe, William atte 
Ferde, John alto Bevghe, John do Itattlesford, John Clerico, 
John atte Gueele and others. No date, \_Latin.^ 

460. Deed poll of John Loverd, laborer, by which he remises and quit 
^ claims to Jolm Lidliam of Kype, all hia estate in certain lands 

1{^'! and tenements in Chalvyngton. together with all rent* and 
atirrieoft, which formerly belonged to Margery Loverd, his 
mother (except one rent called Focokkes). Dated at Chal- 
Tyngton. 2 March, 4 Hen. VIII. (1512-13). {Latin.'] 

451. Charter. of Sir Edward Braye, Knt,, Sir Bichard Sheriey, Knt., 
.J, Richard Andrews, Thomas Sheriey and Edward Elderton, 
ft™ft esq,, by which thej' confirm to John. Thetelier of Selmystoni 
one parcel of land called le Oldeland in Selmystou, another 
formerly separated from the common field of SheiTngton, and 
the third called lo Krinkk lying to the east of the eame 
common field, in consideration of the annual payment of 
IBs. 6d. to Sir Eichard Sterlej-, Knt., Bichard Andrewfi, 
Thomas Sherlej' and Edward Elderton, the feoffees of Sir 



r»r^u»> Ayi» other ikktmexts ix possessiox 

..TT.:-*: 3 r..yt ahc I>anic Beatrice, liie wife, and doing suit of 
-- ..• ::.r:: ::,;.ijur_iiiSLervugton. Dated at Shenugion, 
^ • . zl:. ALU. loHo;. iSij^ature of "Zdwani 
:• M.-r:-." "Edward Eliugon" A/V;. ILatiu.' 

..: - W.hI ,i: Knuer. dated 25 Jan., 1.558; sind 
• :rT. •£■":.'* t <.'oun of tlieAn-hbi^Loji of Canttr- 

:.: - ."....; :.: Westminster, in the Quiuzaine ...f 

1. . :: •••'^••t-L Janifh I'Jonier, i.ilaintili, ajid 

• ..:... Mc.V'll. hi** wiff. deforcianrs liyxilii«li 

- ..: .. . :.•: 1;.:::. :«• James I'lomer and liis Leir?. 

: : ..s:ur»: in Bait-ombe. 'Latin.' 

- : -^- *:-: : l»:i::rll. ve(»man, to John Biitlfr 

^ ..- -. .: ::- sun. "f i'l'O, for the jierfuniianre 

^ .. jv' T . Jiim'.'S I. J()05). It appears 

. :•- "11 *:-l:.. had sold to Jolm Butlt-r 

- . • ' ;. :«t B«»n»iigh of Telham, which 

. . ■ : .•.-.. : '>^r. ^::»r. By this bond Leonard 
-^_ -- ' ...: } -:I:r iLt quiet enjoyment of the 
^ . ._ :.V"N ^- . luiide bv him or bv John 

:. : l1.: ^ L^-ndleild, for the year 

■ - : :::.:sw Their holdings, and tlie 

-:t--^ > sulniivided under the 

> -"1 Mauling Chanssellor," 

r>.:s-trar/' and the sum 

;.: • ;.:..:ti::Iy belonged to the 

X.i....: J. .ir-i was jwrt of the 

.. :..': yr:\t:.:or, Chaueellor, 

-: : : y,::.:dl ::: gxHxi presen-a- 

.:.-•: V? Willi.^r^ Newton and 
■ * — - - jT between Mr. 



■^ * 



kv ^ 






• ^ ". - •- !-; i^ " : . r .» right of wav 
: :: i^. s :..:.i I».i:vrl :? July. 1636. 

vv ^ " '•"• "'- : ^- : :!.:■ wav was thnmgh 

w, : ,. '.-.•^-^ .. :.-;v: !-.:: xiear BeTorue 

, M«., ui ('has ^.. .vr;;'i;'tot\;: Sno V]- 

M ^ ||*vtU4 utt tlio diH-mueiit.J ' * -M»r., I b40, although 



OF THE SUSSEX A RCHi:0 LOGICAL SOCIETY. 



139 



. Eitmct from the will of Henry Hilton of HUton, in co. Palatine 

,c. of Diu'hani, esq., but dying at ClapbEtm in Sussex, dated 26 

Ifl, Feb., 1640[-1], and proved in the Prerogative Court of 

Canterbury, 10 Mareh, 1640-1. He left his manors, lands 

and tenementM in tbe eo. Palatine of Durham, to tho Lord 

Mayor of the City of London and four of the senior Aldermen 

for the term of 99 yeara, in trust to pay £20 yearly to the 

churchwardens and overseers of certain parishes in the counties 

of Durham, Sussex, Surrey and Middlesex, to be divided 

amongst the poorest inhabitants at the rate of 40i!. a piece. 

The parishes benefited in the county of Sussex were : Clapham, 

Patclting, the Subdeanery, atia^ St. Peter the Greater la the 

City of ChicJiester, Fyndon, Tarring, Poling, Arundell, 

Angmeringe, Selsey, Steanyng, Bramber, Brtgbthelmston, 

the several pari sites in Lewes (JE20 between thcni) and New 

Sboreham. 

. Ackniiwleilgnieiit by William Swane (or Swaine) of Denton, 

^. mercer, of a iJebt of £10, to be paid 26 March, 1685, to 

James Eichardson of Battell, gent. Dated 23 Oct., 36 Chas. 

H. (1684). Signature of "William Swaine." From an 

endorsement it appears that this sum was the residue of a 

fine of £16 for tlio adniisHioa of James Chambers to Frickly. 

The King's precept to the sherifi' of Sussex, dated 23 June, 

B. 2 James II. (1666), directing him to sunmion certain persons 

"a to form a jiuy tit appear before the justices at Westminster, 

within three weeks of Michaelmas day, or before the Justices 

of Assise for tlie co. of Sussex, to be held at Eaut Grinsted, 

22 July, in a suit depending in tho King's Court between 

Joan Drewley, widow, and John Wjmsett, alias Wimahurst, 

late of Isfietd. 

1 . Warrant by wliich Henrj-, Viscount Sydney, Lord Lieutenant for 
,„, the CO. of Kent, appoints William Campion, esq., one of his 
K?i Deputy Lieutenants for the same co. Dated 5 Feb., 5 William 
and ^17 (1693-4). 

Annexed to which are lelters patent, dated 3 (month gnawed 

away by mice), 5 William and Maiy, appointing Henry, 

Viscount Sydney, Ijord Lieutenant for co. Kent, and giving 

him authority to appoint deputies. 

3. Rental of Woodhurst (now Wadhurst), containing long lists of 

Is iiu names of inlinbitants or owners -of lands in Mousehale Quarter, 

icminiT Jiispdei, Quarter, Fairecroiwh Quarter, Cooslywood Quarter, 

Week Quarter, Town Quarter and Five Asli Quarter. No 

date. 18tli Ctiutury. Koll of five membraneH. 

3. Chirograph of a fine levied at Westniinster on tlie morrow of St. 

u. Martin, 4 Anne (1705), between Richard Pilbeme, plaintiff, 

uSi and Jamea I'lumer and Anne his wife, deforciants, by which 

the latter remise and quitclaim to Richard Pilbeme and hia 

heirs the moiety of 30 ac. of meadow and 60 ac. of pasture in 

Selmeeton, alias Simpson. [Letd'n.] 



140 DEEDS AND OTHER DOCUMENTS, ETC. 

474. GhirograpH of a fine levied at Westminster on the morrow of the 
j^ Holy Trinity, 11 Anne (1712), between William Boyce, 
j^, plaintiff, and William Winton and Anne his wife, and John 

Winton, deforciants, by which the latter remise and quitclaim 
to William Boyce and his heirs, one messuage, 2 bams, 1 
stable, 1 garden, 100 ac. of land, 5 ac. of meadow, 50 ac. of 
pasture and 300 ac. of furze and heath in the parishes of St. 
Peter and St. Mary Westout, Lewes. [^Latin.] 

475. Duplicate of the preceding fine. 

476. Chirogpraph of a fine levied at Westminster, in the octave of the 
^. Purification of the Blessed Mary, 3 Geo. I. (1716-7), between 

*h£' John Vincent, gent., plaintiff, and John Holney Wade, gent., 
deforciant, by which tne latter remises and quitclaims to John 
Vincent and his heirs 3 messuages, 3 bams, 3 gardens, 10 
acres of land, 16 ac. of meadow, 40 ac. of pasture and 5 ac. 
of wood in Selmeston, Shermanbury, and All Saints in Lewes. 
[^Latin,'] 

477. Will of Edward Stephens of Westfirle, husbandman, dated 21 
^, April, 1 744 ; proved under the seal of the Commissary of the 

^^1 Bishop of Cliichester for the Archdeaconry of Lewes, 14 Apr., 
1748. 



SOME EXTRACTS, RELATING TO SUSSEX, FROM THE 

EXCHEQUER SPECIAL COMMISSIONS AND THE 

EXCHEQUER DEPOSITIONS BY COMMISSIONS IN 1584 

AND OTHER YEARS; WITU NOTES AND REMARKS. 



By ALEXANDEE JA3IES FENTON, Esq. 



Amongst the many interestiiig- documents preserved at the 
Public Record Office, not the least so, are tlie Exchequer 
Special Commissions and the Excliequer Depositions 
by Commission. The former were Commissions issued 
from the Court of Exchequer to gentlemen in the 
counties to make enquiries and take evidence concern- 
ing riglifs of the Crown. The latter were Commissions 
to take evidence in the country in suits depending in 
the Court between subjects. The Commissions have 
attached to them the Reporta made and the Evidence 
taken by the Commissioners. Botli series of documenta 
commeuce in the reign of Elizabeth, and descriptive 
catalogues of them are imblishcd as appendices to the 
38th, aOth, 40th, iUt and 42nd Reports of the Deputy 
Keeper of Public Records. The catalogues show the 
county to which each docunieut relates, but not always 
the particular parishes or townships concerned. I have, 
therefore, while inspecting tlicso documents in connection 
with a particular district of Sussex, had occasion to look 
at many that proved to relate to other places, I have 
taken notes of some of the more interesting matters I 
have thus come across, wliich notes I propose to give 
here, hoping that they may be of service to those who 
take interest in the antiquities of the places mentioned. 

Most of the Commisfiions having reference to the rights 
of the Ci'own, refer to lands claimed under the Acts 



142 SOME EXTRACTS RELATING TO SUSSEX, 

granting to the Crown the endowments of Monasteries 
and Chantries, &c., or by forfeitures, or in consequence 
of the encroachments or derelictions of the sea. The 
** articles" or questions put to the inhabitants of Kingston 
and Preston (near Femng) under one of these Commis- 
sions show us the nature of the enquiries made as to 
lands which had been the endowments of religious bodies, 
&c., which lands when not in possession of the Crown 
or its grantees or tenants were said to be concealed or 
unjustly detained from the Crown. These "articles" 
seem to be a set form of questions used in such cases. I 
have not set them out verbatim, but they are to the follow- 
ing eflfect, the spelling, of course, being modernised : 

1 . Do you know of any lands, tenements, advowsons, 
tithes, franchises, liberties, or hereditaments in your parish 
or precinct that did appertain to any abbey, monastery, 
or priory, that is concealed, &c., in whose occupation 
are they, and what their yearly value ? 

2 of any lands, &c., that appertain to any 

chantry, stipendiary, priest, anniversary, hospital, college, 
guild, fraternity, brotnerhood or company, not corporate 
within, &c. ? 

3 of any lands, &c., that did appertain to 

any lamp-light, taper-wax, obit, or to maintain any 
morrow mass or masses, alsoule mass, or pray for the 
soul of any person or persons, or to say any dirge or 
dirges, or to maintain any candle or candlestick before 
any image or image oflfering, or offering hermitage or 
hermitage, or to any kind of superstitious use or uses 
that is concealed, &c. ? 

4 of any lands, &c., that did or do apper- 
tain to your church or chancel, or to the reparations of 
them or any of them, or to your churchwardens or 
parishioners. By what title the same is holden, by 
whom it was given, and what are the words of the said 
gift, or is there any feoffment or conveyance for the use 
and employing of the profits of the same lands. If there 
be any such gifts or feofl&nents, then in whose custody do 
the same remain. And if there be no conveyance, nor 
the churchwardens nO corporation capable, then in whose 



FROM EXCHEQUER SPECIiL COMMISSIONS, ETC. 143 

tenure or occupation are the same lands, and wliat is the 
yearly value 1* 

5 of any lands that ought to come to the 

Queen's Highness by reason of the attainder or conviction 
of any penK)n or persona for treason, murder, or felony, 
within your parish or precinct, that is concealed, &c. ? 

6. Do you know of any free chapels, tithes, guilds, 
pensions, portions, lands, &e., belonging to them, or any 
of them, that is concealed, &c. ? 

7 of any lands, Ac, that ought to come to 

Her HiglmesB by forfeiture, escheat, or by any other ways 
or means ? 

8 of any lands, &c., that is employed by 

the churchwai'dens some time to one use, some time to 
another, that in trust was given to superstitious uses and 
concealed, &c. ? 

The subjects of the Commissions relating to suits 
between subjects are as miscellaneous u-s law suits them- 
selves. 

The following Notes, of course, are not exhaustive of 
the information to be obtained from these Conmiissions. 
They are mei-ely notes culled from a few of the Commis- 
sions that I have seen, and arc insignificant in proportion 
to the amount of information that might be obtained 
relating to the whole county. Indeed, these docmnents 
would well rej)ay a perusal by anyone desimu-s of inves- 
tigating the history of any locality, and a systematic 
investigation of the whole series so far as tiiey relate to 
Sussex, and the publication of the results by tlie Sussex 
ArchiEologicjil Society, would bo most useftil to archa;- 
ologists. Very few, I believe, of the facts recorded in the 
following Notes are to bo found in om- county histories. 

The Italics under each heading are the references by 
which the original documents in each case may be found 
at the Public Record Office. 

Ferbino, Kingston and Preston. 

(Exchequer Sjtecial Cotnmiiiiom, Sussex, No. 2,296, 36 Elisabeth,) 

This is a Commission for Enquiry as to Cliantry Lands, 

&c.. in Sussex, concealed from the Crown. To it is 



144 SOME EXTRACTS RELATING TO SUSSEX, 

attached an ^^ Inquisition/' taken at Chichester by three 
of the Commissioners — ^the ^^ Articles" to the Curate, 
Churchwardens and other inhabitants of the chapebies 
of Kingston and Preston referred to above — ^and the 
*^ presentments " or answers made by them. 

Kingston and Preston (according to ^^ Horsfield's 
History" of the County), are distinct parishes, Preston 
still having its church, though that of Kingston has 
long since been destroyed and overflowed by the sea. 
I have been told that the foundations of Kingston 
Church may sometimes be seen under water at low tide. 
"Bangston (says Horsfield^, is a constituent of the parish 
of Ferring, as far as regards ecclesiastical matters." The 
"Articles" suggest that Kingston and Preston were 
only chapelries, and the Inquisition taken at Chichester 
seems to substantiate that view, but the inhabitants of 
Preston in their answers maintain that Preston was a 
parish. 

The Preston men in their answers say that there is an acre of arable 
land which always hath been bestowed to the reparations of the church 
there, but they have no conveyance of it. Preston is, as they account 
it, a Parish Church to their knowledge, and did, and hath been so 
taken and used, and hath, by estimation, 16 acres of land that was 
given to maintain service, and did belong to the curate to maintain 
service in the church. And the said curate did dwell in the said 
parish, and did let and set the said land at his will and pleasure as 
tiis glebe land of the said parish. And the Lord of the said Manor 
did always appoint the curate there. And the said curate had all 
small and petty tithes as to himself to maintain him to say the service 
there to their knowledge. And (in answer to the 7th Article) they 
say the curate did to their knowledge pay all duties belonging to the 
said church. And (in answer to the Sth) they say it is a thinfi; with 
cure of souls and hath always been so used till of late it hath been 
detracted by John GK)dman (the Vicar of Ferring). 

The Eangston men in their answer say that Kingston was ever a 
free chapel and did belong to the Abbot of Tewkesbury, and he the 
said Abbot did always appoint a curate there, and the said curate had 
the land, being five acres by estimation, and did let the said land and 
use it at his will and pleasure. And the Abbot did give to the said 
curate out of the farm at Eineston for all kind of tithes the sum of £5 
of lawful money yearly, and the said curate had all the small and 
petty tithes of the other parishioners. And they had always service 
there by the said curate, and the said curate had a mansion house 
wherein he always dwdled, which house remaineth yet, which is 
detracted by John Qodman. 



FBOM EXCHBQCEB SPECIAL 001flfI88IOH8, ETC. 145 

At the end of these pfeBentmentB 10 written : 

" Kingston and Fralon men's mariu and seals sodi as have had 
their being there aQ their lifetime/' ioHofwed hj the marks of Edward 
OremeSy aged 80, John Caxter, aged 80, John Streeter, aged 70, John 
a^d 60, and John ' 



The Inquisition above referred to was taken at 
Chichester, 7th October, 26 Elizabeth (1584^ before 
Thomas Lewknor, Esq., Richard Eamlie, Esq., and 
John Sackyll, Esq., three of the Ck>mmis8ioner8, by 
the oaths ot Hemy Butler, Rd. Hiberden, Wm. Mose, 
Thos. Ayles, John Crowhurst, Thomas Lenne, Robt. 
Hmnfiye, Thos. Pellet, Thos. Ellis, John Cooper, of 
Elsted, Wm. Lenne, Rd. Egley and John Compton. 
They say that — 

A free chapel, called the Chapel of Kingston, a mansion house and 
five acres of land in Kingston, with an annual rent of £5 for all tithes 
of the Farm of Kingston, lato parcel of the possessions of the latelj 
dissolved Monastery of Tewkesbury, in the county of Gloucester, now 
or lato in the tenure of John Oodman, clerk. Vicar of Ferring, worth 
per annum, 3s. 4d. 

And one other free chapel in Preston, called Preston Chapel, and one 
mansion house and 17 acres of land with appurtenances in Preston, 
aforesaid, now or late in the tenure of John Oodman, derk. Vicar of 
Ferring, worth per annum, 28. 6d. 

And one other acre of land in Preston, now or lato in the tenure of 
the said John Godman, clerk, worth per annum, 2d. 

And many other lands in Sussex (see next Note) all are, and for 
many years past, have been concealed from the Crown. 

The Inquisition thus seems to determine that the 
churches (or chapels) of Preston and Kingston, and the 
" mansion houses " and lands were Crown property, 
though having regard to the small amount returned as 
the annual value ^Kingston, including a rent charge of 
£5, being only valued at 3s. 4d.), perhaps the right of 
presentation only, and not the actual lands was intended 
as the property of the Crown. 

The church of Preston is now in use as a Parish 
Church. Kingston church (or its site) is, as I have said, 
under the sea. It would be interesting to know what 
has become of the ^^ mansion houses''^ and lands. I 
remember Mr. Pennythome, formerly Vicar of Ferring, 



146 SOME EXTRACTS RELATING TO SUSSEX, 

showing me, some years ago, when I was examining 
the Registers, a terrier of the glebe lands of his parish, 
but unfortimately I had not then time to look through 
it. Possibly it may contain some reference to the houses 
and lands belonging to the former " curates " of Kingston 
and Preston. 

POYNINGS, PyCOMBE, MaNOR OF HuLTERS, StORRINGTON, 
SUNFOLD, BiLLINGSHURST, PeTWORTH, MiDHURST, 

Mynsted, Stedham, Elsted. 

(Same as last Commission,) 

The Inquisition mentioned in the last Note mentions 
other lands concealed from the Crown besides those at 
Kingston and Preston, though with scant information. 
They are as follows : — 

PoYNiNOS. — ^A bam, formerly a house, called Chantry House, and 
lands there, and in Fycombe, late belonging to the Chantry of 
Foynings. (Horsfield mentions the chantry and its endowments.) 

Radtjlph's Ohantky. — ^The Manor of Hnlters and lands in West- 
deane, Ohilgrove, Yaymard, Sloughton, Westidden and Walderten 
belonging to Badulph's Chantry. 

These places are in the Hundred of Westboume and 
Singlecross (see Horsfield). The chantry was perhaps 
in Chichester Cathedral. 

Storrinoton. — ^Three acres of land in Storrington, worth 6d. a year. 

Slinfold. — ^Two cottages or shops in Slinfold, worth 6d. a year. 

BiLLiNOsmmsT. — One tenement and two acres, one cottage and half- 
rod of meadow in fiillingshurst, occupied by Bichd. and G^os. Green- 
field and Thos. Clarke, worth 16d. per annum. One acre of land in 
Billingshurst, in the occupation of Eichd. West, worth Sd. per ftnunwi^ 
and one rood of land there in the occupation of Wm. Hayler, worth 
2d. per annum. 

Pbtworth. — ^Two shops in Petworth, in the tenure of John Fiye, 
worth 6d. per annum. One acre of land in Petworth, called the church 
acre, in the tenure of Mansfield, worth 3d. per acre. One tenement 
in Petworth, in the tenure of Wm. Goble, worth 4d. beyond 68. 8d. 
paid to the Queen for a free rent thereout. 

MrDHTTBST. — A fraternity existing in Midhurst and all lands and 
hereditaments in Midhurst and Mynsted, in the parish of Stedham or 
elsewhere in Sussex, worth 6s. 8d. per annimi. 

Stbbham. — ^A meadow in Stedham, by estimation, two rodsi wortli 
2d. per annum. 



PBOX EXCHBQUEB SPECIAL COMMISSIONS, ETC. 147 

GuiBD. — One cottage and one acre of land m Elsted, vorth fid. par g 
anmaa, is converted U> the use of the church of Elstod, bat wh^thar \ 
concealed from the Crown or not, the; (^the jurors) know not 

Shobebau. 

(Exckcqiicr Deponticms by CommUgion, Smtex, SS aftd S6 Car. II., 
Hit. Tervi, No. 7.) 

The depositions of Frenchmen taken at the Lyon in 
Steyning, 23nl December, 1673, iu a suit by John 
Coetenrin against Sir Francis North, Kuiglit, Attorney 
Gcnei-al, and Ricliard Forty. The Commissioners to 
take evidence were Wm. Stras, Esq., Jno. Backshall, 
Richard White and Samuel Turner, gentlemen. 

" Adrian Poulleu," of " Deipe " (Dieppe) France, master of tlie St. 
John of Deipe, de^ioBca tlmt Coatentin has been a merchant and 
inhabitant of Dieppe for 10 j-eont past, and about November lust he 
loaded several goods ware and merdiandise in the good ehip called the 
St. John of Dieppe. The ship woe bound for St. Malooe, and witneaa 
was master of her. He had in his keeping, passport, charter jiartj 
and bills of lading. About Feckam (Fecamp) about 12 leagues from 
Dieppe, in their psKsago to St. MaloAa, they were chased b; Dut«h 

Ctteera, and thereui>on were forced to run unto a harbour at Shore- 
, but never ondeaioured or offered to unload any of the goods out 
of the ship at Shoroham or any other place. The defendant, Richard 
Forty, whom the witness had known for five years, came on board aa 
an oflicer, and with others, seized the goods therein for the King of 
England's use and his own, and by his order the broad arrow was set 
upon three packets in tlie ship. Witness showed his charter party and 
bdls of lading to Forty, who detained his goods till last night when he 
delivered them to Mr. Miobael St. Avorj-, according to an order of the 
Exchequer, and they are now shipjied on boai-d. 

James Cattel, of Dieppe, deiwses to having known the plaintiff 
" Constantino " for 10 years, that ho loaded H sacks of " watta " and 
five other email packets of other goods in the sliip which was chased 
by two Dutch privateers and run on shore near Skoreham. 

John Nicholett and Martin de Boc, both of Dieppe, confirm the last 
witness. 

They were no doubt the crew of the ship. 

The most interesting point in the evidence is the state- 
ment by the master that he had known the officer, Forty, 
for five years. We may as«ume he was a Custom's Officer 
who haa been stationed at Slioreham for that time, and 
also that the St. John of Dieppe traded to Shoreham, as 
the master had known the officer so long. 

L 2 



148 SOME EXTRiLCrrS RELATING TO SUSSEX, 

COKEHAM (in SoMPTING PaBISH). 

(Exchequer Depositions by ChmmissionSf 9 WiU. 111.^ iPmas Term, 

No. 54.) 

This is evidence taken at Nottingham, 18th Oct., 1697, 
in a suit by Sarah Beauchamp against Doggett and 
others. The parties lived at Nottingham. It only con- 
cerns Sussex m that it appears that John Beauchamp, 
of Reigate, Esq., the father of the plaintiff's deceased 
husband, G^eorge Beauchamp, died possessed of the Manor 
of ^^Cockham," in Sussex, and an estate at Reigate. 
John Beauchamp had by his will directed these pro- 
perties to be sola for payment of his debts and legacies. 
The date of his death does not appear, but it seems that 
George Beauchamp was his youngest son, and died at 
Nottingham about 16 years before the evidence was 
taken, aged 35, and 10 years before his death he com- 
plained of the non-pajonent of his legacy under his 
father's will. 

The Manor of Cokeham now belongs to Lord Lecon- 
field. The Court Rolls extant commence in 1736. 

West Tarring; Marlpost. 

(Exchequer Depositions by ComnUssiony Sussex^ 83 Eliz., Easter Term^ 

No. 8.) 

This is a Commission to take evidence in a suit of 
Eversfield v. Edsole. From the questions to be put to 
witnesses it appears that the Queen, as Lady of the 
Manor of Tarrmg Marlpost, had granted a 21 years' lease 
to the plaintiflF to take away 1,200 "corde" yearly from 
the copyhold land of the manor, and that when ms men 
went to take the timber, they were driven off by the copy- 
holders. Timber on copyhold lands, as a nue, belongs 
to the Lord of the Manor, but in this case the copyhold 
tenants claimed to be entitled to it. The defendant was 
one of the tenants. The evidence was taken at Steyning, 
7th April, 1592. 

Thomas Sayers, yeoman, one of the tenants of the manor, aged SO, 
says he hath heard that the Hundred of Loxfield and all the manors 
within it at some time belonged to the Bishoprick of Canterbury, and 
that the Manor of Marlpost was part of the Hundred. The copy- 
holders of Tarring Marlpost, have always used, to his knowledge for 



moM exc:he(jl'er special commissions, etc. 14:9 

the space of threescore years, to take woods to their own uses upon 
their eopjholds without any license or assent of any officer, and have 
not been punished for any waste of taking the same. He never heard 
otherwise but that divers of the tenants held their copyholds by entail 
and allowed good and not contrary to the custom. He has known 
tenants pull down part of their houses, fell and lop their trees, and dig 
tlteir hinds for stone, without lieenae, and not puuished. He halli 
heard that the " Bedle " or rent gatherer hath customably had for the 
yearly gathering of the rent of Maripost five loads of wood out of 
Marlpoflt Wood, the suninieiing of two beasts in oourte lands, and 8d. 
for spur money, or else his dinner, 

John Bevnaule, yeoman, aged 60, gives evidence to the same effect, 
and iklsci says he has heard by a writing, called a Cu&tomnry, belonging 
to the Hundred of Losiield, that the manor is part of that Hundred. 

Edwaiil Lui.'k, 30, gives evidence as to Mayfield Manor part of 
Loxfiold Hundred. 

Rodger ICiugeton, yeoman, aged 74, gives similar evidence as to 
Tarring. 

Harry Edsoll, yeoman, 50, says The Homage when charged at Court 

S'esented only the woods growing on Marlpost and Court lands as the 
ueen's. 

Ralph Pylfold, yeoman, aged 60, and a tenant of the manor, con- 
firms the lant witness, and says that the custom is on death of eveiy 
tenant to give a heriot and one year's rent for the fine, which is called 
a relief for his admittance. The copyholders may alter their houses 
and buildings, fell and lop trees on their cojiyholds, and dig stone and 
not forfeit. 

John Voyce, 46, a copyhold tenant, gives similar evidence, 

John Leving, of Chichester, aged 70, gives evidence tending to the 
contrary. He knows the manors, and has been Queen's woodward and 
petty woodward those 20 yoais and upwards. He sold to Geo. Hall, 
gentleninn, all the timber (except ok«n) on his copyhold, for which he 
paid. He hath been in Court when tenants were presented for felling 
timber witliout license. Tenants lave asked for timber for their 
houses and fences, which lias been g:iveD by the stewaid and assigned 
by the woodward, and they have paid for the tops. He had always 
Bold dend trees and woodfalla on the copyholds. 

John Hail, yeoman, 60, i 

Richard Fuller, yeoman, 50, i Give evidence tending to confirm 

Kobt. Overyngton, yeoman, 60, I Leving'e. 

Roger Kjiistone, yeoman, 74, ) 

(Exclietjiier Special Commissions, Susnex, No. 2,812, 38 Eliz.) 
This is a ConmuBsion to Henry Shelley, Esq., Thos. 
BusshojJije, Ewq., Thos. Chiircber, Esq., — Spritigett, 
gciitlunian and William Snij-the, gentleman, to examine 
witnesses on the part of Rnht. Edsan and others, the 
copyhold tenants of the Maiior of Tarring, ■within the 



150 SOME EXTRACTS BELATINQ TO SUSSEX, 

Tythinge of Marlepost. The writing of the answers is 
very faded, and in most part illegible. The purport of 
the enquiry can best be gathered from the questions 
which were to be put to the witnesses. These were — 

1. Are the tenants of the Manor of Tarring within 
the tithing of Marlpost tenants in ancient demesne and 
not punishable for waste by the custom ? 

2. Have they used time out of mind to fell, cut down 
and take their wood growing on their copyholds to their 
own use? 

4. Have they used to cole some of their wood and sell 
the same in cole (charcoal) ? 

5. Did they do so by license of the Lord and make 
fine for the same ? 

6. Was the Queen's Majesty, or were any of the 
Archbishops, owners of the manor, ever lawfufly seized 
of the wood growing on the copyholds? 

Richard Hayberte, of Rusper, John English, Robert 
Kingston, George Sarys, of Midhurst, and others, give 
evidence which haa become illegible. 

John Metcher, of Tarrmg, taylor, aged 61, says that the tenants of 
the Manor of Tarring are tenants in ancient demesne and not punish- 
able for waste by custom. The tenants of the manor in the tithing of 
Marlpost have not been punished for any waste on their copyhold land 
there, but whether they nave felled any timber or trees there he cannot 
say for that his dwelling is at Tarring, 12 miles from Marlpost. 

There are two manors at West Tarring, the manor of 
" Tarring Rectory," formerly belonging to the sinecure 
rectory and the Manor of ^^ Tarring with Marlpost." It 
is doubtless to the latter that the above documents relate. 
Marlpost is a district in the Weald, some miles from 
Tamng, and in the parish of Horsham. It is a curious 
circumstance that many of the manors and townships on 
the coast here have or had detached districts lying in 
the Weald. Lancing Manor is ^^ Lancing and Monts," 
Ferring Manor is " Ferring and Fure. Monks and 
Fure being in the Weald. Broadwater Manor had land 
in the Weald near Horsham, called Segewick (see Hors- 
field under "Nuthurst"). The Court Rolls of Broad- 



FROM EXCHEQtJEK SPECIAL COSIMISSIONS, ETC, 

water show it to be a freehold of the manor, and it is 
comprised in a detached portion of the paiish called Little 
Broadwater. These districts, one may conjecture, were 
originally taken for timber, which woxdd be scarce on 
the sea coast. 

The statement that Tarring Mailpost was in the 
Ilundi't^d of Loxtield is rather confusing. No doubt the 
Hundred of Loxiield Camden, in the Rape of IVvcnsey, 
wliich included Maj*tield, an ancient palace of the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury was meant. West Tanking is a 
Hundred of itself (see Horsfield), who also says that 
the manor extends into the parishes of Horsham, lluspar 
and Shipley, and a Court Leet is held within the manor 
at which the headborongh is elected and receives a statf 
and handcuffs from liis predecessor. Marlpost, Horsfield 
mentions as a manor in Horsham parisli, and Horsham 
he puts in the Hundred of Singleeross. In Subsidy 
Rolls of 3 Car. 1. (^i and ^%l) Marlpost is placed as a 
tything under tlie Hundreds of Tarring and Patcliing. 
It was most likely originally a tithing or township in the 
Hundred of Singleeross, but its later connection with the 
Archbisboprick of Cantcrbuiy and the Manor of Tarring, 
lead to its being mentioned, as in the Hundreds of 
Loxtield and Tarring. 

The right of the tenants of Tarring with Marlpost to 
the timber on their hinds is, I beUeve, conceeded at the 
present day, but not their right to minerala. 

The manor was some years ago the subject of an 
appeal case in the House of LiOrds. From the printed 
evidence then read, it appears that the Court Rolls 
commence in 1638, but there is an index which goes 
back to a vejy early period. The customs were 
"i-enowed" 7th October, 19 Kliz. (1577) by the oaths 
of Roger Kingston, Ralph Quingiield (? Wingtield), 
Thofl. Carpenter, Rd. Cook, Barnard Marwick, Thos. 
Gough, Tlios. Humphrey, Thos. Hamper, John Grevet, 
Thos. Sayres, Bryan Foyce (? Voyce), John Sndth, Wm. 
Peirson, jun., Wm. Peu-son, sen., John Dennys, John 
Fletcher, sen., Rd. Freeman als Short and Wm. Eaetou, 



152 SOME EXTRACTS RELATING TO SUSSEX, 

These customs diflter from the customs usually obtaining 
in Sussex manors, and are aa follows : — 

1st. That time out of mind the memory of man whereof is not to the 
contrary, the tenants of the said manor, by copy of Court Boll, hath 
done and ought to do their suit and service to the Lord's Court, and 
that they ought to pay such rents as in the antient rentals are specified 
or are otherwise due and accustomed, and for their duties as in the 
said rental is particularly manifest and does there appear. 

2nd. And if any tenant by copy of Court Boll of the Manor afore- 
said shall purchase any lands or tenements of any such tenant that the 
purchaser shall pay a fine at the Lord's will, and he that shall sur- 
render shall pay a heriot his best living beast. 

3rd. And uiat 5 acres and above ought to pav a heriot, and less than 
5 a. ought to pay for a heriot, as appears in meir former copies ; and 
if it be not expressed in their old copies, that then less than 5 a. ought 
to pay five shillings in the name of a heriot after the death of every 
tenant dying thereof seized. 

4th. And that every tenant aforesaid, who shall make or devise 
several surrenders (to wit^ shall surrender one yard land to divers 
persons above da., the said tenants ought to pay several heriots as 
aforesaid (to wit) their best living beast. 

5th. And if any such tenant shall die seized, that his youngest son, 
or if he shall have no son, his youngest daughter shall be his heir to 
all the land, tenements, cottages and underwoods whereof such tenant 
died seized, and if he shall have neither son nor daughter, that then 
the next of his blood shall inherit the lands and tenements aforesaid, 
and manor aforesaid (? in manner aforesaid). 

6th. And if any tenant will let on lease his customary or copyhold 
land or tenements, or any part thereof, that then every such tenant 
shall come to the Lord's Court and there in full and open court shall 
ask a license of the steward for the time being, to let, to farm the 
premises, or any part thereof, for so many years, as he shall please to 
let the same, and the steward ou^ht to grant him such license, paying 
the Lord a fine for every year, 4d. sterling. 

7th. And that the tenants, by copy of Court Boll, hold their lands 
and hereditaments to them and their heirs in ancient fee, and not 
at the will of the Lord, but then only according to the custom of the 
manor, and that their copies are or ought to be so made. 

8th. And if any tenant aforesaid shall die, his next heir shall come 
to the next Court to be holden for the scdd manor, and there ought to 
be admitted to all the lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever 
of which such tenant died seized, paying the Lord only a relief accord- 
ing to the ancient rent ; that is to say, so much as it pays by the year, 
and for duty nothing. 

9th. And every tenant of the manor, by copy of Court Boll, who 
holds one, two, three, four, or more tenements or yard lands, and dies 
seized of the premises, that such tenant ought to pay for the premises 
only one heriot, and for every cottage, or anything under a cottage, for 
heriot and relief, according to the old copies, and if it be not expressed 
in the old copies, that then they ought to pay as aforesaid. 



FROM EXCHEQUER SPECIAL C0MMISSI0K8, ETC. 153 

lOlh. And if any eucii tennut shall die, the heir being under age, 
then the mother of such heir, or tho father, if the inheritance descended 
from the mother, slioU have the guardianship as well of the body as of 
the lands and tenements of such heir, until he shall attain the age of 
16 years freely, without paying any fine for the same ; and after that 
the heir shall come to such age, that then he ought to be odniitted to 
his lands and tenements to his own i^iroper use and behoof. 

tUh. And if such heir shall have neither father nor mother, that 
then the next blood to such heir, and the furthest irom the inheritance, 
shall have the minority of such heir, and that smh heir, wlien he sJiall 
arrive at the age of 14 years, may choose him his guardian, if liie 
father bo dead, or his mother betrothed to a husband. 

12th. And, lastlj', that the rehct of any tenant who sliall die seized 
of ony such state of inheritance, shall be admitted to her widow's 
bench freely, without onylhing to be jiaid therefor, and who ought to 
hold the same as long as she shall hve chaste and unmarried ; and that 
the heir dui-ing smh time shall claim nothing out of the premises. 

The peculiarity of these custonif*, at least -wherein they 
difi'er from the utmal eustunis of Sussex niauor^, i» in the 
7th and Stli. The fines paid by copyholderK on adniitt- 
anee to their copyholds, no doubt have their ongin in 
the payments anciently paid by strangers on their 
admission as mcnibtrs of a cumniuuity, in times when 
the conimuuity held their lauds in common, and a man 
bom in the eommunify was entitled to membership and 
a share in the lands without payment. After the com- 
munity became subject to the manorial n'ghts of Lords, 
these tines were generally exacted fi*om heirs as well an 
from strangers, but in flie case of Tarring the tenants 
seem to have escaped fhi.s. The 7th custom also shows 
that tlie tenants retained or claimed to liave a greater 
freedom than was the lot of most copyholders, though 
the form of admission on the rolls is the usual one, " To 
hold at the will of the Lord," &c. The late Mr. Hubert 
Lewis, to whom I communicated these customs, wrote 
me with reference to them, as follows : — " The facts 
certainly touch on the subjcet I have been enquii-ing 
into, but how exactly, 1 can't say yet. The men were 
tenants to them and their heirs and not at the will, and 
yet on the roUs. That is according io my views, men 
who had by some process of customary cntranchisement 
obtained a 'soc' or freedom in their holdings, and yet 
by reason of the decay of the institutions under which 



154 SOME EXTBACTS BELATING TO SUSSEX, 

their complete freedom would have been asserted and 
obtained, and the growth of the power of the Lords they 
remained on the rolls, and could only obtain a limited 
freedom. They were villain socmen." Mr. Lewis had 
devoted many years to the study of ancient laws, tenures 
and institutions, and at the time of his death had nearly 
completed a work on the Ancient Welsh Laws and then* 
bearing on the origin of English manorial customs and 
tenures.^ 

Shokeham. 

(Excheqtier Special Commissions^ StisseXj No. 2^278^ 17th Eliz.) 

This is a Commission directing the Queen's Receiver 
of Rents to enquire as to concealed lands in the Manor 
of Old Shoreham. 

He reports that he has been to the Manor of Old Shoreham, which 
is parcel of the Dutchy of Cornwall, and finds no lands there concealed 
from the Queen, except that Mr. Hooke, as it seemeth, the procurer of 
the said Commission, alledges that 27 acres of marsh ground, called 
Shoreham Marsh, ought of right to appertain to Her Highness for that 
as he alledgeth the same some time hath been surrounded by the sea. 
Very true it is that until about 20 years past the same ground was 
** overflowen " at every spring tide, and between tide hath been used 
by the tenants and inhabitants there as a Common, as they say, in the 
right of their several holds, '' sythence " which time the said tenants 
and inhabitants at their proper costs and charges have inned and 
recovered the same, whereupon they made division thereof amongst 
themselves, apportioning every man according to his hold and [in 
recompense] of the charge he had been at in the inning, which being 
evictea from the said tenants and proved concealed is worth yearly to 
be " letten " after the rate of [blotted, ? 8d.] the acre. 

West Takeing, Durrington and Heene. 

(Exchequer Depositions by Commission^ Sussex, Easter Term, 1652, 

No. 11.) 

This is a Commission directed to Sir Edward Alford, 
Knight, Henry Goring, Esq., Henry Bridger and Thos. 
Barnard, gentlemen, to take evidence in a suit by Wm. 
Stanley, Clerk, against Robt. Weston, Matthew Peter 
Richard Fielder and John Easton. 

The Commissioners sat at Tarring to take the evidence 
on 29th April, 1652. The suit appears to be for tithes. 

1 Since published by Elliot Stock. 



FBOM EXCHEQUER SPECIAL COMMISSIONS, ETC. 155 

he defence was that the plaintiff liad neglected his 
duties at Heene and Durrington. The Duirington 
people also claimed to be dischai'ged of tithes by paying 
a modus of 20 nobles (£6. Kis. 4a.), which was pi-obably 
substantiated, as that is all the Vicar of Tarring received 
from Durrington at the time of the Commutation, and it 
is still paid. Wm. Stanley seems to have been a staunch 
Loyalist and to have got into trouble in conscquenee. 
He was sequestered by the Parliamentary Committee. 
One of the witnesses called is John Fletcher of Steyning, 
aged 27, who deposes to having searched the Ijook 
remaining with Mr. Thos. Sheppard, at Horsham, who 
was Clerk to the late Committee of Sussex for Seques- 
tration, and produces a copy, made by permission of 
Freeman and Yates, two of the Committee. The copy 
is annexed to the depositions. The copy is as follows, 
the spelling being modernised, and the verbiage slightly 
reduced : — 

At tlie Coniniittee nt Shipley, 24th. and 25th June, 1644. 

Fur as mutli as it ia sufficiently piiivixl that Wm. Stanley, Vicar of 
TBrring, hath wiHiDgly coatributod aid and assistance to the Forces 
and Annies raised against t)ie Parliament, and that he did often times 
about Christmas last, during the timea the King's forces in arms against 
the Parliament were poasessed of Arundel Town and Caatle of Arundel, 
repair to tlio said foi'ueit and held earresiiondent-e with tJieni, and that 
he procured from Sir Edward Forde, then one of the Commanders of 
the said Foitjes and Anny, and Sir Edward Biahojip, a sequestration to 
be granted to himself to sequester the Estate of w'm. Cook,' of Heene, 

fentleman. And did thereafter divers times repair to the dwelling- 
oufle of the said Mr. "Wm. Cook to view tlio goods of the said house, 
and gave charge to the children of tlie said Mr. CiHjk tliat they should 
not convey away any of the said goods out of the said house. And 
told tliem they must take an inventoty of the estate of the said Mr. 
Cook and lake it to Arundel Castle to the said Sir Edward Forde and 
Sir Edward Biahoppe. And it also apjieared, and the said Wm. 
Stanley, Clerk, did confess that he had been at Arundel with the said 
Army and that he had a promise that he should have a commission to 
be a Captayu of Dragoons, and said that he would eo again to Arundel 
for his said commission. And also that he, the said '\\m, Stanley, did 
move and stir up men to take arms to oppose the forces raised by the 
Parliament and did speak to diverspcrsons to join with him and serve 
OS dragoons under him to go lie at How Court to oppose the Parliament 
forces, and to keep them from coming over Shoreham Ferty.' 

5 purrhnatd by Thomnii Cook, Esq., in 1557 (stit 



156 SOME EXTKACT8 RELATING TO SUSSEX, 

It is ordered that lie stand sequestered and his estate, real and 
personal, be seized and sequestered according to the Ordnance of 
I^arliament for sequestering the Estates of Delinquents and Kecusants. 

The Questions to be put to the Witnesses on behalf of the Plaintiff 
were : — 

1. Was the Plaintiff laducted to the Vicarage of Tarring in or about 
1638 ? Did he serve the cure there till Easter, 1648, and likewise the 
two Chapels of 'Ease belonging to the same Parish called Durring^n 
and Heene ? 

2. Did defendants occupy lands, gardens and orchards in the Parish 
of Tarring and Village of Heene ? 

3. How many calves, lambs, kidds, colts, hens, turkies, geese and 
other beasts and wool, milk, cheese or other small tithes had defendants 
within that time, and what might the said small tithes be worth ? 

4. Did not the Vicars of Tarring time out of mind officiate the cure 
of Durrington at 1 o'clock every Sunday by saying prayers only and 
administering the sacraments twice or thnce in a year? And at Heene 
to read prayers only forenoon and afternoon every Sunday in the year? 
And did plaintiff not constantly perform the same till the Book of 
Common Prayer was taken away and the said Chapel demolished ? 

5. Do you know that plaiatiff was sequestered from the said Vicarage 
and that the inhabitants of Durrington were ordered to pay to the 
Committee of the County of Sussex £6. ISs. 4d., a year's rent, due to 
the plaintiff, and usually yearly to be paid to the Vicar of Tarring in 
lieu of small tithes ? 

The questions to be put on behalf of the defendants 
suggest that he reviled and spoke maliciously to them, 
when they came to the Sacrament, and that if any people 
in Durrington did pay tithes in kind it was very poor 
people, who were constrained by threats and fears. 

The witnesses state that Stanley was instituted to the 
Vicarage of Tarring about the time named. 

Thos. Betting, of Tarring, yeoman, aged 60, says Stanley officiated 
imtil Easter, 1648, and officiated within the time aforesaid at the two 
Chapels of Ease called Durrington and Heene only three years and 
upwards within that time did neglect the duty of officiating there. 
Witness knows divers of the Vicars of Tarring did constantly by them- 
selves or their curates officiate the cures of Durrington and Heene, but 
Stanley did sometimes neglect it before the Book of Common Prayer 
was taken away and oftentimes since. 

Willm. Fletcher, of Tarring, yeoman, aged 50, says Stanley seldom 
officiated at Durrington and Heene. Divers Vicars of Tarring before 
Stanley did by themselves or their Curates oftentimes officiate the cures 

* This ferry was near the site of the present Old Shoreham Bridge. How Court 
(called by Horsfield '* Howcroft ") was a manor in the north part of Lancing at 
the west side of the fezxy. 



FROM EXCHEtiUER SPECIAL COMMISSIONS, ETC. 157 

of Durrington and Heena upon Sundays, but the hours wore uncertain, 
but Stanley seldom officiated. 

Thomaa Taylor, of Tarring, yeoman, aged 49, says Stanley sometimes 
olBuiatod at the Chapels. 

John DoUegg, of Tarring, clerk, aged 55, says he was present at 
Stanley's indudion. For six years iJieure he did usually officiate the 
two Chapels of Ease, and for two years after did totally neglect 
officiating the cures of the said Chappele. Mr. White, the previous 
Incumbent, did for four years before Stanley's induction usually 
officiate the cure of Durrington about 1 o'cliwk every Sunday by 
saying prayers only, and administering the Sacraments twice or thrice 
a year. Stanley went from Tarring about 1648, 

Walter Weston, of Amberly, yeoman, aged 6-1, saj's he knew Stanley 
since lie came ti) Tarring, and knew tho defendants many years before. 
Has known the Villages of Durrington and Heene ever since his 
remembrance, and also the two Chapels of Durrington and Heene, 
the cures whereof have ever since his remembrance been served and 
officiated by the Vic^ra of Tarring. They or their curates did usually 
read the book of Common Prayer in the said Chapels, and administer 
the Sacraments, and sometimes preach also, and do all other such 
duties, except burying, as occasion was. The parishioners of Durring- 
ton did usually pay to such as officiated the cure there 20 nobles only, 
and no other tithes or profits, but at Heene the parishioners pay tithes 
in kind. Witness has been out of the parish 1-1 years or more. 

William Fletcher, of Tarring, mercer, aged 50, says that Stanley 
being absent from his cure, one, Mr. Bradford, was ordered to officiate, 
and he was ordered to receive in the Parish of Tarring and Villages 
of Durriugton and Heene £30, or thereabouts, of which, he believes, 
defendants paid their parts or sliarea. 

Elizabeth Weston, of Salvington, widow, aged SS, says the cures of 
the Chapels have antiently been accustomed to be officiated by the 
Vicars of Tarring and their curates, by administering the Sacraments 
and reading prayers, and oftentimes preaching ami doing all other 
Church duties (burying excepted), but the cures were often neglected 
by Stanle)', and not performed by him as often as by others before him. 

Elizabeth South, of Salvington, widow, aged 45, saya Mr. White, 
Stanley's predecessor, usually did the Chapel at Durrington himself, 
by preaching four times a year at least and Sacraments, and other 
times his clerk and his curate read the Book of Common Prayer. 
Stanley neglected much, and when he did perform he sometimes read 
and performed in the same so that the people cimld not hear him read 
so aa to understand tho same. Once he gave notice of a Communton 
at the Chapel of Durrington next Lonl's Day, and when they came he 
told them lie wonld not administer till they paid him his dues, and 
none of the parishioners received the same at that time. 

Edmund Ed wanls, of Durrington, yeoman, -16, says Durrington paid 
20 nobles, and dt.'fendants paid their share, but the 20 nobles bad not 
been naid since defendant neglected the 

Kiobard Knight, of Heene, yeoman. 47, says Heene Chapel bad 
been served by the Vicars of Tarring by all Church duties, except 




158 SOME EXTRACTS RELATING TO SUSSEX, 

burying, but Stanley neglected. Stanley was sequestered. The Oom- 
mittee sent witness a warrant to remove Stanley's goods. Stanley was 
away, and for a year no one officiated at Heene, but Mr. English and 
Mr. Bradford did at Tarring. 

The Townships or Tithings of Heene and Durrington 
are accounted distinct parishes, though annexed to 
Tarring in ecclesiastical matters. Durrington is stiU 
served by the Vicar of Tarring, but Heene, the greater 
part of which now constitutes the modern town of West 
Worthing, has been separated from Tarring, and some 
years since a new church was built on the site of the old 
chapel. Both townships are in the Hundred of Bright- 
fora, which includes Broadwater. The Lord of Broad- 
water Manor has a Court Leet for the three tithings of 
Broadwater, Worthing and Durrington, from which places 
alternately the headborough or tithing-man waa cnosen 
imtil the Court Leet ceased to be held, some years ago. 
Nearly the whole, if not the whole of Durrington, 
including its Hamlet of Cote, was held (until recent 
enfranclusements) either as copyhold or freehold under 
Broadwater Manor. Heene does not appear to have 
been connected with Broadwater. There was, I believe, 
a manor or reputed Manor of Heene, but I have not 
hitherto found any record of any tenements having been 
held of it. There were, however, lands in Heene held 
under the Tarring Manors, and one tenement imder 
Lancing Manor. 

The way in which the lands, held under different 
manors in this part of Sussex are intermixed in several 
different townsmps is most curious, and I hope some day 
to lay a paper on the subject before the Sussex Archaeo- 
logical Society. The arrangements of the tithings, 
hundreds, manors and parishes clearly show that the 
early civil division of tithings and hunareds was ignored 
in the growth of manors, which must have taken place 
in a great measure by commendation after the dissolu- 
tion of the common tenure by the commimities. The 
Ecclesiastical Divisions, or grouping of the tithings or 
towTiships into parishes, equally ignored their civil 
positions under the hundreds. 



FBOM EXCHEQUER SPECIAL COMMISSIONS, ETC. 

The ruins of Durrington Chapel still remain sufBcieut 
to show us the ground plan of tlio building, and a cou- 
siderable part of the walls is standing. The stone 
dressings are gone, but from the long narrow window 
openings, with their wide splays, one may atti-ibute the 
building to the Early Englisli style. It seems elear fi'om 
the depositions in the suit by Stanley, that the chapel 
was "demolished" between the yeaj-s 1648 and 1652. 
The Rev. Dr. Bailey, Vicar of Tarring, has in his posses- 
sion the silver chalice which btslonged to Dunington 
Chapel. 

Very little is now left of tlie ruins of Heeno Chajjel, 
only the extreme east end, which i« just at the east end 
of the chancel of the new chm-ch. Some of the old 
chapel, including a handsome stone window, was pulled 
down many years ago, but within the memory of persons 
still living, because it had become dangerous. 1 wo old 
yew trees and a row of other trees still point out the 
com-so of the old Farm Koad, which went by the west 
side of the cliapel. The old font is now used as a 
flower stand in the garden of a house near, called "St. 
Gabriels." According to Horsfield, a faculty was obtained 
for taking down the thai)el in 1766. 

There is in Heene a i)iece of land, three roods in 
extent, called " The Hundred Acre." 

I have seen the following documents, but taken no 
note of them beyond that tliey relate to ]>laces named : 

FiWTiNGTON, East Wittkring, Bjrdham, Littlehampton, 

FeLPHAM, MlDDLETON, NoKTH StOKE, ThAKEHAM, 

Bartholomews — Brighton, and Tobtington. 

(Exchequer Special CommUsions, Sussex; No. 2,276, 16 Elii.) 

Rye, Winchelsea. 
(Excheqtwr Special Commission, Sussex, No. S,4d3, 14 Car. II.) 

Heene, Liitlehamiton, St. Bartholomews — Brighton, 

SOUTHWICK, I'OKTSLADE, WesT GrINBTEAD AND OTHER 

PLACES. 

(Exohtquer Special Commission, Sussex, No. 2,269, 2 EHz.) 



DISCOVEEY OF ROMANO -BEITISH REMAINS 
NEAR GREEN STREET, EASTBOURNE. 



By H. MICHELL-WHITLEY, Esq., P.G.S. 



In making excavations for a new drive from Upwick to 
Green Street, in the spring of 1891, some interesting 
Romano-British remains were discovered, about half a 
mile to the north-west of the Parish Church and about 
the same distance south of Green Street Barn. 

Mr. R. J. Graham, in his ^^ Eastbourne Recollections," 
states that ^^ The Valley to the north of the Old Town 
has been studded with a great number of buildings. My 
old fiiend. Major Willard, informed me that the plough 
never in his younger days traversed this land without 
turning up foundations and revealing old wells. The 
old road used to follow the track through the valley, 
which is now only a bridle road to Ratton. 

This statement induced me to keep a watch from time 
to time on the progress of the excavations. Several 
small circular pits, about two feet across and the same 
in depth, were first found, containing shells and mould, 
and, in one instance, a portion of a chipped flint celt and 
some fragments of rude pottery. 

But the most interesting find took place at the spot 
already mentioned ; here a pit was found of a rough 
L-shaped form whose dimensions are shown on the 
annexed plan. 

The pit was roughly about fifteen feet in length, from 
four to six feet broad, and about four feet deep ; it was 
roughly lined with stones set upright, and the floor was 
also partially paved with large flat stones. 

In the centre of the floor of the pit was a large worn 
stone of oblong form, two feet by three feet in dimensions. 



PLAN OF ROMANO-BRITISH PITS, 

NEAR 6REEN8TREET, EASTBOURNE. 



7' . 0' 



^'e^' 



A FOOT ABOVK 
BOTTOM Of fi T. 




APART 




3'.0' A 

J.J 



THE POBTIOM HERE A 
FOOT ABOIfE BOTTOm OFPiT 





b 






B 



SoaZe^ of Fe^. 



3 4- 
■J u 



5 

=1= 






T- .. , r 



DISCOVERV OF ROMANO- BWTISII REMAINS. 161 

This stone had evidently been subjected to long con- 
tinued and intense heat ; it was reddened by this action, 
and was set in clay baked by the Hi*e, and tragiuents of 
stone covered with «oot were found around. 

The stones lining the side« of the pit were rude ones 
from the bencli. One, howevci", appeared to have once 
funned part of a Roman millstone, from the dressings on 
the surface ; tliis was set with its face to the earth. 

In the two cii-cular hollows at the north end a quantity 
of ashes and some bmTit corn were found. 

A small extension of the pit, about two feet above the 
floor, was apparent at the south-east. 

The contents of the pit, when cleared out, comprised 
the following : — 

1. A ])ortion of the bottom of a bowl of Sammn ware. 

2. A chalk spindle whorl, H-m. in diameter. 

3. A pieiio of chnlk, rudely carved. 

4. Some lai^e iron naila and some fni^iieuts of iron. 

5. A cirfular disc of melted lead and tin, about Sj-ins. in diameter 

and 2-in8. tliiiik, that had run down into a hollow at the bottom 
of tlie pit. 

6. A small piece of eopiwr. 

7. A portion of a patera of a light blue colour, of very elegant 
shape, 6-iuB. in diunieter aud S-ins. deep. 

H. A little bowl of re<l ware, 3J-i)iH. in diamet(>r and l^-in. deep. 
9. Some fi-agments of bastard Saminn ware. 

10. The neck and iipi>er jwrtion of a jug of rude pottery, with 

handle attached. 

11. Fragnieuts of a largi- Amphora in coarse red potterj% unglazod. 

Ill addition, the pit contained a quantity of broken 
pottery, mostly apparently Upclmrch ware. Some fi-ag- 
ments nt' a pale gi'ey colour were oraamented with 
smoothed bands on the rough ware. Some of the black 
ware had diamond i)attems, but the greater quantify 
was plain. Some of the pottery was of a light cream 
colour. 

Bones of the horse and ox, with limpet, mussel and 
oyster shells, and bm-nt corn, were also found. 

Ab<jut twelve feet from tliis pit, to the south-west, 
another was discovered. It was seven feet long, about 
tliroe feet wide, and four feet deep, the longer axis l)"ing 



162 DISCOVERY OF BOMANO-BBITISH BEMAINS. 

from S.E. to N.W. This pit had been covered over by 
a layer of compacted earth, about six inches thick. 

The pit was carefully cleared out, and the contents 
examined. These comprised some long flat-headed iron 
nails (some clenched), a few little sandal nails, a portion 
of a small bottle of Koman glass, a quantity of fragments 
of pottery (including some Castor and Upchurch ware), 
pieces of iron, broken flints, limpet, mussel, oyster and 
snail shells, and a quantity of bones of the horse and ox, 
but no hiunan bones. 

Some few stones on edge were placed around the pit, 
and one small one was found laid flat on the floor. 

Mr. Frank Haverfield, F.S.A., of Lancing, who care- 
fully examined the pits and their contents, is of opinion 
that the larger one is a rude dwelling-place, lined with 
stones and rudely paved, whilst the central stone was 
used as a hearth stone ; and in this opinion I concur. 

From the quantity of ashes, the marks of fire on the 
stones, and the fused metal found, it would seem probable 
that the dwelling was destroyed by fire. 

The smaller pit found adjoining is probably sepulchral. 

Other Romano-British remains have been found close 
to this spot. 

I am mformed by Mr. William Costick that when the 
pond at Green Street was being dug several urns and 
some pieces of Samian ware were found, and that when 
flint digging, pottery and rude foundations are constantly 
being found by the workmen. Further researches in 
this district will probably therefore result in the discovery 
of more remains of interest. 



NOTES ON THE TRADITIONAL CONNEXION OF THE 

SUSSEX AND THE GLOtJCKSTEESHIRE FAMILIES 

OK SELWYN. 



Bv TiiE Rev. E, H. CODMNaTON. D.D. 

{ViCAH op WADIrtrBUT, StSSBlL). 



When, after long association in New Zealand and 
Melanesia wntli the Bishops Selwjni, father and son, I 
came into this County, it was a matter of interest to me 
to find luyseU" in the part of England in which the 
Selwyn family was hclieved to have had it« rise. I found 
that, though the epitaph of the last of the Friston family 
speaks of the "iiltimus Selwinorum," it wan from that 
stock that the vigorous branch which bore the late Bishop 
and his bi-others was believed to spring. During the 
jiast autunm I liad opporhmiticfii of enquu-ing into the 
subject, and I ask for my conclusions a place in your 
"Collections." 

I find that, Jjesides the identity of name, the con- 
nexion of the Gloucestershire Selwj'ns of Mafson and the 
Sussex Selwyns of Friston is based upon tradition and 
upon a common coat of arms. The name is said, and no 
doubt truly, to be a form of Silvanus, of which another 
form is Sau-in. Of course, the conmion possession of a 
surname wliich has been a Christian name argues by itself 
nothing for the common origin of any two families that 
bear it ; there may be a common origin or there may not. 

The traditional connexion of the two Selwyn families 
is mentioned with particularity by Aubrey, who says of 
the last Abbot of ilalmesbury that " he was uncle to old 
Sir Thomas Selwyn of Sussex;" but the pedigree of 
the Sussex family shows no such Sir Thomas. In the 



164 NOTES ON THE TRADITIONAL CONNEXION 

" Records of Matson and of the Selwyn Family," by 
Rev. W. Bazelev, a paper read before the Gloucestershire 
Society in 187o, the tradition is said to be that ^' John 
Selwyn, eldest son of Thomas Selwyn of Friston, probably 
owing to some incident in the Wars of the Roses, was 
driven jfrom Sussex into Gloucestershire;" but it is added 
that no authority can be found for such a statement ; and 
the pedigree of the Sussex family shows no such John. 

It appears to be certain that there were Selwyns in 
Sussex at the beginning of the 14th Century ("Arch. 
Coll.," XV., 211); and that the Selwyns who were at 
Selmeston at the beginning of the 15tn Century settled 
at Friston in the same century, and remained there till 
the family became extinct. In Gloucestershire, Fosbroke 
mentions Robert Selwin in the 13th Century; and William 
Selwyn, ancestor of the Matson family, obtained lands 
from the Abbey of Gloucester in 1516, and his son again, 
Richard, had a lease from the Abbot of Malvern, in 1537. 
The last Abbot of Malmesbury was probably brother of 
this William (^'Records of Matson," above mentioned). 
Here then, at the beginning of the 16th Century, are 
Selwyns in Sussex and Selwyns in Gloucestershire, of 
ancient standing, without any connexion of family that 
can be shown. / 

I now come to the proof, or corroborative evidence, 
iven by the common arms borne by the Sussex and 
rloucestershire Selwyns. A writer in " Sussex Collec- 
tions," Vol. XXIV., says that the Sussex family '' on 
heraldic and other grounds is probably a branch of the 

feat Yorkshire family of Salvin;" but as, upon enquiry, 
find the arms of the Yorkshire Salvins and Sussex 
Selwyns wholly unlike, I may pass this by. The Friston 
and Matson Selwyns certainly bore the same anns ; and if 
these arms came to them both by inheritance the evidence 
of a common origin to the two families would be very 
strong. But I find that the arms borne by the Friston 
Selwyns were granted to them in May, 1611, being the 
same with those borne by Abbot Selw)ni a hundi-ed years 
before. If it can be shown that the Sussex Selwyns bore 
these arms before the grant of 1611, my argument and 



OF THE FAMIUES OF SELWYN. 165 

its conclusion fall ; otherwise it is clear that the origin of 
the Sclwyn coat is in Gloucestershire, not in Sussex. 

I proceed to show a probable origin, guided by a 
remark of Aubrey's. The last Abbot of Malmesbury 
was ''Robert Frampton, alicis Selwin" (the last Prior 
was John Codrington). It is well known that members 
of religious houses were named from their place of birth ; 
the Abbot then was by family Selwyn, by birth-place 
Frampton. The Abbot s arms (shown on ms seal) were 
on a bend cottised three annulets, a bordure engrailed ; 
these have been borne by the Gloucestershire Selwyns, 
and were granted in 1611 to the Selwyns of Friston, and 
of Essex. Aubrey remarks on the likeness to the arms of 
the ancient family of Frampton, viz., argent a bend gules , 
cottised sable. The Abbot was a Selwyn undoubtedly, 
not a member of the Dorsetshire family of Frampton; 
but he appears, naturally enough, to have founded his 
aims upon those of the I? rampton family. His relations, 
the Gloucestershire Selwyns, as they rose into the rank 
of county gentry, would naturally take his arms; the 
same arms were granted in the 17th Century to the 
family of the same name in Sussex. 

I conclude, therefore, that the Selwyn family of 
Gloucestershire, members of which in the last and 
present century have made the name well known, has no 
connexion that can be traced or proved with the Sussex 
family once flourishing at Friston. 



GUNDREDA, COUNTESS OF WAEENNE; 

A PARTING WORD ABOUT HER. 



By sir GEORGE DUCKETT, Bakt., 

GOIL&BSPONDZNO MbXBBR OP THB SoCCfcTi DBS AnTIQUAHIBS DB NoKMANDDB, &C., &C. 



** Uncertainty is the mother of confusion^ ^ (as observed bj Lord Chief Jnstioe 
Coke), and ** he might have found in Fahehoodf another parent for confusion." 

Sir Harris Nicholas, ** Chronology of History," Preface xi. 

"// ne faut pas eveiller chat qui dorty^' and controversial 
subjects, like " sleeping dogs " (that equivalent saving^, 
are, as a rule, none the better for being disturbed. Of 
all the disputants in the field respecting the birth and 
parentage of Gundreda, Countess of Warenne, there is 
not one probably who does not think but that he has 
thoroughly solved the new-fangled mystery attached to 
this question. Strictly speaking, and looking at the 
subject dispassionately, there are but two points which 
concern the matter at all, the facts, namely, that Ordericus 
Vitalis names Gundreda '' Soror GherhodiJ' and that 
William de Warenne, in his second foundation charter 
of Lewes Priory, designates Queen Matilda the mother 
of his wife, "mater uxoris mecsy The last point cannot 
be disputed, and although verified by the Conqueror 
himseli, who calls her ''Jilia mea" in his charter to the 
monks of Walton, can well rest upon its own unquestion- 
able merits and authenticity, without further verification. 
The first and main question, therefore, regards the sup- 
posed relationship which some English antiquaries have 
assigned to Gundreda with Gherbod the Fleming. 

l^w, the sense in which Ordericus Vitalis has named 
her " Sister of Gherbod," has never been properly grasped 
by the ^eater part of the antiquaries of this coimtry, 
mainly, if not entirely, due to their imperfect knowledge 
of the French idiom, and the strict analogy existing in 
construction and idiom between the Latin and French 



OUNDHEDA, COUNTESS OF WAEENNE. 



lan^ages ; an analogy so great, that whereaw an EngKsh 
Ktuacnt in many cases rackn his brains to come at a 
meaning, tlio Fi'ench scholar seizes the Latin «?nse of 
a particular woi-d or passage at once, and distances the 
Saxon's rendering, hotli in exactness and in all want of 
amhiguity. Tliia too fflight knowledge of their similarity 
in construction, and the perfect diHsimilarity existing 
between the Anglo-Saxon and Latin tongues, have been, 
we believe, the main cause of the real difficulty, and 
this commenced with Dugdale. Whether the failing be 
admitted, or, on the other hand, denied out of sheer 
stubbornness and conceit, the real trath has bj-oken in 
upon some, and upon om-selves in particular, and we 
cannot drop our i)ou for good without placing on recoi-d 
the subjoined opinion, emanating from, perhaps, the 
first antiquary ot the day. True, the subject has been 
undoubtedly thi'eslied out, and has become stale and 
uninteresting; yet lust(n-ic truth demands its solution. 

Ordcricus Vitalis was edited for the French Goveni- 
ment by the present Director-General of tlic N'ati<mal 
Library of France, M. Leopold Delisle. That eminent 
man has long been the highest authority not only in his 
own country, but in Europe. He is not only, it may be 
safely said, one of the fii'st of its Latin scholars, and of 
living archaiologists, but as editor of the Ciu-onicle of 
Orderic Vital, no other existing authority could be so pre- 
eminently qualified to pass an o])iuion on the remai'kable 
and idiomatic use of tlie word " soror," as scmr (/c lait 
employed by that liistoi-ian. His opinion is given in the 
subjoined letter. It is, in fact, on that very word (as 
observed) that the whole question turns, for it has been 
fi-om their idiomatic ignorance on the part of English 
controversialists, that the enmiciation of everj' imaginable 
aud wild theory has had its origin, in the attempted 
solution of the matter. His words are as follows : — 



[CorT.] 



UoXSIKL'R, 

J" suis i^irii ft t-rniro quo v 



Paris, le 29 jam, I8B6, 
L' A'lmi uUtratpur- General. 



8 ileux exiimplaires ie votre diseertation. 
s avKE r&ieon de |)r^nt«r "Oherbodus " 



168 GUNDREDA, COUNTESS OF WABENKE. 

comme le frire de lait de '* Gutidreday Je ne manquerai pas de faire 
connaltre et de recommander votre travail dans un prochain cahier de la 
Biblioth^ue de I'Ecole dee Chartes. La question que tos avez trait^e 
int^resse autant I'lustoire de Normandie que I'lustoire de la Grande 
Bretagne. Le arguments que tous avez si habilement pr^sent^ ne 
doivent pas rester inaper9us de ce c6t6 du d^troit. 

Je me permets d'etre un peu moins s^v^re que vous pour notre Orderic 
Vital. J'aime beaucoup cet auteur, depuis que j'ai achev^ I'^tion de 
son Bjstoire, publiee il y a plus de trente ans par la Soci^t^ de I'Histoire 
de France, en 5 vol. in 8°. Orderic, comme tous les chroniqueurs, peut 
se tromper sur quelques details ; mais nulle part ailleurs nous n'avons 
im tableau aussi complet et aussi vivant de la soci^t^ anglo-nonnande 
du temps de Henri I^. 

Avee mes remerciments yeuiUez agr^r, je tous prie. Monsieur, 
I'assurance de mes sentiments les plus distinguds et les plus d^vouds. 

(Signed) L. DELISLE. 

Now, the opinion of such an authority is not to be 
disregarded; it will be considered everywhere, save by a 
few, perhaps, in this country, as final. Viewed in that 
light, the oifficulty regarding '^ foster-sister" might well 
be considered settled ; besides being above all flatly 
contradicted by William de Warenne himself, who may 
be presiuned to have known his wife's parentage, and 
what he asserted, when he calls Queen Matilda " mater 
uxoris mexB^ If by any possibility Gundreda had been 
the sister "6y blood'' to Gherbod, that person must 
also be of necessity aflfiliated to the same mother. Queen 
Matilda. Such a conclusion is not only ridiculoiLs, but 
too outrageous ever to have been entertained, or listened 
to, however ingeniously one theory or another may have 
been invented to meet a matter which certain modem 
antiquaries have questioned without any foundation. 

We shall further endeavour to show, we hope success- 
fully, that Gimdreda having no blood affinity whatever 
with Gherbod the Fleming, was probably the eldest of 
Duke William's children by that same Princess, the 
daughter of Baldwin, Count of Flanders. In truth, 
nothing more fallacious respecting Queen's Matilda's^ 
early history could have been possibly imagined, neither 
is anything more certain, than that Dugdale, (the first, 

«*«"H« AxchflBological Collectionfl," Vol. XXVIII. and Vol. XXXIV. ; 
■^Mteunlaiid P nsactions," Vol. III. ; " Yorkshire 



GL'>fDREDA, COUNTESS OF WAKENNE. 



169 



probably, of English HiitiquaHeK,) was not on such inti- 
mate terms with tlio French language as to be able to 
sec that " soroi-" in niedia-val Latin, as nhowii even in 
itH different compounds, liad a wider meaning to the 
French mind. 

AsHuniing that nio^t reasonable people will acquiesce 
in the pi-obable theory of "/unterat/f,"'^ there would 
i-enuiin, we tliink, but one more question to settle, or 
living within reasonable distance of settling, the second 
j)oint in the argument. 

Wliile the controvei-sy was gt)iug on some time since, 
we assumed, or rather suggested, the possibility that 
Gundi'eda was the Conqueror's eldest child, and all things 
go to show, after the twistings and tumingn to wliicb the 
matter has been subjected, that the Countess Gundreda 
dc Warenne was really a daughter of WiUiam, Duke of 
Nonnandy ; in fact, one of the earliest, if not the very 
eldest cliild, by Matilda of Flanders, Slie thus stood in 
the eyes of tlie Clim'ch, in rewpect of legitimacy, which 
never seems to have been called hi question, in the same 
position as KoWrt, William, Ricliard, and others, bom 
after the Papal interdict and the Council of Rheims, or 
before the usually assumed dispensation of 1059 by Pope 
Nicholas H., and the eonfinnation of their man-iago. 

No one denies, we l)elieve, the authenticity of 
Gundreda's epitaph (commencing " Stii-ps, Gundreda, 
Ducum"); how she died on the sixth of the Calends of 
June {1085), and this fact, dating from the time of Duke 
William's (subsequently iuterdieted) marriage in 1047, 
would cause her age at the time of her death to have 
been :16. Her husband died in 1088, on the 8th of the 
Calends of July. This age of Gundreda tallies, more 
or less, with tne journey (or pilgrimage) detailed by 



mniu our l.hoory of "fotterage," ( 
but bT waf or improving upon it, he Mig-gcBls thut Clhcrbod {tent.) nui}- tiarn 
twn the *' jHilative " father, i^iiitc rrgardlcs* of the fact that one who. aa vito of 
Wllliasi. C>mtc do \S'iin>nDt In France, and Ir cWwhere «^I(^ " ComitUia." 
wiUimxii with biTV mother. Uuccu Uatflda, and her brother, William Itnfus, (tip 
Conituuror'B Conflnnation Charier to 1.gw«« Priory, would nerer bavc bevo tfaiM 
adroolatMl, had *hv Hprmg from on; doubtful (or ignoble) orig^. Sw orfeiiial 
Cunllnuation Charter of Ia'wi'r IMoiy b; tbe Conqueror (lIona«tiron ClnniaccuH- 
AiigliumimiJ. 



170 GUNDREDA, CJOUNTESS OF WARENNE. 

WilKam de Warenne, undertaken W himself and his 
wife to Rome (MS., Cott. Vespa., F. XY.f The date of 
that occmrence is fixed beyond any question in some 
year between 1073 and 1077, for their progress was 
arrested by the war then going on between Pope Gregory 
VII. (Hildebrand) and the Emperor of Germany. The 
former of these two did not succeed to St. Peter's chair 
until 1073. Assuming Gimdreda, therefore, to have been 
the first-bom child, she would have been about 26 at 
that period. We know from William de Warenne's own 
charter how, when their progress was thus arrested, they 
both turned their steps towards the Abbey of Cluni, with 
which they were so enchanted, that they determined 
upon founding a house of the same order to the honour 
ot St. Pancras on their return home. Hence the priories 
of Lewes and Castle Acre. 

There is every reason, therefore, for assigning 1047-8 
as the date of Gundreda's birth, for if assiuned to have 
been bom many years later, she would have been scarcely 
marriageable, or have clashed with the recorded succes- 
sion of the Conqueror's other daughters. 

Let us consider a few facts in corroboration of that 
date. 

The marriage of Duke William was imposed upon him 
when quite a young man* by the advice of his Court 
and suri'oundings. On the authority of the Corpus 
Chronicorum Flandriae (L, 552), the date of that marriarge 
has been assigned to 1047. 

The Conqueror's chaplain, William of Poitiers, if his 
history is to be taken chronologically, mentions Duke 
William's marriage shortly after the taking of Alen^on 
and the affair of Domfront, when he caused the flight of 

• Will'mus de Warenna, primus comes SurrcgiaB, et fundator ecclesi© Lewensis, 
diem clausit extremum 8 Kal. Julu, amio Gr'sB 1088, et fundacionis ecdedad 
predict® undccimo, k conquestu 23. (Ashmol. MS., 844, fo. 32 ; Register of 
Lewes Priory.) Domina Gundreda, filia Conquestoris, et uxor Will*mi de 
Warenna, vi partus cruciata apud Castelacre, obiit 6 Kal. Juuii, anno Grati^B 
1085, anno 3 ante yirum suum, jacetque sepulta in Capitulo Lewensi cum conjuge 
BUG (Aflhmole). 

* He was eight jears old when he succeeded his father in 1036, and was con- 
ft^wiililj bom in 1027-28 (William de Jumidge). He was in his 60th year (ferd 

' i) when he died (id.) 



QUNDREDA, COUNTESS OF WARENXE. 171 

Geoffrey Martel, the Duke of Anjou; equally also before 
the revolt fif Williaui of Arques. The coiitemporai-y 
historian, William of Jumi^ge, (See Appendix,) corrobo- 
rates the same event, and places it shortly after the 
battle of Val-des-Dunes, (between Caen and Avranchcs,) 
and that event decidedly occun-ed in 1047,* if not in 
1046, according to other testimony." Ho then forth- 
with records as the next notable event,^ the marriage of 
William of Normandy with Matilda, daughter of Baldwin, 
Count of Flanders, and tlieir public entry into Rouen. 
It happens also that Jnnnediately after tlic battle of Val- 
des-Duncs, William do Jumifigo records how William 
fortified Ambri£ires, near Mayenne. This occuiTence 
coincides exactly in point of time with the Roman de 
Rou,* when it records the same mamage as the suc- 
ceeding event, and be it observed, Junii^ge in two 
places expressly states (lib. vii., c. 1) that he records all 
events "m order of date;" a fact of the veiT first 
importance. The foregoing eWdence of these three 
chroniclers is sufficient, at any rate, to show (hat the 
Duke's maiTiage with JIatilda of Flanders may be safely 
placed in 1047-8, and nearly contomporarj' events seem 
to verify the same. It was taken up by tiie Council of 
Rheims under Pope Leo IX., in 1049, and then pro- 
nounced illegal on the score of consanguinity. It 
undoubtedly took place before that Pope's accession in 
1048, for as a pious reformer be brought that and other 
similar matters befoi-e the Council, as one of liis first acts 
on succeeding to the Papal chau- in that year, and his 
enthronement in 1049. It has been assumed, but on no 
certain grounds or evidence, that the uiterdict had pre- 
ceded the maniage, but a close reference to the chroniclers 
and different authorities will not support this. William 
of Jimii^ge a-ssertf," and William of Poitiers verifies or 
admits, that the man-iage foDowed at ovcc after tlie first 
proposals, and before any objection was raised on the 
score of consanguinity. It is even admitted by one,*" 

• Gemet, Ub. Ti!., c. IT. • Rodibii de Rnn, M. PliHiUet, ii,, 58. 

' Dwiid, ■' Uictory of Frnuw." " Ub. »ii,. c. 21. 

T Oomut, Ub. 8, u. nL " NormanConqucBt(Freinuui),iii.,pp. 8.'i,90. 



172 GUin>UEDAj ODUITTESS OF WARES5E. 

who SLmigns 1053 as the date of the marriage — ^but for 
that date there is no conelusiTe eyidence — ^that "an 
interval of some years" took place between the first 
pfToposals and its actual celebration. It is implied Tat 
p. 90-91, iii., Norman Conquest), that the Rheims prolii- 
bition was rescinded, or supposed to haye been rescinded 
four years later, viz., in 1053-4, and that then the said 
marriage took place; but this supposition again (which 
emanated, we believe, from the late Mr. StajJeton), must 
be erroneous, for had such been the case, there would have 
been no object in the subsequent dispensation of 1059. 
In support of this, it is assumed that pressure was brought 
to bear for such purpose on Pope Leo IX. at that very 
date, for the Normans were then engaged in hostilities 
against him in the South of Italy, and he was moreover 
a prisoner in their hands. The story has an air of pro- 
bability, but the subsequent course of events, and the 
dispensation six years later, quite prove it unsubstantiated. 
One thing is perfectly certain, that William of Normandy 
disregarded the interdict of 1049 from the very first, and 
set it at nought for many years. 

It is stated, in proof of this, by W. de Jumiege — and 
the fact shows that the interdict by the Council of Rheims 
in 1049 went for very little with WiUiam — that the 
validity of the Duke's marriage continued to be ques- 
tioned, and was frequently brought to his notice by the 
ecclesiastical dignities of Normandy." This opposition 
was stimulated and supported by the Primate, Mauger, 
the Archbishop of Rouen. He was the Duke's uncle, 
being brother of the Count of Arques.^^ Under succeed- 




1050 we Ktill find the same archbiBhop witnesning with Odo, Bi*ihop of Bareux, 
and others, the Charter of Re-con»truction or Re-foundation of the Abbey of 8t! 
Evroul of Ouche. Now, William de Jumiege affirms (lib. vii., c. 1) that he relat<^ 
all facts of hifl history, ** in order of time,^^ and the next noteworthy event rt^lated 
Ijy him after the retirement of Mauger is the Battle of Mortemer, which occurred 
in 1053-4. It must hare been, therefore, somewhere in ia51-2 that Mauger was 
icanored, to he wm zeplaoed hv v-«-imiiB soon after in the ArchiepLscOT)ate of 
.^ «~ ««d that Ptf in 1054-5 a council at Rouen on the 

'f the errors of B^ranger. Mauger, 



GUNDKEDA, COUNTESS OF WARENNE. 173 

ing eccleBiastics also the name censure long continued ; 
it ia even asHerted that Nonnandy was laid under an 
interdict by the Pope in consequence,^" and it was nut 
until after Lanfi'anc, the Pricir of Boc,'* had been first 
sent to Rome to espouse the cauae of the Duke, that a 
fonnal dispensation was obtained, and this was gi-anted 
by Pope Nicliolas IL, in 10-39. W. de J. affirms that 
tliG initiative in these jn-oceedings was taken by the 
Duke, but the disnensation is also recorded in the 
" Ijife of Lanfi-auc, the credit of the act being thereiu 
attributed to him. The words of William de Jumi^ge 
are — '* Willolmus Dux, duni a quibusdani religiosis 
(Lanfranc and others), sjepius redargueretui-, co quod 
cogiiatani suam sibi in matrinionio copulasset, missis 
k'gatis, Romanum Papain super hac tv. coiisuluit ;" whilst 
on the other hand the passage in the " Life of Lanfranc" 

reads thus : — " cuin enim illegitimas hujus 

principis uuptias ajiprobare reuuisset, obtinuit ut res 
ad Romanum ix)ntin('ein refei-etur disponsationis gratia, 

quani ille " (Vita Lanfr.) Jumi^ge state.s how 

the Duke took this stej), in consequence of frequent 
allusion to the subject by his ecclesiastical surroundings, 
and even goes so far as to say, that the Pope retrained 
fi-om pronouncing a divorce lietween them, seeing that 
in such case a war would inevitably ensue lx)tAveen 
Klanders and Nonnandy. The two passages, at any rate, 
prove that the solemnization nf a mariiage in 1053, had 
such ever taken ]ilaee at all, ftjr wliich we have no pi'oof, 
was in no way more legal in the eyes of the Clim-ch 
than the mai-riBge of 1047-8. The result was that he 
received the Papal absolution, but as an atonement for 
tho cruno, the foundation at Caen of two monasteries 
was imposed, that of St. Eticnne on himself, and tho 
other of the Holy Tiinity cju Matilda.** This liistorical 

thiTpfow, If rcmovi-d iil>cutiUii({ to WiUliun nf MolnipabuiT' [Itb. iu.) nt tlic Iiuttiuuv 
ot Mnlilttit, for invr-islitn^ Bgolnst d mnrriBgi' wlikh had alrtady taki-a pliu't.' 
toaie time bark, rauld scnrcdf thux hare octod iii nwpcct ot a inamagc iu ICkSS. 
whiin h(i no lonfccr wua Primate ; bat, on the othrr hnnd, mii^ hnro tolcpii excrp- 
tiou ta a morriogn of nit earlier date, Tix,, in 1047 -S, 

I* Vit. 7juifr, f., 2«8 : Chron. Dm^cenMi. 198, 

I- Vitn Untr. 1.. 1(89, 

" (Icmet. Ub. Tii.,c. i!6. 



174 GUNDBEDA, COUNTESS OF WAHENNE. 

fact speaks for itself, showing the conditions on which 
the dispensation was granted, and that any intermediate 
rescincung of the interdict of 1049, must be purely 
imaginary. As regards the monastery foimded on that 
account by Matilda, we know that in 1081 she was there 
buried, and that the Princess Cecilia, her daughter, was 
its superioress long afterwards. Lanfranc, subsequently 
Archbishop of Canterbury, and a monk of Bee, was the 
first Abbot of the St. Stephen's of Caen; whilst in 1087 
the remains of William himself were there deposited, in 
the church of his own foundation. 

The effect, of course, of a marriage illegal in the eyes 
of the Church, was to render the whole issue of such match 
up to ^apparently) William Rufus, bom out of wedlock, 
according to the rules of that Church. To this category 
belonged those, we take it, preceding that Prince, who 
succeeded to the Crown of England, however, not as 
heir, but by the *^ appointment" of his father, viz., 
Gundreda, Kobert Courte-Heuse, (so infamously treated 
by his brother after Tinchebraie,) William, Richard, and 
Henry I. 

These facts tend to show that many of William of 
NormandVs children were born, not only prior to the 
dispensation of 1059, but before the imjp/ica prohibition 
was rescinded in 1053, which is alleged to have led to 
the marriage in that year, and that the early married life 
of William and Matilda was passed under these question- 
able conditions. We have no reason, however, imder 
such circumstances to suppose, that if Gundreda had 
been the first-bom child, she would in the eyes of the 
Church, have been bom more out of wedlock than the 
others up to 1059, nevertheless, according to our showing, 
she was undoubtedly bom prior to the interdict of 1049, 
and this may, or may not, have affected her individually, 
more than tne rest of Duke William's issue.^® 

^ The precise date of Duke William* s marriage must always in the absenoe of 
further proof remain open to question, and this of couse affects the respectiTe 
births 01 his children. 

The date of the marriage of 1053 emanates (as we have observed in a former 
paper) from the Chronicle of Tours (Chron. Turon, Bouquet xi., 348) ; the earlier, 
and assuredly more correct date of 1047 from the Corpus Chronicorum Flandito ; 



GUNDRKDA, CDUNTKS.S OF WAItENNK. 175 

The foregoing evidence should, we think, be fairly- 
taken as conclusive of the position which hae always 
been assigned to Guudreda, as the daughter of tiie 
Conqueror, and for aught that we know to the contrary, 
ati a Princess of the blood Royal, by those living nearer 
to tlie tiuies under notice, 1 ne Silence on the question 
of lier patemity dui'ing the course of so many centurie«, 
is oi' itself a proof that no doubt had ever existed on the 
subject until recent days. Kven Sir Francis Palgrave 
not only ignores the uncon-oboi-ated and monstrous 
theory which had been set up by Mr, Stapleton, but 
proclaims its fallacy by not allowing it to interfere with 
the course of liis history." The Conqueror in his charter 
to the monks of Walton names Gmidreda his daughter 
"uxoris suiE Gondvadan, JiliiB mece."^^ W. do Warenne 
calls Queen Matilda tlie mother of his wife " mater uxaris 
vu-ie." She is named sLster to Henry I, " Matilda . . , 
mater Henrici Regis et Gundred® comitiswe ;" and as the 
Contjueror's daughter in speaking of William de Warennc, 
" cujus _^/iam desponsavit." If these pieces of evidence 

whilst Orderic Vital U «utipoiied b; eoine to OMaiga 1003 as the yenr ; but in such 
diTerBcncio*, the probabilitiee must be kept alone in view, and merit the only 
oonsiaeralinn, the tnio and likely time being infaircd thcrefiiDiu. 

Ueiii]r, oftonirDrdt Kiiig, Ib wUd to Imre b<*n boni at Relby iu 1008 ; William 
Rufus w loss. The Bge o( out dnugrhter Cecilia may be detemiiiiHl from tlio fact 
thut when a child Ak was dedicnttKl to the Church on the altar of the Holj Triuity 
tuunded by her mother. Whether this tooV jjloce before thut tnonastcry's coaiie. 
ontloa In 106fl(thc year of the Xorman Invasion], or in the year of ito foundation 
i* not orideiit, bnt the fact shuWH that fiw wns bom in the year of, or after, the 
itiapensation of 1050. Lastly, with regard to another daughter, Agatha, who had 
bwu botrotbed to Harold, had that I'rinctsB bncn the of^ipriug of a marriage m 
lute as una, ulie would b«ve beeu far too joung to hoTi- Inspired any emotion iu 
hiiu, or t-ie* I'fTWl to hart' enCortaincd tactvelf any laftlng affection for Haiold. 
Now Uio datu of hu> Tint to Williom'K c-ourt vt» in lOliH, and auch wan the date of 
tlivir botrothnl. These matten^ all tend to the (.'onricliou that Uundreda wb« the 
flr»t-boru child. 

" Sir Francis Palgrave wait Deputy Keeper of the Public Records, and author 
of " Hiiitory of Normandy and England,'* 4 Vols., 8vo. 

" There has been a erent amount of noawnse concocted ou the subject of this 
charter. Iu Its preseiS state it in very mu'ch defaced, and that it has long beeu 
' " " t from the fact that the two wards " filio mee " were rewritten ofter 



ptu^lal dtoecment. Rir Ricliord Bt. George, no mean herald, made a copy of thti 
Tcry document, and it cxiiit« in the Bodleian Library. Had these ynitit been on 
iutorpolutian or subsequent false iuj^-rtion, for which, to tay the len«t. there could 
1X1 no object, would that diatinguishcd herald, wc u«k, have overlooked the nutter f 
He mode the transcript of the orginol upwards of JOO yean affo. It is quite a 
qumtion, therefore, whether the said words had at that time become illegible. 
(See Appondix.) Sir It. St. Owrgc woh fLrst uppointe<i to the College of Arms, 
t. EUraboth. 



176 QUNDBEDAy COUNTESS OF WARENNE. 

be placed in juxtaposition, the fact that the Countess 
Gundreda was simply nursed at the same breast with 
Gherbod is apparent. Why should such a conclusion be 
discarded as unlikely ? The Princess Anne, daughter of 
James II., afterwards Queen of England, had a foster- 
mother named Susannah, the wife of an Irish gentleman 
connected with the household of James II., when Duke 
of York. Posterity might as well endeavour to maintain 
that Queen Anne was sister by blood to one of this 
person's sons. 



APPENDIX. 



Apparent trifles often carry presiunptive evidence 
with them. We lay stress on and quote the Norman 
Chronicler, William de Jumi^ge; also the Herald, Sir 
Richard St. George. Two things are worthy of remark 
regarding them. One of the MSS. (for there are several) 
of William de Jumi^ge's "History of Normandy" in the 
Public Library of Rouen, has the first or initial letter 
illuminated, and exhibits the Chronicler in the act of 
presenting his work to the King. Another MS. of the 
same History Tnow in the Harleian Collection, Brit. 
Mus., [MS. Harl., 491,] belonged at one time to Durham 
Cathedral Library; and at a subsequent date was in 
possession of Sir Kichard St. George, Norroy. 

These citations show on the one hand, that Jumi^ge 
compiled his work during the Conqueror^s life, that he 
dedicated it to liim, and that unquestionable reliability 
may be placed on what he asserts. 

On the other hand, that the MS. of that Chronicler 
should have been in Sir Richard St. George's possession 
is fair evidence, that this Herald was versed in the History 
of the Conqueror, and that when copying that Monarch's 
charter, entertained no doubts or misgivings whatever in 
respect of the now disputed words ''Jilia mea" 

These two matters are stated by the late Sir Duffus 
Hardy in his *' Chronology of British History." 



DaX)RT.\NT DISCO\TiRY OF ANGLO^AXON 
REMAINS AT KINGSTON, LEWES. 



Compiled by JOHN SAWYER. 



What may be fairly described as one of the most 
imiwrtant antiquarian discoveries made in the county 
since the formation of the Sussex Archieologioal Society 
(in 1846), took place during the yeai' 1891. It occuiTed 
wtiile excavations were in progress in connection with 
the erection of a house (now called "Saxonbury "), by- 
Aubrey Hillman, Esq., and in laying out the grounds 
surrounding it. The site of tlie finds is in the parish of 
Kingston, near the west end of the parish of Southover, 
in a field at the rear of the Sussex Ai-tillery Volunteer 
Depot, almost close to the Brighton and Lewes railway 
line. 

The remains, speaking generally, may be pronounced 
Anglo-Saxon, with some few exceptions, whicli will pre- 
sently be noticed; but whether, taking all the circum- 
stances into account, the discovery points conclusively to 
the existence of a regular Anglo-Saxon cemetery may be 
open to question, since there are some particulars which 
might be regarded as indications that the field was the 
burial place of a number of warriors after an engagement, 
in which victory remained with the Saxous. 

The discoveries wore not made all at once, but at 
intervals that extended over several montlis, accm-ding as 
the work pi-ogrossed. It will Ije necessarj-, therefore, in 
the following account to piece together a number of 
detached notes supplied by diff'erent members of the 
Sussex Ai"chffiologicaI Society. Mention should, how- 
ever, fia'st be made of the services rendered by Aubrey 
Hillman, Ksq., the owner of the site; since that gentle- 
man not only iufonned the Committee of the Society as 



178 IMPORTANT DISCOVERY OF ANGLO-SAXON 

soon as the first interment was discovered and kept the 
officers informed of every firesh find, but in the most 
generous way presented the weapons and other objects 
found to the Society. These remains have since been 
carefully arranged and labelled by the Hon. Curator 
(C. T. JPhillips, Esq.), placed in a glass case specially 
made to contain them, and inscribed with the donoi^s 
name. The special thanks of the Sussex Archaeological 
Society were unanimously voted to Mr. Aubrey Hillman 
for his valuable contribution to their museum. 

In consequence of the indisposition of the Hon. Curator 
at the time of the first discovery, the unearthing of a 
few interments was superintended by B. C. Scammell, 
Esq. (now of Dover, but then resident in LewesV by 
whom the accompanying rough sketch plan ana the 
following notes referring thereto, were supplied : — 

Spears foimd with Nos. 1 and 9 (the latter bent). 

Waives „ n 5, 6, 8 and 9. 

Urn „ No. 4. 

Shields ,, Nos. 5 and 6 (on centre of skeleton). 

No. 1, in a contracted position, on right side. 

No. 8, left arm across body, apparently interred with knife in left 
hand. 

No. 9, left arm crossed on breast and left leg bent. 

No. 9, in cist excavated in chalk to depth of 10 inches. All the 
graves appear to have been fillea in with large stones and 
earth, rammed hard. 

The skeletons near the house were covered very superficially, the 
earth lying on a more elevated and sloping surface, having^ 
been denuded by cultivation in former times, but they were 
all probably deposited below the surface of the chalk. 

The fig^es and weapons are not drawn to exact scale on the plan. 

On the 5th April, Mr. C. T. PhiUips described the 
discovery of the eighth skeleton, and remarks: — ^^ The 
body had been laid east and west, the right arm parallel 
with it, the left forearm inclined across the body.^ The 
bones of the upper part of the trunk and the skull had 
entirely perished (although shown in the sketch), the rest 
of the skeleton partly so; but ''near the spot where the 
head would have rested was found a knife with tang 
(much corroded).'' This was the only object found. It 
was not until the month of September, 1891, that any 



PLAN OF SUPPOSED SAXON CEMETERY, 


KINGSTON, LEWES. 








1 










■r 


HOUSE 






•ft 


ft' f 






< 
o 


Jk 




^ 
k 


■IT — " 


c 






s 






: 


SCALE OF FEET 


3 


. 1 « JP . « » 


III 


■C SC*".H OtL. 







.; 



REMAINS AT KINGSTON, LEWES. 



iurther finds occun-ed. Writing on the 12tli, Mr. Phillips 
says: — " Another skeleton was found at the usual depth 
(«onio 18 inchea), lying east to west (feet E.), the ehalk 
behig scooped out to receive the head. An iron knife 
wan among the bones of the left hand, which had been 
jilaced across the thigh. Part of an iron knife blade 
and handle (mediicval':') and a small green glass bottle 
(lip slightly broken), apparently an unguent bottle, or 
Bo-called lachrymatory (Roman 'Q wore found near. The 
flkidl was somewhat long, brittle and broken." 

Uming the months of .September, October and Novem- 
ber, tlie work of levelling portions of the field at 
"Saxonbury" was proceeded with, and many additional 
dificoveries were made. These were carefully recorded 
by Mr. Philhpa, as will be seen by his .subjoined notes : — 
'* 38th September. — Some 30 yards east ti-om house poixh 
and a little beyond spot where fonner interments were 
found, three skeletons were discovered lying E. and W., 
and about 18 to 24 inches from sui-face, in rubble chalk 
and mould. The middle skeleton, which was, the men 
said (but this may be an exaggerated estimate), nearly 
seven feet long, had on the left side a broad two-edged 
iron Hwoi'd blade, 3 feet 1 inch long from point to end 
of tang, 2 inches broad at hilt, lessening to 1^ inches at 
point; the handle had perished, but the blade was in good 
condition, by it (tang end) were tw(t tjronze tags, size and 
shape of arrow-heads, flat on one side, ridged 
with dotted line on other, the butt-end having 
a cut or slot ^ inch deep, with two rivet.s in the 
same plane as the blades, and an ornamental 
object, oblong in shape, and resembling a sUde 
with rivet tln-oiigh the back plate and three 
rivets at each end, an iron knife, large tlun 
ii'on stud of shield, and an ii-on strap, with 
rivets at each end, being the handle (across 
"umbo") of slueld. A clear idea of the 
mode of sepulture adopted may bo gained 
by a glance at the accompanying illustration 
fi'om "Grave Mounds and their Contents," by 
L. Jowitt, Esq., F.S.A., page "209. Two iron knives oidy 



180 IMPORTANT DISOOYEHT OF ANGLO-SAXON 

were found with the other two skeletons, and near them 
a small lump of bronze. Some six pieces of wire (iron)| 
one or two twisted at the end, were found lying over 
the pelvis of skeleton, but these may be modem. A 
large brass Nurembui^ token and three smaller coins or 
tokens (modem) were also found. 

^^ Wednesday, 30th September, 1891.— A little further 
east than the former, another skeleton was found, lying 
somewhat S.E. ; the skull by pressure had been very 
much flattened, but the lower jaw, with teeth in sound 
condition, was perfect ; close below it were found half a 
bronze clasp with hook, and two holes for attachment, 
and ornamented with pattern, a small bronze rivet, and 
a small circular stud, or possibly a brooch. Against the 
left hip a brass double ring, the larger ring about l^ inch 
in diameter, from its position probably part of sword- 
belt. No knife was found with this bunal, but near it 
another skeleton appeared to have been, but if so it had 
entirely perished ; an iron knife and small piece of iron, 
exactly resembling the spring of a fibula, alone remaining. 
If this conjecture be correct, fourteen biirials in all have 
up to the present time been discovered. 

^^ 2nd October, 1891. — The 15th skeleton was removed 
under my direction ; it lay some 30 yards east frx)m 
house, parallel with and slightly north of the last found, 
it lay oue E. and W., and was of average size, the bones 
being brown, the skull turned towards right, and flattened 
by weight of earth, teeth of lower jaw much worn ; on 
the right of it was an iron lance-head, 7 or 8 inches long, 
and on left an iron arrow-head, l|-in. long, both socketed, 
at right of body (waist) was an iron knife, and resting on 

f)elvis was a very fine perfect iron umbo of shield, with 
arge rivets or studs, and inside it an iron stmp or handle, 
rivetted at each end, but it broke away in dearing out 
the earth ; the heads of the studs were slightly larger 
than a shilling. A similar rivet was found outside teft 
thigh, and upon or outside left thigh a bronze ring, with 

Eart of the metal attachment for fastening it, probably, to 
elt or shield. On the knob of boss of xrnibo there are 
traces of white metal (query, could- it have been plated 



REMAINS AT KINGSTON, I.EWES. 181 

with HilvGr or tinned ?). Some faint traces of the grain 
of the wood of which the shield was made were adhering 
to the rim and studs, and the latter seemed to have Ijeen 
'clenched' through small brass rings, just as is now done 
with boat nails. 

" 5th October, 1891. — The men this day uncovered no 
less than six gi-aves, throe of which were entij-ely empty. 
The sLxth grave was being examined when I arrived ; on 
the left side of arm was found an iron spear or lance-head, 
9 indies long, socketed, and of a somewhat different shape 
to those found before, and near it an ii-on knife. Upon 
the right side was the socket of another lance, the blade 
having perished. These were the oidy remains found 
witli tins interment, wliich was a jard or two east of 
that last found, and parallel with some of those found 
this day, all lying as before E. and W. The other 
remains found were a very fine two-edged iron sword, 
3 feet long and from 2% inches to 3j inches broad fi'om 
ornament at end of tang to end of chape, tliat and the 
mouth (hilt) of a bronze-bound scabbard being attached 
to it, the gi"ain of the wood of wliich it was made, as well 
as of the ivoiy (narwhal ?J liandle being clearly jwrcep- 
tible, the iron socket (only) of a lance, a knife much 
rusted, an iron implement (y), a bronze brooch, 1^ inch 
in diameter, with small pattern within a ring, and a blue 
glass Ijead. From this female ornament being found, 
the question is BuggcKted might not the three interments 
which contained no arms, be those of women ? The total 
number of buiials now amount to 21. 

"October 6th, 1891. — Twenty-second biunal, fomid 
slightly tiirtherE., lying E.andW.; bones nearly perished, 
and no relics. Twenty-tliird skeleton found in attemoon ; 
Messrs. E. CunHffe, H. Giiffifh, A. Hilhnan, C. T. PhiUips 
and J. Sftwvcr saw it uncovered ; it lay a little further 
E. and N. ttan foi-mcr. It was thought to be that of a 
woman, as only two bronze brooches were found right 
and left of where the cliin once rested ; the head was 
inclined to the right. A ti-ngment of a bronze dish, or 
of some shallow vessel, a small cylinder of lead with hole 
at end for Buspcnsion as a weight, a thin piece of bronze 



182 IMPORTANT DISCOVERY OF ANGLO-SAXON 

(bent), possibly part of scabbard, a knife, a portion of a 
bone gouge, ana an iron stud of shield. 

^^ October 7th, 1891.— Five burials found (28 in all), 
from 40 to 43 yards E. of porch, all lying E. and W., 
the legs of the 25th (2nd) being crossed ; Nos. 24, 26 
and 27 being parallel, with some three feet between each 
interment ; No. 28 farthest E. and close to hedge. The 
first skeleton found (No. 24) had a sword, 2 feet 1 1 inches 
long and 2 inches broad, near left thigh ; traces of grain 
of wood of scabbard in two places. Spear-head, long 
leaf-shape (like the two first found), R. of head ; knife 
(R. arm) with two small pieces iron, 2 inches long, lying 
at right angles to the tang, and a small iron buckle centre 
of body at waist. This interment was some two feet deep. 

^' No remains were found with the other four burials, 
and judging from the thinness of the skidls and small- 
ness of tlie bones, they were possibly females. 

^^ Among the loose soil a piece of the neck and lip of 
a small glass bottle (Roman unguent bottle?) occurred." 

In all, as nearly as could be reckoned, 32 burials must 
have been discovered, all being found within an area of 
about 130 feet by 50, and, with slight variations, as will 
have been noticed in the detailed reports, the bodies lay 
from east to west, facing the east, it is now impossible 
to determine how far tne line of interments onginaUy 
extended. Remains were found close to the N.E. 
boundary of " Saxonbury," but the N. wall abuts upon 
a pubHc highway, formed long ago, and known as 
'' Jugg's Road" (see '' S. A. C," Vol. II., page 293 note, 
and Vol. XIII., page 26 note). It would oe interesting 
to learn whether any record exists that discoveries were 
made during the construction of this road. It will 
be observed also that only a single specimen of pottery 
was found, the urn mentioned by Mr. Scammell (see 
age 178 ante)^ probably a " food-cup," some 6 inches 
igh, and the same in diameter, black in colour and 
medium thickness, globose in shape, without foot or any 
external marking or ornament ; it was, unfortunately, 
broken, but enough remains (some three-fourths) to show 
its shape. The fact of one of the skulls displaying a 



e 



REMAINS AT KINGSTON, LEWES. 183 

mark as of a sword cut, and one skeleton being found 
minus the skull, may perhaps be accepted as indicating 
that "Saxoiibury" was the scene of a conflict; hut the 
presence of supposed female remains among those of the 
warriore is dinieult to account for, ludess upon the sup- 
position that it was a cemetery. 

The sword in scabbard (see page 181, ante) exactly 
resembles two Saxon examples tigm-ed in Planche s 
"Costumes." He«ides the bead mentioned {on page 181, 
aii/e), three others were found ; one of bhie glass of large 
size, the perforation being about an eighth of an inch in 
diameter ; another of dark gi-een glass ; and the third is 
of amber and is large and uTegulai-ly shajwd. This 
lost, liaving been found Ijetween two brooches, may be 
thought to have been used originally as a female aaoni- 
ment, worn suspended from the neek. 

Two small shells, perforated as if for use as ornaments, 
were also found. 

In levelling and spreading the excavated eai-tli, tlie 
workmen recently found a veiy curious bronze, leaf- 
shaped, pendant ornament, bearing a very rudely- 
designed and executed di-agon, which, from one or two 
remaining fragments, appeare to have been thickly gilt; 
half a bronze buckle, and a bronze ornament, whiiih may 
have been attached to the end of a belt. It may also be 
stated that some of the bronze brooches, and ornaments, 
above mentioned, bore sUght evidence of having been 
gilt. A piece of burnt clay was also found, showing the 
impressions of withes, or rods {Wattle and Daub). 

Tliis discoveiy at " Saxonbiuy," it will Ix' seen, is not 
only impm-tant in itself, but also opens a wide field for 
dis(Mi8»ion to those who are interested in the study of the 
past, especially as, with the exception of the discovery of 
what in all probnbihty were Anglo-Saxon remains in 
18;J0, in lowering the London Road at South Mailing 
{described by tlie late Dr. Gideon Mantell, in his "Day's 
Kaiuble in and about Lewes," page l-'I4), no similar 
evidence of Anglo-Saxon occupation of Lewes seems to 
have been recorded. 




NOTES ON AKLINGTON CHURCH, SUSSEX. 



By CHAELES E. POWELL, Esq., Architect. 



This Church, which was for a long time in a condition 
of neglect so grievous that the present Vicar, upon 
assuming the incumbency, described it as being in a 
state " of dirt, decay and ruin" worse than that of any- 
other Parish Churcn in Sussex, and '^ bare of almost 
every decent requisite of worship," is in course of 
thorough restoration, and during the progress of the 
work discoveries of great archaeological interest have 
been made. 

The church is dedicated to St. Pancras, a fact that may 

Joint to its connection with Lewes Priory. Although 
escribed some years since as ranking ^^ among the very 
best examples of the * Early Decorated style' in the 
county of Sussex," the origmal building dates from a 
very much earlier period. There is a great dearth of 
documentary evidence relating to this church, but the 
fabric itself gives a clear outline of its history, and 
apparently seems to indicate that a church was erected on 
the site in Romano-British times. Existing portions of 
the structure belong to the Saxon, Norman, Transitional, 
and Decorated periods. A reference to the plans will 
show how the present building was gi-adually evolved. 
No. 1 shows the Saxon nave, the parts which still 
remain being coloured black. The internal quoins of 
the chancel at the east end remain and appear to be part 
of the original building. It is now impossible to tell if 
any windows existed in the chancel, it having been 
almost entirely rebuilt at the Decorated period. A 
sketch is given of the only Saxon window still existing 
in the church. 

Although remains of Saxon churches are rare in Sussex, 
there woiud appear to be evidences of the Saxon church 



ST PANCRAS' CHURCH, ARLINGTON. 




' X, 



NOTES ON AKUNGTON CUUHCH, SUSSEX. 185 

at Arlington haWiig boon erected upon the site of a still 
carlitT building, which wns burnt before the Saxon church 
was built. 

At a depth of about 6 inches below the floor level of 
the churcli, and I foot 6 inchcH below the late modem 
floor, a atratmn of burnt wood, charcoal, burnt clay 
and flints was met with, and about U inches below this 
another layer of burnt stones, clay, flint, and a still 
more marked quantity of eliarcoal and wood aslies. 
These two layei's appear to indicate the destruction uf 
the building at two distinct periods. Where excava- 
tions were made a tiuantity of tired stones, worked, of 
Transitional and Early KngHsh date, were discovered 
in the upper layer of burnt iii:hnii ; while in the lower 
no ti-aces of these were found, but instead, there were 
a few pieces of Kttnian pottery and portions of Roman 
tiles. In going below tlie lower stratum of bunit lUhns, 
there was found a fairly peifect uni of fire-baked elay, 
very hard, and blue in the middle of the mateiial. The 
urn is about IG inches in diameter, and now measures 
l?^ inches at the In'ghest part ; it was lipped and is oma- 
mented with peii)endicular bands or strings of applied 
work, notched while soft, at regular intervals.' The uni 
was found witlnn the south-west comer of the nave, about 
6 inches fi-om the tbuiulation of the nave walls and at 
about \ foot fi-oni the face both of the south and the west 
walls. It was firndy bedded in a layer of dark gravelly 
sand, a thin coating of blackiBh earth being between the 
vessel and the gi-avel. There is a considerable bed of 
this gravelly sand, and it was again eut into when the 
trenches for the foundations of the school were being 
ling, aboTit 1(»0 yards distant. 

Plan No. 3 shows the Saxon building with the early 
Nonnaii Cliaijcl. A sketch is given of one of the windows 
still existing, portions of the jambs having been restored. 
This chapel is said to have been a chantrj- belonging to 

' Till'' modi' uf oniiimcutBtiiiD U i ('hunictfrixtiu of Ml^dilI^vaI pottery, end (rom 
a lUpi^rflciii] ricw of tlit- photufCTKpIi [luki'D by Mr. Hi-ary BtcTeixii) the Arlin^on 
iim mi^ht be aMJeni-tl lo that period. Mr, Lorcnon (Jowur. F.S.A.. howewr. 
who imw Ihi- riwscl at Arlington, wid Mr. Uilton IM™, who hw enrehiUy eianiined 
the photograph, dK of opinion thot thu uru is Kamnno-Ilritirh. 




186 NOTES ON ARLINGTON CHURCH, SUSSEX. 

the Earls of Liverpool, but if so the connexion must have 
been both recent and slight, since the first Earl of Liver- 
pool was created in 1796; and there is no trace of the 
chapel having been touched since that date. 

The chapel has long been attached to the Manor of 
Claverham. In the chapel exist four coffin slabs, two of 
these are ornamented with crosses, sketches of which are 
given, and portions more or less complete of six others 
of stone and marble have been found, proving the church 
to have been a burial place of persons of some importance. 

Plan No. 3 shows the form of the church as enlarged 
in the Transitional period, which, with the exception of 
the porch, is the present plan of the church. 

There seems to be no trace of the tower having ever 
been built over the west gable of the nave ; in its present 
position it is built against the west wall of the Saxon 
nave and has three narrow lancet lights at considerable 
height from the floor. The west door is a later insertion 
and a Perpendicular window has been inserted over it at 
a later date still, but the tower seems to be practically 
the same as it was when originally built. The only 
Transitional arch left is one opening into the chapel 
from the aisle, it is of one order and has bold abaci 
on each respond, ornamented with nail-head carvings. 
There are existing wide pier foundations under the 
present piers of the nave arcade, which would seem to 

eoint to the whole of the arches of the arcade having 
een of the same deep form as that of the one remain- 
ing arch. There is one small Transitional window in 
the chancel, a leper window, the stonework of this was 
restored some time back. There are no other Tran- 
sitional windows in nave or aisle. 

Plan No. 4 shows the Decorated and later parts, which 
practically finished the church as it now is ; the Flam- 
boyant window in the chapel is the only portion of the 
church of intermediate date. The whole of the roofs, 
the arcade, the tower and chancel arches, the chancel 
windows and the greater part of the walls and buttresses 
of the chancel are of this period^ and the occurrence of 



NOTES ON ARUNGTON CHURCH, SUSSES. 



187 



burnt HtoncR, wood, flints and earth at the upper layer 
and immediately under tlto level of the original floor 
level, eoupled with the fact that over the burnt remaiiiH 
were found layers of masons' chips, stone dust, and 
worked stones, pi-ove almost to a certainty that the second 
fire t^»ok place before this very considerable re-modelling 
of the church at the l)ecorated ponod ; add to tliis the 
fact tliiit burnt .stones, workcil and moulded, were found 
built into Ik'torated work and the proof is complete. 

Since this Decorated Church was built, there have been 
two Perpendicular windows inserted, hut practically no 
alteration has been made since. In Puritan times the 
crosses seem to have been knocked oflF the gables, the 
one to the nave having Ijcen replaced by some local 
hands in Roman cement and fine shingle, a Jacobean sort 
of finial being then placed on the apex o( the west gable. 
Portions of the old cross have been found imbedded in 
the tilling up of the chm-ch floor, but it has been thought 
right to leave the cement one in evidence of the liistoiy 
it represents. 

The walls of the nave have been higlily decorated, 
and one fonn of stencil, a sketch of which is given, is 
predominant, but over the IMediajval decoration there 
IS one apparently of the time of the Restoration — texts 
in frames, with mantling, but both these have been 
sjnothered with successive coats of whitewash, and tliis 
is only removable at the cost of the decoration below .^ 

The walls of the porch were found to be unsafe and 
built up in them were found pieces of Norman or 
Transitional work in Caon wtone, one of wliich was a 
small attached column with the base, shaft and cap in 
one piece. 

There arc thus points of interest belonging to each 
period. 



• A writer in the GentUmfn't Magazine, IH3ft, It. II., pp. 27-33, on the subjoct 
ot " Hur1i>y Chiirrh, ItRrkf," fays, in repaid to Che poiDtingn and imoRCH on tlic 
rood loft ;— " Thpue vrtc nrdcivd by EliHibcth to be dis-tioycd and dctaccd, uid 
thcfr places ocrupiod Uy the Creed and Lord'* I'rnyer. and ifltet portiora of 
Serijiture. Arcordiujtly Wf hem find tlint on tbe north wall an> Ihiw, and on the 
wnith four nueh itweriptioiiii, all turroiinrfr/J icilh thejloiniiu; omatiieRtf m 
at the time tthen me titmioif Ikrji in ' ' " 

explain tho tixirttmef of two tl 



irre firal put ap." The quutfltiun may help to 
» ul pniiibn^ on Uw waUs uf AiUngtMi Chuteb. 



188 NOTES ON ARLINGTON CHURCH, SUSSEX. 

Romano-British. — The urn and Roman tiles. 

Saxon. — The long and short work of the angles of the 
nave and the single window still existing with the groove 
for shutter, and responds of the chancel arch. 

Norman. — The chapel and windows in the north wall. 

Transitional. — The tower and the windows in it, the 
leper window and the arch into the chapel. 

Decorated. — The chancel, with the tomb in its north 
wall. The aisle windows, and the beautiftd east window 
of the chapel.® 

The whole church thus presents a complete history 
from the earliest time of Christianity in England, and 
well deserves attention from all lovers of Arcnaeology. 

• And to these may be added the two following : — 

Churchwarden. — ^The cross and cement finial on the east and west gables. 

Victorian. — The present restoration so satisfactorily carried out. 

The fact is sometimes overlooked that since the Keformation a distinct period 
of Ecclesiastical Architecture has elapsed, during which the fabric of the cnurch 
has been under the control of the Churchwardens. Sometimes, indeed, this period 
has been marked by poverty-stricken attempts at imitation ; sometimes by oetter 
efforts at restoration. — ^EnrroR ** S. A. C." 



ST PANCRAS' CHURCH, ARLINGTON. 




2 ^ 



>^ >^ 



31 



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32=n: 





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C E POWtLL, AucmT 



OBITUARY. 



THE LATE WILLIAM SMITH ELLIS, ESQ. 

The following obituary notice appeared in the pages of "The 
Qenealogist," to ivhii'h he was a frequent contributor, for July, 1890 : 

" By the death of thia gentleman at Kilbum on 22itd March, one 
who gave a life-long devotion to Heraldry and Genealogy, has passed 
away, after a lingering illness, at the age of 72. Kit. name will be 
familiar not only to me readers of ' Tlie Genealogist,' but also to 
those of its predecessors 'The Herald and Genealogist,' and 'The 
Topographer and Genealogist.' In the thirty-seveuth volume of the 
' Sussex ArcIuGologicBl Collections,' just issued, are three articles 
from hie pen, which he was looking forward to seeing in print before 
he died. 

"He was the elder son of William Ellis, Esq., of Howard Lodge, 
HurBtpieri>oint, Susses, where he was bom 23 May, 1817. A love of 
law and logic led him to adopt the legal profession — the higher branch 
—and be was called to the bar of the Middle Temple 4 May, 1841, 
but from ill-health never practised. His first appearance in print was 
as author of 'A History of Hurstpioipoint, by a native, a minor, 
begun and completed in the interval of a collegiate vacation,' 1837. 
This little book contains a good deal of matter in its 74 closely printed 
pages.' He seems to have inherited his tastes from his uncle, Mr. 
John Ellis, who left him the same year a small but valuable collection 
of topographical and heraldic books, about 500 in number. Besides 
a good many articles iu the volumes of the ' Sussex Archfeologieal 
Collections' and one in the ' Arehfeologia Cantiona," he wrote and 
jiublished in 1853 'A Plea for the Antiquity of Heraldrj' (Svo, 
jip. 23), followed in 1869 by an Svo volume, entitled ' The Antiquities 
of Heraldry.' Mr. Ellis' main object in this work was to demonstrate 
the greater antiquity of Heraldry than armorial seals gave evidence 
of, by showing that in the thirteenth century those, though bearing 
different surnames aud of forgottea relationship, who bore the same 
charges derived them from a common ancestor rather than borrowed 
them from one another, It will be generally admitted he made out a 
verj- good case. He took very littlw interest in ' Modem Heraldry, ' 
i.e., of a date subsequent to the foundation of the College, and if he 
could nut prove his right to a Coat in a Roll of Arms of the days of 
chivalry, he would have none.' A ^eat object in all his researches 

> In tbo elevt:uth vol. of " Siuh'X Arcbculugical Collcctione " u ao illiutratod 
artk'le bj him un " Hur»tpicrpoiut, its Lordx and FamillcH." In 1885 he oaiawd 
himself by writing and bmif^iig together muttor from printed aiul other wnrceB 
about " Tht l'iirlu> and Fonwtfi nf Sussex,' ' which he pnnlcd in on Svo volmiur. 

' Of course, thin wb» ut-ver done, thougli not on wrtunl iinpowibility, for the 
earlient instance that occurs of the Elys coat eo nomint in jii the copy of " Thw 
ParliamentATj Koll ■■ [1. Edw. I. or II.j in Hurl. MS., 4ai:(. This c<my gives two 
adiditiouul names to the lint for Yorkihire. cmt is-^3. "t4jr Henry Elys, de sable, 
iilj voidi-B d'or, et cinque cressauts d' urgent." (Keu Notices, p. 239.) 



190 OBITUARY. 

was a personal one, — to connect his family with the Ellises of Stone- 
acre in Kent, after finding that a younger son lived in the village of 
Marden, from which, a generation later, his own first known ancestor 
came. This fact was enough to lead any genealogist on, but his 
diligence was never rewarded by the discovery of the proof he required 
to satisfy himself on the point, or indeed of a single new fact what- 
ever ! Determining to make general collections of the rather common 
name he bore, led him to commence in 1857 the work he printed in 
numbers, called 'Notices of the Ellises,' which, except the first part 
and the third and fourth Supplements, he sent gratuitously to aU of 
the name to be found in the 'Court Lists' of the Directories. Few of 
the recipients preserved these or even thanked him, so that complete 
sets are very rare. The four parts and four supplements together 
make a thick 8vo volume of 640 pages. This work was the means of 
introducing the writer to him in 1862, and he was able to assist him a 
good deal in collecting materials. 

'' One other matter may be mentioned as it may interest the readers 
of 'The Genealogist.' Mr. Ellis' great grandmother bearing the 
exalted name of Howard led him to investigate her descent, but a 
quartered coat this family possessed an old drawing of, was that of 
Horde, This puzzled him not a little, but he was able at last to show 
that this indicated more correctly her origin, and confirmed the faith 
he had in Heraldry when honest and honourable.' 

" Before the era of railways, and afterwards, Mr. Ellis made long 
sojourns on the continent, patronising water cure establishments, then 
for a good many years still continuing out of health, he lived a very 
quiet retired life in one of those small picturesque old half-timber 
houses in Surrey, with which Mr. Ealph Nevill's book has made us 
familiar. This was three miles from a railway station, on a small 
well-timbered property he inherited, called * Hyde farm,* which he 
altered to ' Hyde croft,' and by that name it appears in the Ordnance 
Survey. Here he used to digest the notes he made in his frequent 
visits to the British Museum and Eecord Office and latterly the Wills 
Office as well. I have often spent from Saturday to Monday with him 
bringing from town special pabulum animi for him.* 

" His manuscript collections of Sussex pedigrees are valuable, and 
include a copy of the Visitation of the County in 1662, which he has 
left to his friend Capt. Attree, E.E., his books referring to Kent to 
Mr. James Greenstreet, whose articles on the Eolls of Arms were 
especially interesting to him, his Sussex books to his nephew and 
executor (Mr. William J. Ellis), some to the Sussex ArchsBolog^cal 
Society, and his general genealogical and heraldic books to the writer. 

*' A. S. Ellis." 

• See Hoard or Howard of Ewell and Guildford in ** Miscell. Gen. et Her.,*' new 
series, iv., 137, and ** Parks and Forests of Sussex, p. 255.'* 

* Being a bachelor, it was rather an alarming discovery about himself he made 
in Foster's ''Men at the Bar," viz., a specific statement of his marriage. So 
much for compilations ! The announcement of the death of the lady's husband, 
Mr. William Smith Ellis, no relative, nor known to him even by name, came as a 
shock to some of his friends at the time. 



OBITUARY. 191 

To the above, I tbJnk, may be added a brief eunimary of the papers 
contributed to our " CoUectioQB " by the late deceased gentleman. 

In Vol. VI., page 71, we have a paper " On the Origin of the Arms 
of Some Sussex Families," and in vol. IX., page 71, he hoa tran- 
Bcribed for us the " Subsidy Roll of Lewes Kape iu 1621." Vol. X , 
page 63, contains his " Observations on the Earla of Eu, and some of 
tUoir Presumed Descendants," and Vol. XI., page 50, a paper "On 
the Poscent of the Manor of HurBtpierpoint and of its Lords." In Vol. 
XXIV., page 26, he writes " On the Origin of Some Sussex Families," 
and in Vol. XXV-, page 85, " On Budgen's Unofficial Heraldic Visita- 
tiim of Sussex." " Abstracts of Some Sussex Wills of the tSeventceth 
C'entur)' in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, preserved at Somerset 
House," are contained in Vol. XXVIII., pogo 180, while in Vol. 
XXX., page 137, he gives his notes on "Early Sussex Armorj-." 
Vol- XXXni., page 39, contains a paper "On the Origin of the 
Family of Dodson, of Hurst pierpoint, and Vol. XXXVII., two 
communications from hia pen, one a second paper "On the Origin of 
the Arms of Some Sussex Families," page 17, and the other "Some 
Notps on the Grover Family," page 133. 

His minor communications to our " Collections " are as follows: — 
"On Effigies in Ifield Church," "On the Lineage of John Selden," 
" On Names in Lewes Bape Subsidy HoU, 1296," all contained in Vol. 
VILL. "On Sussex Crusaders" and "On Unappropriated Arms at 
Robertsbridge Abbey " (Vol. IX.), " On the Gale Family " and " On the 
Origin of the Coverts " (Vol. Xm.), " Notes on Maij Sergison's 
Ehvmnod Epistle" (Vol. XIV.), "On the Emblems of St. James of 
Compostella*' (Vol. XXII.), "A Reply to a Challenge of his Deriva- 
tion of Saunzaver" (Vol. XXV.), "On the Covert Familv" (Vol. 
XXXV. ), and " On the Arms of the County of Susses" (Vol. XXXVn.) 

.Vs during hia life he contributed so many valuable pa]>er8 tn our 
" Collections," so in his last days he was ever mindful of the Sussex 
AruhiBological Society, to which ho had belonged for nearly 40 years, 
since we ()we mainly to his bequest, and partly to the kindness of his 
executor, W. J. Ellis, Esq., the following valuable manuscripts now 
in the Library of our Society, at Lewes ; — 

1. A folio volume, entitled " Cartulorium," containing abstracts 
from about 60U Kent and Sussex deeds. 

2. A folio volume, " Sussex Parish Registers," omtainiug very full 
extracts from Sir William BurroU's extracts from " Registers of 
Parishes in the Rape of Lewes." 

3. " Berry's Sussex Genealogies," copiously annotated. 

4. One small volume of " Sussex Wills," from Lewes and Somerset 
House. 



6. One volume, ludcx to the above Voliunes, as for as Vol. IV., 
p. 210. 

7. Two small volumes of "Sussex Monumental Inscriptions," nearly 
all in Lewes and Pevensey Rapes. 



192 OBITUARY. 

8. One small yolume of Ancient Pedigrees and Descents of Goats of 
Arms. 

9. A small paper book containing names and dates of Begistered 
Will Books at Somerset House. 

In conclusion, I may add that the late Mr. Smith Ellis was an 
honorary member of the New England Genealogical and Historical 
Society, and that a few years ago he wrote several letters to the Sussex 
Advertiser, under the signature ''Epsilon," upon Agriculture and Fair 
Trade and Free Trade. 

The writer, to whom he was a most esteemed and valued friend, 
owes to his kindness and that of his executor, W. J. Ellis, Esq., 
three valuable MS. Collections of Pedigrees, respectively entitled 
** Pedigrees," ** Sussex Pedigrees," and " Stemmata 2," containing 
among them a large number of the pedigrees recorded at the Herald's 
Visitation of Sussex in 1662. 

I do not think that anyone ever applied to the late lamented gentle- 
man for information on any subject connected with the county without 
his taking great pains and trouble to do all that was in his power to 
supply what was required. 

F. W. T. Attree, Capt. R.E. 




DEDICATION OF THE PARISH CHUIiCH OF OVING. 

TIh' Editor of tlie "Susses Aivlucolngica] Collections" has great 
^)loa«ui'e ill publishing the following couiuunieation from the Ticar of 
Oving : — 

"Sir, — Through the kindness of a Moiiiber of our Society [E, H. 
W. Duiikin, Esq.)i I have lately beea put intu [lossession of the fact 
of the Parish Churth of Oving being dedicated to St. Andrew. 
Hitherto the dedication has been cluRsed auiong the unkuown. At 
the time of the restoration of the Church, in 1881, I was most anxious 
to ascertain it, but from no source, either ecclesiastical or civil, could I 
diaou%-er it. Mr. Gibbon, Hichmomi Herald, in his article on the 
' Dedication of ChurcheB ' ( ' 8, A. C," Vol. XII.), was uunware of it. 
T had, myself, thought it likely that the Church might have been 
dedicated to the Holy Trinity, vide my 'History of Oving,' in '8.A.C.,' 
Vol. XXXIV. 

" Mr. Dunkin, however, has informed me that St. Andrew is the 
Patron Saint, and kindly gave me the reference in the H«cord Office, 
which I have verified, viz., Common KoU, Uichaebnan Term, 1 1 Henry 
VXn., membrane oil, The document !« a qttare imjieilit. It appears 
the Bishop claimed the presentatiou, owing to t)ie benefice having 
been six months voc^ant, as he thought. The following la the tranala- 
tiou of tlie legal I.atiu : — ' Robert, Bishop of Chichester, was summoned 
lo answer to Williniu Horsey, Clerk, Precentor of Cathedral Church of 
Chichester and Prebendary of the Prebpn<l of Oving, annexed to the 
same Preceatorehip in the same Church. He should iiermit him to 
present a fit person to the Vicarage of the Churcli of St. Andrew, of 
Oving, which is vacant and belongs to his gift.' 

" The document proves, in addition to the foct of the dedication, 
another fact which has been of Into years questioned by certain 
Cathedral Authorities, viK., thai the Precentor of the Cathedral is also 
Prebendary of Oving. 

" It will be remembered that hj l)ie Cathedral Act, 1840, all benefices 
hitherto in the gift of Prebendaries passed into the hands of the Bislioji 
of llie Diocese, so that the benefice is now in the Bisltop'a gift. 

"Yours truly, 

"H. M. DxTZY. 



194 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

No. 2. 

WILLIAM BIDGE'S OBSERVATIONS OF ASTRONOMICAL 

PHENOMENA. 

The notes having reference to comets and edip see, from William 
Ridge's Diary, on pp. 119 and 121 of Vol. XXXVII. of the " Sussex 
Archaeological Collections/' are of some interest to astronomers. Nor 
is the language in which the positions of the comets are described so 
'^ curiously unscientific," as Mr. Sawyer appears to imagine ; for 
Flamsteed, the first Astronomer Koyal, employed the same method of 
describing the places of stars, and speaks of them as in ''the head of 
Cassiopeia," ''tiiie shoulder of Orion," and so on. This dates, I need 
scarcely add, from a very hoar antiquity. The (omitted) diagrams to 
which reference is made, would, in conjunction with Bidge's description, 
probably suffice to enable anyone to map, very approximately, the path 
of the comet through the slnr. The one seen by Bidge, on Sept. 2nd 
(13th), 1769, was discovered oy Messier on Auguist 8th, and came into 
perihelion at 2 a.m. on October 8th. It had previously appeared in 
221 B.C., and will next revisit us in a.d. 3859. The comet of 1744 was 
the very finest that appeared during the 18th Century. It was found 
by KLinkenberg on Dec. 9th, 1743, and came into perihelion at 8 o'clock 
in the evening of March 1st, 1744. It was visible in the telescope in 
the day time ; had a bifid tail, the eastern part of which was 7°, and 
the western 24° long. At one period of its apparition it had six tails ! 

The eclipse of the sun of April 22nd (May 3rd), 1715, was toted 
right across England, from Cornwall and Devon to Lincoln and Norfolk. 
It was total in London at 9 a.m., on a fine spring morning. Halley 
(who, five years later, became Astronomer Koyal) states that Jupiter, 
Mercury and Yenus, as well as Capella and Aldabaran, were visible 
during totality, and that north of London, on the central line of eclipse, 
twenty stars were seen. Bidge was fortunate in his location, as far as 
the observation of the eclipse of May 11th (22nd), 1724, was concerned, 
inasmuch as in Halley's map of the path of the shadow over England, 
which we have in the rooms of the Boyal Astronomical Society, the 
northern limit of totality passes jtist south of London. Dr. Stiikely 
gives a glowing account of this eclipse in his '^ Itinerarium Curiosum" 
(2nd edition), with a plate showing the appearance of the sky and 
clouds during totality. 

Forest Lodge, Mareefield, Uckfield. William Noble. 



No. 3. 
AN ENGAGEMENT BING. 

In the course of some researches at the Eecord Office, I recently came 
across some pleading^ in a Chancery suit between two Sussex persons, of 
which a short account may amuse such of the readers of the '* Sussex 
Archaeological Collections " as are interested in what is grotesque and 
probably unique in legal antiquities. 



K0TE8 AND QUERIES. 



195 



On the loth of February, 1612, Edward Bynd, of Frnmfield, hua- 
bandnian, filed a bill of cctmplaiat afi;aiQBt Eli^taboth Markwicke, 
daugliter of John Markwicke, of Ileathfield, yeoman, alleging tliat 
about a yenr anda quarter previously he was a suitor of the deienannt'B; 
that for three-qunrters of a year he continued hia suit to her " to his 
grente charges Bnd espensei! and losse of time ;" that she professed to 
return hia ntfection, and " that during the eoutinuunue of his said suite 
unto her he did deliver unto her personally between thorn two without 
any witnesses one gould ringo of the value of 40/' or thereabouts as a 
token and iiledge of liie love and goodwill towards her, meaning and 
intending tliat if she at any time afterwards did refuse to marye with 
liim slie should hand it again, which gould ring the Defendant ai'cord- 
ingly adopted and received of your Orator." that is, the Plaintiff. 
The bill then averred that she afterwards refused to marrj- with him, 
without any cause of offence on his ])art, and prayed for redeliTery of 
the ring, 

The Defendant, by her answer, pleaded the rule rfe minimis non oirat 
lex; that the bill was brought with malicious intent to ves her ; that 
the ring was not given to her ; and that, although the Plaintiff offered 
himself as her suitor, she did not encourage him. 

Wietlier any decree was made iu the suit, I have not discovered ; 
but perhajw some Member who has the opjiortunity of searching the 
registers of Frnmiield or Heathfield will lot me know whether any trace 
of what became of tliese suitors, in a double sense, can be found. 

The Bill was addressed to I^ord Chancellor Ellesitiere, who died in 
1617, and was of the time of James I.; but the references to these 
pleadings are Cha. Pro. Bills and Answera, CUas, I., fi. 1C2 No. 59 and 
B. 1G6 No. 84. 



Lincoln's Inn. 



Walteb C. Bbxshaw, Q.C. 



SILVER DENABIUS OF VESPASIAN. FOUND IN 
CHICBESTEB. 

Although brass coins of Vespasian «>ccur occasionally in Chichester, 
silver coins of this Emperor are rarely met with in the city. One 
found in the Recreation Ground in June last, and now in my possession, 
is worthy of notice, not only on account of its being in a good state of 
preservation, but for the interesting figures of pontifical instruments on 
its reverse. It may be thus described : — Obs. : mp. vesp. avo. Bust, 
laureate, to right. Rev.: avovr, in the exergue eipo, with simjmlum 
f small pot, with upright handle, U8e<l in pouring libations) aspergillum 
(sprinkler made of horsehair, fastened to a handle) prtf/encu/aw 
(narrow necked metal vase, frotu which liquid was poured m drops) and 
UtHUS (crosier-like staff, used by the augur). Its date is circ. a.d. 75. 

F. H. Arxold. 



196 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

No. 5. 
THE FREE CHAPEL, HASTINGS, A.D. 1343. 

Writing from Elton Eectoiy, the Eev. Rose Fuller Whistler, M.A., 
sends the following : — 

'* Believing that everything which relates to the local past may, at 
some time or other, prove interesting to some Member of our Society, 
I send an Abstract m>m the Register of Symon de Montacute, Bishop 
of Ely, 1337-43, in which there is incidental mention of tiie Free 
Chapel of Hastings. 

'* ' 1343. 5 May. Exchange between Dns John de Wodeford, dean 
of the Free Chapel of Great St. Martin's, London, canon atid prebendary 
in the Free Cluwel of Hastyng^ Chichester, Brother of Castle Donyng- 
ton Hospital, Line. dioc. and Mast. John de Heselarton, rector of 
Hatfield.^" 



No. 6. 

EXTBACT FROM THE WILL OF SIB WILLIAM 
WETHEBDEN, VICAB OF BODIAM, A.D, 1513. 

The following quaint extract is contributed by the Rev. B. Belcher, 
M.A., Yicar of Bodiam, Hawkhurst, who has also added several useful 
explanatory notes. Among the fragments of brasses in Bodiam 
Church noticed by Mr. M. A. Lower, in his "Compendious History 
of Sussex," vol. I., page 60, mention is made of one of "William 
Wetherden, 1513," wUch, in all probability, commemorated the 
testator, Sir William Wedden, Vicar of Bodehm. 

" In the Name of God Amen. This is the last Will and Testament 
of me Sir William Wedden vicar of Bodehm made the viij'** day of 
the mon3rth of February in the yere of our Lorde god M*. V*. xiij 
First I bequeth my souUe to almyghty god to oure Lady Saint mary 
and to all the hooly company in Hevyn and my body* to be buryed in 
the Chaunsell before Saint Gilis in the saide church of bodehm Itiii I 
bequeth to the candelstick before the rode xx* Itm I boqueth to 
the mending of the Boteraces^ xx* Itm I bequeth to the high alter xij* 
.... to my god doughters at Mr. Finchis eveiy of theme xx** .... 
to my god doughter at Thomas philpotte a ketill newe bounde Itiii 
I ordeyn at my outebering' vj' viij^' and at my monyth day vj' viij 
Itm I ordeyn for a stone to be laide over me xxvj* viii** And I bequeth 
to the last werke in the church xx' Itm I bequem and ordeyn (sic) 
the saide church of Bothehm viij kyen and hayfers* for the Reparacion 
of the said church yerly to goo to Ferme for viij* and the saide viij* to 
be paide to the saide church for the Reparacion at Saint Andrew and 
every manne that hathe any of the saide viij Kene and Hayfers for the 
Reparacion of the saide church shall fynde sufficient BU3rrty for the saide 
cow and rent. Also I will that yf eny of the saide kene be lost in 

^ Boterace8= Buttresses. * Oatebermg= out-bearing, i.e., funeral. 

• vj viij =a noble. * Kyen and hayfers =kine and heifers. 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



197 



default of Lym that soo hathe to femie iu any condicion tLanne I will 
that he or his suyrty sliall pay for the saide towe Itili I will that 
Boger imier shall have m^ place at Halton that he now dwellith in 
w' xx" okers thereto belonging to hym and to his heires for evermore 
for xx" nobilles that I promysid hym and he for to pay to the lorde 
his rent Ilm 1 will that Roger pyper shall have my I.ande tallid 
rerbere paying to tlie Lorde iij* iiij'' a jere and to the Reparation of the 
church V* yeny at iiij tymes of tiie yere every quarter xv" and for 
Lacke of payment at any of the saide termes thanue I will it shalbe 
Lefull' for any of the saide Wardens for the tynie being to distraj^ne 
and yf that he thanne will not pay the said v" I will that the eaide 
Wardens shall put hym oute and betake it to another man .... and 
I make myn Executor Richard Wodeland and Master Thoughtou to be 
overseer that this my Will be well and truly performed to hym I 
bequeth vj silver Sponys .... to Alite the daughter of Richard 
"Wodlande my grete cawdron The Reaidew of all my goodia I geve 
and bequeth to uiyn Executo' and he to dispose it for my soulu itixl all 
cristen soulHs as he seith moste uede by his discreeion and this to 
testify Sir John Alpart Thomas Philpot. 

•" Proved at Lambeth 24 May 1514 by the oath of Thomas Mercer 
the Procter of the Executor." 

Reference, folio 32 " Fetiplace." Prerog : Court of Canterbury. 



HERALDRY AND SUSSEX MONUMENTS. 

In tlie paper on the above subject, printed in Volume XXXVII. of 
the "8. A. C," allusion is made at page la to the unsatisfactory 
explanations whicli hare been given of the origin of the coUar of S.H. 
Sint^e writing the above article I have met witli a pasBtige in "Fubyan's 
Chronicles," giving an awount of ita introduction by the PlunlagHict 
family, and the reason of its ado|itjon as a device. Not having met 
with any similar derivation of the use of the myst^oiis letter in any 
of tlie theories hitherto advanced, I renture to rrproduce Fabyon s 
statement. 

Speaking of the events of the year 138ft (B of Iticliard II.), hf nritoH 
as fiilliiws : — 

"In this yoTB nlsii syr nmry Bolyiibrorikp, itIi- of hi-rbv, niar}-i-d 
the counti'SHfi doughtcr of H(^(>rdi-, liy whom li>< wan lonli- of iinit 
contn-, & by hyr h«i had ixou lli-'ry, thiil ufli-r liym nu* kviig, llhiiin-h 

duehe of Barre, & Pliylyii that wii« wnMyd lo <[i« King •'(]>•■'> ili», 

also Thomna duke of (1a^••ta'^ John dub" of lli^ironji-. kikI Uui„irff 
duke of Gioucotyr. [And over lliin lir. haddo :t hu*\, wlii'li, itt\i-r 
were made legyttjTnat. by dame Katlnrjii" Hwynford" 111. MMiliy*, 
Johii> wliiche was after diue of 8otuer*ei, Th'rmao arln of lliintjr|)||ii' 

' IfCtull, tlic iwiinl form of "lavfiil." 

■ MKN.—Tbi' lUU- of will la no <lmilit ligal •!; |i>, aliirM It itm mitiU tlitiw ■«■•■ a 
ball numtb* hrlatc d*t<i of ptnrf. 



198 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

done, or duke of Ezetyr, & Henry, which was callyd y* ryche cardynall, 
theyse were namyd Beawforde, & the other first sonys, after moste 
wiyters, were namyd Plantagenettys, which sayde dame Katheryne 
S^i^nforde was after made countesse of Herforde, & for that name of 
S^^niforde he y^ is to meane syr Henry of Derby, gaue the S. in his 
colors or lyuerys both to knyghtys and esquyers.l" 

The above occurs on page 533 of the edition of "Fabyan's 
Chronicles," published in 1811, imder the editorship of Sir Henry 
Ellis, and which is a reprint of the one issued by Pynson in 1516, but 
the part enclosed by brackets is stated by the editor to be omitted in 
the issues of 1533, 1542 and 1559. 

I regret that in the paper, '* Heraldry and Sussex Monuments," 
" S. A. C," XXXVn., page 9, it is wrongly asserted that the crest of 
a staple is to be seen on the Stapley memorial at Patcham. 

Horsham, Jan. 5th, 1891. J. Lewis Andb£, F.8.A. 



No. 8. 
LEWES PBIOBY. 



In the Catalogue of the Museum at the Hotel de Cluny, Paris, 
written by M. E. Du Sommerard, is a preface describing the building 
itself, with a short history of its erection. After stating that the 
foundation was made by Jean de Bourbon, Abbot of Cluny, on the site 
of the ruins of the ancient Eoman palace, he proceeds as follows : — 
" The building works were stopped by his death, which occurred 
2 December, 1485, and were not resumed until five years later, by 
Jacques d'Amboise, Abbot of Cluny, in 1490." "This abbot * devoted,' 
says Pierre de Saint- Julien, ' 50,000 angelots arising from the efiPects 
(diponilles) of the prior of Lewes (Leuve) in England, to the building 
of the magnificent mansion of Cluny, from top to bottom, on the 8|)ot 
formerly called the palais des Thermos ' " (Catalogue, pp. 8 and 9). 

What foimdation there may be for the above statement I am quite 
unprepared to say ; but it may possibly interest some of the Members 
of the Sussex Archaeological Society who have visited the splendid 
collection of antiquities contained in the noble museum of the Hotel 
de Cluny at Paris. 

Horsham. J. Lewis Andr£, F.S.A. 



No. 9. 

DISCOVEBIES AT PEVENSEY. 

The following commimication, sent by Albert Vidler, Esq., in answer 
to enquiries as to a reported find of bronze celts at Pevensey, is valuable 
on several accounts, but especially in giving indications of the exist- 
ence of remains of an ancient canoe, similar, it would seem to the 
specimens in our museum, at Lewes Castle. Mr. Yidler enclosed a 
sketch of a celt. It was a flanged one of a type frequently found ; it 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



199 



1 &^ inches in lecgtb, and the width of tho cutting edge is 
2} inches, 

Brighton. Henky Griffith. 

"The Gables, Pevensey, Hastings, 

"To H. Griffith, Esq. "March 7th, 1892. 

" Dear Sir, — I fear there will be little to interest any of your Society 
in the finding of the bronze celte wliich were found several years ago, 
about 100 yards oast of tho site of 31 Tower, whicJi stood on a low 
cliff called Culver Croft Bank. They were six in number, much 
corroded, owing, I suppose, to tlie eoLl being impregnated with salt 
water. They were found packed together in u hole in tho elay, after 
Tower and Cliff had both been destroyed by the sea, which for many 
years had encroached at this part of the irontage of Hooe Lerels, 
called Cowdeu and sometimes Couden I^ovel. 

"This part of frontage has always been very interesting to me, 
and I have often thought that the Eomans, a few of them at least, 
must have stayed here a short time, nnd I think the finding of the 
oelts and many pieces of pottery couiirm this. I have spent many 
pleasant hours here looking for odd bits of curios, &e. 

"To begin with, at low water among the boulders and d<ibria from 
the rocks, ftc, I have found large quantities of fossil bones of the 
Iquonodon, &c., and many portions of Fish Lepidotus. 

"Next comes the subnmriuo forest, where I have found the bones 
and skulls of deer with antlers, &c,, skull and bones of Bos Longifrons, 
wolves, squirrels, with their hoards of nuls, some of them with holes 
in them, having been eaten. In the peat I have found wing cases of 
beetles, with all their beautiful colours, but never a perfect infect, huge 
trees of oak and trees of yew, these are the only kinds of timber that 
have remained sound, but in drying tliey crack nnd the wood can only 
be used for making paper knives, walking sticks, and such small articles. 

" The beech, ash, alder, hazel and other woods are so soft that they 
can be squeezed up by the hand. Nuta and acorns used to be plentiful 
here, and very peri'ect leaves. 

" What astonished me most was to find oak trunks, some of them 
15 or 18 inches in diameter, broken off about two feet from the ground, 
the stump standing upright, with roots intact, and the body of the 
tree lying beside tueni, mostly as though tho gale or hurricane came 
from the 8.W. Under one of tho large oaks which had fallen in this 
way, we found the broken skull of aa os Bus I^mgifrons, no doubt 
killed by tho falling tree. There must have been something uncommon 
going on when all tliese trees were thrown down. 

"I have always found submerged trees in all levels that I have 
visited ; they are to be found in Pevensey and Hooe Levels, in Bomney 
Marsh, aud in Hampshire and Somerset, with beds of peat, &c. At 
one time the sea eipoeed at Cowden two distinct layers of trees and 
peat, that showed jwtinly there had heen two disturbances at some 
considerable time from each other. 

"A httle East of 51 Tower the entire skeleton of a man and horse 
were found by our men in digging a deep trench. The man's head 
lay alongside the horse's neck. I have no doubt both were smothered 



200 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

in a bog, signs of which were to be seen at this place. Near here I 
noticed what I always thought to be the end of an old canoe. Our 
men said it was a timber outlet to drain the bog, or Pell as ther are 
called here, but it had no signs of cover for the top and the end was 
not open. I also noticed notches in the top sides or g^imwale as if for 
seats, also that it had the appearance of having been burnt and scraped 
out in making it hoUow. 

** I intended to have had it dug out, but a storm came and covered 
it with a mass of shingle and I have never seen it since. 

'' There was a bed of tenacious blue clay over the peat and timber. 
I noticed several oblong markings that had been filled in with soil of 
another colour. On digging them out we foimd skeletons, the bones of 
which were almost black from contact with the peat. One of them 
was wrapped in a curious kind of rush matting. In this clay I saw 
one day several footprints and at last came to one on which was a very 
dainty high-heeled shoe, with a plated buckle. The shoe came to 
pieces in drying. I have often thought of that shoe as to whether the 
owner was young and pretty and how she got home, poor thing, without 
her shoe, &c. 

*'I think now I have told you all that interested myself in tliis 
locality, about its interesting you I am doubtful. 

" I am. Dear Sir, 

" Yours very truly, 

"Albert Vidlek." 



No. 10. 

PORTIONS OF OLD WALLS FOUND AT LEWES. 

What are possibly fragments of St. Andrew's Church were found 
when digging for new drainage at Pelham House, Lewes, in March, 
1890. The annexed plan shows the iM)sition of the old work, and 
sketches are also there given of some of the fragments of stonework 
(A B), which were discovered at the foot of the high boundary waU 
of Pelham House garden, and have been exposed by the recent 
alteration in the gradient of St. Andrew's Lane. The centre stone in 
drawing A is in excellent preservation ; the one on the right of it looks 
as if part of a circular shaft of about 3 feet in diameter, but this may 
only be due to the worn surface. The stone on the left is similar to 
this one. The following references will explain the parts marked on 
plan : — 

C. Internal angle. N. wall about 9-in. thick. S. wall about 15-in. 

thick. Chiefly chalk. Go to about 3-ffc. 6-in. below surface. 

D. Chalk and flint wall about 2 feet thick. 

E. Supposed to be an old well or cesspool. Eough wall about 9-in. 

thick and internal diameter about 3-ft. Full of loose ballast. 

F. Now forms wall of present coal cellar. About 4-ft. thick. 

Chiefly chalk. 

G. Betum under wall of enclosure. 



SUPPOSED TRACES OF ST ANDREWS CHURCH, 
LEWES. 



Ksr fit. AM. 



HIGH 8TREE1 






5 ^ 



^»: 



COU»rTARD 



peLHAM House 



"^ 



• «»• - 




V 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 201 

H. Acute anffled walls. Each about 2-ft. thick with 1-ft. 6-iii. of 
chalk backing on each side. One wall was composed of 
nearly solid flint, grouted, and had to be split open with 
wedges. It took two men two days to get through the 
angle. Both walls went below ground upwards of 7-ft. 

J. Chalk wall, with few flints, about 1-fk. 9-in. wide and goes 
about 3-ft. below paving. 

C. E. Clayton. 



No. 11. 

THE GUESTLING REGISTERS, 

In the communication referred to in the j)receding note the Rev. 
Rose Fuller Whistler gave the following information : — 

" With reference to Mr. BhMmifield's interesting letter to Canon 
Borrer in * Notes and Queries ' (* 8. A. C.,* Vol. XXXVII., page 190), 
may I suggest that the addition of the words * Tumi)ike paid ' or 
* t. p* ' to certain entries in the Guestling Registers was probably an 
expression of the Rector, implying a feeling of repumance to the 
enforced 2)osition of tax or toll gatherer imposed upon him in common 
with the other clergy by the 23 Geo. III., c. 71. This Act, which 
required the payment of a duty of 3d. upon every entry in a Parish 
Register, was in force for about eleven years, and was repealed by 
34 Geo. m., cap. 11, in 1794. It fell lightly on tiie rich and heavily 
on the poor, and placed the minister in the invidious position of the 
exactor of very objectionable payments. 

**The record of these jmyments was generally entered in many 
Register Books for a few years after the jmssing of the Act ; afterwards 
it was not so res^arly made, and in some cases altogether omitted. 
In the Elton Book there is this entry— * 1792. N.B. The Tax is received 
and accounted for as usual, tho' not mentioned as being unnecessary.' " 



No. 12. 
FIND OF A CHICHESTER TOKEN, dc, AT EASTBOURNE. 

While excavating in connection with the building of Trevella, 
Gildredge Park, Eastbourne, the following c^oins, &c., were met with, 
and are enumerated here merely to show how rich the soil of the 
district is in finds : — 

1 . A chipped flint celt. 

2. A spindle whorl of chalk. 

3. Silver 2>enny of Edward VI. (3rd issue, 5th year). 

4. Silver shilling, Charles II. 

5. Coimterfeit coin. Obverse — Head, " joannes ydo port bt alg 

REX." Reverse — Shield, "thirty six SHnxiNGs." 

6. A Nuremburg token. 



202 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

7. Mediseval iron hammer, much worn. 

8. Ditto key ; and 

9. A Chichester and Portsmouth token. 

The last item, which is now in the Sussex Archaeological Society's 
Museum, is rather rare. It has on the obverse a portrait of Howwl, 
with the legend, "John Howard, F.R.S., Philanthropist." On the 
reverse. Crescent and Starfish with eye (Arms of Portsmouth), a Castle 
(Arms of Chichester), and the legend, "Chichester and Portsmouth 
Halfpenny, 1794." Upon the edge is inscribed: "Payable at Shahps 

POKTSMOUTH AND ChALDECOTTS ChICHESTER." 

In " S. A. C," Vol. X., page 209, the late Mr. William Durrant 
Cooper, described a somewhat similar token T which he calls a "mule"), 
that was in his possession in 1860. In the aescription, however, John 
Howard is styled "F.S.A.," instead of "F.R.S.," the legend on tiie 
reverse is omitted altogether, and the inscription on the edge given as 
" Payable at Sharps, Portsmouth and Chichester." 

H. Michell-Whitlst. 



No. 13. 
GOLD BOM AN COIN FOUND AT SEAFOBD. 

While trenching at Seaford recently a very fine gold coin of Con- 
stantius II. was found, which is now in my possession. The ooin is 
as dean and sharjp as when it was minted. It slightly differs from 
any hitherto described. 

Obv, "fl. ivl. constantivs p. f. avg" {_Flavitis Julius Constantius 
Pius Felix Augustus.^ Bust of Constantius II. to right, with diadem 
foid draped. 

Eev. "victoria dd. nx. avgg." [Victoria Dominorum Nostrorum 
Augustorum.'} Victory walking to left holding trophy and palm. In 
the exergue " tes." [ThessaloniccB.'] 

Montpellier Lodge, Brighton. Henry Griffith, F.S.A. 



No. 14. 

BOWL OF SUSSEX WABE. 

In addition to the many tile and brick works of Sussex, at Bye and 
Chailey there were considerable manufactories of useful earthenware. 
The finest piece from Chailey I have ever seen was a bowl which came 
to me from the maker's family. It is of the usual reddish-brown ware, 
highly glazed, with ornaments and inscriptions of yellow clay impressed. 

The bowl measures 14} inches in diameter, and stands 5f inches 
high ; on the inside at the bottom of the bowl is a star nine inches 
in diameter, and in a circle round the centre there is in Boman capitals, 
"Guy(?) Earle of Warwick March the 5. 1792." On the outside 
of the bowl, round the rim, is the following inscription : — " Th? ALCHomr 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 
Chailey South Cosoiox Lewes Susbex 1792 - 

1,4DS AITD lulBSES BOirai* THE MAYTOLE FBISK ASD P; 

siKonTo DANcrao this la cutid's hoixidat." 

The inscription is enoloBed by lines running rijund the bowl, and 
below the lines are festoons with tassels. Upon the rini, or foot, aup- 
porting the bowl, are the initials "G. Y. F., eai'Ii letter separated by 
a roundel or circular ornament. Several siniilar roundels intervene 
between the initials and the name "Warwick," a raundel being 
between each letter. 

Montpellier Lodge, Brighton. Hesky OiiiiFiTH, F.8.A. 



BUNCTON CHAPEL. 

Ab 80 little is recorded in our "CoEections" of the liistory of this 
small but curious Susses Church, the meiobere of the Sussex ArcliiD- 
ological Society may be glad to have the followingremarks upon it 
{mm. the pen of Mr. Matthew Holbeet^Ke filoxani. The publicatiou of 
the <.'onimuni cation will nls*) serve, it is hoped, as a pleasing reminder 
of the visit of tlie Society lo Bunctou in August, 1891, 

In company witli Mr. M, 11. Blosani and his brother, the Eov. J. B. 
Bkuiuu, U.l)., tlie Rev. t'. W, A. Napier, Rector of Wiston, visitefl 
Buuctou on September IGlh, 1H71, wh«n iJie notes ujKin the Chapel 
here given wei-e mnde on the s^iot fcy Mr. M. H. Bloxain. The 
additional information relating to the presentation, &c., was added 
by Dr. Bloxam. The Editor is indebted to tJte Sjbv. Mr. Na]iier for 
tae MS., and for these particulars. 

"Buncton Chapel is slightly mentioned in 'Cartwrighl's Rape of 
Bramber,' p. "263, and in tlie 'Sussex Archajological CoUcctiotis, Vol. 
VIIL, p. 185, and Vol. XII., p. 2.'.0. 

"The Cliai>el visited by me, Sept. 16, 1871, is a small Norman 
edifice, consisting of a nave and chancel only, with a modem bell-cot 
over the west end of the nave, containing a single bell. The exterior 
of the nave is extremelv plain, and the walls are unsupported by 
buttresses, The south door has been blocked up with masonry, a 
plain horizontal lintel, consisting of & single stone, forms the head of 
the doorway, above which is a plain seiuicircidar arch. The whole is 
flush with the wall, withimt any projecting mouldings. The nave is 
lighted on tlie south side by two small semicircular headed hghta, 
placed high uji in the wall ; on the north side, by one light of similar 
construction only. The pn-scnt ontranco into the chapel is on tlie north 
side through a doorway with a horinontnl lintel and plain semicircular 
arch over, similar to that on tlie south wall, lu both cases the tj-mpan 
is tille<l with rough uutHoniy. 

"The chancel arch is semiciivular and Niuman in style. It is of 
two onltT*, riHossi-d on the west sidn; one (he cast side of one order 
only flusli witli the wiiU; the nbiM-i are chnmfcrcd, and that on the 



204 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

north side has some rude sculpture of a man. The chancel does not 
appear of its original dimensions, but to have been shortened in the 
14th Century. It is now in the interior 13 feet 6 inches wide by only 
1 1 feet 6 inches in length. It is lighted by a small Norman or Early 
English window of a single light, both on the north and south sides. 
In the east wall is a Decorated window, either modem or restored. In 
the south wall of the chancel is an Ogee-headed Fenestella, trefoiled 
under the head and moulded. Within and beneath this is a projecting 
perforated basin or piscina; this is of the 14th Century. In the north 
wall opposite the jjiscina is a somewhat large but plain pointed locker, 
divided by a stone shelf of the 14th Century. On the exterior of the 
chancel on the north and south walls are three pointed recessed arches, 
in either wall, of semi-Norman design, somewhat rudely ornamented 
with Norman mouldings. The walls are constructed chiefly of flint 
and rubble masonry, intermingled with fragments of Boman tile. The 
east wall of the chancel is of Ashlar masonary, and appears to have 
been constructed in the 14th Century, when the chancel was shortened. 
Projecting from this east wall inside are two small moulded brackets 
of tne 15th Century. There are no details or indications of masonry 
of greater antiquity than the middle of the 12th Century, circa a.d. 
1150, between which and a.d. 1180 the Chapel was, in my opinion, 
constructed. "M. H. Bloxam." 

What interest the Monks of Sele, alias Seeding, had at Buncton 
does not appear from any former documents. Possibly they might 
have made Biincton Hill a preaching station ; and may even have built 
the Chapel itself by leave of William de Braose, without bein^ aware 
that it oelonged to Ashing^on. However this may, the following 
docimient proves that a compromise was effected between the Monks 
of Beeding and the Patron of Ashington-ciim-Biincton, with reference 
to the presentation to the Chapel not long after it had been built. 

^^Bectoria de Esshynton, 

**Noverint prsesentes et futuri quod cum controversia verteretur 
inter dilectos Alios nostros. Petrum Priorem Sancti Petri de Sela, et 
Eobertum deEssing^onMilitem, super jure advocacionis capelle Omnium 
Sanctorum de Essington post multas disceptaciones et allegaciones hinc 
inde propositas lis tota et controversia sub hac transaccionis forma 
inter eos sopita est. 

"Videlicet quod penes memoratum Robertum Militom et heredes 
suos jus advocacionis predicte capelle residebit. Idem igitur Hobertus 
miles et heredes sui quemcunque voluerint idoneam personam ad jam 
dictam capellam episcopo pnosentebimt. Quae, cimi ab Episcopo 
admissa fuerit et canonice instituta, ad preedictum Monasterium de 
Sela accedet, et sacramentimi prsestabit, quod singes annis ad 
Festimi Beatorum Petri et Pauli Apostolorum XIII. denarios nomine 
pensionis de preedicta capella Monasterio de Sela persolvet. Facta est 
autem hac transaccio coram Domino Saffrido, Cicestria) Episcopo secundo 
(a.d. 1180-1204). Qui testimonio Sigilli sui assensum suum pra3buit 
et auctoritatem ; His testibus Mr** Roberto de Boscham, Willielmo 
Capellano, Magistro Ricardo de Thacham, Maugero Clerico, Ricardo 
Clerico, Williehno de Braosa, Roberto Salvage, Helia Alio Bemardi, 



NOTES AND QUEJUES. 



205 



Sol)erto Bonet, et pluribus allis clericis et laiiiis (CaTtularinm de Sela, 

foi. ivi.) 

"J. R. Bloxam, 
" Sept. 23, 1871 ." " Vicar of 8ele, alias Beeding, 



BELICS FROM ST. PANCRAS' PRIORY, LEWES. 

A vety gratifying response to my appeal for contributtunH to our 
Society's Museum, at tiie Annual Q«ne<ral Meeting on tlie 19th Uaivh, 
1891, has been made by Aitbur B. Blaker, Esq., of Beeohwood, Leweo, 
and, as the artk-lea nve mainly of great local interest, they are well 
deeen-ing of mention among our "Notes" in this volume. They 
were found by Mr. Blaker's father when making escavutiona in I Sd3-4, 
and consist of the following : — Eleven eucnufltic pavement tilea (and 
piei'ee), some plain, others glaxed, and of eoveral jMttems. The leg, 
from knee tn foot, of (apparently) a small statuette, jiossibly an orna- 
ment of a tomb, a portion of some sort of door-fastening, and a Muatl 
piece of an ornament, beautif\illy chased with n leaf and flower design ; 
all three articles are of bronze. A twinted iron wedge, vei^- much 
"friazled" at the upper end from tlie fiirceof the blows given by John 
Portinari's men in undercutting the walla. Another Imjilement of iron, 
which, from its superior make and different form, I take to be a mason's 
tool, tliough it may have been uaeil as a wedge, but it bears no evidence 
of blows from the sledge. Tliree iron keys of aiiti(|ue make, and a 
small iron hand-vice, niucli i-orroded. 'Thi'ee fragments of light- 
coloured stone, carved with the chequers and rnnipant lion, the bearings 
of Warenne and Mowbray. I think it verj- probable they formed a 
portion of one of the monninents to the Lords of Lewes. Also a carved 
iVagment of a black marble column, with spiral design. A small piece 
of nutf [Hittery, with a somewliat roughly -painted yellow flower on it, 
and n smaller fragment of opaque glass, dull red and black, with a 
I>atteni on it. 

In addition to the foregoinginlprasting objects, Mr, Blaker contributed 
three cinerary urns (Ruumn or Romano- Biitish), somewhat broken, and 
an iron cannon shot (seven pound) fouud on tlie8outh l>ownB, near the 
Devil's Dyke, and three iron keys from Fortslade Church, the bows and 
haodles of (wo of them being of fine design and workmansliip. 

CiiAs, T, Phillips, Hon, Curator, 



HAILSHAM CHURCH AND THE CIVIL WAR. 

When visiting Hailsham, some time ago, with Mr. B. C. Scammelt, 
of Lewes, we went, with the late Mr. Thomas Gearing, to see the 
church restoration work, and upon leaving tlie building he [lointed out 



206 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

to us on the south side of the tower, at some five feet fix>m the g^und, 
several flints in the wall, bruised and somewhat indented, as though 
from impact of bullets. He informed us that it was tradition^y 
reported that during the troublous times of Charles I. some of the 
unhappy victims were shot there. But if this was not the case, it is 
quite possible that some of Old Noll's Iconoclasts may have affixed 
some object as a target whereon to try their pieces, after possibly 
riddling the windows by way of obtaining the range. The marks and 
tradition are alike curious, and should, I think, be briefly recorded in 
the "Notes" of our "Collections." 

April 2, 1891. Chas. T. Phillips. 

♦ 

No. 18. 

CHBISTIAN NAMES OF TWO SUSSEX MABTYBS. 

Among the "Ten True Gt)dly Disciples and Martyrs of Christ Burnt 
together in one Are at Lewes An. 1557 Jime 22," as given in John 
Foxe's " Acts and Monuments" (edit. 1562, black letter, two volumes, 
pp. 2302), and extracted and published by M. A. Lower, M.A., in 1851, 
occur (p. 11) in the list of names beginning with Bichard Woodeman, 
No. 9, Ashdons Wyfe and No. 10, Groves Wyfe. Li referring to an 
edition of "Fox's Book of Martyrs," revised and corrected by Rev. W. 
Gregory, D.D., published 1815, and now in the Society's Libraiy, I 
find their Christian names given at page 585, viz., Anne Ashdon and 
Mary Groves. This had apjmrently escaped Mr. Lower's notice, and 
may save trouble and research. 

C. T. P. 

♦ 

No. 19. 

EXTBACTS FBOM THE PABISH BEGISTEBS OF NEW- 

TIMBEB, SUSSEX, BELATING TO THE FAMILIES OF 

BELLINGHAM AND WOODCOCK. 

The earliest volume of the Keg^sters begins in 1558 and ends in 
1687. After this there are no entries recorded between 1687 and 1733 
in the existing Register. 

Baptisms. 

1568. Marie j^ daughter of M'. Edward Bellingham Esqujre was 
christened y« xiiij'*» of November 1568. 

1570. George y« sonne of M'. Edward Bellingham Esquyre was 
christened the fourth daye of June — 1570. 

1574. Doritie y« daughter of M'. Edward Bellingham Esqujre 
was baptized the xxj*** daye of November 1574. 

1576. John the sonne of Edward Bellingham esquyre was 

baptized the xxviij*^ of October — 1576. 

1577. Ann y« daughter of M'. Edward Bellingham Esquyer 

was baptized the v'^ day of Januarie 1577. 
1579. Thomas the sonne of Edward Bellingha^ esquyre was baptised 
& buryed the selfe same xxx^ of Maye 1579 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 207 

ingluun 7* daughter of Edirard Bellingham Esqufre 
was boptiiM the axiij"' dnye of JuIj-l' — 1595. 

1597. Aun y daugbWr of Edward Btlluighflni Enquyre wm 

baptizud on Mihellmes dnje 1597. 

1598. June UelUuKhnin y daughter of Edward BeUiugbam esqujer was i . .jw, 

bapddcd the iriij"' daye of December 1598 — ~ — — — j '^™' 
1IS0.1. Marie tbe dau^^'blor of Edward BfUinitbam esquyre was borne I ,,„,o 

the xiij" of AprUl and baptised y" llwto day of Slaye in03 - j '"^ 
1017. The lU"- day of Novombtr wa.- baptiwd Edwari Wcnadcockc 

the Bonne of M'. Thomas Woodootkc. ail6 1617. 
1620. Tbe 27'^ day of Jauuary was Baptized Suwu 

y daughter of M'. Tliomas ^Voodcocke. Esqaier. aflO 1620, 
1022. The last day of Mareh . 1S22 . was Baptixed Thomas 

y" Bonne of M'. Thomoa Woodcocke E«iuier, 
1B24. The 37"' dny of May 1U24 waa Baptiiced Morye 

the daaght«T of U< Thomas Woodcorke Etquler 
IBiS. The xviij'" day of October l^eiS" SraiuisBe the Sonn of M'. Tboma.t 

Woodcock & Umula his wife was baptized. 
fubruarie 25"' I was baptized Ursula Woodcock y* daughter of II'. Thomas 
I82B. f Woodcock Ewuier 4 Ursula his wife — — — — — — 

Onto''. 17'!' 1628. nenry Woodcock j° soime of M'. Tho: Woodcock . baptixed. 
11(57. Mary the daughter of Edward Woodcock Esq'. & Mary his wife was borne 

the 16 day of NoTcmber aud baptized tbe S-H' of the same anno prodieto 
1G&9. Unula the daughter of Edw Woodcock Esquier unit bomf and ' 

and Mary bis wife was borne the 20"> Lweuticth of Slay & baptised the 23'*« 
[of the name 1659. 

BUKIAU. 

1568, M*. George Bellinghara y* sonne of M'. Edward BrUingham Esquyer ISSS 
wna bwyed v" aft day of Maye 1568 

1599. M". Trothe Bellinghom y° wyfc of U'. Edward Bcllingham 

Enquyre was buryed ye izv''' * day of Julie riz S'. James bis daye 1599 
1607. The 7 day of february anno p'dicto was buryed 

M'. Edward Bellingham 
lOia. The m" day of September iBiS wafl buried . an lutant 

which wEis still home y* winne of M'. Thomas Woodcocke 
1(127. The xix'^ of May was buyried Ursula Woodcock May 19. 
1630. The nt'^ of JuIt was buried Thoma* Whiskey 

Sir Edward BeUineham Ms miller — IttilO — 
1640. 8' Edward BeiUngham was buried U"' of September 1640 
1058. M'. John Foard Rector of this Chunb of Nyetimbor 

departed thin life the tdst day of Felimory and was buried 

the eight day of the same moneth ll3^ — 
1659. Edward Woodcocke Esq', died in a lethorgick nleepe and was 

buried the il"- of February 1658* 1659 : 
1665. Thomas Woodcock Gentleman and Patrone of the 



of bla faithftd friend M'. Tho Amoler, then Rector, reposed in a 
TBvlt pi«pai«d (or his corps to remaine in, untill they could occur- 
diag to hu desire Sc instructions, in Ids health be canreyed 
to London (when it should please God to heale the citye of y* 
Pkgne, whtcb then tnost grieuously iwid there.) to tie 
Intcncd in the Parish Church of AlhaUowes : tbe wnU but 
the foyd ptstitenrt cmtlinuing so long, rven 
vnlill the end of ftbr. folUnoing : he^e fie TtsMh* 

' The words in italics ait> (.-rowed out. * 21 nlkrrvd tt) 13. 

• 24 altered to £5. * 1858 is crossed out and lOSyeulirtituU-d. 

• Tho words in italice weti^ uridcntl/ added at a later dalt' thou the rest ; they 
■e In tlio aamc handwriting, but tbe iiik is darker. 



308 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

16d5. John Marchant the painefull tennant of the 

above named M'. Tho: Woodcock died of j^ Small 

poxe, & was buried 14** Januarii 1665 : 

1666. M'. Tho : Woodcock died very euddenly 27° die Maij : being 

Sunday, & was buried upon the 29^ of May 1666 : 

1670. M". Ursula Woodcock wife of M' Thomas 

Woodcock Gknt whoe died at Tisehurst was 
brought from tiience and buried in the Chan- 
cel by hir husband : June y« 27"» 1670 : 

1671. M'. Ambler Rector of y« Parish dyed y« 13"» of August 

1671 & was buryed y« 

The preceding Eegister Extracts have been carefully copied by me 
from the originals, word for word and line for line. 

I also append the following notes from the same reg^ter, which may 
be of interest : — 

Churchwardens 30 March 1649 
Thomas Woodcock Esq' \ But M'. Woodcocke did not serve y« place 

henry hannikin — ) Churchwardens 

M*" Heyney iuducted iuto Nytimber parsonadge July 6^^ 1625 

M' Edwards Dyed y« Whitsuntyde afore — 
M' Forde was inducted intoNytimber Parsonage p<* equivalent Febr. 18 Anno Salutis 
M' Ambler was inducted into Nytimber Rectory July the 19**» 1659 [1651 

M' Forde died the 6 day of Febr. before 
M' Nicholas Noe was inducted into ye Rectory of Nytimber y« 26**» of febr: 

167J M' Ambler dyed y« 13*>» Auguste 1671 
M' John Dimstall inducted to Rectory of Newtimber by M^ Parker April y 18*»» 1687. 

There are no memorials of the Belling^hams or Woodcocks in New- 
timber Church, though there are several to the Osbomes, Newnhams 
and Gordons, their successors at Newtimber; for the devolution of 
which estate see " Sussex Archeeological Collections," Vol. II., p. 122, 
note. 

It was in the hope of clearing up several points in connection with 
the Bellingham pedigree that I went over to Newtimber in August, 
1891, and examined the reg^ters there. As is well known, the repre- 
sentation of the Bellinghams and Woodcocks of Newtimber rest with 
the Cust family, who married the eventual heiress, and thus quarter their 
arms. But they are said to be also entitled, through this marriage, to 
quarter the arms of Foljambe, it having been asserted that Sir Edward 
Bellingham, who died in 1640 (the grandfather of Edward Woodcock, 
whose daughter and heir married Sir Pusey Cust), married Troth, 
daughter and heir of George Foljambe, of Brimington, co. Derb. 
The following baptism appears in the Chesterfield parish register: — 
*M573. August. Troth foliamb filia ^eorgii foliambe de holme, 
bapt. xxiij® die." I conclude this is the baptism of Mrs. Trothe 
Bellingham, who was buried at Newtimber, July 25, 1599, and whose 
husband, Mr. Edward Bellingham, was buried there Feb. 7, 1607. 
So that, judging by the register, she does not appear to have been wife 
of Sir Edward. The fact of several persons bearing the same name 
makes the difficulty greater. There was at this time a George Foljambe, 
of Brimington, two miles from Chesterfield, co. Derb., who had an 
only daughter. Troth, and another George Foljambe, of Barlborough, 
CO. Derby, a village only five miles N.E. of Brimington, who also had 
a daughter Troth. Then there are numerous Edward Bellinghams 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



209 



(two of them knights), and the SeJlinghain pedigree, given in "Berry's 
County Oenealugies" Vol, for Sussex, page 191, gives no dates and 
leaves the marriages blank iu many cases. The only three baptisms 
in the New timber Register which could be those of Troth BelUnghaiu's 
children are those of Cicelie in 1595, Ann in l.iTT, and Jane in 1598, 
and (though no doubt there might have been another child baptized 
elsewhere] none of these three soem to bear out the alleged Foljambe 
descent of the Woodcocks. 

I send theee notes in the hope that Bome one reading them may ho 
able to throw further light on the subject and clear the matter up, 

7th September, 1891. Cecil G. S.itilk Fou*mbe. 



No. 20. 
PUHTTAKICAL NAMES IN SUSSEX. 

The Rev. It. Hawkins, M.A., Vicar of Lamberhurst, sends the 
following : — 

"In the 'NoleeandQuerioa,' Vol. XXII. 'S, A. C.,' page 229, in the 
list given of Puritanical names, there occiire that of 'Fere— not 
Rhodes.' 

"In my Begister of Marriages, in the year 1638, there is entered 
what is evidently intended for the same name, only here it is made to 
assume the form of a Latin word, with an explanation of its meaning, 
also given in Latin, viz.: — 'Bichardos Soames & Fieamota (vel ne 
time) Wood, per licentiam April 16 — 1638.' " 



ROMAN COEN MORTAR. 

When digging near the North Walls, Chichester, on March 28th, 
1891, an interesting relic of the Roman occupation of the City was 
discovered by si)me labourers, of which a figure is here given. Itg 
shape was irregularly octagonal, the side next 
the mouth being larger than the other sides. 
The interior diameter was 12f-in., and that of 
I the whole 16-in, It was of granite and had 
eridently been much used. Dr. Collingwood 
I Bruee, in his occount of the Roman Wall, 
I observes that while the process of grinding 
com by handniills must have been a most 
tedious one, probablj- a large portion of the 
grain, consimied by the soldiers of the Barrier, 
was simply boiled after being 6light:ly bruised in mortars. This 
uuiqiie example, among the many Itoiimn remains met with in 
Ohicheeter, is in the possession of Mr. J. Newman, North Gate 
Chichrater, who kindly gave me information concerning it. 
H^mitage, April 14th, 1891. F. H. A 




210 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



No. 22. 

OBEAT FBOST OF 1684. 

John Evelyn, who was an eye-witness of the nreat frost of 1684, 
has the following entry in his "Diary," " 1684, Jan. 16. The frost 
continuing more and more severe, the Thames before London was still 
planted with boothes in formal streetes, all sorts of trades and shops 
furnished and full of commodities, even to a printing presse, where 
the people and ladyes tooke a fancy to have their names printed, and 
the day and yeare set downe when printed in the Thames. This 
humour tooke so universally that it was estimated the printer gained 
£5 a day for printing a line onely at sixpence a name." To this Bray 
adds as a note, " By favour of a gentleman possessed of innumerable 
curiosities I have one of these cards before me," and describes it as a 
specimen. Another of these little souvenirs, relating to a Sussex man, 
has been recently met with in an old house at Bury and shown to me. 
It is surrounded by what Bray describes as a " treble border " and is 
printed thus : — 



Mr. Abraham Marten of Bury, 

in the County of SusseXj Gent, 

Printed on the Frozen Eiver of THAMES 
Iposni Sonng $nnttr9. 

Febrvary the 4th 1684. 



Hadyn says of this visitation, *' Even the oaks of England were split 
by the frost, most of the hollies were killed, the Thames was covered 
with ice eleven inches thick and nearly all the birds perished. The 
frost this year was terrible. It began in the beginning of Dec., 1683. 
The people kept trades on the Thames as in a mir tiU Feb. 4, 1684." 
It will be noted that this was the very day on which ** Mr. A. Marten, 
of Bury, Gent.," was in London, and it may be further observed that 
this was not the last day of the frost, since the card which Bray saw is 
dated, **In the 36th year of King Charles the 11. February the 5th." 

F. H. Abnold. 



No. 23. 

POBTBAIT OF QUEEN ELIZABETH, DISC OVE BED 

AT COOLHAM. 

In February last Mr. Robert Downing, of Petworth, kindly sent me 
word of his discovery of a fine, full-sized portrait of Queen EUsabeth 
on panel, which was found built into a bedroom wall, over a fire-place, 



^^^^^^H NOTES AND QUERIES. 211 

in on old cottage at Ooolham Qreen. in the parisli of Shipley. It waa 
sent to London and restored by Messrs. Haines. At a meeUng; of the 
Society of Antiquaries, March 27th, 1890, it was eibibited by Geo, 
Scharf, Esq., F.S.A,, when a minutely descriptive account of it wbb 
road by Mr. O'Donoghue, F.S.A. Aa Mr. U'Douoghue's excellent 
report on the picture is about to appear in the proceedings of the 
Society, I am not at liberty to give details respecting it. Suffice it to 
say that the portrait is undoubtedly genuine, representing the Queen 
inher old age, with jewelled head dress, ruff ana veil, ana elaborately 
dressed in block. In several respects it differs from any portrait of 
her known. It is conjectured to be by Mark Gerard, a principal 
painter to the Queen, who was living in Kugland in 1580. Mr. 
Downing has now forwarded me a photograph of this interesting and 
must valuable portrait, of which it may be hoped a fuller account may 
appear in these "Collections." It is well known that Queen Elizabeth 
stayed at Farham, Cowdray, and other places in Susses, and, as it is 
rumoured that pictures were stolen from Cowdray at the time of the 
fire, there is some likelihood that it n^ay have been brought thenc«, 
but there is no evidence of this. At Parbnm, which is nearer Shipley, 
there are two portraits of Queen Eliza'beth, one of her in her twenty- 
fifth year. These, however, represent her very differently. 

Hermitage. F. H. Absold. 

No. 24. ■ 

OLD SUSSEX NEEDLEWOBK. 

At an industrial exhibition and needlework competition, held at the 
Council Chamber, Chichester, in Augu&t, I U90, some antique specimens 
of needlework were placed on view by various ladies and gentlemen 
of the city and its neighbourhood which deserve recced. Amongst 
these were sent by Mrs. Fonfold, a piece of liand-worked lace of the 
17th century; by Mi-s. Oliver Lloyd, a map of the world, worked in 
silk, about 1705; by Mr. W. Duke, a map of England and Walea, 
worked in 1870; by Eer. F. H. Arnold, apian of the battle of Mi nden, 
1759, worked entirely in silk by his grandmother. •■ Haniot Baitellot, 
1790," exactly a century ago; Mrs. Buckell, old wedding gloves, 
handkerchiefs and brideenmid's glovee ; by Kirn. Dnlby, of Madeliurst, 
a shirt worn by Sir Walter Scott; and by Mrs. Higginsim, a gontlv* 
man's fancy waistcoat, 1830. 

Hermitftge. F, H. Arhold. 

No. 25. 

ON T3E LANDING OF ELLA AND HIS HOSH. 

The Saxon Chronicle, a.d. 477, »iiru:—"tiiiw luinin In llr; iPlilmtfl 
^lle and his three Sons, Cymen, uid W1uru<lng, nttil ('iN«n wifli lliHm 
ships, in the place which is called Cyni"ti'« Om i nrid lln*r« itl"* iIihi' 
many Weals (Britons), and some in fliKlit dri><rt> lh'7 litio lli« W'«i<l 
which is called th« I^oa of Aiidrml." 



212 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

This Cymen's Ora has been usually placed by old writers at Witter- 
ing, near Chichester ; but Dr. Guest says that from a forged Charter 
it would appear that it lay along the eastern side of Chichester 
harbour; but that he himself thought it must have lain along the 
western side of Selsey peninsula. He adds that it had, indeed, been 
fixed at almost every part of the Sussex coast (Grig. Celt., II., 178). 

But may not another construction, without the gloss of this (so-called) 
forged Charter, be put upon these words of the Chronicle ? Suppose 
that Ella and his sons, mstead of sailing so far west as Chichester 
harbour, or Selsey, put into another then well-known and nearer 
harbour, theretofore, in Boman times, called Portus Adumi, where there 
were already Roman settlements (although perhaps devastated), now 
represented by AJderington or Adurin&^on and Portslade ; and that 
having slaughtered many of the inhabitants and driven the rest into 
the great forest of the Weald, they took quiet possession of the district, 
and proceeded to divide it between them and settle themselves therein. 

Ajid with this view the first son took possession of what became 
afterwards Cymen's-shore, where he made his ham, since abbreviated 
into Shoreham (and not far distant is Bucken-ham^ and also the South- 
wick, or village). Wlencing went over the river and established him- 
self at Lancing ; but Ella and Cissa were warriors, and proceeded to 
extend their conquests east and west until they had conquered the 
whole kingdom of the Kegni, for in 485 Ella fought the battle of 
Mercreds Bum (wherever that was), and five years later, in 491, he 
and his son Cissa ''beset Andreds-ceaster (now Pevensey), and slew all 
that dwelt therein, nor was there thenceforth one Brit, left." Upon 
this conquest Ella declared himself King, hence the name of the 
adjoining parish of King's-ton, where perhaps he resided; and the 
next year he was chosen the first Bretwalda, or Chief of the whole 
Saxon confederacy. 

It is not likely that Cissa established his home on the bleak Down of 
Cissbury, which is more the situation for a British stronghold than a 
Saxon settlement ; but he may have used it in his warfare with the 
Brits, and so it acquired its present name. 

We seem to have nothing further to guide us ; but, as Ella reigned 
tiU 513, and his son Cissa succeeded him, it may easily be conceived 
that they extended their conquests all over the territory of the Kegni, 
and that Cissa ultimately established himself at Kegnum, and changed 
its name to Cissa-ceaster, which became the capital of the South Saxons. 

We learn further, that in 495 Cerdie and Cynrie came into 
Southampton Water, and attacked the Brits of Hants and established 
themselves there ; and so founded the kingdom of the West Saxons, 
1 8 years after the landing of Ella and his sons ; and EUa and Cissa, as 
their allies, fought with them. 

The reason that Dr. Guest treats the Charter as a forgery would 
appear to be this. Camden states that ''Near the haven of Chichester 
is W. Witerinc;, where as the monuments (? muniments) of the Church 
testify ^lla tne first founder of the Saxon kingdom arrived," &c. 

^ If I know anything of Saxon, I believe that Bucken in Saxon is the same as 
Back's in English. 



NOTES AND tiUKRIES. 



213 



i he states that Cissa, " who being the second King of this 
p<-ty kingdom after his father ^lla, accompanied with his brother 
Cimen and no small power of Saxons at this shoare arrived, and landed 
at Oimenshore, a place so called of which hath now lost the name ; but 
that it was neere unto Wittering, the Charter of donation which King 
Cedwalla made unto the Church of Selsey most evidently proveth." 

Now, it happens that this Cedwalla was not King of the South 
Saxona, but of the West Sasons, and. that for only two yeara (686 
and 6B7); for in eSH he went to Come and was baptised, and died 
seven days after, and Ina, a distant relative, Bucceedod hiro. It may 
be assumed then that Dr. Ouost treated this Charter an a forgery, 
because it was alleged to be granted by a king who was not possessed 
of what was purported to be granted. 

I may note in passing that in a, table of 8nxon Sovereigns, now 
Ijiug before me, Cissa is stated to linve died in 587. If, therefore, 
that was the date of his death, and he landed with his father in 477, 
ho must have attained a good old age. 

Loxwood, Billingshurst. H. ¥. Naffkb. 

P.8. — Since writing the above, on referring to Vol. I. of Horsfield's 
" Susses," to see what 1 could find about Kingston, my eye happened 
to rest upon Chap. ITT., where the eame matters are treated of, and I 
find that (p. 64) my surmise that La.Deing comes from Wlencing is 
there anticipated; and the writer also comments on the great age 
of Cissa (but gives somewhat ditfexent tigures), and he adds that 
Ceadwalla had usurped and annexed the kingdom of Sussex to 
Wesaex. But all this at any rate leaves for consideration whether or 
not Old Shoreham is Cimen-shore, also the reason for the name of 
King's-town. 



POTTERY (BROKEN) FOUND NEAR LEWES. 

On Saturday, June 9, 1890, two labouring men brought to the Castle 
a quantity of broken potteiy found by them in ihe Combe or Bottom 
runnine in a N.W, direttion, and about half a mile distant from Asli- 
combe Place, near Lewes. There are some 125 fragments of different 
kinds, a few being glazed. Among Uie lai^er pieces are the rims of 
two vessels of considerable size of red ware unglazed, having below 
the riui a band indented at close intervals. Also j>art of the neck of a 
vaso, or jug of graceful shape, of fine cream-coloured clay, burnt red 
on the iiulsidc, with a raised imttem rimnd it. With them were found 
a small bronze buckle or latchot, measuring about three-quarters of nu 
inch each waj-, a small piece of bone and a fragment of a skull. 

The finding of broken jmtteiy on the Downs near Lewes, and in 
three places some distance apart, is interesting, as affording evidciue 
of hanitution in former times. In each case the fraguienis were found 
in M't'Uing banks, or brows, on the training galloita. The Brst wiw wn 
finnker'a Hill, the Down parallel to the ^wes and Brighton lluiid | 



214 N0T£8 AND QUERIES. 

the second on the next range of Down north, and known as Middle 
Hill ; the third on the western racehill, near the long-distance starting 
point, above Ashconjjbe. The pottery was unglazed and of varied make 
and thickness, grey, brown, red and black in colour, and was probably 
Koman or Komano-British. At the last-named spot two sniall frag- 
ments of red Samian ware were found, and a very perfect spindle whorl 
in brown ware. This latter object is now in the Society's Museum. 

C. T. P. 



No. 27. 
ARROWS, HORSESHOES, AND NAILS OF SUSSEX 

MANUFACTURE. 

In looking through a large number of letters written to the late 
M. A. Lower, which have recently been presented to the Society, I 
foimd the following information communicated by William Ck)urthope, 
Esq., Somerset Herald^ in a letter of the 23rd February, 1860, and 
which I think sufficiently interesting to be recorded in the pag^ of our 
"Collections":— 

*' I have some curious extracts from divers Bolls of the reigpis of 
Edw. I. to III. about Sussex, some of which I will send you one day, 
such as the following : — 

** * William Vaghan, Sheriff of Sussex, allowed £14. Os. 4d. for the 
purchase of 6,000 arrows (240 sheaves, each containing 25 arrows) of 
good dry wood, with head well sharpened, called "Dogebil," and for a 
cask to put them in, and for the carnage from. Horsham to the Tower of 
London. Price of the arrows, 14d. a sneaf. — ^liberale Roll, 12 Ed. III.* 

" I find too, 4 Ed. III., they made horseshoes and nails in great 
quantity at a place called * La Hogheye ' for the Scottish war." 

C. T. P. 

♦ 

No. 28. 

A MEDIJEVAL SUSSEX RELIC. 

A very interesting addition has been made to the Society's Museum 
by the gift of an Inn Sign, probably of the latter part of the 16th 
Century, by the sons of the late F. W. Cosens, Esq., late of the Shelleys, 
St. Ann's, Lewes, which house, Mr. M. A. Lower states, was, prior to 
1577 (the date carved on its stone porch), a hostelry called the **Vine," 
of which the figure, described hereafter, may possibly have been the 
sifi^. It is carved out of solid oak, and represents a Bacchus astride 
a barrel, holding a bottle in the right hand, and in the left the foot of 
what was originally a goblet, which he is in the act of filling. The 
iron ring, to which the ivy leaves of his chaplet were attached, still 
remains around the head. The paint, if origincdly of flesh colour, has 
now from age become of a muddy drab hue ; a black beard I suspect 
to be a modem addition by some wag. From the sides and ends of 
the barrel four bow-shaped iron rods formerly projected, from each of 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 215 

whicli depended a cluster of grapes, with leaves, the berries being gilt; 
a fifth, and possibly a larger ounch, hung from a hook below the 
barrel ; of the five clusters, unfortunately, only two remain, and they 
are in a decayed state. The sign hangs in the entrance arch of door- 
way of the ground-floor room of the Southern Tower of the Keep, 
and is well worth inspection. 

C. T. P. 



No. 29. 

FBAGMENTS OF A SUSSEX ALMANACK, A.D. 1607. 

Noticing that a small leather case made for containing parchment 
deeds, was lined with some pages out of an old Black Letter Almanack, 
rubricated, I was led to examine it rather closely, when I found it was 
a Sussex publication and dated 1607. It occurred to me that the 
following items, all I could decipher in the portions left exposed to 
view, might be worth reproducing in our " Notes and Queries : — 

June hath XXX, dates. 

'lEhs humors noto bisj^tretb be 
use bttt txu txit i^oob, 

Srittlu tohas, taihmn tnth, hrarbd art dob, 
coolc «nb clen«e Vxt bloob. 

Julie hath XXXI, 

9ht0icke abiie till tCtttr time 
Colb herbts note rome in bdt 
SRIurie tomes, \on% thtret, much tXttif^ 
Jlnb benerie, reftue. 

The following detached notes as to Sussex Fairs, &c., occur : — 

" Lewes in sussex on Whitson tuesday." 
** Linfffield in surry on saint Peters day, 29 of June." 
** Linneld in Sussex, 2 fayres, one on Monday, 2 on Saint James his 
day." 

'' Mayfield in sussex the 19 of May Maudiyhill besides Steaning 
in suss, 22 of July." 

** Mydhurst in sussex on Whitson tuesday." 

'' It is to be remembered that as often as any of these fa3rres shall 
fall out upon any Sonday (this yeere) that then (to avoyde profanation 
of the Sabaoth day) they are to be kept on monday next following." 

Among the weather predictions for the year 1607 were these : — 

" June 1607 

'* The first day & 2 temperate dayes, 3, 4 & 5 inclining to some moisture. 

'^6, 7, 8 and 9 pleasant haying weather. 

" 10, 11, & 12 fresh ayre but dankish." 

Perhaps some of the Members of the Sussex Archooological Society 
will be able to furnish a complete copy of this curious Sussex 
Almanack. Anyone who takes the trouble to compare the dates of 



216 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

the fairs mentioned in this framient, with those given in the paper by 
the late F. E Sawyer, Esq., in Vol. XXXVI. of our "Collections," 
page 180, will see that there are some important differences. 

Brighton, 1892. John Sawyeb. 

No. 30. 
ST. NICHOLAS' CHURCH, BRIGHTON, 

Some time since, when making a measured drawing of the Per- 
pendicular Chancel Screen in the above Church, I found a small figure 
carved on the west side of the finial of central arch, also a winged 
creature, probably a bird. 

The figure, entirely nude, about three inches in length, is, it will be 
observed, represented with the head downwards (as is also the bird), 
and bears what struck me as possibly intended for a crown and a 
palm. 

Not having seen any notice of these curious ornaments in the pub- 
lished description of the Church in " S. A. C," Vol. XXXTT., or 
elsewhere, I made a sketch, which is here reproduced. 

I should be glad if some Member of the Sussex Archaeological 
Society would explain why the figures were introduced and what they 
are intended to represent, also whether any similar ones are known to 
exist on other screens. 

F. J. Sawyer. 

♦ 

No. 31. 
A SUSSEX YEW TREE. 

The following paragraph is from the Brighton Herald for Feb. 27, 
1892. This joiimal, it is pleasant to note, is always ready to chronicle 
any matter of an antiquarian character, especicdly if, as in this case, 
it relates to the County of Sussex : — 

" The Champion Sussex Yew. — The Eector of Crowhurst (the Rev. 
J. P. Bacon-Phillips) writes that he has had the celebrated (>owhur8t 
yew tree carefully measured, with this result: — *The girth at base 
IS 37i-ft. ; six feet from the ground, 27-ft. The only yew tree in 
the South of England which, I believe, in any way compares to our 
tree is in the churchyard of Crowhurst in Surrey, and, strange to say, 
both the churches are dedicated to St. George. The Surrey tree, 
perhaps, is larger at the base, but it does not look so healthy, and is 
not to be compared to our tree in height, or in girth 6-ft. from the 
ground. The Crowhurst people are very fond of their tree, and believe 
it to be facile princeps of the Sussex yew trees.' Mr. Bacon -Phillips 
remarks on the strange coincidences of two Crowhursts, each dedicated 
to St. George, and each ha>'ing a princely yew of the same wonderful 
dimensions, 37i-ft. The Crowhurst tree has grown 7i-ft. since Evelyn 
and Charles II.*s time, two hundred years ago. Sussex piety (says 
the Kev. H. D. Gordon) should give it some medal or inscription — not 




CARVING (» FIM.IL 01 CHANCEL SCREEN 
IN ST. NICHOLAS CIIUIICH. BRIGHTON. 



fSml* Halt J^tl S1».J 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



217 



in any way injuring its bark, Imt detached from it : or even, nerhaps, 

flit into the Cbun.'h porch on a tahlet, if there be none already there. 
t has stood over lis all for '200 years unmatched, niiil proud as Nelson's 
flag. For West Sussex yews, the Stedham tree, 33 feet, seems to bold 
its own as yet." 



ON THE SITE OF PORTUS ADURNI AND THE HIVER 
ADUH. 

The following; communication from F. J, Harerfield, M.A., F.S.A., 
read at a meeting at Burlington Huuse, on March 3lBt, 1X92, is, by 
kind permission of the Executive Oommittee, reprinted from the 
" Proceedings of the Society of Antiqutiries of Loudon" (xiv. p. 112), 
with a few minor additions: — 

" The compiler of the Notitia lyignitalinn mentions among the 
nine fortresses under control of the ' Comes litoris ^axonici per 
Britanninm' a certain Poi7«s Adurni, garrisoned by a Nuvietitt 
exploratorinn. It has been usual to place this fortress ou the tidal 
estuary of the little river Adur, a few miles west from Brighton. The 
esact site has been a matter of dispute. Mr. C. Houch Hmith at one 
time maintained thi- cause of Bramber Castle ; i)tlter8 pointing to 
names and certain Homan remains, suggest Aldrington and Portslade ; 
others, again, liave stippuHed, with Camden, that the sea hos washed 
away the fortress ns it has washed away so much else on the Sussex 
coast, None of these theories have any real probability. The claims of 
Bramber were given up by Mr. Koach Smith himself. As he wrote 
to me in 1888, he ' was too sanguine in expecting to find remains of 
the caitruM at Brnmber : he could find no Roman masonry there,' 
and as a matter of fact the only Boman object ever discovered there 
is a ' third-brass ' coin of Constantine. The finds at Aldrington and 
Portslade ore admittedly unimportant to the searcher for a fortress, 
and comprise nothing beyond unpretentious dwellings and interments.' 
The third theory, which takes refuge in the encroachments of the sea, 
is obviously incapable of proof or disproof. Practically we may say 
that the case for jilncing the tortrces on the Adur is this : that, 
despite the complete absence of material remains, the similarity of 
name between .W" rut and 'Adur' is couclusive. 

An ottempt to trace the history of the river uame seems to give a 
ditl'prent result. If I may antii:ipato my conclusion, it appean* that 
antiijuories first placed Purlus Aihirni near this river for a reason (a 
roTv had reason) which had nothing to do with any river name ; that 
till' river was then cliristened ' Adur ' to suit their conjecture ; and 
that finally the nanie Adur has been used to prove the site of Porlii$ 
Adarni. We have, in fact, an exact parallel to the Grampian Hills in 
I'erthshire. For tojiographical reasons, that range of ItUhi wa.« 

1. 9S. nic old 



218 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

selected by sixteentli-centiiiy antiquaries as the supposed Mons 
Grampius of Tacitus ; it was then dubbed ' Grampian,' and the name 
was used, till the blunder was detected, to prove the site of the hills. 
The blunder in this case is cdl the clearer, because it has since been 
ascertained beyond doubt that the correct reading in Tacitus is 
Graupius. Similarly, there seems reason to think that the Anton, in 
Hampshire, may have received its present name from antiquarian 
theories, which in tiim it has been used to support. It is this which 
makes it worth while to trace the fortunes of an obscure river name 
and to add one item to a curious chapter in the history of geography.' 

The first writer who attempted to locate Portus Adumi seems to nave 
been Camden. In his Britannia (p. 223, ed. 1607) he placed it near 
Aldrington, because he thought that a Saxon village-name Eadering- 
tune, mentioned in Alfred's will, belonged there, and resembled 
Adurnns enough to justify identification. The similarity is a poor one 
at the best, and as the site of the Saxon village is to be sought in 
Somerset rather than Sussex, we may dismiss it from our argument.' 
The whole thing is, indeed, only another proof that the learned 
Camden was by no means free from the vice of conjecturing^ — in other 
words, that a ffood many of his theories, when brought to book, are 
found to be based on almost incredibly inadequate evidence. It 
is more notewoi'thy that Camden gives no name to the river, and, 
though it is not clear whether a * nameless river ' which he mentions 
in the context as rising at Slaugham is the Ouse or the Adur, it is 
clear that he must have mentioned the name Adur if he had known it. 
Other writers in the Elizabethan or earlier times appear equally 
ignorant of the name Adur, and William Harrison, wnom I shaU 
quote in full at the end of this note, actually gives the river another 
name. It is a fair conclusion that, in the Elizabethan age, the name 
Adur was unknown. 

The deficiency was filled up a few years later by Michael Drayton in 
his Polyolbion (Song xvii. 431), which was published in the early 
years of the reign of James I. After mentioning the Lavant and 
Arun, he continues : 

* And Adur comming on, to Shoreham softly Bald, 
The Downes did very ill, poore Woods bo to debase.* 

This is explained by the ' Illustrations,' supplied (as Drayton's preface 
tells us) in direct concert with the poet by Ids friend Selden. There 
we read (No. 370) : 

* This Riuer, that here falls into the Ocean, might well bee understood in that 
Port of Adur^ about this coast, the reliques whereof, learned Camden takes to be 
EdringtonCf or Adringtoti, a little from Shoreliam. And the Author here so calls 
it Adur.^ 

* Compare a Pampycallo near Tadcaster invented by an antiquary to match the 
Pavipocalia of the Havenna list (431-4). 

■ Kemble, Codex Diploinaticns, 314, 1067, and index. I may here correct a 
mistake made by Grough in his edition of Camden (ed. 1806, i., p. 270). He adds 
a footnote to Camden's identification, "Edingbiime, Wise,'* which seems to 
refer to Francis Wise's Asser.^ p. 77. If so, it is a mistake, for Wise thought 
Ederington was Eddington in Wilts, and quite properly keeps it distinct fmn 
Edingbume, which is another village. 



NOTES AND yUKKIb^. 



219 



_ lain from this that Seldeu knew of no existing river named 
AiluT, and Selden waa not only an antiquary but a Siifisex man, horn 
near the mouth of the Adur. Indeed, he eaya (note 368) that at 
' Shorhant Ferty ' in his day the river was called Weald-dich. It ia 
plain also that Adur is a learned invention of Drayton's, and no more 
a real name than, for instance, Sabryn in his line about ' Somereetian 
maids on Sabryn's bank ' (iii. 10), Drayton lived in an antiquarian 
age. Archfeological literature had lately begun with Leland, Lam- 
barde, Carew aud Camden, and numerous pasHagee in the Poli/olbion 
show that Drayton felt the effects. It would ho well worth while for 
aomo student of English topography to examine the Qiieilen of Ms 
place-names and determine the extent to which he has invented. The 
case for the invention of Adur, at any rate, seems certain. 

Another antiqiiary of the same age, John Nordeu, actually put a 
Forttis Arundi at the mouth of the Ajun, obviously intending this to 
be the Portua Adumi which he had no bettor reason to fix efiewhere. 
Norden counted for a speeially careful luapmaber, and it is plain that 
he, too, knew of no name Adur. 

We have, indeed, ao far as I tan discover, no further mention ol 
a river Adur until well within the eighteenth century. Drayton's 
Poluolbion was not widely read, and it is not till 1710 that Hermann 
iioU gives ' AduT ' on his map. He was followed by other nutp- 
makew, Budpen (1724), Price (1730), Eocque (17BI), Jeffreys (1761), 
all without local knowledge, and, after that, by all mapmakers. 
Even so the name did not spread at once or without opposition. 
Baxter, in his Ghssnrium AiiUqiiiUittnn (I>ondoii, 1712 and 1733) waa 
clearly ignorant of it ; he denounced the name Aihirnus as ' Wtiosus,' 
and wished to rend ' Madumus ' (pp. 8, 198). iStukely mode a 
similar suggestion in 1723, and Horsley in 1732 was obviously 
unconscious of any 'Adur,' for he puts the fortress at Porchester. 
Even Gough much later does not seem quite happy about the name. 
Two writers openly assert that the name is an invention. The author 
of the Mngtia- BrUimnia in 1730 obsor^-es that ' the Portus Adumi, we 
suppose, gives ground for the conjecture that the river Lb called Adur' 
(p. 535), and a Sussex correspondent of Stukely's, L. Tibbine of 
Norton, in 1741, is even more explicit: 

' Un whnt niittioritjr does the author of tbo new men of Kiikm;x cull Sliorclism 

rivrr IE. Adur ': I irf;>h there na» fus ntrong crldeuce of the name of Ihut 

rinT n» of ova river [Lovnnt] : then Fortui- Adunii would not be to be sought.' 
Correnpondenei; of Smkely, ed. Lukic, iii. S-M (Siirtees 8oc., 80). 

If we now sum up, wo find that, right down to the middle of the 
eighteenth centurj', archieologists who luentiim the river or the Portvs 
AdttTHt are conspicuously i^orant of any name Adur, and that the 
one ocotirrence of the name, in Drayton's poem, ia accompanied by the 
definite statement that the name is invcnttHl for the occasion. This 
seems to me tolerably conclusive proof that ' Adur' ia not the original 
name of the river, and that here, as elseifhere, tradition has been spoilt 
by the inventions of an antiquary and the plagiarism of mapmaxors. 
But if we lose the name 'Adur,' we lose our only reason for placing 
the Portus Adumi where it haa usually been placed. Two questions 
arise, tho site of the fortress and the original name of the river. 



220 N0TE6 AND QUERIES. 

As to the former we have little evidence. The names in the Notitia 
are not arranged in geographical order, and our fortress may have been 
anywhere on the south-east coast, as the hitherto identified fortresses of 
the Saxon shore lie between Brancaster and Pevensey. The mouths of 
the Sussex rivers are not specially likelypositions, because, important as 
they might be in a modem invasion of ^gland, they then led only into 
the forests of the Weald.* We may perhaps suggest with Horsley 
that Porchester is not wholly improbable. It is just not too far west. 
Its name contains one, though the less important, part of the Boman 
name (port). It is almost the only fortress available which resembles 
the ruins of the other fortresses of the Saxon shore, Pevensey, Stutfall 
(L3rmne), Burgh Castle, and the rest. Indeed, it resembles some of 
them in the curious absence of Koman roads leading to the sites 
which suggests a fleet and water communications. It is moreover just 
possible that the lists of the Anonymits Eavetuias may support this 
view. In them (Parthey and Pinder, p. 426) we find Ardaoneon 
between Venta Velgarom (Winchester) and Begentium (Chichester). 
But the extraordinary corruptions of these lists almost defy treatment, 
and the arrangement is often misleading.'^ The only alternative which 
I can suggest for Porchester is Felixstowe, now known not to beOthonae, 
and the remains at Felixstowe seem to be very nearly all destroyed. 

The question of the actual name of the Adur is even less easy to 
settle. We have one definite and early statement, made by a high 
authority who had visited the river, W. Harrison, in his Description 
of Britaine (in Holinshed, ed. 1577, i. p. 21) : 

* The next ryver that we came unto west of Brighthemston is the Sore, which 
notwithstanding I finde to be called Brember water in the auncieut Mappe of 
Merton Colledge in Ozforde.' 

Harrison's statement stands by itself. Parish and estate records 
seem to throw no light, and the map he saw, though seen by others 
since, is said by GK)ugh {British Topography^ i. 86) to have vanished 
before his own time.® But the term * Bramber water ' is an old one. 
It appears, as the Eev. W. D. Macray tells me, in a Magdalen College 
deed dated 2 June, 1438. This deed is a confirmation by the Duke 
of Norfolk to Sele Priory of an earlier grant * with a special grant 
of the mills and fisheries from the church of Old Sorham to the 
place called Bedenge, and all other profits of the water of Brembre.' 

* The Sussex castles at Arundel, Bramber, and Lewes are due probably to trade 
in the harbours afforded by the tidal estuaries, then larger than now. There is no 
reason whatever for supposing any of the three fortresses to have been occupied 
in Koman times. 

* The Ravenna geographer probably used a Koman map of the third or fourth 
century. One cause of error seems to have consisted in reading off the names in 
order alon^ the map without notmg whether the places themselves were similarly 
situated with respect to the names. Hence, e.g., we may explain the insertion of 
I>avaris (Lavatrae) between Vinovia and Catabactoniimi (Cataractonium), in a 
section which apparently goes from the Wall (Lineoiugla-Linea Valli ':) to York 
(p. 431). The two parallels from other parts of the lists which 8eeck quotes 
(^otitia^ p. 180), namely Ardua and Adron, help very little. 

® Nothing is to be foimd in the maps of Christopher Saxton (1575, reprinted 
1642, 1652), or P. Plancius (1592), which leave the river nameless. The Sele 
papers in Dugdale's Monaaticon and Leland's Itinerary do not allude to tiie river. 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 221 

The earlier grant, tbua cjofirmed, is dated 1331 or 1232 (Oart- 
wriglit'a Rape of Ariimlci, pp. 224-5, Sele eliartora No. 9), and there 
we TiBTt- tho same meutinn of the water of Itramber. Such a method 
of Qomeuclature obviously resemblea Tibbina* 'Shorebam river,' the 
' Deeding: river' alluded to by a writer in the Siasfx Arckaoiogkai 
ColUctiom (zzvii. 98^, and the 'Weald-ditch,' which Seldeu ^vee 
aa the name af the Adur in his day. Such a method of naming: 
a river from places along ita banka is quite common. During my 
own acquaintance with the river (1884-92), I have never heard the 
country people call it anything Imt 'Shorehnm river,' and rarely 
that. Tliere would, indeed, be no a priori objection to the view 
that the river before 1710 was nameleae. Either the Quae or the Adur 
waa namelesa to Camden. The Ouae i* called ' anonymua ' by Baxter 
{^Olasiarhim, p. 147), and other inatanceiB are common. The frequency 
of ' Avon ' suggests that in Keltic times, too, a river waa often known 
by no better name than ' river.' 8uch nameleaaneas would be all the 
more possible in the caao of email streams like the Adur, moat of 
which is still an arm of the sea. Sut at present Harrison's definite 
asAertion that he visited the river and it was called ' Sore ' mnat hold 
the field, and liarriaon'a accuracy is auch that his atatementa are not 
to be challeng<.-d without very aerioua cause. Sore, it may be added, 
is perhaps more than a mere variation on Shoreham, as there is at 
'-- ione other river of the name in England." 



A BRIGHTON ACCIDENT IN 1808. 

The following amuaing deacription of an accident which took place 
at Brighton ia from the Globe for Monday, July 1 5lh, 1 808. The Chalk 
Pit mentioned, waa opposite to where Wykeham Terrace now standa ; 
it is marked upon old maps of Brighton. The posta and railn round 
the Steine figure in several well -known priiilH. "rho term " whiskey," 
OS applied to a conveyance, haa long aitice died out at Brighton. 

" A oiiigular and ludi('n>u8 accident happened at Brighton, on 
Thursday evening, and which had very nearly mot with a fatal termi- 
nation. A gentleman from Lewea, in a whiskey, having alighted at 
the door of the Coach and Horaett Inn, in North-street, left a boy to 
take care of hia horse, while he enterbd the house. The gentleman 
had scarcely disappeared, when two sailors, who had but a short time 
before been lauded froni the Dapper gun-brig, being two of tlie crew 
of that VBS.sel, passing and observing t)ie chaise empty, were determined 
til indulge themselves witli a ride. The remonstrances of the boy were 
iiteSeetual, the lars were presently seated, and the whip being forcibly 
applied to the horse, he dashed up North-street, at full apeed, the 
aaJlora huzzaing, and calling out to the people in the street to clear 
the road. Beaching the extremity of North-street, the horse, by the 
regular road to it, entered the chalk-pit beyond it ; when it became 
impiissiblti fur him to proceed further that way, he turned himaelf 
about, and dashed down North-street, with the same fury aa he had 



222 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

previouslj passed up, one of the sailors still applying the whip, and 
the other roaring out to the people to clear the way. The conxusion 
in the street was now general, down which the chaise passed in safety, 
but on reaching the Steyne, the horse, in lieu of turning off by the 
road to the right, took a leap at the fence, breaking one of the posts 
short off, and carrying away two of the rails. One of the sailors was 
thrown out of the chaise by the shock at the instant, but not much 
hurt ; while the other, who was pitched from his seat on the brick 
pavement of the Steyne, shortly after, had two of his ribs and his 
collar-bone broken. The Surgeon of the gun-brig being on shore, 
and hearing of the accident, repaired to Mr. Newnham's, Surgeon, 
took the man under his care, and soon after had him removed in a 
boat to the vessel." J. S. 



No. 34. 

BELICS AT AN OLD BRIGHTON INN. 

For this paragraph the Editor is indebted to the Brighton Herald 
for April 9th, 1892 :— 

'' During the demolition of the famous old hostelry, known as ' The 
Unicom,' in North Street, some interesting relics have been brought 
to light, including some 20 or 30 old coins, both English and foreign. 
Among the more notable of these is a quarter anna issued by the East 
Indian Company; an English half-fartlung issued in 1844; and a good 
specimen of the grand old penny of Geo. III., bearing the date of 
1767. One of the most curious is a Eussian penny, of somewhat rude 
coinage, dated 1788 (when the notorious and imperious Catherine II. 
was Empress). The obverse shows the monogram * I.E.' within a 
wreath ; the reverse is a double-headed spread eagle, surmounted by 
a small crown, with the initials *C' and ^M' at the base. Another 
curiosity is a stoutly-made brass button, an inch in diameter, decidedly 
' horsey,' — a well-formed horse's head standing out in bold relief in 
the centre, with a race-horse above this and a cart-horse below. The 
greatest find, however, is a stone of about a foot in length and about 
nine inches in width, and some nine inches in thickness ; in fact, it 
resembles a piece of an ordinary kerb-stone. On the smooth face of 
it are rudely carved : — 

1693 

G 
W M 

As it was discovered at the foundation of the centre of the North 
Street front of the old inn, it is conjectured that the original house 
was at the comer of what is now Windsor Street, and that a westerly 
addition was made to the house in 1693, the stone found beinff probably 
the foundatition stone of the new building. The letters * W ' and *M' 
doubtless stand for William and Mary, who occupied the Throne of 
England at the date named. It is probable the 'G' stands for 'Gunn,' 
the owner of the freehold at the period. One of the title-deeds of the 
earlier house (dated 1635) alludes to the house as having been built 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 223 

in Giinn's 'fields' (or common laines). Then, again, a deed dated 
July, 1698, states * one Gunn sold the farm house, bam and roads to 
Jolm Humphrey.' The tenant of the house at this latter date ' being 
one Gold.' The stone, therefore, is a curiosity in its way, and doubt- 
less Messrs. Smithers and Son will find a fitting comer for it in their 
new building about to be erected." 



No. 35. 

WORTHING V. TABRINO IN 1789. 

The following lines are from the Ladies* Magazine for 1789 :• 
Written on the Sea-Beach at Worthing, May 20th, 

Worthing farewell ! 
To thee, and thy inhoepitable shores, 
I'll bid adieu ! and fly to climes far off, 
Where I may meet inhabitants more gentle ; 
With men, whose minds, congenial to mr own. 
Are ever bent to learn that best, most noblest, 
And most arduous task, to make the draught. 
The bitter draught of life, go easy down. 

Amid the toil and bustle of this short. 
This transient life, what man would wish to lire, 
If not sometimes with mutual intercourse. 
Each sex with other joined, in chat familiar, 
And with innocence combined ? 'Tis thus 
The tedious hours with pleasure he beguiles ; 
Thus, freed from all the tumult, and the noise 
Of active business, he happiness secures. 

Did not thj even sands, and placid waves. 
Invite the sicklj stranger to thy shores, 
Thy name, O Worthing ! soon would be confiu'd 
To dark oblivion. 

Of manners rough, and language most uncouth, 
In charge exorbitant, who*d dwell with thee 
Longer than strong necessity compels P 

If gentle B s had not with grateful smiles. 

And conversation mild, my evening walks 
Most graciously adom*d, I had, of men, 
Been most uncomfortable and forlorn : 
But she, with kind complacence, and with gay 
And lively sense, amid the taunts, and frowns, 
Of studied ignorance, with pleasing converse. 
And with grateful mien, her leisure hours 
With me most generously did share. For which. 
Thou charming maid, accept my warmest thanks. 

Nor ye, my Tarring friends, refuse the just. 
The warm effusions of a grateful heart ! 
Under your hospitable roof, the hours 
Unnoticed, and untold, did swiftly pass. 
Nor one unhappy minute intervene. 
With men like you I'd ever wish to dwell : 
With you, my time most happily would pass ; 
Of open generosity profuse. 
And virtuous sensibility replete. 
What man would ever leave such worthy friends, 
Did not his avocations call him thence P 



224 NOTES AND QUERIES. 



If dire necessity^ should e'er again 
Compel mj weak, and wand'ring steps, to seek 
Old Neptime*8 comfortable, strengthening waves. 
Thee, Worthing ! I shall gladly pass, and still 
Remembering former friendships, dealt profuse. 
To hospitable Tarring bend my way. 

T. C. 



No. 36. 

ENCAUSTIC TILES AT DUREFOBD ABBEY AND 

SELBOBNE PBIOBY. 

In looking through Gilbert White's account of the Prioiy in his 
'^ Natural History and Antiquities of Selbome " (edition published 
1853, edited by Sir William Jardine, Bt.), I was surprised to find at 
page 245 (letter XX.), a woodcut representing " eight Encaustic tiles 
from the Priory, now (1788) forming the floor of the summer-house in 
the farm-house garden," three of which tiles resemble, almost exactly, 
three tiles found at Duref ord Abbey, and represented in their restored 
form in Vol. VIII., p. 61 of our " Collections," and numbered respec- 
tively 1,3, 12. Mr. W. H. Blaauw does not allude to this coincidence, 
though he mentions Selbome as being only seven miles from Duref ord, 
and quotes White's account of the manufacture of rushlights in his 
article on '^Dureford Abbey." I may add that these, with other tiles 
from the abbey, almost the only relics of Henry de Hoese's foundation, 
are in our Society's Museum. 

C. T. P. 



No. 37. 

BELICS OF MEDIJEVAL LEWES. 

In excavating, in November, 1890, for the cellarage of the new 
Unicom Inn, in the High Street (next the White Hart Hotel), the 
workmen found at the depth of seven feet some fragments of pottery, 
a broken iron spur, much corroded, a bone needle, some three inches 
long, a boar's tusk in very good preservation, the core of a goat's 
horn, and teeth, bones and portions of skulls of oxen, swine and other 
animals. The pottery and spur are considered to belong to the 13th 
or 14th Century. 

Some days after the find referred to, in digging a drain at the back 
of the premises, portions of an earthenware jug were found, covered 
externally with a greenish-yellow coloured granulated glaze. I have, 
fortunately, been enabled to put these pieces together, and, with the 
exception of a fragment or two, the vessel is perfect, and forms an 
interesting specimen of the potter's art of the 17th Century. The 
above are now in the Museum. 

C. T. P. 

^ The author was at Worthing for the benefit of eea-bathing. 



SOTBB USD iPCESnS. ^^ 



BELICS OF ANCIENT LEWES. 

The workmen engaged (Ffh^ 1892,) in daaring tke site of the new 
Municipal Buildings, found bu2l into an old wall under the kitchen of 
the Star Hotd, and in other parts near, some dozen pieces of worked 
stone, portions of mouldings, pilasters, ibc^ among them three segnieut«t 
of arches boldly carred, two with a diamond-shaped pattern of mould* 
ings, with rows of pellets, and quatrefcnl ornament in centre, the third 
having a dogtooth moulding, the woik upon all three being in excellent 
condition. From their resemblance to some of the carved stonowt)rk 
from the Prioiy, in the Museum, I am induced to think that they wore 
brought from thence, another instance, if so, of the use of that buililiug 
as a quarry in former times. By the courtesy of the Corporation of 
Lewes, these interesting remains are now placed in the Museum. 

0. T. P. 



No. 39. 

DISCOVERIES AT FBISTON CHUliCTL 

In announcing the then approaching services in oonncH^ilon wUli flu* 
re-opening of this Church, after extensive alterations, thn Niinlfmiiffif^ 
Chronicle for March 5th, 1892, gives the following piiHifMilni*s, v^ lili'li 
are of sufficient importance to call for a more portuaniMii rititiMMt llmii 
that afforded by the columns of a newspapur, luiil nr^, (iMM'ufiMKt 
inserted in these " Notes " : — 

^^The work has disclosed many evidences of thn ^rnrtl tttiflijMllv '*' 
the building, canying its history back to pre-C'Omiunsi fiiiiim. liKfiiMlUN 
of the original doorway, and of one window on thn mimiIIi mIiIm, mm< 
now plainly visible. The architectural fnaitinm of ilin nlifitii'Ml, w hh'lt 
are unique, had been thoroughly destroynd hy [in l>nhl^' iiiiiitn In h<t'i«UH 
the huge monuments of the Selwyn laniily of Ki')«ifoii lliifn Thn 
floor had been lowered and the archns iiiid wIimIowm lilncknil m|( tiH 
either side. The monuments have now Yinnn rmiiMviMl, ui\i\i*¥ fMinlh, 
into the transept, and the arches and winilowM Mpnnnfl imH TIm'hm 
arches, springing east and west from thn sninn vnr\itt\n mm llMtl Mi^t t IIim 
entrance to the chancel, and of the sanin fonn, iiin nt V'f t- hin\k 'ImIm. 
and seem to have been formed as r(Hnmntm In flm lliii'ltn^HM iii flu mmII 
to give the idea of a cruciform Cfmnirui'iUtti. 'I'lfn n\i\h hIm^Imhm m^ (Iih 
chancel are of late 13th Century ^fttrkt <it^f '^'^ ^1*^' NMHilt Ht»|) mII|| 
bearing the consecration crosses, Ai Uki Im^lt nf llfH nllMf h |M<MnlMt 
recess was disdosedf six feet long, and mm'Im"1< ^UU*U Uhi\ H|f|mM<«|lll 
formed a re-table or recess for ih#f nnmiiti*hi»i 'i'ltn lUii^iU iivfm 
anything in the nature of a vmtry, aimI llf)« Ims wi^ I^hh htUM 
The pu^>it and font are mmttf )iui luutU Uh¥h itnl |MtfntlMM| flM^M 
re-placement at present. Tli« nuft Is n u*t\th* nunf |i>.Mi|}Hf fn* M« 
immense oak beams and th« tmrtttn] iwniUiUin^ ttt MV»»f |f fHf»»«f 'I mm»* 
were hidden by plaster ami whIimrMh, hni «fM iMm M»f»/i*M niihH hs 
originally designed. The Vicar has himself tM^hMi mtti numrn'm 



226 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

a Holy Table, partly out of old materials, with bevelled pilasters at each 
comer, and a carved frieze of vine scroll work surmounting the open 
arcade which forms the front." J. S. 



No. 40. 
TREASUBES FOUND AT HASTINGS. 

The following appeared in the Southern Weekly News for Nov. 15, 
1890 :— 

^^ Sometime last spring, while the earth upon the Castle Hill at 
Hastings was being removed, in connection with the recent excavations 
for the new lift, a laree round bronze seal was discovered. It is about 
two inches across, and is engraved upon one side only. On the other 
side is a broken projecting piece, which probably was used for securing 
the seal to some object, there being also slight traces of siding. The 
device represents a large, equally branched cross, within a circle or 
fillet. In the centre of the cross is an Abbot's mitre, with two labels 
fringed, and the quarterings are, Ist and 4th quarters, a crown (com- 
posed of three fleur de lys\ and 2nd and drd quarters, a dagger or 
short sword. Ijie seal is now in the possession of Mr. Charles Dawson, 
F.G.S., of Uckfield, who recognised the arms as those of the ancient 
Abbots of ^^Battell." Mr. Dawson has also some bronze axe heads, 
and a bronze dagger hilt (bearing a device of arms, &c.), flint arrow 
heads and other implements, as well as some decorated pottery, &c., 
found at various times on the Castle Hill, Hastings, and also a small 
deer antler from the newly-discovered *' subterranean forest" on the 
crest of the Castle Hill, penetrated by the new road. These objects 
will shortly be described to the Sussex Archsdological Society at 
Lewes.*' 



No. 41. 

A SUSSEX SHEPHERD'S GIFT. 

The Society's Museum has received a larg^ and interesting addition to 
the collection of PrsB-historic exhibits in the shape of some 700 Neolithic 
flint implements (Sussex) from the district of Eastdean, comprising 
celts, hammer stones, scrapers, flakes, chisels, &c., presented oy Mr. 
Stephen Blackmore, a shepherd of Eastdean, who, with a quick eye, 
much patience, and great discrimination, had by degrees accumulated 
a large and varied collection. Desirous of supplying those varieties 
our Museum lacked, and of retaining a portion of his gatherings in 
his native county, he has taken the very proper andpractical course 
of placing them under the Society's charge. As H!on. Curator, in 
recording and acknowledging this welcome gift from the lowly Sussex 
shepherd, I would impress upon Members, as well as the public at 
large, the desirability of emulating his example, and by that means 
rendering our small Museum more worthily representative of the Sussex 
of the past. C. T. P. 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 227 

No. 42. 

THE PENDBELL FAMILY. 

The subjoined paragraph, cut from a straj leaf of the Mirror^ 
should be oompared with Mr. M. A. Lower's account of Mr. Charles 
Pendrell, of Alfriaton, in Vol. X. of the "8.A. C," p. 189. Mr. 
Lower, it will be noticed, does not mention Dr. Pendrell s son, whose 
name and place of death are given here. 

<<The Pendrils. 

" To the Editor of the * Mirror,' 

*'SiR, — From a note which I have just seen at the foot of the 
interesting account of the escape of Charles the Second, in Vol. Y. of 
the Mirror y the reader is led to conclude that the pension granted to 
Hichard Pendril expired at his death. No such thing. Old Ihr. 
Pendril lived, practised and died at Alfriston, a little town in the east 
of Sussex, some forty or fifty years since. His son, John Pendril, died 
at Eastboum, four or five years ago. His son, Mr. John Pendril, kept 
a public house at Lewes a few years since, to which he added tne 
appropriate sign of the ' Boyal Oak.' All these in succession enjoyed 

the pension marks,' granted by Charles the Second, together with 

something of a sporting character called ' free warren.' The last Mr. 
John Pendril waHately Uving at or near Brighton. 

•*W. W." 



No. 43. 

THE POYNINGS' PEDIGBEE. 

Attention has been called, by Cecil Henry Hussell, Esq., of 27, 
Brunswick Terrace, Brighton, to an omission in the Poynings' Pedigree, 
in Vol. XV. "S. A. C.,' page 15, where a daughter of Michael Lord 
Poyiiings (Margaret) is not mentioned among the children. A refer- 
ence to a will on page 23 of the same volume shows that a legacy was 
left to her. 



No. 44. 
A CORRECTION. 



The Papeb on Towncreep. — I am sorry that, writing without the 
volumes of the *' S. A. C." at hand, I have attributed (in notes 17 and 
18, on pages 30 and 31 of this volume) a paper on ''The Measure- 
ments of I^tolemy," &c., in Vol. XXXI., to Mr. H. F. Napper, which 
was really written by Mr. Gordon Hills. 

Edwakd H. R. Tatham. 

^ It was a pension of 100 marks. 

Q 2 



228 NOTES AND QUERIES. 

No. 45. 

THE BIDGE FAMILY. 

In a paper entitled " Notes on the Bidge Family, &c.," contributed 
to " 8. A. C," Vol. XXXVn., page 116, I stated that the fanuly to 
which William Bidge belonged was extinct. This I now find to be a 
mistake, due on my part to a misapprehension of the meaning of a 
remark in a letter from Mr. James Berry Morris, relating to the 
'* Memorandum Book." Several members of the 8. A. 8. have cor- 
responded with me upon the subject, and in correcting my error have 
been good enough to supply some useful items of information relating 
to members of various branches of the Bidge family. These additional 
notes, together with copies of several early wills, may perhaps furnish 
materials for a paper in some future volume. 

John 8awykr. 



No. 46. 

''SUSSEX ABCHJEOLOaiCAL COLLECTIONS:' 

Members wishing to complete their sets of '* 8. A. G." should not 
miss any opportunity that offers for doing so. The early volumes are 
becoming increasingly scarce and dear. I cannot supply Vols. II. and 
m., and have but one or two copies each of I., IV., v., VIII., XIII., 
XVI., XVn., XX., XXI. and XXIV. 

C. T. Philups, Hon. Librarian. 



INDEX TO VOL. XXXYHI. 



i 







AbM. the. de la lliTifre, the firnt cleric 

to adopt n peniko, HI. 
Abbta perTuqutU, origin of thi' l*nu. 82. 
Adur, liiver. DrHj'tun's aHunou to it, 

aiH. 

AduT, IUtct, pn>tcEt« ogtuiwt lt« being 

thiia t^led, 21U. 
AdtiT, Kivci, Si-ldon'e ttioarkB upon it, 

318-219. 
Alb, Uie, wheii worn, ";t, 
Aldbonmgh (tlie Romiui lauriattt), it« 

wiilli> covered upincuunicot agea, TA. 
Aldingboumo Churcli, nttompt ut cou- 

flJTictionnl poljchronu' at, 1, note. 
Ald»worth House, U!«d os a college, 'J7 






Ald;*wortb College, iMirloiu st 



ting to, 97, note. 



Altw Ifgbte. Older relating to, im-ued 
by Edward VI. (15«), lt)7, noU. 

Altar ot the rood, position and uec of, 
106. noU. 

Amber and glasB bcadn, found at Soxon- 
burr, 183. 

Amberlcf Church, diworcry of a paint- 
ing of the Virgin and Hulr (%ild in. 
11. 

Amice, the. what typical ot, 73. 

Ancient canoe, remains of. diK-ovcrcd 
at pBTeiisey, 200. 

AxDiit, J. Lkwih, EiMi.. F.8.A., paper 
on "MlKAL PAOTtSOS, Ac," 1-20. 

Asnai, J., I.ewih, Km)., F.8.A., paper 
on " WKin UKi!<aTB\n Chimck, &c.," 

Anticdotc nf a French Bivhop, Ml, note. 

An engagement ring, 194. 

ArdJngl; Chutvb, monuments in, to the 
Ckilpi-ppen, kc, 118-119. 

Ahlisutiih Chvoch, Sviihex, Xutes UN. 
By Chahle« E. Powell. Yfn.. Archi- 
tect, 1X1-188. Neglected condition 
of i;burch previouAly to rmtonitiuu : 
dMliaationtoSt. Pancnu ; the building 
nu^nlr Decorated, but dating from 
nuctmirr period; dearth of documen- 
tal^ oTidence ; HUppoi<ed Romano- 
Itritiih lite; portions of existing 
Kaxou, Norman, Traufitional nnd 
Upiimit«d work ; plan of Soion 
cbutch ; a Saxon window, 184 ; Indj- 
catlonti of two flrr? at ditTerent dsteii : 
dlBcuvei^ot an urn beneath thcchurch 



floor, 185 and note: cbau try, attached 
to the Dlanor of (.^rerhum ; iU con- 
nection with the Earla of Liverpool ; 
form of church aa eidnrged in the 
Tranititional period : detail" ot arch, 
iiK. ; plan of the Decorated and later 
work, 18U ; iwcrtion of Perpendicular 
windoWD ; dunmge in Puritan time« ; 
■numl decorations; text*. 187 and 
vote ; Bummarj of aucceunvc periods, 
188 and nol(. 

Arlington Church, Anglo-Saxou window 
in, 184. 

Arlington Church, Caen stone column 
found in wall of porah of, 187. 

Arlington Chuich, discoTcry of cofSn 
elabe in. ISS, ibid, note and 188. 

Arlington Church, ditHJorery of a large 
nm in, 185. 

Arlington Church, incised marVing* in, 

Arlington Chtirch. it# deplorable con- 
dition bctor<t restoration . 184. 
Arlington Cburth.lcpor window in, 186. 
Arlington Church, traces of suc<;c«ive 

flrcx at, 185. 
Arms granted to the Sui-eei Sclwyns in 

lUll, 1U5. 
Anna ot PeUalt first recorded to 1034, 

and again in lil02, lUO. 
Ahnqld, Ri«. F. H.. M.A., LL,B., 

paper on " Memoik^ nr Uus, Oi.u- 

riKLU, 4c.," 83-98. 
Arundel, Charles, and a charge of oon- 

spiracy in 1583, lU. 
Anmdel Church, pointing ot the Seven 

Acts of Mercy, on wall of, 17, 
Arundel Cliurch, painting representing 

the devil creating mortal sins, Ac, 17. 
AHhbumham Park, the eea probably 

close to. in remote times, 29. 
AHhburahEun, The Right Hon the Karl 

of, excavationB at Towntjeep, oarried 

out by, 22. 
A"hbiirn Valley, it* level bottom, 29. 
A'hbuni Valley, once probabtv riivc 

witbcf- 



Ashbum Volley the. probably a tidal 
estuary In the Middle Agen. 27. 

Anbuint Parish, unmentioned In Domes- 
day Book, 47, note. 

Axn-hoad, iron, found imbedded in an 
oak tree at Towucri-op, 22. 



BARNARD. 



[ 232 ] 



CHARLTON. 



B. 



Barnard, Thomas, examination of in 

1583, 114. 
Barwell, Mr. (coadjutor to Warren 

Hastings), his career, and services, 96 

and no^. 
Battle Abbey, purchase (in 1512) of two 

candlesticks, for tapers to be kept 

burning before the high altar, 59, 

note. 
Battle Church, painting of '* The Three 

Living and Three Dead," on the 

walls of, 17 and 18. 
Battle, '*new road'* from Lewes to, 

constructed in 1813, 25. 
Beard, the question of wearing, a cause 

of scandal in the Church, 78. 
Beedin^ Priory, Chancery suit in re, 116 
"Beedmg River,'* early name of the 

Adur, 221. 
Bequest, by William Pellet, of Steyning, 

of 60 cartloads of stones to mend the 

way between the forge and Charlton, 

103. 
Bemardi, a Fleming, his paintings at 

Chichester Cathe<&al, 4. 
Bignor Church, aumbry placed in north 

wall of chancel of, 57. 
Bignor Park, lease of (1584), 115, note. 
Bignor Park, purchased in 1584, by 

Richard Pellatt, 115 and notes. 
Binior, stone (date 1632), with arms of 

Pellatt, &c., in wall of house there, 

123. 
Bignor Villa, its situation, near the head 

of River Arun, 30, note. 
Binstead Church interior, once entirely 

covered witti pictures, 5. 
Black, chosen as the clerical colour in 

16th century, 81. 
Bishop's gloveSy their bestowment con- 
nected with the feudal system, 75. 
Bodiam, '* Chaunsell before St. Gilis," 

in Church of, 196. 
Bodiam Church, bequest for mending 

the ** Boteraces " m, 196. 
Bodiam Church, ** rode," or rood, in, 

196. 



Bodiam Church, bequest of ''Kene" 

and " Heyfers" for the ''Reparadon" 

of, 196. 
Bolney, Manor of, acquired by Pellatt 

familly, 116. 
Bonaparte's escape from Elba, in 1815, 

87. 
Bonomeo, Cardinal, orders his clergy 

to dress in black (1565), 81. 
** Bos gentleman," meanmgof the tenn, 

87 and note. 
Bos Longifrons, skull and bones of, 

found at Pevensey, 199. 
Bosham Church, discovery of a painting 

of the Virgin and Holy Child, in, 11. 
Bramber Caistle, its situation, near the 

head of the River Adur, 30, note. 
** Bramber Water," early name lor ihe 

Adur, 220. 
Brede Valley, the, from Winchelsea to 

Whatlington, once a tidal estnazy, 

27. 
Brighton Accident, a, in 1808, 221. 
Brighton Inn, relics at a, 222. 
Brighton, St. Nicholas' Church, 216. 
Broadstairs and its famous chapel by 

the sea, 132. 
Browne, Col., anecdote of, 86, note. 
Buncton Chapel, description of, by Mr. 

M. H. Bloxam, 203-205. 
Buncton, document relating to the pre- 
sentation to the Chf^>el, of, 204. 
Buncton, its connection with Sele 

Priory, 204. 
Bure, a coarse woollen stuff, 71 note. 
Burton Church, curious figure of a 

female saint, crucified head down- 
wards, on wall of, 15. 
Burton Church, Royal Arms (date 1636), 

on South side of, 19. 
Bury, souvenir of the Great Frost of 

1634, at, 210. 
Byne, Jacob de, one of the Jurors in 

making the Non» return lor West 

Grinstead, 47, note, 
Byne, Julyana, vnfe of Philip de, gift 

of lands to Sele Priory, by, 47, nUe. 



c. 



Calendar, a, of the Deeds and other 
Documents in the possession of the 

SrSSEX ARCH.KOLOGICAL SoCIETY (cotl- 

tinuedfrom Vol. XXXVII. pages 39 
and 190). By E. H. W. Dvnkin, 
Esa., 137-140. [The documents are 
numbered from 459 to 477, both 
inclusive.] 



Caryll, Edward, Esq., examination of, 

in 1583, 114. 
Chailey, pottery works at, 202. 
Challoner " young," arranging for his 

marriage, curious incidentTlffi. 
Chftrlton Manor, leased to William 

Pellatt by Abbess aoxd Conyent of 

Sion, 110. 



[ 233 J cymen's ora. 



Charlton, Slttuor of. doscent of. Ill . 
CliHrlton. &taDor of. pnrohaBod from 

Ihi' (.Town by WUtiam PeUatt, 1557. 

110. 
nmrlton, Manor, rsluc at, to 1.t87, 

till. 
Cbartptuun, Kmt, lotidn to, boqucntlied 

by John I'cUet, 14H7, lOl-Ktt. 
ChatubU derivatloii of the term, 76. 
CbatubU, emblematic meaning; at, H. 
Chichester Cathednl, £10 griven tor lt« 

Topair 11)04, by ThcnuAH PeUatt, 126. 
ChKne«(4irCsthecti«l,ciutam astobani- 

ing Itipijn oa great festivals m 13th 

cuntiUT, SO. 
Chichi'stCT Cathedrnl, the Preccntot of, 

Probeudarj of Ovinp, 193. 
ChilUngton Cbttrdh. two iwls of fresco 

deeunE, one orcr thv otliur, oa WEilla 

of.?. 
ChJchwter, dii<coTery{In 1821!) of a 12th 

centuiy natotins of the Virgto and 

Holy Child, in the Bishop's privatt 

chopel, 11. 
ChiiJie^ti-r, Romaa Corn Jlortor, found 

in. 20». 
{^ivhFKtt'r. token a, date 1TD4, found at 

EaxtlKnimr, 202. 
" Chiirth-ale." ri'(iirence« to, at Stem- 
tog, to 1546, IW and nofc. 
Churchwnnli-n Archilfcture, defined, 

UW. nolr. 
Cdwbury, »ugffCHt*«i origin of name of, 

212. 
Cintvrdan MonJu, and their disregard 

of cleanltoexB, 65. 
Citfiaui, the congregation of, founded 

to 1008, 62. 
Clement VII.. Pope, and bin bcaid. 79. 
tinny. Hotel de, Parin. built to 1490, 

fitnn protieedii of the effect* of the 

Prtor of Leweti. 108. 
Cusi 



■ o» THi OnrTM, if. By 
KiaOiiniini F. DicKirt, Bjiar., 3n- 
4ii, Itorent acquMtion of the docu- 
ment by France : courtesy of the 
IHtuctnr -Oeneral of tlic National 
lilbtiuy ; Len-CB I'lioTj principally 
uonoempd to eiwutmgtnif ordinance : 

Sal«m of givtog notice of death of 
luiiac mnidcs in rmucc' and England , 
39 ; Why noticM were sent lo I«nguc- 
villo Pnory ; decline oi thcs obwrv- 
•ncv ; Dieppe and the Sumcx coatt ; 
obligation of the Clunlac Prior to 
ROdVc and trannnit noticcn ; penal- 
tioo for neglect, 40 ; Dieppe and Rye 
UDod «» ■coport* by the I'lantaeanct 
King" ; definition of btarl or oedt- 
roll, and of oWl, ibid, nolei ; nnturc 
Hiul object of the (Jrdtoancc, -10-41 : 



copy of tbedocument, 41-42 : defini- 
tion of breve, 41, noU. 
Cluuy, the congregation of, founded to 



19. 
djrmping Church, aumbriea placed to 

ea£t widl of the chancel of, 56. 
CiiDBisoTON, Kkv. H. H., D.D., paper 

on ■'SiLVTs FAimji8,4c.,"16a-l«5. 
Colbert, bis threat otprei'enting the im- 

portatioD ofhalrmto France, 82, note. 
Coldharboni, a name said to todicale 

the 'ricinity of a Roman rood, 31 and 

Coiuet, th«, of 176!>, audits ui tails, 194. 

"ConcualBd" lands, meaning of the 
term, 143. 

CotutonUni) 11., gold coin of, found at 
-Seatord, 202. 

Cocilhnm, port^t of Queen EUmbcth 
dixroTcred at, 210. 

Cooper, John, of Slinfold (l.'i2li), hl> 
TUL-ntion of a rood to chnivh of, B.nole. 

C«pc, orjgto of the, 76. 

CoHKiHii Chokh in Svmibx, a. By 
AuthvkG. LitKonoH, 33-38. Andmt 
croNU at KBHtboumc, 33 ; noticM of 
other epccimenK to London and 
Canada, ibid, tiott : the Eastboumo 
example brought from Tredrea, by 
Mr. Davje» IHddy, to 1817 ; rarity of 
croHsee of this type, 34 ; description, 
niHterial, condition, dimensione, 35 ; 
details of omamentHtion, 35-3T : 
uncertam age of, 37 ; specimen 
probably used as a gat? poH, ibid. 

Cotton. Dr., hi» connection with the 

Poet Cowpcr, 121-123. 
Cowf old CbiiTcli, canopy work connected 

with rood screen, altar in, 50, hoU. 
Cowfold parish, tmmentioned in Domes- 

dar Book, 47, note. 
Couiland/rocfi.monaKtic.thediiitinction 

bctwuon ezplamcd, M. 
Cowper, the Poet, hitt descent from the 

PcUittt family, 121. 
Cowper, William, his noble origm, 121. 
" OroBi« " in churchyard of St. Morgarct 

rat(.-ni<, London, eatlirst mention of. 



101 m 



1103. 



■ famoiM 



Crowhitfst, measurement oi 

yew tree, 216. 
Crotier, the, symbolic meaning of, 75. 
Culpepper, the houw of, 1 18. 
Chilpepper, Sir William, maninge with 

Jane PeUatt, 1626, 117. 
Cymen'»Ora,»ariotts sites of, Huggestcd, 

313. 



DALMATIC. 



[234] 



EXTBACrS. 



D. 



Dalmatic^ the, assigned as a chief vest- 
ment for deacons in 4th centuiy, 76. 

Danes, the, tradition as to their ' ' knock- 
ing down** the town at Towncreep, 
22. 

Defoe, description of Lewes by, 124. 

Discovery ofJRomano-British Kbmains, 
NEAR Green Street, Eastbourne. By 
H. MicHELL- Whitley, Esq., F.Gr.S., 
160-162. Find of sevcrfd small circular 
pits ; discovery of a large pit in 1891 ; 
its dimensions, 160 ; traces of fire ; 
list and description of contents of 

f)it, 161 ; discovery of another pit of 
arge size ; contents ; suggestion as to 

the largest pit having been a rude 

dwelling; reported former finds in 

neighbourhood, 162. 
Dish, fragment of a bronze, found at 

Saxonbury, 181. 
Doom, or Last Judgment, numerous 

examples of, in fresco, in Sussex 

Churches, 3. 
Dragon, on Anglo-Saxon ornament 

found at Saxonbury, 183. 
DucKETT, Sir George F., Bart., paper 

on ** Clvni Obits, &c.,** 39-42. 



DucKBTT, Sir George, Bart., paper on 

"GUNDREDA, &c.,*' 166-176. 
DucKETT, Sir George, Bart., paper on 

"Monastic Costume, &c.,** 60-82. 
Dudley, a creature of Henry Vlll., his 

matrimonial agency, 105. 
Dudley, his residence at Findon, Sussex, 

105. 
DuNKiN, E. H. W., Esq., " Calendar 

OF Deeds, &c.,** 137-140. 
Duprat, Guillaume, Bishop of Clermont 

(1535) forfeits his beard, 79. 
Dureford Abbey and Selboume Priory, 

Encaustic Tiles at, 224. 
Dureford Abbey, lands in West Grin- 
stead granted to, by Wm. de Braose 

(in 1269), 46. 
Durrington Chapel , demolished between 

1648 and 1652, 159. 
DurringtonChapel,itssilverchalice, 159. 
Durrington Chapel, unsatisfactory state 

of things at, &om 1638 to 1648, 157. 
Durrington, ''reign of terror" at, in 

1638-1648, 156. 
Durrington, the whole of, copyhold and 

freehold, formerly held under Manor 

of Broadwater, 158. 



E. 



Eastbourne, find of a Chichester Token 
at, 201. 

Eastbourne, old Cornish Cross in 
grounds of Manor House, at, 33. 

Eastbourne, St. Mary's Church, incised 
markings of interlaced circles on nave 
pillars of, and of fishes in chancel, 43. 

East Grinstead, Assize at (in 1686), 139. 

Ellis, The late William Smith, 
Esq. , Obitv ARY Notice. By Captain 
F. W. T. Attreb, R.E., 189-192. 

EUis, W. Smith, Esq., list of MSS. 
bequeathed by him to the Sussex 
Archa^logical Society, 191-192. 

Ellis, W. Smith, Esq., summary of 
papers contributed by him to 
** S. A. C.,** 191. 

** EUises, Notices of the,** published by 
W. Smith EUis, in 1857, 190. 

Emsworth, copper halfpence coined by 
Stride, of, 98 and ibtd. note. 

Engagement ring, a Sussex, suit for the 
recovery of, in 1612, 194-195. 

English oaks, split by the frost, 210. 

Evidence as to date of marriage of the 
Conqueror with Matilda, 171. 

Extracts, Some, relating to Sussex, 
FROM the Exchequer Special Com- 
missions, &c., IN 1584, &c. By Alex- 
ander James Fenton, Esq., 141-159. 
Explanation of the origin and nature 



of these Commissions ; extracts from 
the ** articles** or questions, 141-143 ; 
Ferring, Kingston and Preston, 
Inquisition as to the Chantry lands ; 
** presentments ** of the men of Pres- 
ton andKingston, 144-146 ; Poyninos, 
Pycombe, Manor of Hulters, Stor- 

RINGTON, SlINFOLD, BiLLINOSHURST, 

Petworth, Midhurst, Mynsted, 
Stedham, Elsted, Inquisition as to 
lands, &c., ** concealed from the 
Crown,** 146 ; Shoreham, deposition 
of Frenchmen taken at the ** Lyon ** 
in Steyning (1673), as to a ship 
unlawfully detained, 147 ; Cokbham 
(in Sompting Parish), evidence in 
a suit, Beauchamp v. Doggett (1697), 
148 ; West Tarring ; Marlpost, 
evidence in Eversfield v. Edsole, 
claim as to right of cutting timber 
on copyhold land, 148-151 ; Customs 
obtaining in Sussex Manors, 152-154 ; 
Shoreham enqiiiry as to concealed 
lands in Old Shoreham, 154 ; West 
Tarring, Durrington and Hbene 
Commission in a suit for tithes (1652), 
questions, evidence and remarks, 
154-158 ; curious division of Sussex 
Manors, 158 ; Durrington Chapel, its 
silver chalice ; Heene Chapel, its font 
used as a flower-stand, 159. 



[ 233 ] 



F^cftinp, poe**iwii»na ot the Abbry of, 

in Ile^uigs, 134. 
Ficauip. privileges of the Monks of tbc 

Abljey of, in England, 134. 
Fkitiix, a. J., Ewt., pa-per oii " E\- 

Fernhunt Ctmrch, elegant iiuinbr7 in, 

Femns. a tiTrier ot glebe lundu of the 

TNUvh of, 14G. 
Fuidon, londti In buqiietil ot, br Beiija- 

miuPetlatt, 1IS3K. 118. 
Flonutced, bin method of dcncribiug the 

places of the fttara, 1114. 
Food-cup, found at Hnxoivbury, 1C2. 



" Fiian," the, Lcwea, dcHription ot 

and its dvaixat, 124, 125. 
" Fmn." the, of Lewe«, in haudj^ of 

Pellatt tamilj, from 1&^9 to 1805, 

124. 
Friaton Church, aumbiT placed fn north 

■wall of fhanccl of, -57. 
Friaton Chnrcti, cnrioiu arcbctt in, 225. 
Fri^lon Chtircfa, discovery of a recess at 

back of altar in, 223. 
Frirtou Chiirch, discoverieB at, 225. 
FYiflton Church, masnve inaulded oaken 

beaniH iu roof of, 225. 
Friirton Cbmvh, rrmoral ot the Selwyu 

inooiuneut* inl« the transept of, 225. 
FtIkIou, tainilj of Sclwyn, misleading 

t'pilaph on monument, 163. 



G. 

GaUbrtiH. n cloth no called, i)9, note. 
Uattu, (i. UvNo, Em., paper on the 

" Hixstit ItocK, ic.," 120-13(1. 
George III., hia viidt to Woolwich 

Academy iu IS(K), H5, noU. 
OUbcrt fMnily, of F*fltboumc, their ^ 

connection with Cornwall, 34. | 

GIoTcn, found in coCBnc of Bishope and i 

Abbota, 75. 
Oodninn, John, Vicnr of Ferrinfc. and ! 

hi* " detraetion " of Kingston, 144. ' 
Untnick family, the, in u piumincnt 
Hiition nt Cowfold ax early na 1 -tfiO, 



m. ' 



GR«it Frwt of 1684, 210. 

On'euWjwt,RnKtboume,dlRCofmi'lt("d ' 
lead found iu undent pit al, 101, 

UucKtling. lie)riHlen>, the, 201. 

tii'Muuiiu, (^ut'NTatM or Wahhvse : A 
PAHTisn Woun ahoit iiKit, By Sm 
(iBniuiK rtrcKOTT, Baht., 166-17B, 

anndrcdn luidGherbord the Fleming; 



in what sense culled ' ' SLtter of 
liherbod " by GrdericuK Vitalla, 160 ; 
ar. lAipold DelUle'B opinion, 167 ; 
copy of u letter; the qur^tioD of 
"fortcr M'rter" virtually settled, 168; 
Gundreda probably the eldest of Duke 
William'* children by MatQda ; the 
vllcct ot thin in reepect ot legitimacy ; 
the Papal interdict ; the Conndl of 
Itheims ; the conHrmatioii of the 
marriage ; Gnndroda's epitaph, 1611 
find note ; hifitoricfil data for filing 
(lundreda'n age, 171) : the tcvtimony 
of William ot Jami4g«, 171 ; WUllara 
and the Interdict, 172 and nott ; the 
dinpcnuation, 173 ; the effect of a 
tnsjriogc illegal in tho eyes of the 
Church, 174 and noffj ; conclusion ; 
Appendix. 176. 
•uni&eda, Coiuiteu of Warenne, 
reaKomi tor ai<(iigning 1047-K OB tho 
date of her birth, 170, 



Habcn, William, his beqncnt for point- 

ingi in Kogate Church (l,i20). 4. 
UailiihBm Church and the Civil War, 205. 
Hair, the question of wcarinfr, a cauxe 

ot teaudAl in the Church. IS. 
Hammond, Mrs., her mode ot Uft- in 

1790, IM. 
Hwdham Church. intcrioronceentirel.v 

covered with picture*, 5. 
Uanlluun Church, mcdiievol piunting 

iu, from Old Testament— on^ known 

exiimple iu Suah-x, .>, 
Ilurdlium Chtinb, t^nbolical paiuUng?>, 

on wall of. 15-16. 



HarriMin, Alexander, parM)n of Ford, 
his bequcct to the light-bundng 
before the " Blessed Sacrament" iu 
tiia ohiircb, -W, 

Hikrting Church, painting ot St. Helm 
cm wallx ot, 1.1. 

Hoxtlugs, All SaiDle C^hureb, cxtmrt 
from churchwardens' accounts at, 
relating to painting " Keryptitrc " on 
walls of, IS. 

Hastings, ancient bmnzc w.-h1 found on 
Castle Hill at. 126. 

HutingiitheFn^CliMpeloF, a.ii 134.1, 
1S6. 



HASTINGS. 



[ 236 ] LAST SUPPER. 



Hastings, treasures found at, 226. 
Hastings, the ** Great Meadow ** on the 

East Hill, held hj Abbej of Fecamp, 

134. 
Hastier, Edward, Rector of Bignor, 

petition of, 1637 (?), 123-124. 
Heene, a reputed Manor of, 158. 
Heene Chapel, its ruins, window and 

font, 159. 
Henfidd Church, Royal Arms on north 

wall at (date 1694), 19. 
Heraldry and Sussex Monuments, 197. 
"Heraldry, A Plea for the Antiquity 

of," published by W. Smith Hfis in 

1853, 189. 
** Heraldry, The Antiquities of," pub- 
lished by W. Smith EULb, in 1869, 189. 
Herald*s Visitation of Sussex, 1634 — 

PeUett's arms recorded in, 117. 



Hilton, Henry, Esq., his beqnests to 
Sussex parishes, 139. 

Hippolyte, the name of Pellatt, said to 
be a corruption of, 100. 

Holy Trinity, Monastery of, at Caen, 
built by Queen Matilda as an atone- 
ment, 173. 

Horsham, arrows made at, in temp. Ed. 
ni., 214. 

Horsham Church, an over "restored" 
painting in ; ditto with gigantic bull- 
rush sceptre, 6. 

Horsham Church, curious picture in, of 
the Lord between St. Peter and St. 
Paul, 10. 

Howard, John, the Philanthropist, por- 
trait on Chichester token of 1794, 202. 

** Hurstpieipoint, A History of," pub- 
lished by W. Smith Ellis, in 1837, 189. 



I. AND J. 



Incised Markings on the Pillaus of 
SOME Sussex Churches. By H. 
MicHELL - Whitley, Esq., 43-45. 
Markings in Church of St. Mary, 
Eastbourne, interlaced circles in 
Nave, fishes in Chancel only : similar 
markings at Westham and Pevensey ; 
Ust of markings in St. Mary's, East- 
bourne, and Westham, 43 ; ditto in 
Pevensey Church, description and 
explanation of emblems, not mason's 
marks ; fish-masons, or cup-marks ; 



difficidty in arriving at meaning of, 
44 ; interlaced circles in Arlington 
Church ; fish-marking in Crypt of 
Gloucester Cathedral, xHd. notes; fi^ 
s3rmboli8m; suggested explanations 
of fish-marks, 45. 

Influenza, the, preyalent in 1832, 92, 
note, 

Jacob, Rev. Mr., Principal of Aldsworth 
House College, 97. 

** Jugg's Road," contiguous to Saxon- 
bury, Lewes, 182. 



K. 



Kingston, Lewes, Important Discovery 
OF Anglo-Saxon Remains at. Com- 
piled by John Sawyer, 177-183. Site 
of the find ; Anglo-Saxon Cemetery 
or Battle Field, 177 ; Mr. A. Hillman's 
nft to the Society's 3[uscum ; Mr. 
B. C. ScammeU's notes; Mr. C. T. 
^Phillips, details of finds of iron sword 
blades ; ornaments ; umbo of shield, 
&c., 177-181 ; visit of other members 
of the S.A. Society to Saxonbury, 
further finds, 181-182 ; summary of 
burials ; area occupied by interments ; 
the '* cemetery " crossed by ** Jugg's 
Road ; " description of ** food cup ; " 
182 ; signs of conflict ; description of 



sword in scabbard ; beads; brooches, 

&c. ; discoveiy of Anglo - Saxon 

remains at South Mailing in 1830, 

183. 
Kingston, a free chapel, belonging to 

the Abbey of Tewkesbury, iS. 
Kingston Church, overflowed by the 

sea, 144. 
Kingston, suggested origin of name, 

212. 
Kirdford Church, curious symbolical 

painting on wall of, 16-17. 
" Kyng ale," at Steyning, in 1520, 104 

and note. 
** Kyng-play," the, at Steyning, in 

1519, 104 and note. 



L. 



Lady's shoe found at Pevensey, 200. 
Lamberhurst Church, Puritanical name 

in Registers of, 209. 
Langdon, A. G., Esq., paper on 

«• Cornish Cross, &c.," 33-38. 



Lascot, Pierre, and his beard, 80. 

Last Supper, four paintings of in Sussex 
Churches out of a total of sixteen 
recorded as having existed in England, 



[ -m ] 



Lewen, broken pottcir found new. 213, 
Lewef, find of a ITUi century Jug, at 

the WhUe Hut Hotel. 124. 
Lewoa. its fituation, ucar the henil of 

the ICJTer Ouse, 30, note. 
liBwes, portiond ot old wftllc found iit, 

200. 
Lvwei Priory, note ou, 198. 
Lcwtw Mory. find of furvod Ktoui-n 

bniu^ht from. 325. 
LcwpB Priorr, the hoiwo prindpnlly 

ronccnicd m oiecuting thr OrdinMi™ 

for ObiM-TTmice of Obitn among the 

Clnuloc Prlorii-B in England. .10. 
LoweR Prior}', tbe uearent Cliininc 

llonaaloiT to Longneville Priory, 

between Dieppe and llouen, 42, tiole. 
Lein>». relic* from St. PauiToa' Priory, 

in Mnwum nt, 205, 



Ix!wcs. rrliec of ancient, 22."). 
Ijuwex, rellce of mcdigoTiL), 224. 
IxTWei", rellcB from St, Panonw Priory, 

205. 
LiudHeld Chnrcb, the Virgin (f), iu< 

Mediatrix in pointing there, 11. 
Llttic Horsteid Church, aumbiy placed 

in north vail ot etuinefl uf, 57. 
■' Lockerhnm," beqm-st of, " fine 

shoete " of, 112. 
liong hair, the HK-nuncnt refui<ed to 

men witli, TJ. 
Iiong biiir, the wi^orinp of, denounced 

Bf the pnu.>e of on epidemic in Kouen 

ila KM), 70. 
Txaxflcld, confused Bccount of the tUnor 

cf, 131. 
Lunilcy, the Mill of, an oci'ouut of, 97, 



M. 



HanipU; the. and cluitnbU of Thoniii.- 
k Ilecket, *till preserved in C'nthcdnil 
of Sens, 73, noUs. 

Honor of Koutbrnulling, rcntid roll of, 



Bimuch, thought to 
of wall pafutinKln. — 

HortKflclcl Church, cuiioun paiutinp of 
Angrlfl in, 7, nolr. 

Hue, not to be oclctuntcd in a wig. 81. 

Mugarrt Patens, Chuteh of. In Itmd 
lAne, Lmidou, MS. fnventorire, nf 
chnrcb plato (1470 nnd l.'ill], I<)2. 

" Honor " a ntmidin^, bci[up«<t of, lUl 
and nolt. 

Hid Lorant Church, one of the Hov^n 
Aeln of llercy, on wall of, 17. 

Uld IxTant (.'hurrh, painting of Ihe 
ScTni tSncrameutf. Mkid to have been 
on wall of. IT. 

" llinnis " Hock. derivBtiim of the 
name, 129. 

HitmiB Rock, reamnn for .'Uiipocing it 
tn haTc been a chantry, 132-1^1. 

UiiOl* BocE, The Hkrmitaoe, at 
UlsTixoA. ByG.BTsnGATTii.Ewi.. 
1W-13«. Sir. M. A. LowcrVdcftcrip- 
tion of the Hermitofcc : itu orinn 
nnknowu : silundon and defiratlon 
of name, t2f) : itn neglectod condi- 
tion ; deiicription of plan, 130 ; the 
Duxtrd hermitjijie ; the purpoM for 
which hermitajTiw were cuniiirueb-d, 
131 : (he " Miuui* Kock " nntuitablc 
for a hermit ; uo nn-d t<ir three 
ontmnDra to a hcrraitngc ; retatmf 
tm nipporing It to hnrc been an 



omtjiry, 1:12 - 133 : 
TTuBtingx with the Abbey of F^-omp ; 
■■ MinniB Rock," the property of the 
Abbey, 134 ; dcKTiptiou of three 
arches on the Biu>t Hill, Haatiuax ; 
cuiiuiry into thcirorigin nnd Intended 
tm, 135-130. 

] Jtfilr«,rrmbolie meaning of its different 

I |)art*i, 74-7.5. 

I Sttlrti, chamcU-rigtie of 12lh ecntnry 

I czampleB. 74. 

I MuxAHTie Axo Enn.uiiAn'icAi. ComcHE, 
Bwar NoTtcM nn. By Sta Geohok 
DtcKOTT. BART.,(iO-82. ConrentiwI 
nnd ecrlesln^tical drexi not preriously 
discUBix^ in "S. A.C.,'•60;distinc- 
} Won in drctm of cloistfr and ch<rir : 
nmbignouB appellaUons of eotel and 

I tunic, 01 ; the order of St. Benedict ; 
the congregation of Clnny and of 
Clteaux : the order of Chartreuse ; 

I date of flrnt Benedictine monoBteiy ; 

j tvlours of the orders, 62 ; the «everal 

I parts of the BenedicUne costume, the 
tiiMic, the latpuhr, 63 ; the tmcl ; 
Cluniac breeches, soekfl, boots, shocf, 
tap* and gloves ; coBtumc of Ben^c - 
tine nuns ; pikhet, veils and mmplts, 
64, and nolt ; regidations as to nnns 

I wearing their hair ; the Cictcician 
lule : lusnrioUB habits of the monkB 

' of Clnny iu 12th eentuiy ; ansterity 
of the Cirtercinns ; clcudinesa ^• 
regard of, by Cinterctans, 63 ; modiJl- 
catitmB in Benedictine drens tn l?th 
century ; iiuotation from Mobillon on 
the dn-Bj of the Denedlctines Eroni 
Stb to Hth centnries ; ditt« in 10th 
nnd lltb ceutnries, lie-ll7 and Hof«: 
UabQlon on Benedictine roetume in 



MONASTIC. 



[ 238 ] MURAL PAINTINGS. 



11th century, 68 ; the statutes of 
Peter the Venerable, 69-72 and 
notes; remarks on monastic vest- 
ments, 72 ; ecclesiastical dress, the 
alb, amice, stole, maniple and 
chajBuble, 73 and notes ; the pallium, 
dalmatic, rochet, cope, surplice, 
biretta, crozier, mitre, &c., 74 and 
note; gloves, sandals, the ring and 
the stockings ; the connection of 
the bishop^s gloves with the feudal 
svstem ; the superhum^al, its disuse ; 
the antiquity of the origin of monkish 
dress, &c., 75 and notes; the origin 
of clerical costume ; whit-e robes ; 
black robes ; dyed and embroidered 
ditto ; antiquity of the "alb," of the 
"stole,** &c., 76; the tonsure; the 
rule of St. Basil adopted generally 
till 6th century ; changes then intro- 
duced by St. Benedict ; date of the 
institution of monasticism ; great 
abuses in dress, &c. ; infringement of 
statutes in 14th and 15th centuries ; 
extravagance of church dignitaries, 
77 ; changed shape of the alb and 
chasuble ; laxity of the Benedictines 
and Cistercians in 15th century ; 
changes of shape and colour of dress ; 
state of the nunneries ; conformity to 
fashions of the day ; the " wimple ** 
date of, 78 ; the hair and beard cause 
of scandal and ridicule ; Clement VII. , 
his example a cause of disturbance ; 
anecdote of a bishop*s beard ; dis- 
putes of the 12th century ; the Council 
of Rouen, effect of its fulmina- 
tion in 1()96, 79; Henry I. and his 
Court have their hair cut by a bishop ; 
opposition of the clergy to shaving ; 
French and English scruples as to 
long beards ; discussions thereon, 80 ; 
reg^ilation of the everyday dress of 
the clergy in the 16th century, in 
Fnuice and Italy ; the skull-cap 
adopted by the clergy of Europe ; the 
bishop*s capette ; the dotnino ; dis- 
tinctive colours adopted by prelates ; 
clerical wigs, when worn, 81 and note ; 
origin of **pemiques d^abb^f'^ 82 and 
note. 

Monasticism, date of its institution, 77. 

Monboissier, Pierre de, siumamed the 
Venerable, Abbot of Cluny, 1122- 
1156, 69, note. 

Moore, Rev. Giles, extract from diary 
of, 120. 

Mulle - William - atte, mentioned in 
Subsidy Roll, 1296, 101. 

Mural Paintings in Sussex Churches. 
By J. Lewis Andr^, Esq., F.S.A. 
1-20. Colour in Mediaeval churches ; 



use of colour in Egyptian, Assyrian, 
Greek, Etruscan and Roman build- 
ings; colour in early Christian 
churches; use of Mosaic for mural 
decoration in Italy, 1 ; distemper, 
why used in English churches ; doc- 
trines of the Church taught by 
paintings ; Bede on this use of them ; 
Mosaics in Italian Basilicas, poidtion 
and subject of chief; ornament in 
Anglo - Saxon churches ; style of 
contemporary MSS., 2; churches 
painted by illuminators; arrange- 
ment and subjects of Medieval mural 
decoration, illustrated by examples 
at West Chiltington, Hardham, 
Westmeston, Preston, Plumpton, 
Battle, Stedham, Beddingham, 
Rotherfield, Slindon, St. Olave, 
Chichester, and Wivelsfield, 3 and 
thid. note; decorations painted over 
at Chiltington and elsewhere ; Wfdter 
of Colchester, a famous English 
artist ; Bemaidi, a famous Flemish 
ditto ; payment for paintings ; items 
and bequests relatmg to ; number 
of decorated Sussex churches, 4; 
mode of colouring at Aldingboume, 
ibid, note; waUfi of churches of 
Binstead, Uardham and West Chil- 
tington, covered with paintings; 
number of Scriptural subjects (from 
New Testament) in Sussex ; an 
example from Old Testament at 
Hardham ; designs relating to the 
Passion and Second Judgment fre- 
quent in Middle Ages; Nativity at 
West Chiltington, Hardham and 
Preston; adoration of the Magi, 
Chiltington, Portslade, Preston and 
Westmeston ; Flight into Egpyt, at 
Plumpton ; Baptism of C&st, at 
Hardham (?) ; Last Supper, Clulthig- 
ton, Horsham, Preston and Slaugham 
(four Sussex examples out of sixteen 
in England) ; Triumphal Entry into 
Jerusalem, at West Chiltington ; 
Christ Scourged, at Slaugham and 
Westmeston ; Christ Mocked and 
Carrying His Cross, at Horsham; 
St. Peter and Malchus, West- 
meston, 5 ; The I^ast Supper, ibid, 
note; Crucifixion, Kirdfoid; unique 
ditto, WLsborough Green ; six scenes 
from the Passion, Battle ; The Deposi- 
tion, Westmeston ; The Entombment, 
Binstead ; Resurrection, Chiltington 
and HarcUiam ; St. Thomas, Preston ; 
Christ in Majesty ,Wisborough Green, 
Binstead and Chiltington ; The Lord, 
Peter and Paul, Westmeston and 
Horsham ; Doom, Alfriston, &c. ; The 



MURAL PAINTINGS. 



[239 ] 



Mockeiy, Horshum ; dcveliypemeot of 
the Doom, 7 and nod ; examples at 
Ktcdham, Au^iering, All Kaintg', 
Ilasdun, Portelodc and TicehuritC ; 
KMuc featurcH Rb«eitt from Sitasei 
Doomn, Hand mite: nij, meaning of ; 
8t. Mithael ; EiMbiUau of Cnws, 
Pliuuplou ; otVtU!! of ungeU ; naked, 
dond ; Egj^tian oad Etruacan DoomH, 
H Knd nala ; Deril, but-like. Port^- 
liidr ; rumarkablo paintinfr« at Hur- 
nliBin and WeAtmerton of thv Lord 
uid I'etcr and Paul, lu and nc 
Vfrjfin, Cliii'he»ter, Ambcrlcjr and 
Busbem ; Aimunciatlon, Honham, 
Amborlf.r iiud Wc«t Oliiltington : 
Conmation of Virgin. ChichoBter ; 
Virgin (F] as Mediatrix, Liudfleld, 
n : Apootlea, CbicbestL-r, West ChU- 
tingtou. Hantham, Marcafleld, Win- 
borough Orevu, All Saints, HaetingH, 
Sbsdhatn and Uarting: Angels at 
CMlHngtou. Arundel, Hardham and 
Slaiigham ; St, Michael, at UndHeld 
and WlthjUniu. 12-13 and nolr; 
ChriBtopUer. painting of in five Busnex 
chuiclies; HI. Chrintopher and St. 
Oeorgi', 13-U and tmtcs ; St. Thomuo- 
i-ltrcket, at Wnt Tarring and 
Preston : St. Thomna Aquinas, 
South Herstcd; St. LawrcnM. 



Botheifleld and Hartlng ; St. Nicho- 
las, at Kirdford; Ht. Sebiwtiaii. at 
I'reaton ; St. Vincent, M Westmeston, 
14 ; St. Catharine, at AlfriHton, Kird- 
ford and Preeton ; St. MaTganit, at 
Binstead and Preston ; St. Helen, at 
Uarting ; til. Urxnla (P), at Sti<dham ; 
unreoognised aaints, at EoKtergatc. 
Ice. ; cuiious painting, at Burton, 15 : 
atlcgorical designs, at Hardham. 
Slaughuni and Kirdford, 1.5-17 and 
noUs: Seven Acts of Merer, at Arundel , 
rcmaiue at (r), at Mid Lavant and 
Keymer; Seren Sacramnnta. Mid 
Lavant and K^jmet ; Seven Deadlj 
SinR.Wisborongh Green and Arundel, 
17; LegcndofTbreulJTingaudTliree 
Dead at BaUlu, 17-IH ; Signs of the 
Zodiac. Westmeston, 18 and note ; 
Conseoratlou Crosses at Clymping, 
Amberley, Arundel, Chichester, &c. ; 
text!, extract relating to, at HaKting* ; 
examples of in Suiwex churches ; 
toxta m cloAneol itrrolls ; destruction 
of wall dcooration, 19 ; attempts at 
preserving wall twintiugs at Arundel 
and Puteham ; &lichael Augelo'a csti- 
matti of fresco palntine, 20. 



III. 



in of, in 1583, 



Newenden, its situation, near the River 
Itother, 30, tuiU. 

Neirtimber. Mr. Tho. Ambler, Rector 
ol, in 1605. 207. 

Newtimber. extracts from Parish Itegis- 
ters ot, it'lating to llellinghain and 
Woodcock famUiw, SOC-209. 

Newtimber RegisterB, reference to the 
(heat Plague oI Loudon, In, S07. 

Norman Common at Westboume, bull- 
baiting on. S5. 

Noni* on THE Th4ijitio!ial Cunxxxion 

or Till Si'SAKI AMI) TUa UloI CKHTBU- 

8Hni FAwiLiEf (IP 8ri,wv<(. By 
the Hit. B. H. CoimisoTox, D.D., i 
1U3-10S. The wupposed connexion 



tmsed upon identitj of name, tiadl- 
tion, and a common coat of onus : 
i^elwyn a form of Silvonus ; Aubrey'* 
statement, 163 ; tradition mentioned 
by Rev. W. Baxeley : Selwyns in 
Sussex from beglntUng ot 14tli cen- 
t ury ; and in (iloueegter In 1 3th ditto ; 
-examination of the argument ot ■ 
<'cmmon coat ot amis, 1U4 ; probable 
origin of the amis of Si'lwyn ; cou- 
-clusion, 165. 

1 earliest ages, allowed to retain 
J plait or show it, 



their hair, but n 
<i5. 



in 



Obiit. definition of. 101. note. 
Oldflckl arms mid cre»t, the, both 

punning ones, 04. 
Uldflold, Captain, his service nt Ypree 

In 1815, «T. 
Oldflcld tamUy, the memberH of it tor 

MTVen generations otHcer* in the 

nriUKh Army, 9a, nof. I 



Oldfleld, General, persoual Incidenls 
occurring to, at Waterloo, 89, 90. 

tlldfleld, General John. R.E., his claim 
lo be Eth baronet, why not pressed, 

Uldfi'eld Lawn, origin of. 93. 
Oldflekl, Major, tnteresting letter reht- 
ting to a sketch of Waterloo, 8B-89. 



OLDFIELD. 



[240] 



PELLATT. 



Oldfield, liajor Thomas, eventful caieer 
of, 94, 95 and note. 

Olufiblu, Mas., MiMoias of, &o. Bj 
Rbv. F. H. Arnold, M.A., LL.B., 
83-98. Anoestiy of the Oldfield 
family; adherence to Cayalier side 
during Civil War ; Sir Anthony Old- 
field, Ist baronet (1660) ; descent of 
the title; how lost, 84 and note; the 
Oldfield punninff arms and crest; 



sketch of General Oldfield's life and 
career, education, admission to the 
Engineers ; illness, service in America, 
Scotland, Holland and the Nether- 
lands ; experience and adventures at 
Battle of Waterloo ; service in the 
West Indies, Ireland, Newfoundland, 
Jersey, Canada, &c., 85-92 and notes ; 
Oeneral Oldfield's marriage and 
family, 92 and notes ; Mrs. Oldfield, 
birth, education, maniage, &c. ; de- 



scription of Oldfield Lawn, 93 and 

note; extracts from the Memoirs, 

94-98 and numerous notes; General 

Oldfield's friends, 98. 
Oldfield, Sir Anthony, created Ist 

baronet (1660), 84. 
Oldfield, Sir John, 2nd baronet, 84. 
Oldfield, Sir Anthony, 3rd baronet, 84. 
Oldfield, liajor Thomas, memorial to, 

at Acre, 95 and note, 
** Our Lady of the Sea," a title of the 

Virgin, 132. x 

Oving, benefice of, in gift of the Bishop 

of Chichester smoe 1840, 193. 
Oving, bequest for ** standing lights '* 

in Parish Church of, 58. 
Oving, dedication of tbe Parish Church 

of, to St. Andrew, 193. 
Ovtngdean Churoh, aumbrey placed in 

east wall of chancel of, 56. 



p. 



Paget, Lord, and a charge of conspiracy 
in 1583, 114. 

Painted work discovered in 73 Sussex 
Churches, 4 and Und, note. 

Pallium or pall, on whom conferred by 
the Pope, and why, 74. 

PcUliumf the, adopted in 6th century 
as a distinctive mark of Metropolitan 
costume, 76. 

Parham, land in, given to maintain 
lamp before high altar in Churoh of, 
111 noU. 

Parham, ''one aero and a half of land " 
to provide lamp for ** high altar," 58. 

Paris, the allied soveroigns entering, in 
1815, General Oldfield's descrip&on, 
90-91. 

Pbllatt, Pkdiorbb and Gbxbalooical 
Memoranda relating to the Family 
OP, OP Stbynino, &c. By Mabbrly 
Phillips, Esq. (Part L), 99-128. 
The Pellatts, Sussex landowners for 
centuries ; earliest mention of family, 
99 ; branches from the main line ; 
name variously spelt ; derivation of 
name ; arms ; first record of ; second 
ditto ; earliest mention of name ; 
100 ; mention in Subsidy Roll (1296) ; 
extract of will of John Pelett, 101 
and notes ; his bequestof a " sensour " 
noticed in inventory of churoh plate ; 
John Pellatt, Warden of the Skin- 
ner's Company (1450-1454) ; William 
Pellatt, of Steyning (ob. 1503), 102 ; 
abstract of his wUl ; early connection 
of the family with Charlton Court, 
Steyning ; l)equest for road mend- 
ing ; the Pellatts patrons of Steyning 



Churoh, 103; Churohwardens' book 
at Steyning, extracts from, 104 and 
notes ; William Pellatt, of Steyning 
(ob. 1507), abstract of will of, bequest 
to Gmlford, romarks on Dudley and 
his connection with Sussex, 105 ; 
abstract of will of Thomas Pellett, 
106-107 and notes ; romarks on change 
of patronage of Steyning Church, and 
on paintings theroin ; abstract of will 
of Richard Pellatt, 107-108 and notes; 
abstract of will of James Pellet; 
ditto of William Pellet, of Charlton, 
109-110 ; Gratwick, of Cowfold, their 
prominent position ; purohase of Uie 
Manor of Charlton by William Pel- 
latt (1557) ; extract from Cartwright 
in re; abstract of will of Richard 
Pellett (ob. 1566), 111-112 and noU 
abstract of will of ** Annys" PeUat 
ditto of ** Xpofer" Pellett, 112-113 
ditto of Richard Pellat, of North 
Stoke ; ditto of Thomas Pellett, of 
Petworth, 113 ; extracts from "State 
Paper," 1583-84; in roferonce to 
Thomas Pellatt; extract of will of 
John Pellett, of Offam, 114 and note; 
abstract of will of Thomas Pellett, of 
Petworth ; Richard Pellet, M.P., of 
Charlton Court, 115 and note (on his 
purohase of Bignor Park) ; extracts 
rolating to Charlton Manor ; ditto to 
land in ** Bedingalias Seale ;" con- 
nection of the Pellatt family with 
Essex; Benjamin Pellatt, owner of 
Manor of Bohiey ; marriage and family , 
116: Benjamin Pellatt, knighted 
(1603) ; dispute with Vicar of B(£iey ; 



[ 241 ] PEVENSEY lUVEN. 



i» recorded ; Bolue; Place ; di^th 
ot Sir iJvuJBmiu ; abBtmct of trill, 
117 ; Inquiiiition jx»( mortem; death 
Ql wife ^Alice) ; th.> house of L-ul- 
p«pper, IIH : memorialB at Ardinglj, 
119; extract tii)nidiai7afnev.liilcE> 
Moore : narriage ot John Fvllatt 
(1«08), 120; the Poet Cowper, d.> 
MXBded tram the Pellatt fatail; ; Dr. 
Cotton and Iiitephen PeUett, M.D., 
UI fuid note ; Thoniaa Pellatt, mar- 
riagf, death, abtrtract of will ; his 
childreu, \n -. WiUioiu and Bridget 
l>ellatt ; William, head ol the tamUy, 
(liffeTenue with Hector of Bolney 
(lesj) ; eitnets from petitioDH. \ti ; 
L'aptain Williun Pcllatt (ob 165(1) ; 
"The Friarn," I^wee, in the pwsea- 
■ion of the Pellatt« from 16.'i9 to IMfi ; 
Defoe's dowriptioti ol Ixiwoa ; historj 
of "ThcFriare," 124; abstraot of th« 
wUl ot Thomas Pellatt. of Lewcfl, 123: 
Thomaa pEUatt. patron of Church at 
Wert Uriiutcad : donation tor rupoir 
ot Chichester Cathedral, in ltM14 ; 
ab«tract ot wUl of Klra, Ilannah 
Pellatt, 12ti ; iiotk'C« of her childiea ; 
abstnet o( will ot Elizabeth PeUatt, 
m : tombKlone of EUzabeth I'ellatt 
at Blgnor. ii». 

Pelet, PhillipiiH le, name iu document, 
in 1278, 1111. 

Pelet, Kuginaldlc.iDentiaucdin^ubaidf 
KoU, 12tKI. 101. 

PeUat, Auny«, abBtroct ot will <il (1579), 
112. 

PeUatt, Beujomiu, abstract of will ot, 
1036,117-118. 

PeUatt, Uoajiuuin, BubK-riplIun to loon 
(((wp. EUntbcth), llii. 

Pclhitt, EUiwbcth, nliatmct of will of 
(1608), 127. 

Pdlatt, Eliubetli. dcxeciiitiijn ot tomb 
ot, At Bi^nor, 128. 

PeUatt Iai)ul)r . UuiditwnvT* iu StiHici for 
c«nturipit. W. 

PeUatt, lltv. Hftuiiah, ab-lmct of wiU 
ut 11603). 126-127. 

Pelhrtt, name ot, uiil miiitloacd in 
Homaday. lUO. 

Pi'Ustt, prvbiiblf^ Suuu origin uf name, 
100. 

PeUutt. Klvhonl, oi North Stolci-. ab- 
•tmctDt will ot [1389), 113. 

PeUat, Sir UnnlNmiii, Knt., luuidsi- 
tlonP.M. (I»38),11K. 

PeUntt, the name a pun on priUt. 100. 



Pi.-Uatt, Thomaa, of Lewe>, ubstrmt ot 

WiU ot, 1(580, 125-1211. 
Pollatt, William, M.P. tor SU-juing iu 

1555. 110. 
PeUatt, William, ot Hignur, his qturrrl 

with Hector of, in 1(132, 12:j. 
Pellet. James [ob. 165&}. ab*tr«ct ot 

wUl of, 109. 
Pellet. John, ot London, wlU oX, lUI. 
Pullet, John. Wardi-n ofSlduuti*' (.'oui- 



t . Tlionuu, eiBmlnatlon of, Ju 1583, 






lerlj- 



in .^11 SalutH. 



Pellet, Thomas, iu I5rt4, name ot, In a 

list ot " pcnouH commitb-d tor rc- 

Ugion, ic," 114. 
Pellet, William, abctnicl of will uf 

(1503), 103. 
Pellet. William, ut Charlton, nbatraot 

ot will ot (1558). 109 and 110, 
PeUet, WilliBm, ot SU'yuinijc. ub. 1503, 

102. 
PeUet. WlUmus de, RteTntug, nbrtntot 

of WiU of (1.W7), 105. 
PeUntt, Benjamin, childron " rcitorcd 

in blood," 1588. UT. 
PeUett. Benjamin, knightiKl tu KMUI, 

in. 

Pellctt, Benjamin. lunrrtitKi' with a 

Famfold (1590), UT. 
PeUett, Beujaniin, morriago with a 

licwknor, UG. 
Peilett, Benjamin, his (iiiorrvl with 

Vicar of BoUiej (1«U3), 117. 
PeUett, John, ot l^lTliam (ob. lOOTJ, 

abstract of will of, 114. 
PeUett, Itlchard. abntraot ot wlU (1531), 

107, 108. 
FeUeU. llichnrd (nb. 15C«). abtitmct ot 

wuiof, ni, 

Pi-Uett. Thonuui (ob. at Stexniug. 151S), 

obxtnu-t of wUl of. 103-10(1 and no<a. 
Pi'Uctt, ThoiOBK. ot Bignor, alM>traet of 

wUl otjiaia), 122. 
1'eUett. Iluimfls, of Pctworth, nbKtnut 

iitwiUi>I[la04), 113-114. 
PeUett, Thonuw, of PetworUi, abxtiuct 

of wUlof (1025), 115. 
PeUett, Xpotcr (Chriirtophw), ertmct 

from will of (1580). III'US. 
PendreU FamUy, the, 227. 
Peter the Venembte. his statuten, iu 

the 12th veutUTf, ull«.-ting mona*tle 

ditws, S5, 09, 72. 
PcTciuej, broiuu; celt* tooud at. 198, 
Pe!Tcti*ej Chnrch, eniMe* on the 

"Ue»U'«lkwr"ot. 44. 
Pc<reii»e]r. dlteoverie* at, lt)8-200. 
PcTetuicj, tcMidl bones (oniid at. 199. 
Povetuer Hateu, Kuiwex Iron probably 

dtored then? fur shipment tu Rome, 

32. 



PEVENSEY. 



[ 242 ] SHOREHAM HABSH. 



Peyenaej, Bubmarine forest at, 199. 
Phillips, Mabsrlt, Esq., paper on the 

" Family of Pbllatt, &c.,^' 99-128. 
Pilch, the, derivation of word, 64. 
Plumptou Church, 12th century paint- 
ing containing germ of the '* Doom ** 

of later date, 7. 
Partus Adumi, Camden the first to 

attempt to locate it, 218. 
Partus Adumif Mr. H. F. Napper*s 

remarks on, 212-213. 
Portus Adumi, notes on the site of, and 

the River Adur, 217. 
Portus Adumif rival theories as to its 

site, 217. 
Portus Adumi, suggested sites of, 220. 
Partus Adumi, in John Nordon*s map, 

219. 



Poynings, Chantrj House, in, 146. 
Poynings* pedigree, the, note oa, 

227. 
Preston and Kingston, chapels, &c., 

Crown property (in 1584), 145. 
Preston, not a chapelry, but a parish, 

144. 
Priests, allegorical meaning of robes of, 

73. 
Princess Cecilia, superioress, of the 

Monastery of Holy Trinity, founded 

by her mother, 174. 
** Puddle Dock,** position and deriva- 
tion of name, 29, note. 
Pyx, curious lever, probably unique, 

used for suspending, in West Grin- 

stead Church, 49. 



Q. 



Queen Eli2abeth*s order to destroy 
and deface paintings in churches 
and to substitute the Creed, &c., 
187, note. 



Queen Elizabeth, portrait of, found in 
Sussex, 210. 

Queen Matilda, buried in the Monas- 
tery of Holy Trinity at Caen, 174. 



R. 



Raban-Maur, Archbishop of Mayence, 

his great learning, 66, note, 
Radulph*s Chantry, manor and lands 

belonging to, 146. 
Religious houses, members of, named 

from their place of birth, 165. 
Ridge, WiUiam, his observations of 

astronomical phenomena, 194. 
Rood loft, description of, 106, note. 
Rood screen, definition of, 106, note. 



Rude dwelling-place found at Green 

Street, Eastbourne, 162. 
Rye, a seaport much used in the days 

of the Plantagenet kings, 40, note. 
Rye Church, aumbries placed in east 

wall of chancel of, 56. 
Rye, pottery works at, 202. 
Rye, refugees escaping from Dieppe (in 

1572), landed at, 40, note. 



s. 



St. Andrew*8 Chiurch, Lewes, discovery 
of portions of, 200. 

St. Etienne, monastery of, built by the 
Conqueror, as an atonement, 173. 

St. Laurent the '* Illuminator,** Bishop 
of Spoleto, founder of the Abbey of 
Farfa, in 6th century, 68, note. 

St. Leonards, **free chapel** of, pro- 
perty in West Grinstead appertaining 
to, 47. 

St. Thomas k Becket, his mitre still pre- 
served in Cathedral of Sens, 75. 

Sacerdotal dress, changes in, in 14th 
century, 78. 

Samian ware, found at Green Street, 
Eastbourne, 162. 

Sandon, Thomas, of Col worth, his be- 
quest for ** standing lights ** in Oving 
Church, 58. 



Scapular, monastic, its use, shape and 

material, 64. 
Seaford, gold Roman coin found at, 202. 
Sele Priory, lands in West Grinstead, 

belonging to, 47, note. 
Selwyns in Sussex in 14th century, 164. 
Selwyn, the name of, a form of Silvanus, 

163. 
Serlon, Bishop of S^z, cuts the hair of 

Henry I., and of the members of his 

Court, 80. 
" Ship '* of silver, bequest of, 101 and 

note, 
Shirley, Thomas, Lord of the Manor of 

West Grinstead, not buried in church 

of, see on extract from will of (1607), 

54. 
Shoreham Marsh, *' concealed" from 

the Queen, 154. 



"snonEHAJi rivek" [ 24;( ] 



" Shareham river," the Adur so odled 

S3I. 
ShanhjUD. aiiggeKU-d origin of name 

31i. 
Mfaoretuun, unJnwful sciEure ot goods 

(It, in iht;), U7. 

" Sir Johik*," meaning ot the title, 106, 



Htirjimig Church, boqueat tor p^atin^ 

on tht.' oeillng and rood -icieeu in 

151S, 197. 
Stt-j-nini, Churuh ot the llolj Trinity, 

at. Pellatt ramily patromi of, 1(KI, ti 

««i5. 



HkeletOD of u 

IVtcwh-j-, 1B9. 
Skelt<touB, 32, found nt Saxonbiuy, 

Slnogham CLurch. symbolical painting, 

formerly ou wall ot, 18. 
KomptiTig Church, aumbries placed in 

CMt wall of chUkccl of, RG. 
Horbonne. soriety of eeeleeiastics 

tnunded by Robert de Sorbonne. 

liS^. Ml and ibiil. note. 
Sore River, reference 1« it in 1577, 

2i0. 
South Ualling, Anglo-Saxon remains 

tonnd at, in 1830, 183. 
S.8. coUar. origin o(, 197-198. 
Stanley. Williom, Cleric, Ixh luit in 

1852, ngnlnst Robert Weeton and 

othcn for tithei', at Dnrrinpton and 

Hecne. 151-158. 
Stanmer, John, of Ileeiie, bequent (in 

I5S*), '■ for the painting " in Heene 

CliUKh, A. 
Staiutud Cantle (Ravtou Tower), built 

by Lord Hallftuc. 96. 
Stanctead Hoiibu. remodelled ill 17H0 by 

Mr, Barwcll, 97 and note. 
Staiutead, ite oriental splendour during 

iil. Barwcirx Tcaidcncc there, iHi. 
" Storot the Sea," n title of the Virgin, 

13». 
Stedham Church, curious paiutiii|f of 

"I. Qcorgi- and the Dragon in. U. 

icnt of its old yew 



represent 

on wall of. 15. 
Stedbun Church, representation of 

Hell as a lalto, at, B. 
Rteyning Church, bequest for the 

"bwrtheirdAultet," in {1531}, 107, 



Stoyning, eitrHctti &omChiiicliwardeni>' 
book, kept in uhuruh chest at, 101. 
and horse found at Steyning, Arst nicntlcm of the Pcllatts 
m«t with, at, 99. 



Stcyuing, "the nuest mill" In (lu 
1531), UW. 

jSteming Viearagi-, piirchaw>d trom the 

Crown, by Wiilfiun I'eUatt, 15S7, 

111). 
Sloln, origin of the. 7H. 
Stole, the, it* typical meaning, 73. 
Stono - Bttt*t. from Chlehe»t«^ to 

PpTciwcy, n gnat ptoviur lol highway 

in Roman time*. Hi). 
Sun, total ecUpw of, in 171.'i, 1114. 
Sussex, Almanack a.d. 11X17, fragment* 

of, a, 315. 
SiuwexChuiches, Are exoDipla* of polnt- 

in«» ot St. Chrintopber on the walls 

of, 13. 
Sunaex Churches, large number uf 

mt-djitval paintings from New Teita- 

tn«ut in, 5. 
i^unnex Churchec. some fi^atiirca of 

mcdlffivol Dooms, omitted in, ». 
SuMwi Irou, ouc of the tirinclpal 

Biitii<h export.i in Komou tUues, 3], 

SuBHCX. mnuufaeture uf nrrows, Iiofw- 

sboer and naiLi. 314, 
HusBex llartyrf. Clirisllan namcB ot 



311. 
Su-^eex, Puritanical names, in, 109. 
Suasei, ohepherd'v gift, a. 33lt. 
SUHciex, the landing ot Ella and his 

tons, in, 211-213. 
Sussex wan-, bowl of, il03. 
Sussex, yew tree, a fomotw, VIO. 



T. 



Tarring with Marlport, early Imlex of 

Court Kollt, 1,^1. 
Tarring with Uarlpost, peculiarity of 

the customs of the manor, 153-I.i4. 
Tarring with Mnrlnnnt, renewal of 

Fu«tams (iu lri77), Iril. 
TATH*li, Bov E. II. It., poiK'i- oil 

"ToW!i(cn«Ki-,ic," 31-33, 
XXXVlll. 



Thomas i Beclcct, buried in hia epis- 
copal Testmeut*, 75, luifr. 

Tollervey, Mr., hi>i coreir, 9M. 

Toninrt, the, adopted by all PccleHlaiitles 
tnnn .^th century, 76. 

ToweiT, of churcicB (ns at West Oriu- 
uttiid). eowtructed tor Jcfence, 4«, 



TOWNCREEP. [ 244 ] WEST GRINSTEAD. 



Towncreep, disooyexy of earthworkB, 
at (in 1890), 24. 

TOWNCBBBP, FUETHBR N0TB8 OX THE 

Ancibnt Sm, CALLBD. Bj Rby. 
Edwa&d II. R. Tatham, 21-32. 
Additional eyidence of the Roman 
occupation of Towncreep, 21 ; Foa- 
MSB BxcAYATioNs and disooveries, 22 ; 
the NoRTHBBN Earthworks ; need of 
a Une of defence at Towncreep ; 
reason for this being OYerlooked, 
24-25 ; eyidence of Roman construc- 
tion of earthwork; Towncreep, was 
it walled P 26 ; disappearance of 
walls, if so, how explained ; Ck>M- 
munxcatiox of Towncrbbp with thb 
Sba, &c.; condition of the Ashbum 
Valley, in Roman and Saxon periods, 



28-29 ; reclamation of marshes and 
geological changes in Sussex, 28-29 
and notes; question of the Roman 
line of communication between Kent 
and Sussex, remarks on, and sug- 
gested solution of, 30 ; former im- 
portance of the Ashbum Valley, 
31-32. 

Trental, definition of, 106, noU, 

" Trewly »' (Truleigh), in ** Ebberton " 
(EdbwrUm) , the Manor of, held hy Sir 
Benjamin Pellat, Knt., in 1636, 118. 

Truleigh, in Edburton, and the Poet 
Cowper, 121. 

Ttmic, the, monastic, shape, material, 
and use of, 63. 

*' Turnpike Paid,'* suggested meaning 
of, 201. 



u. 

Unicom, the inn, Brighton, find of coins, &c., during demolition of, 222. 



V. 



Ves 



^wpasian, Silyer Denarius of, found in i *' Vine," the sign of, at Lewes, 214. 
Chichester, 195. ' 



w. 



Wadhurst, list of landowners in, 139. 

Waterloo, the Battle of, not fought in 
an entrenched position, 89 and note. 

Way, Mr. Lewis, romance incident in 
his history, 97, note, 

** Weald-ditch,** a former name for the 
Adur, 221. 

Wellington, The Duke of, characteristic 
anecdote of, 87, note, 

Wellington, The Duke of, his yisit to 
Brussels in 1814, 86. 

Welsh laws, ancient, their bearing on 
the origin of English customs, &c., 
154. 

Westboume Church, flags taken at 
Acre, j^laced in, 95, note. 

West Chiltington Church, interior once 
entirely covered with pictures, 5. 

West Grinstbad Church and thb 
Recent Discoveries in that Edifice. 
By J. Lewis Andr&, Esq., F.S.A., 
46-59. Connection of the Caryll 
family and of Sir William Burrell 
with West Grinstead parish not men- 
tioned in Domesday^ but in Taxation 
of Pope Nicholas IV. and NonsB Roll ; 
descent of the manor; lands in, 
granted to Abbey of Dureford, 46 ; 
lands belonging to ''free chapnel of 
St. Leonards** and Sele Priory; 
'' Lamp Lands " belonging to Stey- 



ning Church ; W. Grinstead Church 
dedicated to St. George ; humUe 
building soon enlarged, 47 and notes; 
description of present church ; tower 
at end of S. aisle ; no W. doorway 
newel staircase to bell-chambcnr 
small aumbries, with lifting shutters 
curious fastening to doors ; tower a 
place of refuge, 48 and notes; no 
existing chancel arch ; elegant tower 
arches ; windows ; curious disooveiy 
in roof, unique arrangement of lever, 
49 ; discovery of aumbrey, Perpen- 
dicular window, recess for lamp, part 
of rood-screen, portion of piscina; 
altar under rood-loft ; the font and 
cover ; altar at Cowfold, 50 and note ; 
manorial chapel, discoveries in of 
memorial recess, piscina, small stone 
coffin and niches ; discovery and 
obliteration of fresco painting on wall 
of nave, 51 and note ; ancient stained 
glass, fragments of ; discovery of 
encaustic tiles ; ancient church chest ; 
bells, 52 and note ; monuments, par- 
ticulars of, and corrections of errors 
of former writers, 52-53 and notes; 
Thomas Shirley, Lord of the Manor, 
extract from will of ; the Caiyll 
monuments ; remains of high tomb, 
54 ; remarks upon the Reservatioii of 



WEST GRINSTEAD. [ 245 ] 



WORTHING. 



the Eooharist; extracts from the 
Fathers, 55 and note ; enaulzy as to 
where the Host was kept ; tne sacristy 
or " Sacrament Porch ;*' aumbries in 
east wall of chancel at West Grin- 
stead, Oringdean, Clymping, Somp- 
ting, Rye and Wilmmgton, 56 ; 
aumbries in north wall of chancel at 
Bignor, Friston, Little Horsted, Wil- 
lingdon, Ardingly and Femhnrst ; 
extract from the Fardle of Facions ; 
the Host enclosed in the pyx, with 
lamp before it ; use of the lever at 
West Grinstead, 57 and notes; the 
Holy Eucluurist, font, &c., kept 
locked ; penalty for neglect ; probable 
use of boxes like doves hung over 
altars; lamps and '*lamp lands/* 
57-58 and notes ; bequest for main- 
taining lights at Oving and at Ford ; 
candles and tapers, curious local 
usage at Chichester and Westmeston, 
59 and notes. 

West Grinstead Church, aumbrej in 
east wall of chancel of, 56. 

West Grinstead Church, balance lever 
in, suggested use of, 57. 

West Grinstead Church, curious church 
chest at, 52. 

West Grinstead Church, curious method 
of fastening doors of, from within, 
48, noU. 

West Grinstead Church, discovery of a 
iMintin^ of St. Christopher in, 13. 

West Grinstead Church, discovery of 
piscina connected with rood-loft altar 
m, 50. 

West Grinstead Church, monuments in, 
correction of errors in inscriptions, 
52, 53 and notes. 

West Grinstead Church, the west door- 
way wanting here as in many local 
churches, 48 and note. 

WestGrinsteadChurch,Thoma8Pellatt, 

W patron of, 126. 
est Grinstcad.unmentioned in Domes- 
day Book, 46. 

Westham Church, indsed markings in 
nave of, &c., 43. 

Westmeston Church, almost unique 
iMinting in, 6. 

Westmeston Church, custom of burn- 
ing an odd number of tapers, illustra- 
tion of, in, 59. 



Westmeston Church, painting of the 
Signs of the Zodiac, on chancel ardi 
of, 18. 

Westmeston Church, most curious pic- 
ture in of the Lord between 1^. Peter 
and St. Paul, 10. 

West Saxons, the founding of the 
kingdom of, 212. 

West Tarring, law suit, as to taking 
wood off copyhold land at Marlepost, 
148-150. 

West, Thomas, Lord de la Warr, mar- 
riage license of, in 1608, 120. 

Wetherden, Sir William, Vicar of 
Bodiam, a.d. 1513, extract from the 
will of, 196. 

Wheatleys, the, of Pevensey, their 

W punning crest, 85, note. 
MiTLBY, H., MxcHBLL-, EsQ., paper 

on '* Disco VB&Y OF ROMANO-BaiTIBH 

Rbmains, &c.,'* 160-162. 
Whitlbt, H., Michsll-, Esq., paper 

on ** Incised Ma&kinos, &c.,'* &-45. 
Wigs, clerical, in fashion [temp. Charles 

II.), scandal caused in the church, 

81. 
William of Normandy, his disregard of 

the Papal Interdict of 1049, 172. 
William of Normandy, precise date of 

marriage unknown, reasons Ua sup- 
posing it to have been in 1047, 174 

and notes. 
William the Conqueror, buried at Caen 

in a church of his own founding, 

174. 
William the Conqueror, tradition as to 

his *' knocking down " the town at 

Towncreep, 23. 
Willingdon Church, aumbry in north 

wall of chancel of, 57. 
Wilmington Church, aumbries placed 

in east wall of chancel of, 56. 
Wimple, or wimpely origin and shape, 

of 64. 
Wiflborough Green Church, curious pic- 
ture of St. James, in, 12. 
Wisborough Green, curious painting of 

the Seven Deadly Sins, on wall of, 

17. 
Wisborough Green, unique picture of 

the Crucifixion in church of, 6. 
Wolff, Dr. Jacob, a student at Stansted 

College, hlspeculiarities, 97, note. 
Worthing v. Tarring, in 1789, 223. 



B 2 



INDEX TO SUSSEX PLACE AND FARM-NAMES IN 

VOL XXXVIII. 



Aldflworth Houae, 97. 
Aldsworth Pond, 97, note. 



A. 

I Ashoombe Place, 213. 



" Beeding river," 22L 
Bere Forest, 95. 
Bevome Bridge, 138. 
Bignor Park, 122. 
Bolney Place, 116-117. 
" Brember Water," 220. 



B. 



Brightford, Hundred, 158. 
Broadwater Manor, 150. 
Broil, the, 26. 
Bucken-ham, 212 and note. 
Buncton Hill, 204. 
Bunker's Hill, 213. 



c. 



Castle Hill, Hastings, 226. 
Chantry House, in Pycombe, 146. 
Chantry of Poynings, 146. 
Chapel of Kingston, 145. 
Charlton Court, 103. 
Church Acre, in Petworth, 146. 
Church Style, in Steyning, 108. 
Cimenshore (see Cymen^a Ora), 
Claverham Manor, 186. 



*' Cockham," Manor of, 148. 

Coldharbour, 31 and note. 

Cooden Level, see Coioden. 

Cooslywood Quarter, in Wadhurst, 139. 

Coolham Green, 211. 

Court Lands, 149. 

Cowden, 199. 

Culver Croft Bank, 199. 

Cymen's Ora, 211, 212, 213. 



Dallingfold, 47. 
Devil's Dyke, 205. 



D. 



Dureford Abbey, 224. 

Durrington, Township or Tithing, 158. 



East mU, Hastings, 134. 



E. 

I Emsworth Common, 95. 



F. 



Fairecrouch Quarter, in Wadhurst, 139. 

Farm Road, Heene, 159. 

** Ferring and Fuie," Manor of, 150. 

" fifaggers," in Steyning, 103. 

Five Ash Quarter, in Wadhurst, 139. 



'' Friars** the, at Lewes, 124, 126 and 

127, noU. 
Frickly, 139. 
Friston Place, 225. 
** Fryers,** see ** Friars '* the. 



G. 



'* gorys** lands, in Wappingthome, 108. 
'* Great Meadow,** the, Hastings, 134. 
Green Street Bani, 160. 



Green Street, Eastbourne, 160. 
Gunn*s fields, 223. 
"gyllys" house, 108. 



HALTON. 



[ 247 ] SHOREHAM MARSH. 



H. 



Halton, 197. 
Hammesfeld, 47, note, 
Heene, Manor of, 155, note. 
Heene, Township or Tithing, 158. 



" hiders,*' 109. 

Hooe Levels, 199. 

Uulters, Manor of, 146. 

** Hundred Acre," the, Heenc, 159. 



J. 

" Ju^'s Road," 182. 



K. 



Kingston Farm, 145. 



I '' Erinkk,** le, at Sherrington, 137. 



L. 



** Landng and Monks,'* Manor of, 150. 

La Rogheye, 214. 

Lea, the, of Andred, 211. 

Little Broadwater, 151. 



Loxfield Camden, Hundred of, 151. 
Loxfield, Hundred of, 148 and 149. 
Lumley Mill, 97 and note. 



Marlpost, Tjthing of, 150. 
Marlpost Wood, 149. 
" MaudiyhlU," nr Steyning, 215. 
Mayfield Manor, 149. 



M. 



Middle Hill, 214. 

Minnis Rock, the, 129, 131, 132, 133. 

Morgen Mead, 47, note. 

Mousehale Quarter, in Wadhurst, 139. 



N. 

Norman Common, 93. 



** OfThnn fearme," 111. 

** Oldehmd,** in Selmestou, 137. 



o. 



Oldfleld Lawn, 92, et seq. 
Old Shoreham, Manor of, 154. 



Peen's Wood, 29. 
Peperscome, 112. 

•* Pocokkes,** at Chalvington, 137. 
Partus Adumi, 212, 217, 218, 219. 



P. 



Portus Arundi, 219. 
Pound, the, 29. 
Preston Chapel, 145. 
Puddle Dock, 29, note. 



R. 

Racton Tower (see Stanstetul Castle). I ** rerbere,** 197. 

Radulph's Cliantrj, 146. I Riseden Quarter, in Wadhurst, 139. 



s. 



8t. Clement's Caves, 129. 
Bt. Gabriels, Hoene, 159. 
Saxonbury, 177, 179, 182, 183. 
Segewick, 150. 
Shellejs, the, 214. 



Bheping Street, 107. 

Sherrizigton, the Common Field of, 137. 

Shorehfun Ferry, 155 and 156, note. 

Shorham Ferry, 219. 

Shoreham Marsh, 154. 



^^SHOREHAM RIVER." [ 248 ] WYKEBARNE. 



'* Shoieham River," 221. 
Sluice, the, 27. 
South Common, Ghailej, 203. 
'* Southmauling," Manor of **Lynd- 
feild," 138. 



Stanstead House, 97, note, 
Stansted Castle, 96. 
" Steanynge fildc," 109. 
Stone-street, 30. 



T. 



Tarring Manor, 149. 

Tarring Marlpost, Manor of, 148, et aeq. 

Tarring Rectory, Manor of, 150. 

** Tarrmg with Marlpost," 150. 

Telham, the Borough of, 138. 



Tent Hill, 29, noU, 
Towncreep, 21-^2 , passim. 
Town Quarter, in wadhurst, 139. 
Town, the, see Toumcre^. 
Truleigh, in Edburton, 118, 121. 



w. 



Wakehurst, in Ardingly, 117. 

Weald-dich, 219, 221. 

Week Quarter, in Wadhurst, 139. 



Westboume, Hundred of, 146. 
Woodbrooks, 138. 
Wykebame, " fEarme," 107. 



INDEX TO NAMES OF PERSONS MENTIONED IN 

VOL XXXVIII. 



A. 



^Ue, 211, 212, 213. 

iEschyluB, 9, note. 

Agatlia (daughter of the Conqueror), 

174, note. 
Alchom, Tho., 202. 
Alcockfl, the, 100-125. 
Alcock, Hannah, 124. 
Alcock, William, gent., 125. 
Alcock, William, 124. 
Alfoid, Sir Edward, Knight, 154. 
Alpart, Sir John, 197. 
Ambler, Mr., 208. 
Amboise, Jacques d*, 198. 
Andrews, Richard, 137. 
Angelo, Michael, 20. 
Anselm (Archbishop of Canterbury), 79. 



Apsley, John, 116. 
Aquinas, St. Thomas, 9, 14. 
Aiden, Christopher, Esq., 92. 
Arden, Mary, 92. 
Arundel, Charles, 114. 
Arundell, Syr Thomas, 101. 
Ashbumham, Right Hon. tho Earl of, 

22. 
Ashdon, Anne, 206. 
Atkinson, Mr. G. M., 43. 
Austen, Anies, 111. 
Austen, "Edwarde," 112. 
Austria, Emperor of, 90. 
Avory, Mr. Michael St., 147. 
Ayles, Thomas, 145. 



B. 



BackshaU, John, 147. 

Bacon-Phillips, Rev., 216. 

Bailey, Rev. Ihr., 159. 

Baker, "Jone," 112. 

Baldwin, Count of Flanders, 168. 

Banyster, " Isacke,*' 113. 

Baptist, St. John, 131. 

Barefoote, Miss, 93. 

Baman, 112. 

Barnard, John, 113-114 and note. 

Barnard, Thos., gent., 154. 

Barnard, Thomas, 114. 

Barnard, Thomas, Jr., 114, note. 

Bamards, John, 114, note. 

** Barre, Blaunch duche " of, 197. 

Barrett, Thomas, 127. 

Bartellot, Harriot, 211. 

Barwell, Mr., 96, et aeq. 

Barwcll, Mr. Richard, 96, note. 

Battlesford, John de, 137. 

Baxter, 219. 

Bazeley, Rev. W., 164. 

Beane, Thomas, 138. 

Beard, Thomas, 126. 

Beauchamp, George, 148. 

Beauchamp, John, Esq., 148. 

Beauchamp, Sarah, 148. 

Becket, Thomas 4, 14, 73, note, 74, 75 

and note. 
Bede, The Venerable, 2 and 16, note. 
Bedford, John, Duke of, 197. 



Bedingfleld, Sir Henry, 54. 
Bedingfleld, Frances, &4. 
Beche, John atte, 137. 
Bellchamber, 113. 
Belcher, Rev. B., 196. 
Bellingham, family of, the, 208. 
Bellingham, Ann, 207 and 209. 
Bellingham, *' Cicelie," 207 and 209. 
Bellingham, '' Doritie,*' 206. 
Bellingham, George, 206. 
Bellingham, Jane, 207 and 209. 
Bellingham, John, 206. 
Bellingham, Mr. Edward, 207. 
Bellingham, Mr. Edward, Esquyer, 

206 and 207. 
Bellingham, Marie, 206, 207. 
Bellingham, ^Ir. George, 207. 
Bellingham, Mrs. '*Trothe," 207 and 

208. 
Bellingham, Sir Edward, 207 and 208. 
Bellingham, Thomas, 206. 
Bellingham, Troth, 209. 
Belsone, Thomas, 112. 
Bennett, Thomas, 108. 
B^ranger, 172, note. 
Berghe, Herbert atte, 137. 
Bernard!, 4. 

Bemardi, Helia Alio, 204. 
Betes, 112. 

Bishopp, Sir Edward, 155. 
Bisshop, Margaret, 106. 



BLAAUW. 



[ 250 ] 



COOK. 



Blaauw, Mr. W. H., 224. 

Blackmore, Stephen, 226. 

Blozam, Mr. M. H., 203-204. 

Bloxam, Rev. J. R., D.D., 203, 204, 205. 

Blucher, 89 and 90. 

Blomenhaben, 85, note. 

Boc, Martin de, 147. 

Bolevn, Anne, 56, note. 

*' Bolynbrooke," **Syr'» Henry, Earl 

of Derby, 197. 
Bonaparte, Napoleon, 87 and 95, note. 
Bonet, Roberto, 205. 
Bononi, 97, note. 
Boolton, William, 126. 
Borromeo, Cardinal, 81. 
Boficham, Mr<*. Roberto de, 204. 
Bothel, Alan, 137. 
Botting, Thomas, 156. 
**boucIer,"l8abeU, 103. 
Bounde, ^Ir. Doctor, 114. 
Boiirbon, Jean dc, 198. 
Bowden, Rev. J., 117. 
Bowyer, Sir Henry, Knight, 125. 
Boyce, William, 140. 
Bradford, Mr., 157 and 158. 
Braye, Dame Beatrice, 138. 
Braose, De (family of), 46. 



Braoee, William de, 46 and 204. 

Braosa, Willielmo de, 204. 

Braye, Sir Edward, Knt., 137 and 138. 

Bridger, Henry, gent., 154. 

** Broke,** Jamee, 109. 

Broke, Elizabeth, 109. 

Brooke, William, 103. 

Brooke, Anne, 103. 

Browne, Ck>l., 86, note. 

Brownsbery, John, 107. 

Buckman, John, 113. 

Budgen, 219. 



Bullen family, 121. 

Burrell (famny), 46. 

Burrell, Sir William, 46 and 191. 

Busshoppe, Thos., Esq., 149. 

Busteed, Dr., 96, note. 

Butler, Henry, 145. 

Butler, John, 138. 

Butler, Mr., 96. 

Bynd, Edward, 195. 

Byne, Jacob de, 47, note. 

Byne, Anna de, 47, note. 

Byne, Julyana de, 47, note. 

Byne, Philip de, 47, note. 

Bysehoppe, John, 112 and 138. 

Bysshoppe, Leonard, 138. 



c. 



Camden, 218, 219. 

Campbell, Sir Colin, 88. 

Campion, Rev. C. H., 59. 

Capellano, Willielmo, 204. 

Card, John, 127. 

Carew, 219. 

Carey family, 121. 

Carpenter, Thos., 151. 

** Carter of Ofifam,** 112. 

Carter, John, 145. 

Caryll, Edward, Esq., 114. 

Connolly, 97. 

ComwaUis, Lord, 94, note. 

Comwallis, Marquis of, 95. 

Costentin, John, 147. 

Costick, Mr. William, 162. 

Cotton, Dr., 121. 

Courte-Heuse, Robert, 80 and 174. 

Courthope, William, Esq., 214. 

Covert, family, 191. 

CowpcTj Ann, 121. 

Cowper, William, 121. 

Caryll (family), 46. 

Cai^^ll, Peter, 54. 

Caryll, Richard, 54. 

Catherine II., 222. 

Cattel, James, 147. 

Ceadwalla, King, 213. 

CeciHa (daughter of the Conqueror), 

174, fiote. 
Cerdie, 212. 
Chambers, James, 139. 



Challoner, ** young,** 105. 

Chapman, Lt. Col., R.E., 86. 

Charles I., 125 and 206. 

Charles II., 81, 126, 210, 216 and 227. 

Charles V., 56, ftote. 

Charlemagne, Emperor, the, 62. 

Charley, Anne, 103. 

Chelwesham, William de, 137. 

Chichester, Robert, Bishop of, 193. 

Churcher, Thos., Esq., 149. 

CissA, 32, 211, 212 and 213. 

Clarence, Lady, 56, note. 

Clares, Richard, 114. 

Clarence, Thomas, Duke of, 197. 

Clarke, Thomas, 146. 

Clavering, General, 96, note. 

Clayton, C. E., 201. 

Clench, Bruin, 121. 

Cleeve, Barbara, 118. 

Cloves, King of the Franks, 77. 

Clymsfolde, " Barbery,** 114. 

Cocke, Richard, 110. 

Codrington, Dr. R. H., 163. 

Coffin, General, 96. 

Coffin, ^liss, 96. 

Coffin, Sir Isaac, 96 and note. 

Coke, Lord Chief Justice, 166. 

Colbert, 82, note. 

Compton, John, 145. 

Constantius, Emperor II., 202. 

Constantine, 217. 

Cook, Rd., 151. 



COOK. 



[ 251 ] 



FULLER. 



Cook, Tho8., Efiq-t 155, note. 

Cook, Wm., 155. 

Cooke, family of, 100. 

Cooke, John, 122. 

Cooke, " Thomam," 115. 

Cooper, John, 145 and 6, note. 

Cooper, Mr. William Durrani, F.8.A., 

100 and 202. 
Crowhurst, John, 145. 
Culpepper, family of, 100. 
Culpepper, Edward, 119. 



Dant^, 10. 

Davey, H. M., Rev., 193. 

Davis, Mary, 127. 

Defoe, 124. 

Delisle, M. Lipoid, 39, 167 and 168. 

Denmark, King of, 197. 

Dennys, John, 151. 

Derby, Sir Henry of, 198. 

Dixon, Mr., 97. 

Doggett, 148. 

DoUegg, John Clerk, 157. 

Doniert, 37, note. 



Eamlie, Richard, Eoq., 145. 

Easton, John, 154. 

Easton, Wm., 151. 

Edsan, Robert, 149. 

EdsoU, Harry, 149. 

Edwaid VI., 107, noU. 

Edwards, Edmund, 157. 

Edwards, Mr., 208. 

Mey, Rd., 145. 

Elderton, Edward, Esq., 137. 

Elingon, see Elderton. 

Ella, 32. 

Ellesmere, Lord Chancellor, 195. 



Culpepper, Elizabeth, 119. 
Culpepper, Lady, 120. 
Culpepper, Madam, 120. 
Culpepper, Sir William, 117, 118 and 

119. 
Cust, family, 208. 
Cust, Sir Pusey, 208. 
Cymen, 211. 
Cjmie, 212. 
Cyril, of Alexandria, 55. 



D. 



Donne, Anne, 121. 
Donne, Roger, 121. 
Draper, E. H., Esq., 102. 
Drayton, Michael, 218, 219. 
Drewley, Joan, widow, 1.39. 
Duprat, Guillaume, 79. 
Dungerth (see Doniert). 
Dunken, E. H. W., Eeq., 193. 
Dunn, Mr., 96. 
Dunstall, ^Ir. John, 208. 
Dunstall, Robert, 108. 



E. 



Ellis, family (of Stoneacre Kent), 190. 

Ellis, Mr. John, 189. 

Ellis, Mr. William J., 190. 

Ellis, Sir Henry, 89 and 198. 

Ellis, William Smith, Esq., 189, et seq. 

Ellis, Thos., 145. 

Elphicke, Thomas, junr., gent., 138. 

English, John, 150. 

English, Mr., 158. 

Essington, Robertum de, 204. 

Ethelburga, St., 16, note. 

Everfield, Mr. Thomas, 127. 

Evlyn, 210 and 216. 



F. 



Fabri, Robert, 39, note. 
Fairhills, the, 98. 
Farham, Hamo de, 137. 
Famefold, William, Esq., 119. 
Famfold, Alice, 117. 
Famfold, Richard, 104. 
Ferrars, Elizabeth, 52, note. 
Ffamefould (or Famfold), 118. 
Ffamfolde, Richard, 106. 
Fielder, Richard, 154. 
Finch, Lord CTiief Justice, 123. 
Finchis, Mr., 196. 
Fish, Rev. J. L., 102. 
Flamsteed, 104. 
Fletcher, John, 1.50 and 155. 
Fletcher, John, sen., 151. 
Fletcher, William, 156 and 157. 



Foard, Mr. John, 207. 

Foljambe, George, 208. 

Foljambe, Troth, 208. 

Forde, Mr., 208. 

Forde, Sir Edward, 1.55. 

Forders, William, 114. 

Forty, Richard, 147. 

Fosbroke, 164. 

Foster, Rev., 85. 

Foxe, John, 206. 

Foyce, Bryan, 151. 

Frampton, Robert, alias Selwin, 165. 

Francis, Mr., 96, note. 

Freeman, Rd. {ah. Short), 151. 

Frye, John, 146. 

Fuller, Richard, 149. 



GALLOP. 



[ 252 ] 



HESWARD. 



Gt. 



GaUop, "Joaue,"118. 

Gardener, "WiUyam,'» 104. 

Gage, Sir John, 124. 

Gale Family, 191. 

Gallowaj, Ambrose, 126, 127 and note. 

Gater, Alice, 109. 

Gater, Elizabeth, 109. 

Gater, ** Johan," 109. 

Gater, Judith, 109. 

Gater, Richard, 109. 

Gater, Thomas, 109. 

Geo. III., 85, note, and 222. 

George, Sir Richard St., 175, note, and 

176. 
Gerard, Mark, 211. 
Gtervaifl, 75, note. 

Gherbord, the Fleming, 166 et seq. 
Gibbon, Mr., Richmond Herald, 193. 
Giddy, Davies, 34. 
Gilbert, Mary Ann, 34. 
Giffard, Walter, Earl of Buckingham, 

&c., 39, note. 
Gloucester, Humphrey, Duke of, 197. 
Goble, Wm., 146. 
Godfrey, John, 107. 
Godman, John, 144. 
Godman, John, Clerk, 145. 
Goff, John, 104. 
Goff, William, 103 and 105. 
Goffe, Elizabeth, 109. 
Goffe, Thomas, 109. 
Gold, 223. 
Goodman, Mr. John, 128. 



Gordon, Rev. H. D., 217. 

Gordons, The, 208. 

Goring, Dorothy, 125. 

Goring, George, 125. 

Goring, Henry, Esq., 154. 

Goring, Mrs. Eliz., 127. 

Gough, 218, noU, and 219. 

Gough, Thos., 151. 

Graham, Mr. R. J., 160. 

Graham, Sir Thomas, 86. 

Granysin; William, 107-108. 

** Gratwyke," John, 109. 

Gratwydc, John, 110. 

Gravette (Widow), 118. 

Gregory, Rev. W., D.D., 206. 

Greenfield, Richard, 146. 

Greenfield, Thomas, 146. 

Greenstreet, Mr. James, 190. 

Gremes, Edward, 145. 

Grene, Stephen, 110. 

Gretton, ]k&., 96, note. 

Grevet, John, 151. 

Grey, Henry, 112. 

Grey, William, 124. 

Groves, Mary, 206. 

Guest, Dr., 212. 

GuiffsLrd-Longueville, 39, note. 

Guilford, 105. 

Gullifor (see Guilford) . 

Gundreda, Countess of Warenne, 166, 

etseq. 
Gunn, 222. 
Gusele, John atte, 137. 



H. 



Haben, William, 4. 
Halifax, Earl of, 97. 
Halifax, Lord, 96. 
Hall, George, gent., 149. 
Hall, John, 149. 
HaUey, 194. 
Hal^ham (family), 46. 
Halsham, Sir Hugh, 52, 53. 
Halsham, Philippa, 52 and note. 
Hammond, Lieut., R.N., 93. 
Hammond, Mrs., 93. 
Hamper, Thos., 151. 
"hannikin, henry," 208. 
Hardy, Sir Duffus, 176. 
Harold, 174, note. 
Harrison, 221. 
Harrison, Alexander, 59. 
Harrison, W., 220. 
Harrison, William, 218. 
Harwarde, John, 113. 
Harwarde, Thomas, 113. 
Hastier, Edward, 123 and 127. 
Haukyns, Jeffrey, 114. 
Havercroft, Joan, 53. 



Havercroft, Robert, 53 and note. 

Haverfleld, Mr. Frank, F.8.A., 162. 

Hawker, Admiral, 98. 

Hawkins, Esq., 123. 

Haybert«, Richard, 150. 

Haydon, George, gent., 125. 

Haye, Edmond, gent., 138. 

Hayler, Wm., 146. 

Haynes, Chr., 114. 

Heath, George, 126. 

" Hedde,'» S' Robte, ** Curat," 109. 

Hellet (P Pellet), " Rychard," 110. 

Henry I., 16, 80, 174 and 175. 

Henry I. (of France), 79. 

Henry II. (of France), 80. 

Henry III., 16 and 121. 

Henry IV., 81. 

Henry VII., 58 no/e. 

Henry VIII., 105. 

Henynge, Robert, 113. 

Hereford, Coimtess of, 197 and 198. 

Hesselartou, Mast. John de, 196. 

Hessey, Lt.-Col., R.E., 86. 

Hesward, John, 108. 



**HEYLB«AN." [ 253 ] MABKWICKE. 



" heylman," 103. 
Heyney, Mr., 208. 
Hibeiden, Rd., 145. 
Hider, John, 103. 
Hillman, William, 112. 
Hilton, Henry, Esq., 139. 
Hippereley (family of), 121. 
Hippersley, William, 121. 
Hodes, William, 110. 
Hoese, Henry de, 224. 
Homer, 9, note. 
Honoriup, Pope, 56, note, 
Hooke, Mr., 154. 



Jacob, Rev. Mr., 97. 
James II., 176. 
James, Alice, 112. 
Jardine, Sir William, St., 224. 
Jeffrey, Richard, 116. 



Horsey, William, Clerk, 193. 

Horsley, 220. 

Hoflte, Sir Oeorge, 90. 

Howard, family, 121. 

Howard, John, F.R.S., 202. 

Howe, Captain, 98. 

Hoyle, Rev., 85. 

Hume, Mrs. Macartney, 92. 

Hmne, Rev. D., 92. 

Humfrye, Robert, 145. 

Humphrey, John, 223. 

Humphrey, Thos., 151. 

Huntingdon, Thomas, Earl of, 197. 



I. AND J. 



Jeffreys, 219. 

Joselyn, Mary, 116 and 122. 
Joselyn, Richaid, 116 and 122. 
**j8fod," Richard, 126. 



K. 



Keyme, Joan, 125. 
Keyme, John, 125. 
Keyme, Richard, 125. 
King Alfred, 218. 
King Stephen, 16. 
Kingston, ** Rodger," 149. 
Kingston, Roger, 151. 



Lambarde, 219. 

Lambold, ** Alyoe," 110. 

Lancey, Sir William de, 89. 

Landmann, 85, note. 

Lanfranc, 173 and 174. 

Larke, Sy' William, 108. 

**larke," 8' William, 108. 

Lascot, Pierre, 80. 

La Warr, Thomas, 2nd Lord, 120. 

La Warr, The Lady Ann, 120. 

Le Brock, Rev., 85. 

Leoonficld, Lord, 148. 

Legatt, Thomas, 126. 

Leland, 219. 

Lenne, Thomas, 145. 

Lenne, Wm., 145. 

Leodegario, Simon de Sancto, 137. 

Leving, John, 149. 

Lewis, Mr. Hubert, 153-154. 



Macartney, Right Hon. Earl of, 92. 
Macray, Rev. W. D., 220. 
Malmesbury, William of, 172 note. 
Mantell, Dr. Oidcon, 183. 
Matilda, Queen, 166. 



Kingston, Robert, 150. 
Kniffht, Richard, 157. 
Knollys, family, 121. 
Knowles, Sir Francis, 120. 
Knowles, Ann, 120. 
Kynstone, Roger, 149. 



L. 



Lewknor, family of, 100. 

Lewknor, Dorofiiy, 111 and 116. 

Lewknor, Edward, 111 and 116. 

Lewknor, Thomas, Esq., Ill and 145. 

Liverpool, The Earls of, 186. 

Longcroft, Mr., 97, note. 

Longueville,Earlof (see Walter Oiffard). 

Louis XIV., 81. 

Louis le groe, 75, note. 

Loveid, John, 137. 

Loverd, Margery, 137. 

Lower, Mr., M.A., 196, 206 and 227. 

Luck, Edward, 149. 

Lulham, John, 137. 

Lumley, family, 98, note. 

«* Lumlye,*' Lord, 112. 

Lumley, Lord John, 115, note. 

Lyne, Rev. Mr., 98. 



M. 



Matilda, of Flanders, 59, note. 
Marchmont, Earl of, 92. 
Marchant, John, 208. 
Marwick, Barnard, 151. 
Markwicke, Elizabeth, 195. 



MARKWICKE. [ 254 ] OVERYNGTON. 



Markwicke^ John, 195. 

Mary I., 56, note. 

Martel, Geoffrej, Duke of Anjon, 171. 

Marten, Mr. Abraham, Gent., 210. 

Martin, John, 145. 

Mauger, ArchbiBhop, 172 and ibid. noU. 

Maagero, 204. 

MauUd, Jane, 127. 

Maurens, Jolm de, 137. 

MauiilliuB, Archbishop, 172, note. 

Maur-Raban, 66, note. 

Messier, 194. 

Michael, Grand Duke, 90. 

Micklebome, family of, 100. 

Micklethwaite, Mr., 59. 

Middleton, Mr. Arthur, 138. 

Mill, family of, 100. 

Mill, Mr. Richard, 127. 

Mill, Mrs. Eliz., 127. 

Mill, Mrs. Eatherine, 128. 



Napton, Elizabeth, 106. 
Nazianzen, Gorgonia, 56, note. 
Nazianzen, Gregory, 56, note. 
Neil, Sir, 88. 

Nelson, Lord, 94, note, 95. 
Netherlands, King of the, 88. 
Nevill, Mr. Ralph, 190. 
Newlands, the, 98. 
Newnham, Mr., 222. 
Newnhams, the, 208. 
Newton, Apsley, Esq., 125 and 126. 
Newton, Grace, 125 and 126. 
Newton, Mr. William, 138. 



Mille, 125. 

Mille, Ralph, Esq., 126. 
Mille, WiUiam, 123. 
Mitton, John, 106. 
Moira, Earl of, 85. 
Moke, John, 113. 
Molesme, St. Robert of, 62. 
Moll, Hermann, 219. 
Monboissier, Pierre de, 69, note. 
Monro, Col., 98. 
Montacute, Symon de, 196. 
Moore, Rev. Giles, 120. 
Moryce, Mr., 108. 
Mose, William, 145. 
Mowbray, family, 121. 
Mulle, William-atte-, 101. 
Munday, Mr., M.P., 96. 
Murrays, the, 98. 
Mychell, John, 114. 



N. 



Nicholas, II., Pope, 169. 

Nicholas, Grand Duke, 90. 

Nicholas, Mr., 123. 

Nicholas, Sir Harris, 166. 

Nicholett, John, 147. 

Noble, Captain William, 194. 

Noe, Mr. Nicholas, 208. 

Norden, John, 219. 

Norris, Rev. Mr., 98. 

Norris, Thomas, 118. 

North, Sir Francis, Knight, 147. 

Nye, Thomas, 106. 

Nyman, Thomas, 107. 



o. 



Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, 172, note. 
Oldfleld (family), 84 et seq. 
Oldfleld, Adeline Harriet Cecilia, 92. 
Oldfield, Aldred, 92. 
Oldfield, Alicia, 92. 
Oldfield, Anthony, 92 and 94. 
Oldfield, Captain, 87. 
Oldfield, Captain Anthony, R.A., 95, 

note. 
Oldfield, Catherine, 92. 
Oldfield, Col., 92, note. 
Oldfield, Edward Humphrey, 92. 
Oldfield, Eliza Maria, 92. 
Oldfield, Elizabeth Mary, 92. 
Oldfield, General, 95, note. 
Oldfield, General John, 84, et seq. 
Oldfield, General John, R.E., 84, note. 
Oldfield, Humphrey, 84. 
Oldfield, Jane, 92. 
Oldfield, John, 84. 
Oldfield, John Rawdon, 92. 
Oldfield, Letitia, 92. 
Oldfield, Macartney Hume, 92. 



Oldfield, Major, 88 and 95, note. 
Oldfield, Major-Gen. Richard, 83 and 

92, note. 
Oldfield, Major Thomas, 94 and note. 
Oldfield, Margaret, 84. 
Oldfield, Margaret Araminta, 92. 
Oldfield, Mary, 84. 
Oldfield, !krr., 94. 
Oldfield, Mrs., 93, et seq. 
Oldfield, Mrs. AUcia, 92. 
Oldfield, Richard, 84 and 92. 
Oldfield, Rodolphus Bryce, 92. 
Oldfield, Sir Anthony, Bart., 84. 
Oldfield, Sir Anthony, Ist Bart., 84. 
Oldfield, Sir Anthony, 3rd Bart., 84. 
Oldfield, Sir John, 2nd Bart., 84. 
Oldfield, Sir John, 4th Bart., 84. 
Oldfield, Thomas, 92 and 94. 
Orange, Prince of, 86, note. 
Orleans, Ga.««ton d', 81. 
Osbomes, the, 208. 
** OseVne,'' Thomas, 109. 
Overyngton, Robert, 149. 



PAGE. 



[ 255 ] 



RUSSIA. 



P. 



Page, John, 113. 

Page, John, Senior, 138. 

Page, " Mabell,** 138. 

Paget, Lord, 114. 

Palgrave, Sir Francis, 175 and note. 

Palmer, Thomas, 127. 

Palmer, William, 127. 

Pannell, Rev., 97. 

Paris, Matthew of, 4. 

Parker, Mr., 208. 

Parson, Edward, 104. 

Parson, ** Willyam,*' 104. 

Payn, John, 103. 

Payn, Mary, 127. 

Pajn, Richard, 127. 

Payn, William, 103. 

Payne, family of, 100. 

Payne, Elizabeth, 127. 

Payne, Mary, 126. 

Payne, Richard, 126. 

Payne, Thomas, gent., 126. 

Pelham, Henry, 127 

Pellatt, family of, 99 to 12S, pasnm. 

(See also pedigree at page 112). 
Pelet, Pellatt, and Pellett (see Pellatt). 
PeleU, Edmonde, 101. 
Pellet, ** Jaan," 103. 
Pellet, James, 103. 
PeUet, "Jeon," 103. 
Pelett, Johan (Joan), 101. 
Pelett, John, 101. 
Pellet, " Letice,** 10^}. 
Pellet, Margaret, 103. 
Pelet, Phillipus-le-, 101. 
Pelet, Reginald-le-, 101 and 102. 
PeUet, **Ric.," 103. 
Pellet, Thos., 103 and 145. 
Pellett, William, of Steyning, 102, 

et aeq. 
Pendrell, Mr. Charles, 227. 
Pendril, Dr., 227. 



Pendril, John, 227. 

Penfold, John, 106-107. 

Penfold, Richard, 106. 

Penfoulde, Thomas (or Penfolde), 112. 

Pennythome, Mr., 145. 

Pepper, Anthony, 116. 

Pepper, Edward, 118. 

Percy, Sir Heniy, 52, note, 

Percy, Sir Ralph, 52, note, 

Peter, Matthew, 154. 

Peter, the Venerable, 65. 

Peter, William, 113. 

Philpot, Thomas, 196-197. 

Pierson, Wm., sen., 151. 

Pierson, Wm., jun., 151. 

Pilbeme, Richaid, 139. 

Platoff, Hetman, 91. 

Plomer, James, 138. 

Plumer, James, 139. 

Plumer, Anne, 139. 

Pope aement VII., 79. 

Pope GregoiT VII., 170. 

Pope Leo IX., 171-172. 

Pope Nicholas II., 173. 

Postlethwaite, Samuel, 126. 

Poullen, Adrian, 147. 

Powlet, George, 125. 

Powlet, Joan, 125. 

Poynings, Michael, Lord, 227. 

Poynings, Margaret, 227. 

Price, 219. 

Prince Regent, 91. 

Princess Anne, 176. 

Princess Cecilia, 174. 

Prussia, King of, 90. 

Ptolemy, 227. 

Pyper (or Piper) , Sir John, ** prest," 

106. 
** pyper," Roger, 197. 
Pylfold, Ralph, 149. 



Q. 



QueenElizabcth, 116, 187, no/e, 210 and I Quiugfield, Ralph, 151. 
211. 



R. 



Rathbode (Bishop of Noyou), 79. 

Ravencroft, Robert, 53, note. 

Redding, Rev. Mr., 98. 

Renard, 56, note, 

Rcnshaw, Walter C, Esq., Q.C., 195. 

Reynaule, John, 149. 

Rhodes, " Fere-not," 209. 

Richard (son of the Conqueror), 174. 

Richardson, James, gent., 139. 

Ridge, Mr. Stephen, 138. 

Ridge, William, 194. 



Rividre, abb^ de la, 81. 

Rocque, 219. 

Rowe, *'Humfrey,*' 138. 

Rowe, Joan, 138. 

Rowe, Mr. John, 138. 

Rowland, Maurice, 114. 

** Rowse of Ram/* 112. 

Rotherham, Mr., 120. 

Russel, John, 137. 

Russell, Cecil Henry, Esq., 227. 

Russia, Emperor of, 90. 



[ 266 ] 



S. 



SackTjU, John, Esq., 145. 

SaSrido, DomJiio, CiceBtriffi Episcopo 

secundo. 20J. 
St. AnthoBj, 62 and 131. 
St. Benedict, 62. el uq. 
St. Clement, 132-133. 
St. Laurent, 68, noU. 
St. Martin, 76. 
St. Nicholas, 132-133. 
St. Julien, Pierre de, 198. 
Salrage, Robertc, mi. 
SalTin, the fsnul; of, 164. 
Sanderson, Miw, 96, noit. 
Saiidon, Thomas, 58. 
SarjB, Qeorge, 150. 
Sauniaver, 191. 
Soxton, Christopher. 220, noU. 
Sayers, Thomas, 148. 
Sayres, Thos.. 151. 
Scott, Dorothy (widow), 113. 
Scott, Sir Waiter, 211. 
Seaton, Ueut.-Qen. Lord,O.C.B., 92. 
Seidell, 218-219. 
Seldon, John, 191. 
Selwln, Robert, 164. 
Selwyn family, the, 225. 
Selwyn, Abbot, 16J. 
Selwyn, Buhop, 163. 
Selwyn, John, 164. 
Selwyn, Rlcbotd, 164. 
Selwyn, Sii- Thomas, 163. 
Selwyn, Thomas, 164. 
Selwyn, William, 164. 
Selwyns, the, of Friaton, 163, et uq. 
Selwyns, the, of Gloucestershire, 163, 

SeriflBoii, Mary, 191. 

Serlon (Bishop of S^es), SO. 

Seymour (fanuly), 46. 

Seymour, Lord Hugh, 93, tioU. 

Shcan, Mr., 92,nole. 

Shelley, Hannah, 12T. 

SheUey, Henry. 127, 

SheUey, Henry, Esq., 126 and 149. 

Shelley. Mr., 114. 

Shelley, Richard, 126 and 127. 

SheUey. Susannah, 126. 

Sheppard, Mr. Thomas. 155. 

Shcparde. Adam, 113. 

Sherley, Sir Riehaid. Knt., 137. 

Sherley, Thomas, 137. 

Shirley (family), 46. 

Shirley, SirThor - "" 



Shirley, Thomas, 54. 



Short, Mr., 93. 

Short, Captain, 93, ««(«. 

Short, Major, 93, note. 

Shurley, Sir John, 185. 

SUvius, 9. 

Sisteron, Bishop, 81, noU. 

Slitter, John (or Slutttr), 103. 

Smith, ■' Henrie," 112. 

Smith, John, 151. 

Smith, Major-Geneial, 98. 

Smith, Mr. C. Roach, 217. 

Smith, Mr. Spencer, 95. 

Smith, Sir Sydney, 95, note. 

Smithe, Henry, 114. 

Smvlljf, James, 112. 

HiiiVth,', Waiiam, gent., 149. 

Smyth, Cul.,B9 and iUJ(«. 

Smyth, Johu, 112. 

Smyth. Lt.-Col. Garmlcbael, 86. 

Smyth. Sir J. Connichael, 68. 

Snellingp, Peter, 116. 

Hnellinge, Richud, IIS. 

Soames, "Feamota." 209. 

Soames, Richardos, 209. 

Sommerard, M. E. Da, 198. 

Somerset, John, Duke of, 197. 

Sorbonne, Robert de, 80, note. 

South, Elizabeth, widow, 157. 

Sowton, Thomas, 112 and 114. 

Spencer, Earl, 95. 

Springett, 149. 

Stanley, Mr. John, 126. 

Stanley, Wm., 155 to 158. 

Stanley, Wm., Clerk, 154. 

Stanmer, John, 4. 

Stapletan, Mr,, 172 and 175. 

Stayker (or Staykyer). Wflliam, 112. 

Stephens, Edward, 140. 

Stocker. Charles. 93, nole. 

Stocker, Dr., 93. rale. 

Stocker. Elizabeth, 93, nofe. 

Stocket, Richard, 93, noti. 

Stoddart. 97. 

Stras, Wm., Esq,. 147. 

Streeter, John, 145. 

Stride, Mr, John, 98 and note. 

StukeIy,Dr,,194. 

Stukely, 219, 

St«keley. Hugh, Esq., 125. 

Styants (Widow), 112. 

Swale, Anne. Ul.nole. 

Swane (or Stoaine), William, 139. 

" Swynforde, Kotheryne," 197, 198. 

Sydney, Henry, Viscount, 139. 

Syon, Abbaase (Abbati) of, 103. 



I Tenets, Messrs., 126. 



TERRY. 



[257] 



YVES. 



Terry, Mr. James, 98, note. 
Tejnton, Mr. Richard, 118. 
Thacham, Magii<tro Ricardo de, 204. 
Thatcher, John, 137. 
Thoughton, *' Master," 197. 
Thwaites, Rev. Mr., 98. 
Tibbins, L., 219, 221. 



Tollervey, Edward, 98, note, 

ToUervey, Mr., 97-98. 

Turner, Mr., 12. 

Turner, Samuel, gent., 147. 

Tydd, Mr., 19. 

Tyrwhit, William, Esq., 115, note. 



V. 



Vaghan, William, 214. 
Vespasian, the Emperor, 195. 
Vind, Leonardo da, 5, note. 
Vincent, John, gent., 140. 
Vincent, the Earl of St., 95. 
Vitalis, Ordericus, 166, et seq. 



Voyce, John, 149. 
Voyce (see Foyce). 
** Vmfrey," John, 112. 
** Vmfrey," Peter, 112. 
'* Vmfrey," William, 112. 



w. 



Wade, John Holney, gent., 140. 

Walter, of Colchester, 4. 

Ward (family), 53. 

Warren Hastings, 96, note. 

Warenne, William de, 166, et $eq. 

Waters, lieut., 88. 

Waters, William, 114. 

Watkyn, Robert, 106. 

Wav, Mr. Lewis, 97. 

Wellington, Duke of, 86, et seq. 

West, Alice, 112. 

West, Ann, 120. 

West, Richard, 146. 

West, Thomas, Lord de la Warr, 120. 

Weste, " Androwe," 112. 

Weston, Elizabeth, widow, 157. 

Weston, Robt., 154. 

Weston, Walter, 157. 

Wethcrden, Sir William, 196. 

Wheatleys (family of), 85, note. 

Wheler, Thomas, 116. 

White, Ben., 126. 

White, Gilbert, 224. 

White, Mr.. 157. 

White, Richard, gent., 147. 

Willaid. Major. 160. 

William I., 59, note. 

William the Conqueror, 23. 

William (son of the Conqueror), 174. 

WiUiam and Mary, 222. 

William of Arques, 171. 

William of Jumi^gc, 171, et seq. 

William of Malmesbury, 172, fiote. 

William of Poitiers, 170, 171. 

William, Robert, 114. 



William Rufus, 169, note, 174 and note. 

Wilshare, William, 114. 

Wimsett, alias Wimshurst, John, 139. 

Wingfleld (see Qtiingfield). 

Winton, Anne, 140. 

Winton, William, 140. 

Wlencing, 211-212. 

Wodefoid, Dean, John de, 196. 

Wodeland, Richard, 197. 

Wodlande, Alice, 197. 

Wolff, Dr. Joseph, 97 and note. 

Wolven, Richara, 115. 

Wood, John, a, 138. 

Wood, Sir George, 90. 

Woodcocks, The, 208. 

Woodcocke, Edward, Esq., 207. 

Woodcocke, " ffrancisse,^' 207. 

Woodcocke, ** Marye," 207. 

Woodcocke, Mr. Thomas, 207, 208. 

Woodcock, Mrs. Ursula, 208. 

Woodcock, Edward, 207 and 208. 

Woodcock, Henry, 207. 

Woodcock, 3Iary, 207. 

Woodcock, Ursula, 207. 

Woodcman, Richard, 206. 

Woodward, Catherine, 53. 

Woodward, Hannah, 53. 

Woodward, Leonard, 53. 

Woodward, Thomas, 53. 

Woulven, Richard, 115. 

Wower, Agnes, 106. 

Wulvin (or Wulvine), 113. 

Wulvin, " Joane," 113. 

Wulvine, Richard, 113. 

Wyatt, James, 97, note. 



Yonge, Cordelia Anne, 92. 
Yonge, Rev. D., 92. 



Y. 



Yves (Bishop of Chartres), 79. 



Fftrnoombe & Co., Printers, Lewes. 



^ 



To »«>M fine. *« *'°°'' **'*^"* ^ ^twnied o 
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